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Five easy but proven methods to enhance recall memory

Uttam Singh

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Retention in simple terms is the process by which new information is transferred from our short-term memory to long-term memory just like making a new knowledge stick. Did you know? About 70% of any new information is lost within 24 hours if we do not make an effort to retain it. In order to excel in any field whether you are studying, running a business or working as an employee, having a good recall memory is a must. For a good memory, not only a good diet and meditation for a healthy brain is required but also a set of techniques to help retain.

Memory is the part of the central nervous system of the human brain and has three different classifications: short-term, long-term and sensory memory. All the three types of memory have specific, different functions but each one is equally important for the memory process. Sensory information is transformed and encoded in a certain way in the brain, which forms a memory representation. This unique coding of information creates a memory. Processes of memory and learning are much interconnected and are often considered as the same. Psychologists have determined these as two distinct processes.

Learning can be defined as the acquisition of knowledge gained through experience or studying, which can modify behaviour. Memory is essential for learning new information, as it functions as a site for storage and retrieval of learned knowledge. There are many ways of retaining information in memory. Here are some of the tips and knowledge retention techniques we can build into our learning programme that can ensure the content we study is not just memorable, but unforgettable.

 Reading less, grasping more

 A major cause of having poor knowledge retention ability after reading any matter is having too much information to absorb. The effective learning process should follow the rule that less is more. So in such cases try to make bite-sized learning goals, ones that are highly focused on a clearly defined outcome.

Story format

One of the great ways to improve our knowledge retention statistics is to exploit the fact that we remember things better when we are emotionally connected to the things being learned and a great way to create that link is by storytelling. But how? To create a narrative, with situations and characters that students can relate to, it helps to get across key learning objectives in engaging and easy-to-absorb ways. Never get too carried away and end up creating an over-complex story. It’s easy to get carried away with too-detailed narrative and forget about the learning objectives.

Apply learning in real world

The more complex a concept is, the harder it is to be kept in mind. This is because we find it difficult to memorise things that seem to be unrelated or irrelevant to our surroundings or requirements. So it’s useful to create learning units that are directly applicable to our lives. This can also be fulfilled by creating active participation of learners to discover the usefulness of the concepts that they are studying for themselves.

Repeat to retain

Another simple trick to boost learning retention in a way is through good, old fashioned repetition. This might sound boring, but that’s how one can get learners to reiterate which is important. The old saying that practice makes a man perfect needs to be taken seriously, repeating new knowledge or tasks is crucial in allowing the information to move into a learner’s longterm memory. This doesn’t mean to write the same thing 10 times. Repetition can be achieved using techniques such as simulations and role-playing or having regular refresher units. Learners should get a real feel of different skills can come together to address a situation

Examine, quiz, ask

 One of the simplest knowledge retention techniques is to incorporate a quiz in the learning content. It helps to keep the learner’s track of progress and lets them see what they have learned and retained. It also provides the mentor with the data about how effective their learning module is, and to keep a check if it needs any improvement. A final test is never enough, to maximize learning retention, one should again follow the rule that less is more and test more often and after each module or unit they study. In this way, one is able to test more tightly defined learning objectives and the learners will find it easier to focus and remember the specified material rather than a whole complex thing.

 The author is the Principal of Jindal Public School, Delhi.

Educationally Speaking

Pearl Academy brings home studio kits for students

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While education delivery has shifted to the virtual mode, practical classes have taken a hit because campuses and campus infrastructure like labs/studios are currently shut. As a solution to this problem, Pearl Academy has come up with the idea of providing kits to its students to set up functional home studios. Nandita Abraham, president, Pearl Academy, says: “We thought if students are not allowed to come to the campus and access labs, why not help them set it up in their homes. We took a long-term view of the situation and realised that a home studio is a great way to enable them to learn at their own pace even after the re-opening of campuses.

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Educationally Speaking

IIIT-Bhubaneswar develops unique ventilation device

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Given the surge in the number of Covid-19 cases, the demand for ventilators has hit an all-time high with governments and hospitals struggling to meet the demand. To address this shortage, a group of engineering students from IIIT-Bhubaneswar have developed SWASNER, a first-of-its kind helmet-like ventilation device for patients suffering from Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Unlike regular devices, SWASNER can be used without a ventilator by directly plugging in to available oxygen ports at hospitals and thereby help reserve the existing ventilators for the critical patients. In fact, according to research conducted by University of Chicago Medicine, patients demonstrate a better recovery rate by wearing helmet-shaped ventilator masks than regular ventilator support. Further, the team has conducted trials at a hospital in Cuttack, and has also applied for a patent for the design and technology.

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Educationally Speaking

VLCC launches online course in hairstyling

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VLCC has launched an online certificate course in hair styling. The 90-hour, 6-week course is timely given the work-from-home trend brought on by the Covid-19 pandemic. Individuals can avail training at the safety of their houses while adding new expertise in their resumes. Course content also includes intensive segments for hands-on practice and styling consultation skills. The course covers a wide range of topics including hair cutting, hair colouring technique, client consultation, hair product knowledge and trendy hair styling. The course also emphasises on the Covid-19 related safety and hygiene protocols that need to be followed and preventive measures while delivering hair services. It also comes with live demonstration classes by VLCC experts and unlimited Q&A opportunities

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IIIT Naya Raipur invites applications for B.Tech

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 IIIT Naya Raipur has invited applications for B.Tech programmes for the year 2020. The institute currently offers three undergraduate programmes: B.Tech in Electronics & Communication Engineering (ECE), B.Tech in Computer Science & Engineering (CSE) and B.Tech in Data Science & Artificial Intelligence (DSAI). These credit-based programmes are designed to foster core skills with innovation and entrepreneurship skills among students. Candidates aspiring for the admission may apply online from the institute’s website and the last date for application is 15 October 2020.

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Educationally Speaking

How to choose the best ed-tech platform for your children

Vipul Sobti

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Online vedic courses

Right technology in the hands of great teachers can be a life-changing experience for students. The experience and learning of students purely depend on two factors: Great educators and right technology. Hence, educators and education institutions need to ensure adoption of best education delivery platforms. Given the time and circumstances, it is evident that online learning is the way forward post-Covid as well. But parents are now facing the dilemma of how to choose the best ed-tech platform for their kid. What parents seek from ed-tech is information on how their children are faring in their learning process. Here are some key points that can be kept in mind while exploring the myriad options:

 Must be compatible 

It is very important for edtech platforms to be compatible with the systems that the kids are going to use. While choosing a platform, one should keep in mind that it should be comprehensive enough and should entitle one to completely integrate the best visual, audio and data streaming services. In addition to this, one should be mindful of creating a high-quality learning experience among teachers and students. To achieve this, one needs to adopt a platform which has a high resolution video quality and which will not require the installation of new plugins. 

Uniform theme is a necessity

 No matter the electronic device, the theme of appearance and look of the online education platform must be even. The students will perceive better if they will be able to acquire more than just pages of the text. The learning will become even more dynamic when homework assignments, study guides, concept summaries, reading quizzes, video tutorials, etc. are on hand within the opted platform. 

Format of the classroom 

There is an abundance of new classroom formats that are different from traditional formats. One of them is known as ‘flipped classroom’. In this classroom format, in place of going over a lesson in class and doing homework at home, it enables the child to watch a lecture before class begins and complete homework or exercise assignments during the time with the professor. However, this format works the best only if there is a superior video system integrated into the education technology. If the students can smoothly watch the lecture beforehand in high quality, then only a platform could favourably replicate a traditional classroom in a virtual world.

Customisation

 There is a vital need for technology to have the scope of being customised according to the preference or needs of the user or the instructor. Given the condition, this way the professor could utilize the online education platform to maximum potential and fulfil the requirements of the students provided the specifics of their own classes are well taken care of. Instructors need to have the freedom to execute decision making. There are certain specific demands of each different class or section which needs to be addressed by the teacher. For example, which chapters of the textbook are needed to be covered in detail and which amongst them necessitate a quick run through? What shall be the punishment for late comers? Should points be deducted across the board for the submission of overdue assignments? Therefore, being able to customise according to the demands of the classroom and students is highly required. Easy-to-use

 Whilst exploring an edtech platform for a child, one must choose a platform which is easy to handle or use. Once the student has logged in, the dashboard of the ed-tech platform should appear innate to them. The child must seamlessly be able to move between text books, available courses, assignments and also tests or exercises. If the student finds the dashboard of the online platform cluttered or difficult to surf, chances are that he/she will become discouraged, get frustrated, and log off. In order to develop students’ interest in an online platform there are some things that need to be determined. They need to be informative, and less complicated assignment details should appear wherever a homework, quiz, or reading assignment is provided to students. 

Should offer data feedback

 Feedback of data admits us to adjust in real time. If you want a successful learning experience for the students then it’s essential to keep the feedback loop open whether inside or outside of the classroom. This can be attained through a proper course management platform. The instructor is competent to manipulate settings such as multiple attempts on problems, hints, links to the text, and right/wrong etc. In addition to this, the amount of time spent by the student on homework the number of tries attempted, and access or due date for the assignment are all valuable measures. A teacher needs to pay attention to these metrics for their students and especially the struggling ones, in order to attain arbitration and remediation. 

The author is the business head, Unthinkable Solutions LLP.

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Educationally Speaking

Parents, teachers concerned about school reopening amid Covid-19

As per a new survey, most parents want to continue with the online classes for their children and would prefer to review the situation once the coronavirus numbers start reducing.

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The Centre’s decision to partially reopen school on a voluntary basis comes at a time when the students have adapted themselves to the new normal. As the decision is aimed to bring back life to normalcy, students are now perplexed to decide between their health and career as both can’t be ignored. Gradually continuing the unlock process in the country, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare issued new sets of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to partially reopen physical classrooms for classes 9-12 from 21 September. The ministry has clearly mentioned that online/distance learning should continue to be permitted and also encouraged. Meanwhile, it also limited the strength of concerned teaching and non-teaching employees up to 50 % to be called to schools for online teaching/telecounselling and related work.

 Based on the recent government announcement of Unlock 4.0, Heritage Xperiential Learning School (HXLS) conducted an online survey for students and parents to understand their views regarding the reopening of schools for students outside of containment zones. The survey results stated that only 8% of parents/students expressed their desire to come to school under the current conditions for assistance classes. Most parents stated that they were happy with the online classes being offered and would prefer to review the situation once the Covid-19 numbers start reducing. Kevin Brady, head senior programme HXLS said, “We have largely adapted to lockdown conditions by using all available resources to foster meaningful online relationships with our students and as time has passed, this has become less difficult to accomplish. Based on the survey, while the majority of families may still prefer that these interactions take place virtually, we are prepared to provide the support students require in both virtual and traditional contexts. It is important that we carefully consider the needs and expectations of our families and embrace the flexibility to meet their needs.”

 Talking about parents’ unwillingness to send their children to school amid the fear of a pandemic, Sangeeta Hajela, principal, DPS Indirapuram, adds, “We consider it important to have a clear communication between all stakeholders — the management, parents, staff members (teaching/ non-teaching) and students. Their preparedness, both physical and mental, will be important before we embark on it. Parents’ consent, as per the advisory, would also be taken for the same. The infrastructural groundwork for reopening of the school is also very much in place, with all details carefully planned and executed.”

 The latest SOPs also make it mandatory for schools to maintain proper sanitation in the school campuses. For some, this may look easy but according to Anusha Shridhar, a student of class 12th, many schools in the country lack the basic infrastructure and resources to maintain the physical distancing norms and sanitation. “As crucial this may be, I think it is still very dangerous for students to step out of their houses for education. Not all schools have a big budget to install safety sanitary measures in their schools and without the basic facilities, it is just pointless for students to attend school. With the rising number of cases of coronavirus in India, you would be risking even more lives by opening schools and that is just not what the situation calls for,” says Anusha. 

“If our MPs who are sitting in Parliament are not safe then how can students or teachers feel safe amid the pandemic? Students use common washrooms, there are limited spaces and students often eat lunch together. If any one of them gets infected then there’s a possibility that others too may get infected. There’s also lack of transport facilities and public transport too offers a chance of Covid spread. Who will take care of it?” adds Vaishnavi Halder, a student of Amity University, Mumbai.

 Along with students, parents too have raised their concerns on reopening of school when India is reporting around one lakh Covid cases daily. “It’s not safe to send children to schools in a pandemic. Children unknowingly expose themselves to virus and there’s no one to guide them on the safety measures. It’s difficult for anyone to wear a mask for long hours. If children get infected, they can bring the virus home and it may spread in the family or in the locality as well. Senior citizens might get infected too. It would be better to continue classes for home right now,” says Purnima Biswas, a Raipur-based parent.

 However, Delhi-based parent Anu Bajaj also feels that it is a welcoming step as students would be able to take guidance from students.“ The children’s health is also to be taken in consideration while also looking after their academic development. As long as we stick to the safety guidelines and are vigilant towards managing our health, this decision is more than welcoming,” adds Anu.

 As the uncertainty remains, schools are doing their level best to ensure best safety measures to contain spread of virus in the campuses however, they feel that this decision will surely have consequential effects on every stakeholder. Pankaj Rathore, head master, Seth Anandram Jaipuria School, Lucknow says, “With all safety measures in place, we are very much ready and eager to get back in the classroom; however, amidst rising number of cases, reopening is tough. Many parents are fearful and afraid over reopening the school. If a teacher joins from an area with a higher number of cases and last but not the least, our helping staff, whether they will be able to come up transparent with their health problems. With concerns about no proper medication available at this point of time, regular physical classes will have consequential effects moving forward despite taking all precautionary measures. In the end we should understand that if we want to be successful in opening the schools, we need to strictly follow the blended learning approach.” 

Though concerns over Covid spread in schools are valid, many also believe that reopening of schools would allow the lesser privileged children, who lack resources like mobiles, Internet, computers, to be benefitted from physical classrooms. Dr Madhav Deo Saraswat, principal, The Scindia School, says, “Globally there have been few successes and some failures and therefore all the prescribed guidelines, even if followed fully, can never guarantee 100% safety. However, given the increased screen time, loneliness and unhealthy lifestyle; and the fact that there is a very small percentage of students in this country who have access to the necessary IT tools to continue knowledge acquisition, reopening, in my opinion, looks like a probable option.” 

Reena Rai, English TGT, Jindal Public School, Delhi, adds “A few of my students’ parents either lost their jobs or had to cut down on expenses, being able to afford a steady Internet connection and a personal phone/laptop for the child to attend classes was not easy. With the re-opening of schools, all my students will be able to take the classes that do not require over-the-top expenses, which was not possible earlier. I have witnessed that students need a non-virtual teacher-student relationship and a child-peer relationship that is necessary for a child’s physical and emotional growth.”

 It is difficult to match the quality of education only through online education, therefore, online education should be looked at as a very efficient but only an interim solution to continue the learning. “Operating systems of a school environment is based on various systems and processes run by the educators, administrators, students, and parents, it is not just about the readiness of physical infrastructure, school operations are designed to facilitate intellectual activities within its campus, the usage of mind is higher as compared to the other activities, therefore only a mind without fear can facilitate the learning, observe the learning and support the overall learning,” says Ritesh Rawal, founder, Dudes & Dolls The Cosmic School, Adhyay School, Delhi NCR.

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