Women in cities less likely to have children: Study - The Daily Guardian
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Women in cities less likely to have children: Study

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Washington [US], March 18 (ANI): A new study in Behavioral Ecology, published by Oxford University Press, found that women are less likely to procreate in urban areas that have a higher percentage of females than males in the population.
Although the majority of modern cities have more women than men and thus suffer from lower fertility rates, the effects of female-biased sex ratios – having more women than men in a population – is less studied than male-biased ratios.
Researchers here analysed how female-biased sex ratios are linked to marriages, reproductive histories, dispersal, and the effects of urbanisation on society.
The research team from the University of Turku, University of Helsinki, and Pennsylvania State University used a massive internal migration event that occurred in Finland during WWII, when 10 per cent of Finnish territory was ceded to the Soviet Union and over 400,000 citizens were evacuated.
The Finnish government implemented a settlement act to provide land for farmers to replace the territory they lost. Each village in the ceded territory was assigned to a specific location in western Finland to keep communities together, though evacuees were not required to move to their assigned location.
Researchers consulted a database of the evacuees, which was compiled of interviews of evacuees between 1968 and 1970. The database entries list the name, sex, date of birth, birthplace, occupation, year of marriage, reproductive records, and the years and names of all places the evacuee lived from birth until the time of the interview.
Researchers followed the annual reproductive and dispersal decisions of 8,296 evacuee women from 1945 to 1955 who were between the ages of 19 and 42 during this time, were unmarried when the war ended in 1945, and whose reproductive status and annual place of residence were known. Researchers measured the sex ratios in the locations these women lived throughout this period and estimated women’s probability to start a family or disperse.
The study found that the likelihood of reproducing was strongly influenced by the local sex ratio but that this relationship differed between rural and urban environments. While female-biased population sex ratio lowered women’s probability to reproduce for the first time in urban environments this was not the case in rural areas. However, women did not move into areas with more men, instead, they were more likely to relocate to urban areas, despite the sex ratio being strongly female-biased in these locations.
The researchers concluded that women probably moved to urban areas for work and education opportunities, but then experienced a competitive market for finding a spouse and thus were less likely to have children than women who lived outside of urban areas. Overall, women were 15 per cent less likely to reproduce in urban areas compared to rural areas. In towns, every percentage of increase of men in the population increased women’s probability to have a first child by 2.7 per cent whereas in rural areas increase was only 0.4 per cent .
Researchers also noted that while the population they studied is historical, the findings can be applicable to present-day urban environments. Women outnumber men in many cities across the developing and developed world, and they may be finding themselves in the same predicament experienced by Finnish women many decades ago. (ANI)

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RAHMAN DEDICATES LAGAAN’S ‘CHALE CHALO’ TO DHONI

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MUMBAI: Oscar-winning composer A.R. Rahman has dedicated ‘Chale Chalo’ from the movie Lagaan to CSK skipper M.S. Dhoni as it motivates the team to play together. Rahman also dedicated the song ‘Mangta Hai Kya’ from the movie Rangeela to CSK all-rounder Suresh Raina.

Speaking on Star Sports show Cricket Live, Rahman said, “I would like to dedicate the song ‘Chale Chalo’ from the movie Lagaan to M.S. Dhoni, as it motivates people to play cricket together. And for Suresh Raina, I would like to dedicate the song ‘Mangta Hai Kya’, because whenever I went to Bangalore, they were listening to songs from Rangeela.”

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AJAY DEVGN, SIDDHARTH ROY KAPUR JOIN HANDS TO PRODUCE COMEDY-DRAMA ‘GOBAR!’

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MUMBAI: Bollywood actor Ajay Devgn has joined hands with Siddharth Roy Kapur, and announced his upcoming comedy-drama ‘GOBAR!’ on Friday.

The ‘Tanhaji: The Unsung Warrior’ star took to Twitter and shared a picture featuring him, Siddharth and filmmaker Sabal Shekhawat as he announced the team of his upcoming venture. With a common endeavour to create quality entertainment, the two stalwarts have announced this exciting new collaboration. The forthcoming film will be directed by renowned ad filmmaker Sabal Shekhawat and is written by Sabal Shekhawat and Sambhit Mishra.

He wrote, “Joining forces with @roykapurfilms to bring you an aMOOsing story from the heartland of India – GOBAR! #SiddharthRoyKapur #SabalShekhawat #SambitMishra @Meena_Iyer@KumarMangat@malvika25.”

Set in the cow belt of India during the 1990s, ‘GOBAR!’ is an amusing satire inspired by true events that transpire when an idiosyncratic animal-loving veterinary doctor chances upon a tangled web of corruption in his local state hospital. The film is a one-of-a-kind comedy themed on one man’s hilariously bumbling and ridiculously brave journey to stand up against corruption.

Producer Siddharth Roy Kapur shares, “GOBAR! is a story that chronicles the seemingly pointless but ultimately heroic journey of a simple citizen who deals with corruption in a way that will bring on many laughs, much adventure, and ultimately a simple message about the power of the common man.

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JENNIFER LOPEZ STILL HAS A-ROD’S ENGAGEMENT RING IN HER POSSESSION

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WASHINGTON [US]: American stars Jennifer Lopez and Alex Rodriguez may have broken up, but her possession of the engagement ring may prove to be a binding source between them. While as per the traditions, when a couple breaks up before hitting the alter, the person who proposes gets the ring back. But this is not the case with J Lo and Ro and the ‘Second Act’ actor has not returned her USD 1 million ring back to his ex-fiance yet. Sources told TMZ that “J Lo still has the ring in her possession” and there has been no discussion between both the stars over the fate of the ring.

However, sources added that the former couple exchanged “massive amounts of jewellery” during their 2 years of engagement. “A-Rod bedazzled J Lo with all sorts of bling, and she fortified his watch collection. So, they could just call it a wash, but they haven’t decided yet.”

TMZ also reported that the ring is not in the Dominican Republic even. “She didn’t want it lying around every day while she films … for security reasons,” the source explained.

The American singer Jennifer Lopez and New York Yankees baseball star Alex Rodriguez had confirmed their split on Thursday. The two issued a joint statement that read, “We have realized we are better as friends and look forward to remaining so. We will continue to work together and support each other on our shared projects.”

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KANGANA RANAUT PAYS TRIBUTE TO COMEDY LEGEND CHARLIE CHAPLIN

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NEW DELHI: On the 132nd birth anniversary of comedy legend Charlie Chaplin, Bollywood star Kangana Ranaut commemorated the occasion by paying a tribute to the late artist on her social media.

The ‘Queen’ actor took to her Twitter handle on Friday and marked Chaplin’s birth anniversary by sharing a few black and white pictures of him, describing the comic as one of the most dynamic artists ever. Kangana tweeted, “Today is the birth anniversary of the greatest most dynamic multifaceted artist, an actor/comedian, an extraordinary storyteller/director a super successful film producer, highly skilled editor and par excellence screen writer n composer, Happy birthday Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin.”

Actor Ranvir Shorey responded to Kangana’s tweet with his own tribute, and called Chaplin the “greatest”. He tweeted, “The greatest. Happy Birthday!”

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin was an English comedian, actor, and filmmaker, who managed to achieve tons of affection and praises in 75 years of his career. He was born in London in 1889 and is still known worldwide for his signature style of silent comedy. Chaplin is widely regarded as one of the most brilliant comics, as well as acting figures in the history of the cinema.

Meanwhile, on the work front, Kangana Ranaut’s much-awaited project ‘Thalaivi’ which was slated to get a theatrical release on April 23, this year got postponed due to the rise in the number of COVID-19 cases. Apart from this she also has ‘Tejas’, ‘Dhaakad’, and ‘Manikarnika Returns: The Legend Of Didda’ in the pipeline.

Kangana has also signed up to play the role of former PM Indira Gandhi in an upcoming political drama.

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PARINEETI-STARRER ‘SAINA’ TO PREMIERE ON AMAZON PRIME ON 23 APRIL

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MUMBAI: Bollywood actor Parineeti Chopra starrer biographical sports film based on life of badminton champion Saina Nehwal ‘Saina’ is set to premiere on April 23 on Amazon Prime Video.

Amazon Prime Video took to Instagram on Friday and announced the digital premiere of the recently released Bollywood sports biopic, ‘Saina’.

With Parineeti Chopra as the lead, the film follows the career highs and lows of Saina Nehwal, one of India’s ace shuttlers and one of the most celebrated badminton players in the country. The biopic highlights the people who have been an integral part of Sania’s professional journey and contributed to building her resilience and unbreakable spirit.

The ‘Ishqzaade’ star shared how she feels about the film’s digital release. She said, “I am extremely thrilled with the film having a global digital premiere on Amazon Prime Video, bringing such an inspirational story to audiences across the world. With this film, I have learnt that a biographical film comes with many challenges; my biggest challenge as an actor was to get into Saina Nehwal’s shoes and recreate her accomplishments and hardships”

“As an actor, I embraced each challenge, and I do think that I learnt a lot as a professional. I worked on the physical appearance and the right body language, and I am glad it worked out in my favour. I had a great time working on this film,” she added .

Producer Bhushan Kumar said, “Saina is a story of a young girl who dared to dream and dared to achieve. Her story needs to be heard and seen and we are glad through the platform of Amazon Prime Video everyone can witness this journey of success.”

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HAS KARTIK AARYAN BEEN DROPPED FROM ‘DOSTANA 2’?

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NEW DELHI: If Bollywood sources are to be believed, actor Kartik Aaryan has been dropped from Dharma Productions’ Dostana 2. Sources say that the producers had to take this drastic decision because Kartik Aaryan has been acting difficult with the makers.

The film is already half shot and now it’s going to be a challenge for the makers to reshoot it with a new actor who fits the part. This means a huge monetary loss for Dharma Productions as they have to reshoot half a film all over again and also cover-up on the lost time. There were also rumours of Kartik and Janhvi Kapoor’s break, could have played a role in this huge professional debacle.

Kartik, who was excited to be a part of the project, had told news agency PTI: “The evolution is from one Dostana to the other. Dostana one that released in 2008 and the Dostana 2 that’s releasing in 2020, you will see that the representation is accurate, non-caricaturish and on point, talking about sexuality in a way that will not make you cringe while watching it. So therein lies the fact that in last 12 years, there has been a change in the way we depict gay characters. Even in Kapoor & Sons and the way it was depicted.”

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