What is adenoiditis?
Adenoiditis is a type of condition wherein the adenoids (tissue behind the nose and above the throat) gets inflamed. It is common among children and leads to problems like snoring, mouth breathing, recurrent ear infections, decreased hearing, difficulty in breathing, cracked lips, runny nose and bad breath.
Adenoiditis occurs when there is inflammation of the adenoid tissue resulting from infection, allergies or irritation from stomach acid as a component of laryngopharyngeal reflux(LPR)
What causes adenoiditis?
Adenoiditis is usually caused by an infection of adenoids. Adenoids become apparent by 2 years of age and regress in size after 8 years. If these remain swollen for a prolonged time, then they can become problematic.
Who is at risk of developing adenoiditis?
Because adenoids usually shrink by adulthood, children are most susceptible to its infection. They can be more prone to developing adenoiditis if the child is….
Breast fed in lying down position
Have an infection near the nose or throat
Suffering from an allergy
What are the symptoms of adenoiditis? How is adenoiditis diagnosed?
Stuffy and blocked nose
Cracked lips, dry mouth
Ear pain and infections
Swollen neck glands
What are the side effects of adenoiditis?
- Runny nose
- Recurrent ear infections, decreased hearing
- Dry mouth, Dental caries
- Speaking with a nasal tone
- Adenoid facies
What is the treatment for adenoiditis?
Usually by 8 years of age adenoids regress, but keeping good hygiene can prevent repeated infections. Mild symptoms warrants only supportive treatment, but if your doctor suspects any bacterial infection then the child will have to be treated with antibiotics and then kept on nasal spraysto decrease the size of adenoids. In case the medications are not bringing intended relief of symptoms, then a surgery called adenoidectomy to remove the enlarged adenoids will have to be done.