The 5th of September is a red letter day inasmuch as India and the world are celebrating the 134th birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, the second President of India who was a monumental philosopher, educationist, scholar and statesman of international repute.
To ‘begin the beguine’, I am highly emboldened to narrate an amusing incident that took place when Radhakrishnan commenced his maiden visit to the United States on 3rd June, 1963. When he alighted from his aircraft, the weather was stormy with heavy rains in Washington. President John Fitzgerald ‘Jack’ Kennedy (popularly known as ‘JFK’) greeting his Indian counterpart with a warm handshake and a smile expressed disappointment at the rain that had dampened the warm reception he had arranged for him. To this, Radhakrishnan smiled and remarked courteously, ‘We cannot always control events, but we can always control our attitude towards events.’
There is an old English saying, “Mighty oaks from little acorns grow”. Radhakrishnan was born on 5thSeptember 1888 into a very humble Telugu-speaking Niyogi Brahmin family, in the Murugan Temple town of Tiruttani of Chittoor district in the erstwhile Madras Presidency. A born genius, Radhakrishnantook to Swami Vivekananda’s philosophy like a duck takes to water from a very early age. He studied at the Tiruttani Primary School and then moved on to study at the Hermansburg Evangelical LutheralMission School in Tirupati. He joined Voorhees College in Vellore for his high school education andjoined Madras Christian College in 1904. In 1908, heobtained his Master’s degree in Philosophy from the same college. Whilst in college, Radhakrishnan was induced to make a systematic study of Indian traditional thought and philosophy by the disparaging remarks of one of his British teachers about Hindu philosophy and culture. He immediately undertook an in depth study of the Bhagavad Gita and the Vedanta and soon felt so confident about his grasp of these classics that he offered to present a dissertation on the subject “The Ethics of the Vedanta and its metaphysical presuppositions” as a part of the MA degree examination of the Madras University. This was published in 1908 when he reached the tender age of twenty and at once established his fame as a notable philosophical writer of immeasurable ability. A momentous factor in Radhakrishnan’s life was his incisive reading of the translated works of our prodigious national poet and Nobel laureate GurudevRabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s poetry and prose resonated with Radhakrishnan’s own thoughts and hebelieved that Tagore’s philosophy was the genuine manifestation of the Indian spirit. Radhakrishnanauthored more than twenty major philosophical works, notably, “The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore”, “Indian Philosophy”, “Eastern Religion and Western Thoughts”, “The Principal Upanishads”, “Recovery of Faiths” and “Fellowship of the Spirit & Religion in a changing world”. Throughout his entire life and extensive literally career, Radhakrishnansought to define, defend, and promulgate his religionwhich he variously identified as Hinduism, Vedanta and the Religion of the Spirit. Inspired by Swami Vivekananda, he sought to demonstrate that his brand of Hinduism was both philosophically coherent and ethically viable. And like Swami ji, he believed that complete education was the only way for the development of an individual and aptly propounded, ‘The end-product of education should be a free creative man, who can battle against historical circumstances and adversities of nature.’ He commenced his teaching career at the reputed Madras Presidency College in 1909 and stayed there till he was appointed as a Professor of Philosophy at Madras University in 1918. Three years later,Radhakrishnan was invited by the prolific educator, jurist, barrister, mathematician and Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee to hold the George V Chair in Philosophy in Calcutta University. In 1929, he became the Principal of Harris Manchester College, Oxford. In 1931, he was knighted by King George V for his services to education, but scrupulously preferred to be addressed by his academic title – Doctor. In 1931 itself, he was appointed the Vice-Chancellor of the newly founded Andhra University at Waltair. In 1936, he joined as Hibbert Lecturer and subsequently as Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at Oxford University where he taught Indian Philosophy with remarkable aplomb and elan. He was also elected a Fellow of All Souls College. Simultaneously, heserved as the Chancellor of Delhi University and the first Indian Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University with the blessings of the redoubtablescholar and educational reformer Pandit MadanMohan Malviya. In 1938, he was elected as a fellow of the prestigious British Academy. In 1941, he assumed the Chairmanship of the University Grants Commission. Radhakrishnan was elected the first Vice-President of India in 1952. For his sterling contributions to philosophy and statesmanship, the Bharat Ratna, the highest award of the nation, was conferred on him in 1954. He was elected as the President of India on 13th May, 1962 whereupon some of his students and friends requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday on 5thSeptember. He replied nonchalantly, “Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if September 5th is observed as Teachers’ Day.” From then onwards, the day has been observed as Teacher’s Day throughout the world. Significantly, after he became the President of India, our first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who was one of his closest friends and ardentadmirers, paid him his personal tribute in glowing terms, ‘He has served his country in many capacities. But above all, he is a great teacher from whom all of us have learnt much and will continue to learn. It is India’s peculiar privilege to have a great philosopher, a great educationist and a great humanist as her President. That in itself shows the kind of men we honour and respect.’
In conclusion, I am irresistibly drawn to the ever inspiring words of the legendary American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow from his timeless poem “Psalm of Life”:
‘Lives of great men all remind us
We can make our lives sublime,
And, departing, leave behind us
Footprints on the sands of time;’
BRIEF NOTE ON THE AUTHOR
The author is an internationally reputed senior lawyer practising in the Supreme Court of India and various High Courts and Tribunals in India. He has been closely associated with some of the topmost Indian corporates as a lawyer and advisor. He addressed a select gathering of MPs and other eminent persons in the House of Lords in February,2009 and was awarded the prestigious “Ambassador of Peace Award”. In April,2009, he was also invited to the House of Commons. He was also invited by Chatham House and by the Universal Peace Federation in London several times. He is an avid debater, public speaker, writer, broadcaster, telecaster, artist, painter, sculptor, music critic and filmmaker. He is also an indefatigable lover of western classical music and has one of the largest private collections of western classical music in India.
The Daily Guardian is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel (@thedailyguardian) and stay updated with the latest headlines.
For the latest news Download The Daily Guardian App.
PM Modi, Rahul Gandhi wish Manmohan Singh on his 90th birthday
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday sent Dr. Manmohan Singh his birthday wishes on his 90th birthday, wishing him a long and healthy life.
“Birthday greetings to former PM Dr Manmohan Singh Ji. Praying for his long and healthy life,” tweeted PM Modi.
Rahul Gandhi, the leader of the Congress, sent Dr. Singh birthday greetings as well.
Wishing one of India’s finest statesmen, Dr Manmohan Singh ji a very happy birthday. His humility, dedication and contribution to India’s development, have few parallels. He is an inspiration to me, and to crores of other Indians. I pray for his good health and happiness,” tweeted the Wayanad MP.
Before the partition, Singh was born on September 26, 1932, in the Punjabi village of Gah. He studied at Oxford, Cambridge, and Punjab University.
Today marks the 90th birthday of Dr. Singh, who served as prime minister for two consecutive terms (from 2004 to 2014). He is a well-known economist who is credited with enacting significant reforms in the 1990s.
Mallikarjun Kharge, Ajay Maken to meet Sonia Gandhi today over Rajasthan crisis
Mallikarjun Kharge and Ajay Maken, two Congress observers who were in Rajasthan on Sunday to attend the legislature party meeting at the home of the chief minister Ashok Gehlot, are anticipated to meet Sonia Gandhi on Monday afternoon.
With Gehlot expected to run for presidential polls next month, the state is currently dealing with a new crisis. Numerous Gehlot’s supporters resigned on Sunday and handed them to Assembly Speaker CP Joshi as a result of Sachin Pilot’s name being mentioned. The resignation is reportedly from more than 80 MLAs.
The MLAs made clear to the observers their demands, emphasising that the next chief minister should be chosen after October 19, once the party’s presidential elections are over, that the Gehlot successor should be chosen from among the roughly 102 MLAs who supported the party during the 2020 crisis, and that Ashok Gehlot should be kept informed throughout the decision-making process. They were reminding the party of Sachin Pilot’s uprising against Gehlot when he visited to Haryana by bringing up the 2020 dilemma. Later, after guarantees from the senior management, he returned.
Ajay Maken said: “We came for the CLP meeting fixed by the CM at a time and date of his choice. Very strange that MLAs didn’t come for that. We also wanted to follow the procedure of speaking to individual MLAs about what they want so that they can speak freely.”
The condition that no announcement – on the chief minister – should be made before October 19 seems to be conflict of interest as resolution authorises the Congress president to take the decision, and by October 19, Ashok Gehlot would have been the Congress president,” he further said.
Partnerships, technology and behaviour change key for agriculture growth, said Union Agriculture Minister
India has the potential to become “aatmnirbhar” in agriculture and also meet the food requirement of the world, said Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
Speaking during the session, Food for All: From Farm to Fork, during the 3rd edition of LEADS 2022—— a global thought leadership initiative of the industry chamber FICCI, the minister said the country is steadfastly moving ahead in the direction. However, everyone must work together for the goal. “We would like to collaborate. I use this opportunity to invite the international community to join hands with us for the benefit of coming generations,” he said.
He noted that country’s agri exports had crossed the milestone of ₹4 lakh crores. “We are working to increase it further,” he said.
Minister Tomar said that the government is constantly working to make the country “aatmnirbhar”. As a result, Indian agriculture recorded a robust growth of 3.9% despite the pandemic. In addition, the minister reiterated that the government aims to make Indian agriculture internationally competitive by aiding the small farmers in the country. He alluded to several government programmes to reduce farming-related challenges. “Due to increase in investment in basic infrastructures like irrigation system, storage, warehousing, and cold storage, the Indian agriculture is expected to record robust growth in the coming years,” he added.
On occasion, H.E. Mr Damien O’Connor, Hon’ble Minister for Trade & Export Growth; Agriculture; Biosecurity; Land Information & Rural Communities, New Zealand, alluded to the challenge emanating from climate change. “agricultural emissions from livestock are a real challenge for New Zealand and food systems around the world. It contributes 35% to the global greenhouse gas emissions and 48% to New Zealand’s emission profile.”
He also alluded to Global Research Alliance and encouraged Indian parliamentarians “to look at investigating partnering up with a Global Research Alliance” to gather global technologies “in a way that is not seeking to maximise commercial benefit but to maximise the climate change benefit from this collaboration.”
Sanjiv Mehta, President, FICCI and CEO & Managing Director, Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL), said achieving food and nutrition security is a multifaceted challenge. “Food systems can play a big role in protecting food security and nutrition if careful attention is paid to targeting the poor, reducing inequalities, including gender inequality and incorporating nutrition goals and actions were relevant.”
Dr Anish Shah, Vice President, FICCI and Managing Director and CEO, Mahindra & Mahindra, said the world will have 10 billion people by 2050. “Today, we do not have enough food to provide for everyone, so we have to do a number of things to feed everyone.” He pointed to three themes that can help address the challenge. The first is partnerships to reduce carbon footprint and improve productivity. Second, adopting technology to transform agriculture and thirdly, inducing behaviour change.
Sunny Verghese, Co-Founder and Group CEO, Olam International, said, the biggest priority is to help decarbonise.
Digital Agriculture Mission to digitalise the farmer: Manoj Ahuja, Secretary, Agriculture
Contextual and correct information to anybody associated with agriculture has the potential to unlock a lot of value, said Manoj Ahuja, Secretary, Union Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, at the Release Ceremony of the FICCI compendium on “Enhancing Farmers’ Income”.
In this regard, Ahuja alluded to the Digital Agriculture Mission, which essentially tries to digitalise the farmer in terms of identity, linking up the farmers’ land and geo-referencing it, and crops grown. “These are some of the basic things we are trying to put in the agristack,” he said. “We have made some headway; hopefully, next year, we should show substantial results,” he added.
Ahuja said, “I’m seeing the benefits information contextualised to the various partners in the agricultural ecosystem can bring”.
On occasion, Samuel Praveen Kumar, Joint Secretary, Union Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, spoke on backstopping agriculture startups that are coming up with innovative technologies and solutions to enhance farm incomes. In this regard, Mr Kumar alluded to the three C’s— convergence, capacity building, and collectives like (FPOs and cooperatives) as the vital elements.
Elaborating on convergence, Kumar said, “if the government can package the schemes in such a manner that you give more benefits, in a unified manner to the businesses or startups, I think they will be able to sustain their business.” Similarly, on capacity building, he noted, “when we talk about capacity building for farmers or extension workers, it’s not like that. It is for everybody in the ecosystem.” Mr Kumar also alluded to developing climate-resistant crops, reducing carbon footprints using technology, and developing infrastructure.
Elaborating on the compendium, TR Kesavan, Chairman, FICCI National Agriculture Committee & Group President, TAFE, noted the need to document the best practices and give them to people so that “people can touch, feel, do and understand the practices.” He added, “small and marginal farmers are going to be one of the greatest strengths of the country. Some of the case studies in the compendium tell how they are changing.”
The FICCI compendium of guidelines presents select case studies, and successful projects and interventions rolled out by various organisations in achieving higher crop connectivity, resource use efficiency, cropping intensity and diversification towards high-value agriculture.
Supreme Court: An Order Is In Given Factual Circumstances; Judgement Lays Down Principles Of Law
The Supreme Court in the case Akil Valibhai Piplodwala observed and has issued a notice on a petition filed by a man seeking a direction that he should not be deported to Pakistan until his claim to be an Indian citizen is decided as per Section 9(2) of the Citizenship Act, 1955.
The bench comprising of Justice Surya Kant and the Justice J. B. Pardiwala observed and has also issued status quo in the matter. Thus, the notice on the plea has been issued to the District Superintendent of Police (Godhra), State of Gujarat and the Ministry of Home Affairs, Union of India.
According to the plea, the was born at Godhra, Gujarat in 1962 and had completed his education in India. The petitioner moved to Pakistan in 1976 but in 1983 he returned to India and got married at Godhra to an Indian woman on 2nd March 1984 and had three children from the wedlock. Thus, the petitioner again went away and finally returned to India in 1991 after obtaining all the requisite permits including a residential permit and continued to reside in India with his family.
However, out of fear of getting deported, the petitioner moved a regular civil suit before the Court of Civil Judge praying to declare him a citizen of India under Section5(1)(C) of the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955 since he was married to an Indian citizen. It is also prayed by him to restrict authorities from deporting him till his application under Section 9(2) of the Act is decided by the Union of India. In 1999, it was held by the Civil Judge that the Court did not have jurisdiction to decide the citizenship of the Petitioner. However, the decree was allowed by the Civil Judge partly to direct that he should not be deported back until his application under the Citizenship Act is decided.
Further, after the period of 4 years, the Union of India preferred a delayed appeal under Section 96 of CrPC against the order of the Civil Judge before the Principal District Judge. On 12.07.2022, the District Judge set aside the decree passed by the Civil Judge.
The petitioner being aggrieved by the order of the District Judge, moved the High Court of Gujarat. On 02.08.2022, the High Court dismissed his appeal holding that no substantial question of law arose.
Senior Advocate IH Sayed, appearing for the petitioner submitted that the High Court disregarded the fact that the Petitioner has been rendered vulnerable to deportation and if he is not protected till his application is adjudicated upon it would be violation of the procedure established by the principle of law.
The present petition was filed through Advocate Taruna Singh Gohil.
Delhi HC Asks Centre: What Is The Procedure For Undertrial Foreign Nationals’ Visa Renewal?
The Delhi High Court in the case Uchenne v. State observed and has directed the Centre to place on record the necessary steps and procedures required to be followed by foreign nationals, who are in the jail as undertrials, for renewal of their visas.
The bench comprising of Justice Jasmeet Singh observed while dealing with a plea filed by a foreign national seeking bail in an NDPS case, said there are many foreign nationals lodged in the national capital’s prisons, whose visa applications have not been processed.
The court stated that he i.e., the Central Govt Counsel shall also place on record necessary steps and procedures so that foreign nationals who are in jail as undertrial know the procedure for renewal of their visas. The Uchenne, accused had moved the High Court last year wherein seeking regular bail in an FIR registered under Section 21 of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985. Thus, after the completion of investigation, charge-sheet was filed under Section 21 of the NDPS Act as well as Section 14 of the Foreigners Act.
It was observed that Section 21 of the NDPS Act states punishment for contravention in relation to manufactured drugs and preparation, Section 14 of Foreigners Act provides various penalties under the statute, in case of violation of any of the provisions.
The Additional Public Prosecutor on March 30, told the court that before proceeding with the bail matter, accused’s visa needs to be re-validated. The Advocate J.S. Kushwaha appearing for the foreign national submitted before the Court that although his passport was renewed, he is required to be taken to the Foreign Regional Registration Office (FRRO) for visa renewal on April 29.
Accordingly, it has been directed by the court to Uchenne to complete all procedural formalities and ordered that he be taken to the FRRO in accordance with law and established procedures.
On August 2, over three months, Uchenne’s counsel apprised the Court that despite earlier orders, his visa was neither renewed nor any reasons were given regarding the delay or rejection. Also, the court was informed that Uchenne had applied for visa on January 28, in 2019.
However, during the recent hearing on September 19, it was sought by the Centre’s counsel seeking further time to get instructions in writing from FRRO before the next date of hearing.
Accordingly, the court listed the matter for hearing next on October 10.
Opinion2 years ago
South Block’s mistakes will now be corrected by Army
Sports2 years ago
When a bodybuilder breaks Shoaib’s record
News2 years ago
PM Modi must take governance back from babus
Spiritually Speaking2 years ago
Spiritual beings having a human experience
Legally Speaking2 years ago
Law relating to grant, rejection and cancellation of bail
News2 years ago
Chinese general ordered attack on Indian troops: US intel report
Royally Speaking2 years ago
The young royal dedicated to the heritage of Jaipur
Sports2 years ago
West Indies avoid follow-on, England increase lead to 219