If govt thinks Huawei & ZTE are a risk, then they should be banned, says B.K. Syngal - The Daily Guardian
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If govt thinks Huawei & ZTE are a risk, then they should be banned, says B.K. Syngal



In an exclusive interview with The Daily Guardian, Brijendra Kumar Syngal, known as the “Father of Internet and Data Services in India”, said that if the government thinks that Huawei and ZTE are a risk to our nation’s security, then they should be banned. He also believed that India should start focusing on homegrown technologies and “give more opportunities to Indian companies”. Excerpts:

Q: Tell us about your new book “Telecom Man”.

 A: This is a non-fiction book that I have co-authored with former journalist Sandipan Deb. The theme of the book revolves around the evolution of the telecom sector in India. It narrates India’s journey from microwave repeaters to the Internet. The events in the book are spanned over my work in the Telecom Ministry, interactions with ministers, the 2G Scam, corruption, fighting bureaucrats and much more.

Q: You have played a major role in unravelling the 2G Scam. Please throw some light on it.

A: The 2G licenses were issued to private telecom players at very low prices in 2008. The then Telecom Minister had flouted all rules and regulations while issuing licenses. The licences were issued on a first-comefirst-served basis, no proper auction process was followed and no bids were invited. A. Raja ignored the advice of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), the Law Ministry and the Finance Ministry. I repeatedly pointed out that the 2G spectrum cannot be allocated to anyone. However, I insisted it should be auctioned properly. Unitech, Swan Telecom got 2G licenses without any prior telecom experience and more so, the company did not even meet the eligibility criteria for the license. I moved to the Parliament’s Public Accounts Committee (PAC) and told them that a simple inflation indexation would show that the cost of the 2G spectrum should be Rs 7,000 crore and not Rs 1,658 crore. In a letter to PAC, I informed them that If they took the interest cost, it would have been about Rs 10,000 crore. Luckily, I have been successful in my journey to unravel the truth and with my hard work, the spectrum has been auctioned now.

Q: Recently, you have been appointed as the chairman of TEMA 6G Council. What are your strategies for bringing 6G in the country?

A: As of now, the country is focusing on broadband and I think this is the time that India can take a centre stage in the development of future technology like 6G. This would make India selfsufficient and self-reliant in technology as well as manufacturing. To enable this, TEMA has initiated TEMA 6G Council where we will be focusing on the bandwidth. We have been moving with the Idea of Gs, be it 2G, 3G, or 4G. What matters is the bandwidth delivery, device applications, etc. We, at TEMA, will work to enhance the bandwidth in the country as well as our main focus would be on leveraging the 6G technology.

 Q: Beyond the mobile Internet and the Internet of Things, what else do you see on the horizon?

A: There are a couple of things. According to me, artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, machine learning, cloud computing and swarm technologies are the next phase of the development of IoT applications. According to a report, Big Data analytics developers are spending the majority of their time creating the Internet of Things (IoT).

Robotics, arts, entertainment & recreation and automotive are the three most popular industries where data mining app developers are focusing on today.

Q: According to you, what opportunities will 5G bring into the Indian market?

A: Fifth-generation technology will bring socio-economic transformations in the country. The 5G markets in India are expected to show triple-digit growth. In the next five years, India is expected to generate approximately $20 million revenue for telecom companies besides enhancing bandwidth, lower latency, and openness of mobile networks. India is expected to boost the AR and VR market as the network can provide a million connections within a square kilometer. Further, the network will provide affordable highspeed connections to the vast population across rural and urban areas thus bridging the digital divide.

Q: Will it be possible to start over and create a new Internet to solve the problems the current Internet faces like privacy and security?

A: No, as of now we cannot replace the internet with any other thing. For issues like privacy and security, the government should effectively implement the national cybersecurity policy. I think India needs to create an environment where cybersecurity is adopted as a way of life. Building a new internet is like building a new planet, which is next to impossible.

 Q: India has debarred China’s Huawei, ZTE from 5G trials. What is your take on this?

 A: We need to be very well aware of the needs of national security and law enforcement. If the government thinks that Huawei and ZTE are a risk to our nation’s security, then they should be banned. Moreover, India as a country should start focusing on homegrown technologies and to make ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’, we have to give more opportunities to Indian companies.

Q: What kind of new solutions can be built around 5G technologies?

A: The Covid-19 pandemic has pushed the world towards an era of being able to work from anywhere, anytime. It has given us a reason why people-to-people, people-to-application and machine-to-machine interactions are important. Today, we have telemedicine where doctors can treat their patients sitting in the other city. These are the kind of solutions 5G can give us that can make us feel like we are there with other people. But the technology is sensitive to network latencies and hungry for bandwidth.

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Raheem Sterling, center, celebrates after scoring goal during the Euro 2020 soccer championship match between England and Croatia at Wembley stadium in London.



A thunderous goal from Raheem Sterling helped England defeat Croatia 1-0 in the Group D encounter of the ongoing European Championships here at the Wembley Stadium on Sunday. England managed to gain full three points from the match against Croatia and now the Three Lions will lock horns against Scotland on June 18 while Croatia will square off against Czech Republic on the same day.

The first half between England and Croatia saw no goals and as a result, the scoreline remained 0-0 at halftime. In the first half, England held on to the ball for 58 per cent of the match, while Croatia held on to it for 42 per cent. The deadlock was finally broken in the 57th minute as Raheem Sterling registered the goal for England. This was Sterling’s first goal at a major tournament. Kalvin Phillips made a stunning run as he beat two players and then he went on to pass the ball to Sterling, and he did not disappoint and successfully netted the ball into the goalpost.No more goals were possible in the match, and in the end, England went away with a 1-0 victory. Austria will lock horns against North Macedonia while in another match, Netherlands and Ukraine will be squaring off against each other.

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Mizoram man who headed world’s largest family dies



Ziona Chana, the man from Mizoram believed to head the world’s largest family with at least 39 wives and 94 children and 33 grandchildren, died on Sunday at the age 76.

Taking to Twitter, Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga on Sunday bid farewell to him. “With heavy heart, Mizoram bid farewell to Mr. Zion-a (76), believed to head the world’s largest family, with 38 wives and 89 children. Mizoram and his village at Baktawng Tlangnuam has become a major tourist attraction in the state because of the family. Rest in Peace Sir!” he tweeted along with a group picture of the huge family.

Zion-a featured in Ripley’s Believe It or Not in 2011 and 2013 for having the world’s largest family.

He reportedly lived with his family in a large 100-room, four-story building.

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We will be part of the next Union cabinet expansion: JD-U chief



Amid the speculations of the Union Cabinet expansion, R.C.P. Singh, National president of the NDA-ally Janata Dal (United) on Sunday said that JDU is part of the alliance of the ruling NDA coalition at the Centre and the party will be part of the Cabinet whenever there is an expansion.

“There is no confusion. We are a part of NDA. Whenever there will be an expansion in the cabinet in Centre, JD (U) will be part of it,” he said.

At present, the JD(U) has no representation in the Union Cabinet. the JD(U) contested the 2019 Lok Sabha polls in alliance with the BJP.

However, RCP Singh chose not to comment on the inclusion of the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) in the ‘cabinet expansion’.

Singh also mentioned that everything is good in the alliance in Bihar and there are no clashes in the NDA-led government in the state. “Everyone is together in the NDA in Bihar. The NDA government will complete its present term in Bihar. Everyone is working towards the development of the state,” the JD(U) chief said.

“The RJD is spreading rumours that nothing is good in the NDA to keep its MLA together. There is everything good in NDA but there are clashes in the RJD,” he added.

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First three desi nuclear attack submarines to be 95% made in India



In what would be a major boost for the submarine building capability within the country, the first three nuclear attack submarines to be built indigenously would be having 95 per cent Made in India content in them and it would further go up in the next three. The Cabinet Committee on Security is considering a proposal worth around Rs 50,000 crore for indigenously building three nuclear attack submarines which would be built by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in Visakhapatnam. This project is separate from the Arihant class project under which six nuclear-powered submarines are being built with the capability of launching ballistic missiles.

“The nuclear attack submarine project would be a big boost for the indigenous submarine capability as 95 per cent of it would be made in India. This would provide a big boost to the domestic defence sector including both private and public sector,” government sources told ANI.

For the six nuclear attack submarines, the planners are confident that they would be able to complete the project without any external help but if required, they may take help of one of its strategic partner countries, they said.

The project would also be very helpful for the economy as it is expected to generate a large number of jobs in the defence sector, the sources said.

The Navy and DRDO would first get a clearance for three of these boats and will have the option of building three more after the completion of this project. The Indian Navy proposal to have six indigenous nuclear attack submarines was one of the first few major defence modernisation proposals to have been cleared by the Narendra Modi government soon after it came to power in 2014.

Even though marred by some delays, India has been making big headways in the field of indigenous submarine building capability. The first Arihant class boat was commissioned a few years ago and the second one INS Arighat is also undergoing sea trials and is expected to be commissioned in near future.

India has plans of building 24 submarines including six nuclear attack ones which would give it long legs to operate in the Indian Ocean Region and will help it to keep its adversaries in check at long distances.

The first six conventional boats are already under construction in Mumbai under the Kalavati class project while the tender for the next six with greater capability would be issued soon after recent clearance by the Defence Ministry. There is a plan to build six more conventional submarines under the Project 76 but it will take a long time to be initiated.


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Currently, many dabbawalas are jobless, some of them have returned to their villages while others had to find new ways to earn their livelihood. According to the members of the Mumbai Dabbawala Association, many bicycles can be seen outside railway stations in this lockdown but there are not as many dabbawalas.

The pandemic has brought a halt to their lives. Only some of them are working and delivering dabbas in hotels and hospitals while the rest are earning their livelihood through other means. Some dabbawalas have become auto drivers or are selling vegetables to earn money.

Mumbai’s 130-year-old dabba delivery system has over 5,000 dabbawalas like Kailash Shinde who now operates and provides dabbas for hotels and travels from Andheri to Malad to Borivali and Bandra.

Since trains are being used only for essential services, dabbawalas face a lot of problems in travelling. Due to the lockdown, the places have been shut where they used to deliver dabbas.

Subhash Talekar, President, Mumbai Dabbawala Association says “we demanded the state government to allow us to travel in local trains as essential workers are being allowed. We should also get a nod to commute in trains as it gets difficult to go by any other vehicle to far off places. Lockdown has affected our economy drastically”

A dabbawala told us how this lockdown has impacted his life. Kailash lives in a chawl system in Andheri with his wife and two children. The pandemic and the lockdown have caused a lot of damage to dabbawalas. Kailash showed us his house and opened up about the difficulties he is facing due to the lockdown. 

He says, “Before the lockdown, I had a team of 18 people and used to earn from Rs 12,000 to Rs 15,000 from one house and had over 400 orders. But after the lockdown, I have a team of only three people and fewer orders. Now we get only Rs 5000 to Rs 6000 in which we have to survive as the money is divided among three people.”

Kailash and his wife earn to manage somehow and give good education to their children. His wife also works to support her husband and family, yet this is not enough.

Due to the pandemic, Kailash had to face commuting hurdles as half of the money earned goes into travelling. In an emotional appeal to the government, he says, “I request the government to look into the matter and allow us to travel in trains as the lockdown has greatly affected our economy. If trains are opened for dabbawalas, then it will be a ray of sunshine for them from the dark clouds of lockdown.”

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Experts find no proof of 3rd wave hitting kids hard, but states in no mood to take chance



With 80,834 Covid-19 reported cases in the last 24 hours, India continued its declining trend of new infections and reported the lowest single-day count in 71 days, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said on Sunday.

The new cases pushed the Covid case tally in the country to 2,94,39,989. India has been witnessing a continuous fall in the active caseload and the current active number of Covid cases stands at 10,26,159 with a net decrease of 54,531 cases in the last 24 hours.

The weekly positivity rate further dropped to less than 5 per cent and currently stands at 4.74 per cent while the daily positivity rate stands at 4.25 per cent today. It has remained less than 10 per cent for 20 consecutive days now.

Despite the downward trend, most states seem to be gearing up for the anticipated third wave, especially on creating infrastructure for paediatric wards, given the buzz that the coming wave might hit kids particularly hard. In view of the pandemic, the states have kept the health budget of 8-14 % for the current year. The Delhi government allocated Rs 9,934 crore or 14% of the total budget to health. CM Arvind Kejriwal on 12 June cautioned that the chances of the third wave of the Covid-19 pandemic were quite real, while he asserted that his government was preparing on a “war-footing” to combat it.

The Kerala government allocated Rs 2,800 crore to deal with the health emergency. The third wave of Covid-19 is expected to arrive in October, necessitating a larger budget for Covid mitigation.

Bihar has kept Rs 13,264 crore on health this year. The health department has focused its attention on arranging beds with medical facilities for children who, experts fear, could be mostly affected in the third wave. Currently, there are 816 beds for children in the nine medical college hospitals in the state. Of these, only 225 have oxygen facilities.

Uttar Pradesh allocated 5.5 per cent of its total expenditure for health. CM Yogi Adityanath said that the state is now preparing for a probable third wave. Paediatric ICUs in district hospitals and mini-PICU in community health centres were being operationalised. A new 20-bed PICU has been planned for Deoria and a mini-PICU in Laar.

Incidentally, as the states gear up to ramp up their paediatric wards, a new report says that there’s no substantial evidence to suggest that children will be more affected or have greater illness severity in the anticipated third wave.

The Lancet Covid-19 Commission India Task Force prepared the report after convening an experts group comprising leading paediatricians from the country to examine the issue of ‘paediatric Covid-19’ in India. It said that the infection’s symptomatology in children in India appears to be globally comparable.

“Most children with Covid-19 are asymptomatic, and amongst those symptomatic mild infections are predominant. Most children have fever with respiratory symptoms, and often present with gastrointestinal symptoms and a typical manifestation compared to adults. The proportion of symptomatic children increases as age increases as does the severity in such age groups,” the report started.

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