The Covid-19 crisis tested every teacher’s ability to adapt and innovate the new ways of teaching. However difficult it was, they were supposed to overcome the challenges with dedication, moving towards the new normal called ‘remote education’. Then came the National Education Policy 2020 that gave teachers an opportunity to improvise their teaching skills, add new ways of evaluation, and bring innovation to the classrooms, even if virtual.
One of the key factors of NEP 2020 is transforming the quality of teaching and putting teachers in the front row of modern education. But how can this be done?
Teacher training is about introducing technology at all levels of education and the rule is equally applicable to the teachers. An individual can gain proficient experience without settling on the education they have already received and figure out how to educate themselves more in order to teach better. This assists them in executing procedures learned at work and bringing that expansive experience to the classrooms. The idea is to know how to switch between learning and teaching makes a great point in developing practical learning in the new-age educators would who make it more relevant by imparting it further in the classrooms. Along these lines, it gives them a chance to constantly learn and redesigns their teaching methods to deliver the necessary competencies in an effective manner. The arrangement augments the extent of upgrading one’s capabilities to remain industry-pertinent by directing workshops, courses, online teacher training modules which keep the learning lamp lit.
As we witness an upheaval in teaching and learning approaches, the requirement for valid, sound and educated teachers in the industry has intensifies. It lures more young people to pick teaching as a career calling which offers growth and exposure all the while. The growth milestone for proficient educators means and increment in the compensation scale indicator. Teacher training encourages an ideal mix of learning and rehearsing for the teacher’s group. It permits the teachers to rehearse more and upgrade their expertise of education.
With AI-based learning devices, educators have the option to tailor education and evaluation system for each student. They have the option to customise task, so students pick up as indicated by their qualities or make learning ways special to every student. By deliberately utilizing innovation, teachers have the chance to develop their impact and successfully advantage each student. It is evident that training should change significantly to invest in the classroom and advance ‘request based, conversation based techniques’ as conceived under NEP. Educators who have embraced online through the Covid-19 emergency can make the most of the hybrid infrastructure including both virtual as well as physical education.
Organisations such as Global Education and Training Institute (GETI) are already making training programmes for experienced as well as aspiring teachers for years. Their objective of changing the teacher training format with the help of technology has helped many become better at their jobs. While schools are moving towards virtual classrooms amidst the pandemic, it is inevitable to help teachers overcome the technological roadblocks with the help of platform designers for schools as well as individual teachers.
Sunita Gandhi is founder, Global Classroom Private Limited (GCPL) & Global Education & Training Institute (GETI).
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INDIAN COAST GUARD NAVIK NOTIFICATION RELEASED
The Indian Coast Guard, Ministry of Defence, has released an official notification regarding the recruitment process of Navik, the domestic branch (cook and steward). All the interested and eligible candidates are requested to visit the official website, i.e., joinindiancoastguard.gov.in, to read the notification, and apply, once the process starts. As per the notice, there are a total of 50 vacancies. The online application dates are 30 November to 7 December. Candidates have to pass class 10th with 50% marks in aggregate from a board of Education recognised by central/state government (5% relaxation in above minimum cut off will be given for SC / ST candidates and outstanding sportsperson of national level).
ICAI CA 2020 EXAMS TO BE HELD FROM 21 NOVEMBER
Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) CA exam admit cards can be downloaded from the official website icai.org using the registration numbers and other required details. The CA foundation, intermediate and final exams will be held from 21 November to 15 December. “Candidates for ICAI Exams starting from November 21, 2020, are informed that exams will be held as per schedule,” the ICAI said, adding: “They [candidates] should only concentrate on exam studies and not be misled by any false propaganda/incorrect statements made and should only refer to announcements at http://icai.org.”
DU ADMISSIONS 2020: PG ADMISSION PROCESS BEGINS TODAY
The University of Delhi will commence the postgraduate level entrance exam and merit-based admissions for over 54 courses offered by the university from Wednesday. “The admission to some of the courses is either based only through entrance or through both entrance and merit. All the applicants whose final year results have been declared by the University must update their marks on their dashboard. Applicants whose final year result of the qualifying examination has not been declared yet should wait to update their marks.”
HOW COVID-19 PANDEMIC HAS CHANGED B-SCHOOLS
Covid-19 has jolted the global economy and sent ripples across various sectors, including education. The nationwide lockdown led to the closure of schools and colleges. The B-schools too have taken a major brunt of the situation, with their admission timelines, classes, and placements getting severely impacted. Most government and private B-schools postponed classes, semester examinations, convocations, and group discussion (GD) and personal interview (PI) rounds, following the guidelines that were laid down.
Many B-schools deferred their placement process, cancelled semesters, and suspended internships as they wait for some semblance of normalcy to be restored. Apart from the pedagogical and infrastructural challenges, the management institutions are faced with the task to reinvent themselves so that they can future-proof students for tomorrow.
The ongoing crisis has mandated a shift to the digital medium for every B-school so that any future disruptions do not hamper the education system, as it happened now due to poor preparedness. Going digital has been troublesome because nobody was ready for such a turn of events. The pandemic has raised a need to adopt more innovative ways to impart education services at all levels.
However, a few challenges are in order before a smooth transition to online takes place. First, uninterrupted access to the Internet is yet to be achieved in tier-2, tier-3, and remote cities in India. Second, we lack a comprehensive policy regulation that can lead to ambiguity and vagueness with regard to the operational framework. Also, online learning needs to take cognizance of the different learning patterns and pace of students so that customised solutions can be devised for them. Additionally, the concerns around increased screen time and stress and anxiety triggered due to the continuous use of electronic devices will also have to be addressed.
ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY
Given the current circumstances, online classes have become the most pragmatic solution to ensure continuous and seamless education. Various schools and universities have developed an intranet system due to which they could adopt video broadcasting tools like Zoom and Google Hangout. Such video solutions can help educators organize live stream classroom sessions for students. Video broadcasting enables learning through recording, live video, audio, real-time Q&A chat via mobile app or website.
Asynchronous learning programs can be leveraged to allow students to complete courses without any compulsions to be present at a particular time or place such as in discussion boards. These technologies are student-friendly and student-focused. In addition, social media channels and their feature of real-time messaging can be harnessed by leading B-schools to address remote learning challenges. This can help education reach every student’s doorstep. Social Media Channels are helping colleges and other institutions provide information with a legit multiplier impact so that the ‘learning anytime, anywhere’ ideology can be embraced effectively.
Emerging technologies that will play a critical role in the enhancement of the online education model include artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, augmented reality (AR), and virtual reality (VR). AR and VR can provide smart and immersive interactive experiences to students. Video calls between students and professors with a real-time experience can give ground-breaking results in terms of engagement and knowledge retention.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) recreates the human intelligence procedure. It helps in the grading of tests as it can eliminate the risk of human errors and unjust biases. It can also assist educators in creating online tests in various formats such as multiple-choice questions (MCQ), skills, essays, aptitude-based questions, and typing. On the evaluation front, these automated solutions are in-built with an intuitive multi-section window where the evaluator can change to various settings to convey explicit evaluations. The AI-empowered video interviews help generate extensive and detailed student reports based on internal score and performance.
ROLE OF NEP 2020
The newly-enacted National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 couldn’t have come at a better time. The policy is a positive re-imagination of India’s education system with an aim to overhaul it into a progressive, practical, and equitable regime. Effective execution of this policy requires the re-prioritization of budgetary resources. The policy envisions revolutionary structural reforms for higher education. It promotes a flexible three- or four-years degree programme structure at the undergraduate level, allowing multiple exits to learners even after 1 year with certification.
The departure from the current three-year model is meant to encourage and inculcate a research component at the undergraduate level, which in turn, will lead to a degree with research by the time of its completion. Students who are mid-term dropouts would be awarded credit for the term they completed and an option to complete their degree after the break. Colleges will not be affiliated to any university. The deemed university status will also be put to an end. Over the next 15 years, graded autonomy will be extended to colleges to provide degrees.
NEP 2020 has its eye set on designing a multi-disciplinary curriculum that is touted to be a game-changer. The top-rated global universities would be encouraged to come to India while top Indian universities will be motivated to go global. Creative combinations of subjects and vocational education will be the primary focus. The policy emphasises teaching ‘21st-century’ skills like mathematical thinking and creative temperament that will go a long way in preparing students for the competitive professional world.
The new education policy, in a nutshell, seeks to upskill management graduates in areas that will help them future-proof themselves and be relevant to the changing job market scenario.
In times of economic distress, sound education becomes more important than ever. Due to the disruption caused by Covid-19, there is a rise in the demand for tailored courses keeping in view the changing economic and social dynamics of a post-pandemic world. The coronavirus crisis has shown students many new employment possibilities.
As large amounts of the economy move online, technologies like big data and cloud have helped businesses manage data more efficiently, indicating the opening up of more lucrative job positions. The surge in data usage will lead to more demand for data engineers, data analysts, data scientists, and ML/AI engineers. Short-term programme by FORE of 5 Months is helping a lot on the same.
As remote working becomes popular, skilled IT students who can serve as security architects and ethical hackers will be more sought-after. More management graduates will be needed to manage such high-tech businesses, as well as more managerial positions across other verticals, are bound to open up.
SUMMING IT UP
We are living in tough times. Many of the students and graduates will be the first ones in a new generation to make the most of their recently-acquired education and skills in a post-coronavirus world. Therefore, it goes without saying that skilling, hard work, and targeting the right opportunities will be the key factors in the success and adapting to change.
The writer is director, FORE School of Management.
HOW TO CRACK THE IIFT EXAM IN 2021
The MBA-IB offered by the IIFT is a much sought-after programme for students across the country. However, to make your way to the top of the admission list, a few pointers have to be kept in mind.
The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) is the only institution among the top B-schools in India which is currently offering an MBA programme in International Business (MBA-IB). IIFT institutes are located at two locations, Delhi and Kolkata, with a proposition of launching its new Kakinada campus with 60 seats in 2021. The Dar-es-Salaam campus of IIFT has also started operating.
The NTA conducts the IIFT entrance exam in online mode for candidates interested in pursuing its flagship programme of MBA-IB. But there are a few things to be kept in mind for the entrance exam in 2021.
CHANGES IN EXAM PATTERN
The 2021 entrance exam will be a computer-based test and not a paper-based test. The timings have also undergone a change: the test will now be held from 3 PM to 5 PM, as against the previous 10 AM-12 PM slot.
The IIFT exam consists of multiple-choice objective type questions and will have four major sections in its 2021 instalment, instead of the earlier six. Each section has a different number of questions. VARC, Quant, DILR will have the same scoring pattern, while GK will have a different one. At least 4-5 reading comprehension passages of moderate difficulty are also to be expected.
The IIFT 2021 edition will be a single session test and the exam will be held in 68 cities across India on January 24, 2021.
THREE STAGES OF EXAM
The IIFT exam will have three stages to be cleared by the applicant. The first is the writing skill assessment round, meant to check the writing skills and critical analysis capabilities of the candidates. The ones who mark their place in the cut-off list of IIFT 2021 will be eligible to sit for this round.
The topic for writing will be given on the spot, and candidates will be told to complete an essay within the stipulated time. The topic can be about any topic under the sun, including politics, business and the corporate world, the Indian or global economy, sports, media and communication, social reforms and the society and law and amendments.
The topic and time duration will be set by the admission selection authorities of the IIFT and any query regarding the round must be brought up to the authority without delay. After the completion of this round and declaration of the results, selected candidates will be sent for the next round of the selection procedure, which is a group discussion (GD).
The motive for the GD round is to test the thinking capabilities, levels of knowledge, and skills for speaking and debating. The topics for the round can emerge from any prominent subjects, mostly including economics, management, business, politics, science and technology, media and mass communication, law, sports and literature.
Selected candidates will be given time to prepare talking points on the topic and asked to discuss it in groups of seven or eight people. The trick to succeeding in this round is to counter question the points put forth by other candidates and make sure that valid and correct arguments are used to do that.
The candidates who perform well in the GD will be cleared for the personal interview (PI), the final round in the selection process. The main aim of this round is to judge the candidates’ understanding of the course they are about to opt for along with their interest in the subject matter.
Candidates can expect a panel of judges to ask them questions from any field, including the personal life of the candidate. Answering their questions with confidence is key for this round. The candidates’ responses will be examined on terms decided by the judges, and those deemed fit will be put on the final list of students selected for admission.
The GD and PI will take place in February 2021 in various cities, including Mumbai, Lucknow, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Delhi, Chennai and Bengaluru.
Shortlisted candidates will have to submit a Statement of Purpose (SoP), considered a significant criterion for the IIFT selection procedure, and pay the requisite fee. Later, the candidates can choose a campus (either in New Delhi or Kolkata), based on which, seat allotment would be carried out. However, the candidates who get selected in the IIFT entrance examination will be given first preference during the seat allotment.
HOW TO PREPARE
Firstly, it is important to identify strong and weak areas and work on them. This would include regular practice and solving questions and mock tests, and developing a proper understanding of the basic concepts to help apply advanced tricks. It is also important to establish a balance between speed and accuracy. Neither should be too low. Moreover, it would help a candidate to read as much as they can to improve language and comprehension skills.
Since sectional cut-offs are important in the IIFT tests, taking a section-wise approach can also be really helpful. For instance, candidates may prepare for Reading Comprehension and Verbal Ability in ten days, Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation in ten days, and Quantitative Analysis and General Knowledge in another ten-day period. Identifying any usual types of questions by going through previous years’ papers and practising them on a daily basis can also help.
For Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning, which is a time-consuming section, timed practice tests would improve reading speed. The Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension sections can be mastered by building proficiency in English grammar, syntax and vocabulary, phrases and idioms, and reading skills. The Reading Comprehension section generally has 4-5 passages, so it is impractical to attempt all of them are they are likely to be lengthy. Keep in mind that at least two passages would be easier than the rest, and candidates can maximise on their scores by reading fast and going through the questions before answering.
For the Quantitative Aptitude questions, candidates would need to enhance basic mathematical skills and practise topics like time, distance, work and heights, simple and compound interest, mensuration, permutation and combination and geometry.
The General Awareness paper holds the least weightage, but the section is still important in proving the merit of a candidate. To proceed with it, first, one should divide the section in two parts: static and dynamic. Then, read the Manorama Yearbook and daily newspapers thoroughly, with a focus on current events, business and trade and policies of India with other countries.
The writer is a senior faculty member at T.I.M.E. Delhi.
ODISHA NEET COUNSELLING 2020: REGISTRATION PROCESS BEGINS
The registration process of the Odisha NEET Counselling 2020 began on 10 November on the official website of Odisha Joint Entrance Examination Committee. Candidates who wish to register for it can do so by visiting ojee.nic.in. Only those candidates who have cleared the NEET exam can register for the Odisha NEET Counselling 2020. The registration process would begin at 12 noon and would end at 11:59 pm on 18 November 2020. Candidates must also note that the choice filling and locking window would open on November 23 and would close down on 24 November 2020. Candidates can also check the detailed schedule on the official website of OJEE—ojee.nic.in.
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