This year has begun with surprises — both positives and negatives — and the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 could be considered the silver lining amidst all bad. Undoubtedly, education is regarded as a fundamental right as per the Constitution of India, yet it took decades to come up with such transformational policy in the history of the school and higher education. Nevertheless, equitable and inclusive education policy determines the prospects of sustainable opportunities for any nation to headway towards fulfilling sustainable development goals.
As per a study by the World Bank in 2014, India is considered the country that will have the highest population of young people in the next decade, leaving ample scope for it to reap demographic dividends. This opens tremendous prospects for a country like India to be visualised at the global platform like ancient times (like Taxila, Nalanda universities) to remain comparatively advantageous. In a way, NEP 2020 is a right step to address existing educational curricula issues like an emphasis on physical mode of teachinglearning, infrastructural limitations, availability of required manpower and e-qualified teachers, commercialisation, greater reliance on coaching practices, absence of knowledge-based and critical thinking learning mechanism, inherent concerns in syllabus structuring, lack of practical approach, employability, Hindi and English as the only preferred languages, ‘high stakes’ aspect of board exams, rote memorisation as the only success mantra, etc.
The new education policy hence aims at universal standardisation of education and accordingly explained in four specific sections: a) school education, b) higher education, c) other key areas of focus, and d) implementation. In the backdrop of the above, it is especially important to have greater insights on the different aspects of NEP 2020 with a key focus on challenges at every stage that could detriment the effectiveness.
NEP 2020 is a revolutionary policy for both learners (students) and trainers (teachers). The policy has touched upon several new aspects for teachers to teach and learners to learn where digital awareness and adoption of advanced technology will remain at the heart of the entire teaching-learning process. Additional employability opportunities for teachers is recommended for those who possess knowledge of the local languages (to tackle high dropout rates), and techfriendly for the complete overhaul of the curriculum. Further, from the teachers’ perspective, concepts like one-on-one peer tutoring (to make foundation literacy and numeracy stronger) are introduced for the very first time to make it an effective experience for both learners and tutors. Additionally, the teachers would get promotions and salary increments irrespective of the stage/ level of education, they are teaching. A 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree is made mandatory (till 2030) for school teachers under NEP 2020 with multidisciplinary 2-year B.Ed. programme, depending upon their varied interests. The regulatory mechanism is put forth as a new guideline where National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will set the basic standards to facilitate teachers’ assessments in consultation with NCERT (and SCERTs) to manage their respective career and subsequent progression. Also, a faculty appointed at Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) will not be transferable across institutions (unlike existing practices) so that they remain truly invested, committed, and connected with the same institution.
From students’ point of view, NEP emphasises upon the easy learning process instead of rote learning; the curricula will be designed keeping in mind ‘how to learn’; learning via activities; experiential learning; arts and sports integrated programmes to make the learning process longlasting. Unfortunately, in India, the gross enrolment ratio in higher education is 26.3% (2018) which is now aimed at 50% till the year 2035 with NEP 2020 in place. At higher level education (Masters/PhD), the availability of multidisciplinary areas under one roof is the most promising reform to have a wider reach and access. Second generation IITs (like Ropar, Hyderabad, Roorkee, etc) already have such a mechanism in operation.
Challenges in NEP 2020
It is argued substantially that the success of this policy will be decided by the effectiveness of Section IV in NEP 2020: ‘How to make it Happen’. When it comes to ground-level implementation, things behave differently. Therefore, Central and state governments need to plan a universal roadmap for the smooth implementation of NEP 2020. First and foremost being the structuring and revision of the existing syllabi at different stages (5+3+3) by a single central agency (NCERT) might be the biggest challenge. Second, availability of adequate funding to finance additional infrastructure for proposed new setups at the district level, school libraries at the village level, fresh appointments, digital know-how of the existing resources, etc, could only add to the cost and delay the implementation. Last but not least, NEP 2020 seems to rely too much on the role of public institutions and hence a complete overlook to address private sector participation in education (except for HEIs). Other than that, a nation like India (with the highest number of millennials) could not leave the fundamental right to education at the mercy of philanthropic activities.
Role of the private sector in education (at school level especially) should be carefully blended along with prime success determinants such as affordability and quality of education, instead of further giving way to commercialisation. To increase access and affordability, standardisation in the fee curriculum (at least till preparatory level) may prove to be a step in the right direction. Further, gigantic structural changes need to be placed, as NEP 2020 stresses only upon the introduction of vocational studies at school level without any lucid framework at higher-level education. Additionally, there should be a compulsory e-skill enhancement programme/ workshops/ FDPs for teachers at all levels to scale up their e-competence. Moreover, the multidisciplinary institutional structure is a right visionary step towards the futuristic educational setup, shall be with an assurance that India’s most prestigious institutions like IITs, IIMs do not deviate from their prime disciplinary focus. Ultimately, to make education available for all (as per SDGs), parity among government and non-government schools/ educational institutions for quality and competence should also be considered. Thus, increasing the fiscal budget to 6% of GDP (or SGDP) should be made as a bare minimum requirement to facilitate all above.
NEP 2020 is a right visionary step but with challenging implementation on the ground.
Megha Jain is assistant professor at University of Delhi and Saurabh Jaiswal is an officer at DSP Investment Managers Pvt Ltd.
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Why Teacher Performance Evaluations Are Important
Good educational outcomes are a residue of having highly qualified and experienced teachers. The quality of a good teacher is weighed through the teacher’s evaluation. A teacher’s evaluation puts out their performance and conduct in context and compares them against a set of certain standards.
Evaluating teachers has proved a daunting task yet crucial because it informs future decisions. The evaluation must set clear and rigorous expectations to be successful and effective. Teachers’ evaluation is also made fair by using objective data to measure the performance against some standards.
Finally, giving evaluation feedback enables the teachers to reinforce their strong points and improve their shortcomings.
Why should teachers be evaluated? Here are a few reasons why teacher evaluation is critical in maintaining a high-quality level of education and meeting the student’s attainments.
- Improving Teacher Quality
Today, a teacher’s evaluation focuses on instructional and student achievements. For a teacher to be termed as effective, they should have a good mastery of instructional techniques, be well experienced, collaborate with colleagues, and have participated in professional development.
Teachers’ evaluation helps recognize great teachers who can replicate methods and styles. Good teachers must then be regarded as positive reinforcement to inspire others. Teacher evaluation helps identify teachers’ shortcomings, thus exposing the teachers that require extra training to teach effectively.
- Improves Teacher Accountability
Teacher evaluation plays a major role in professional development, preparing programs, and building trust among administrators and colleagues. A teacher’s accountability helps the administrators and educators reach the steps necessary to improve their relationship and improve the students’ performance. For example, a teacher’s evaluation acts like a road map where the educators set tangible goals to be reached at a specified time.
- Encourages Professional Development
Teacher’s evaluation encourages professional development because it deals with formative goals. These goals guide, improve, recognize and reinforce teaching excellence. They assist teachers in planning the educational activities and help teachers focus solely on the student’s outcome. The Adobe Education Exchange comes in handy as an educator’s resource for teachers whose students are taking on projects. This greatly helps the teachers in guiding students and planning the educational activities.
- Encourages Greater Teacher-Student Collaboration
A teacher is expected to have the capacity to plan, lead, initiate, develop teaching and education in both general and subject-specific knowledge. This is critical because it gives the teacher the capacity to connect teaching and research. For example, when students research the science project ideas 4th grade, the teacher can guide ideas and topics best suited for the student. This kind of collaboration is greatly encouraged by teachers’ evaluations.
How effective is teacher evaluation?
Teachers’ evaluations are critical and integral to our education system. This is because it ensures that we have experienced and qualified teachers geared towards teacher-student collaboration for the greater good, that is, excellent student outcomes. Giving meanin
School Canvas launched to provide edtech for students’ career routes
School Canvas, previously known as Parentsalarm is one of the leading ed-tech firms in the country. It is recognized as a leading ERP provider in the ed-tech space.
School Canvas, formerly known as Parents Alarm was launched recently at Eldrok India K 12 Summit 2022. Mr. Kanhaiya Kumar, Founder, School Canvas, was one of the speakers at the event where he announced the official launch of School Canvas, a one of its kind school ERP solution.
The platform has been designed and launched by rebranding Parents Alarm. Parents Alarm was earlier conceptualized with the sole aim to offer seamless educational experiences to the students. Now known as School Canvas, it is one of the leading ed-tech firms in the country. The idea behind the name was simple- just like canvas is a plain white board and offers artists a chance to paint as per their creativity and desire; the platform offers ERP software basis the module or the process the school wants to automate! Whatever the school needs (writes on the white board about their requirements) regarding their automation of specific module; they aim at catering to the requirements of the schools as well as the students and parents to ensure seamless school management.
Eldrok is one of the world’s leading business exhibitions and conference organizers specializing in conceptualizing events in the field of education. The summit was organized at Taj West End, Bengaluru on 7th January 2022. It witnessed the presence of various renowned professionals and experts from the field of education including Principals, School Directors, Founders, and Chairman from different boards like CBSE, ICSE, CAMBRIDGE, and IB Boards. Mr. Kanhaiya took this opportunity to share about the launch of its platform, it’s rebranding as well as the innovation behind the product.
Ever since its inception in 2010, the brand has gained recognition as a leading ERP provider in the ed-tech space. School Canvas is the country’s first ed-tech firm to implement the open API concept. It offers a host of services such as attendance tracking, homework notifications, as well as fee reminders. The brand also helps schools with notification/notice circulation, bus/GPS tracking, e-content, performance updates, and much more. In the first 9 years of their existence, School Canvas’ associations were limited to just schools. However, since the past two years, they have expanded their footprints into conferences and conclaves as well.
Expressing his elation on the launch of School Canvas, Mr. Kanhaiya Kumar, Founder, School Canvas, “It gives us immense joy to share that we have rebranded Parents Alarm and have officially launched School Canvas. We realized that various gaps exist in the Indian education space. We wanted to bridge this physical-digital gap in the education domain as well as revolutionize the space with digital innovations. Over the years, we developed our platform constantly and built it into the ERP software. However, we wanted to innovate it further and ensure it emerges as the go-to solution for the effective management of schools. Hence, we thought of rebranding Parents Alarm as School Canvas. We are excited to have launched it officially and are hoping it will continue disrupting the education space in the times ahead as well. “
Headquartered in Chennai, the brand has been in the market for over a decade by the name of Parents Alarm and has grown exponentially ever since. It is a one-stop ERP solution providing a smart, straightforward, and innovative school management system that allows running schools smoothly in the online space as well as communicating with parents in real-time.
School Canvas is a school management solution ensuring streamlined workflow and high-end educational experiences for the students. With its various modules of learning management, communication management, report card analysis and generation, GSP tracking as well as transportation management, online fee collection as well as payment collection; the platform is helping schools turn paperless in the truest sense! School Canvas with its innovative concept and new-age features is playing a major role in bringing parents closer to their children’s school life.
About School Canvas
Incepted in the year 2010, School Canvas is a leading ERP solution for schools enabling automation of the schools. The platform provides superior educational experiences backed by technological innovations. Headquartered in Chennai, it has a robust clientele of over 550 schools across the country. The firm strives to provide high-end school automation services to its clients with its outcome-based approach and robust digital foundation.
School Canvas formerly known as Parents Alarm launched school ERP solution recently at Eldrok India K 12 Summit 2022.
Kids Opt For Audio Learning As It Simplifies Reading, Understanding
Audiobooks are more effective as the mind of students is focused on one voice and they can recall words and sentences; this new technique also explains concepts in easy language and helps in completing courses faster
Data availability is no longer a challenge in the digital age. A simple Google search can open gateways to knowledge and information, which was not the case a few years ago. Furthermore, data sharing has become more accessible than ever too. However, more than the quantity of data, the quality of information matters the most, especially for students preparing for competitive exams.
In the context of coaching institutes and educational institutions, quality data available is required for achieving targets. For instance, the coaching institutions preparing students for competitive exams would want to ensure that such good quality content is supplemented with other factors that help the aspirants attain their goals.
Audiobooks or audio learning methods have been introduced to simplify reading, understanding, and memorizing processes. Many students and aspirants prefer this strategy because it involves listening to books or studying material rather than reading it.
Audio-based learning is more effective as your mind is focused on one voice rather than several. You can recall the words and sentences when you hear something rather than reading it. Audio learning also aids in completing courses faster during competitive exams. It explains concepts in easy language and a consistent tone with real-life examples, keeping you involved in the learning process. As per a recent study, students who opted for audio-based learning could achieve their study goals faster.
Listening makes learning very easy to grasp and understand. All you need is concentration when you are reading or studying a subject. You can plug in your headphones to block out all distracting noises. When you use audio learning, it also makes it easier to write important topics in between. In reading, however, this is not the case. You cannot write while reading, but you can with audio learning.
IMPROVED MEMORIZING WITH LESS COGNITIVE LOAD
When you read something, you are frequently distracted by various factors. When you do not understand a word or its pronunciation, you either look it up in a dictionary or Google it. However, the entire audio learning explains the most difficult words in easy lines and assists you in memorizing themes by ensuring that you comprehend them correctly. Also, listening does not necessitate much mental or physical effort.
ADDITIONAL LEARNING TIME
As there is limited time in each day and competitive preparation necessitates extra studying time to perform better than competitors, time management is another vital aspect in an aspirant’s success. In such situations, audio learning comes in handy and provides advantage due to its passive listening facility, aspirants may continue their preparation while doing other chores like cooking, walking, exercising or even resting, thus converting their non learning time into learning time.
AUDIO LEARNING IS FOR ALL THE SUBJECTS AND LANGUAGES
Audio learning, like books, is available for all disciplines. You may switch languages and teach any subject you want with a single click. Audio learning includes all study materials found in books. It can also solve Math problems with a reference pdf to follow the steps correctly. Audio learning follows a conversational format that keeps you focused on your studies.
With the advent of technology, physical books are being replaced with audio learning, which is becoming a new trend in education because it saves time, effortless to learn from and helps to keep our concentration strong without distracting us. Audiobooks offer many advantages that make them superior to books. You no longer need to carry books. Instead, you only need a device that contains all audiobooks. Such an approach could act as a boon for the aspirants preparing for competitive exams.
The Author is Co-Founder and COO, Khabri
Neet PG Exam 2022 Postponed By 6-8 Weeks
The Union Health Ministry on Friday postponed the NEET PG exam 2022 by six to eight weeks, keeping in view the clash in dates with NEET PG 2021 counselling.
The Ministry, in its notice, said, “…lot of representations were being received from medical doctors regarding a request to delay NEET-PG 2022 examination date i.e. March 12, 2022, as published…since it is clashing with the NEET PG 2021 counselling. Also, many of the interns would not be able to participate in the PG Counselling 2022 by the month of May/June 2022.” “Keeping the facts in view, Union Health Ministry has taken the decision to postpone NEET PG 2022 by 6-8 weeks or suitably,” the notice read.
Rephrased Content: How much is this acceptable in professional writing.
Rephrasing is the technique of rewriting a text in a new way while maintaining the original meaning. The majority of people misinterpret rephrasing and believe it merely entails rewording or rephrasing the language. Rephrasing includes modifying the sequence of words in the text, whereas rewording is a simple procedure of replacing terms with synonyms. Rephrasing in an academic environment refers to expressing someone else’s ideas or work in your own words in an essay paper.
In simple terms, paraphrasing or rephrasing is the process of putting a concept or piece of information into your own words. This method is commonly used to demonstrate your ability to present the same material in your own words, demonstrating your comprehension.
- According to Wikipedia, paraphrasing is the repetition of a text using other terms while maintaining its original meaning.
- The Oxford Dictionary defines paraphrasing as “changing the sentence formation of a remark published by someone else.”
When reading a novel, book, article, or report with a complicated sentence structure, it can be difficult to understand or take a long time to grasp the gist of the source. As a result, paraphrasing is necessary to transform a complex sentence into a simpler one. It makes it easier for the average reader to comprehend.
When paraphrasing, the writer researches by reading a variety of sources and texts that have similar messages. They read them, set them aside, and then compose their article or academic paper without consulting the reference texts they had previously read. One inserts their own words, message, or concept from many sources and literature.
Rephrased Content in Professional Writing
Plagiarism is a severe threat to your writing plan. It raises your chances of falling behind in the rankings race. Your aim is to stand out among the hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of other sellers and product promoters. Paraphrasing is a technique that writers can use to avoid plagiarizing content in their text without committing plagiarism. Using rephrased content is not illegal at all, but you need to show ethics by not copying its core. You just can extract an idea from the content & then put it in your own word & writing style.
For using paraphrased content, you must be careful of the following aspects: the meaning is the same in both cases. The majority of the wording has been altered. The sentences have been restructured extensively. The data is backed up with references. These are a few points that can save you from plagiarizing & slide you into a safer zone of paraphrased content.
Blogging is a popular way for professional writers to advertise their company ideas. You won’t go through this unless you develop original content that isn’t plagiarized. People are intelligent enough to recognize the original, and by doing so, you risk jeopardizing your credibility. Similarly, your competitor may file a lawsuit accusing you of stealing. Therefore, if you want to build your consumer base or produce leads, you’ll need original content.
As a result, a sentence changer spares you from these issues by completely paraphrasing your information.
When creating a blog, a paraphrasing tool saves your time and work. You can put the time and effort you put into writing a plagiarism-free blog toward creating more material. A paraphrasing tool completes the paraphrasing process in a matter of seconds. Due to the easy accessibility of sentence changes, you no longer need to invest time or physical effort in rephrasing online
It takes time to get to the bottom of the theme of improved expression. Writing a single unique blog can take several hours. However, you may utilize the tool to rephrase numerous pieces of material in a significantly shorter amount of time.
It is also best to adjust the writing structure and the text, delete unneeded portions and simplify the language to avoid plagiarism. If the writer uses the author’s direct quotation, they must use quotation marks and include a proper in-text citation with a page number; otherwise, plagiarism checkers, whether unpaid or paid, will flag it as duplicated content.
Many online plagiarism remover and paraphrasing tools are available based on complex algorithms that deliver high-quality content rephrasing to its consumers. These online paraphrase tools don’t just replace a few words with synonyms; it aims to provide you with a newer version of an existing article that includes a thorough restatement.
Sometimes, users are not required to register or pay anything to utilize an online plagiarism checker. Its automated algorithms handle everything without the need for human intervention. So, after rewriting your content must pass your article through a plagiarism test.
Rephrasing content is a clever choice because it provides adequate proof to back the views and ideas. It is an essential component of professional writing, and research has shown that paraphrasing aids in acquiring new subjects. By combining numerous topic ideas into a single cohesive article, paraphrasing is also an excellent method for avoiding plagiarism. For professional writing in general, paraphrasing is a highly respected choice.
You can reap the benefits of content writing if and only if you improve your skills and use tools such as the rewrite tool. To get listed on top pages and generate leads as a content writer, you must develop interesting, plagiarism-free, SEO-optimized content.
By creating SEO-friendly, entertaining, and plagiarism-free blogs and reviews, you can realize your aim of reaching the pinnacle of your online business. A paraphrasing tool can be helpful in this situation.
Strengthen your Ivy League admission preparation with research papers
One common factor that we have noted in the resumes of students admitted to the Ivy Leagues and other top colleges is the prevalence of research work while still in high school.
In this article, we explain how and why exposure to research helps students and the key steps in planning and writing high-quality research papers. There are three main reasons, as to why research papers help students stand out. A high-quality research paper shows that you have the energy and the initiative to go beyond what is taught in the class and apply it to real-life problems.
It shows that your interest in the subject extends beyond the questions provided at the end of the chapter. Secondly, you learn the discipline of not rushing intuitively to the likely answer, instead of using a deliberate process in which you are guided by the data. Lastly, in working with a skilled professor or mentor you learn how to organise your thoughts better, ask the right questions and try to answer those questions in the best way possible subject to the constraints. A good work product provides an insight into your mind, thought process and way of working.
The following steps apply to high school students that want to learn more and differentiate themselves by conducting research and documenting it with a research paper.
DECIDE YOUR SUBJECT
The first question a student needs to answer is, “What is your favourite subject ?”. Do you like reading books and news related to that subject?
If for example, your favourite subject is economics, do you like to read the business newspaper, about the budget or interest rate changes? Are you able to relate what you have read in your textbooks with what you observe in the newspaper?
If your favourite subject is Physics, do you like to participate in science fairs or Olympiads in your school or city? Do you enjoy reading books by eminent Physicists? Do you like making science projects or designing models?
FIND THE RIGHT MENTOR
Once you know your subject, the next step is to find a strong mentor with experience in that field. You can find good mentors from an industry background or academia. For conducting research, it is advisable to have a mentor from academia as they are used to thinking broadly and spending time on framing the right question. Mentors with an industry background are generally better if you are trying to learn a specific activity or skill pertaining to their area.
Literature Review – Examine existing research papers in your subject
A crucial step in the research is to evaluate existing materials and recent developments in your subject. You need to know; a) the important topics that researchers are working on and b) what tools, statistical methods and data collection techniques are used. This is where a good mentor can share their work and help you understand the recent developments in that field.
UNDERSTAND YOUR CONSTRAINTS
Before you embark on a project, you need to understand what you can and cannot do. The time and resources available to, and the expectations from, a doctoral student is different, than those from an undergraduate student.
It is important to understand: i) the available time frame and ii) the available resources before you launch. For example, if you have access to a laboratory where you can test samples or conduct experiments, your data collection will be markedly different from someone who is conducting similar research based on a literature review. Understanding the constraints also helps the student decide whether to pursue Primary or Secondary Research.
CHOOSE YOUR TOPIC
By now you should be ready to choose your topic. The topic can be based on: a) recent events or research, b) your vision or imagination or c) literature review. You should have an idea of your constraints (available time and resources) available to you in your pursuit. At this stage, you should discuss your research plan with your mentor and finalise the topic.
FRAME THE RIGHT ‘QUESTION’
The number 42 is, in The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, the “Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything,” calculated by an enormous supercomputer named Deep Thought over 7.5 million years. Unfortunately, no one knows what the question is. Thus, to calculate the Ultimate Question, a special computer the size of a small planet was built from organic components and named “Earth”.
In real life, not asking the right question does not always lead to a dramatic answer like 42. However, it always leads to a significant waste of time and effort. Therefore, its important to take time and carefully frame your question or hypothesis.
ANSWER THE ‘QUESTION’
With a well-designed framework and research plan in place, you are finally ready for the races. You can start collecting the data and use it to answer your question(s). Despite all the planning and effort, you will still find new issues and problems. You may be able to overcome some of these yourselves and should consult with your mentor on the ones you find insurmountable.
A high-quality research paper provides an insight into your thought process and work ethic. The experience of learning your favourite subject beyond the textbooks while working with an accomplished mentor is an enriching and valuable life lesson.
The writer is the Chief Executive and Co-founder of Scholarly.
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