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DECODING THE SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE OF SHIVLING

Shivling represents the whole cosmos, and the cosmos is shown as a cosmic egg. An egg, once again, is an ellipsoid with no beginning or end.

Gopal Goswami

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Shivling is the metaphorical embodiment of Bhagwan Shiva. It was described by Maharishi Ved Vyas as a human understanding of the merger of Brahma and Jeev. However, this symbol of divine knowledge, the secrets of the universe, was also misinterpreted, and our perspective of Shiva and Shiva puja, as well as our concept of Shivling, was polluted.

As propagated by western scholars, Shivling worship originated with the aboriginals and tribals, and Hindus embraced it from there. Our intellectuals supported these false facts about Arya or Sanatani culture’s principal religion. But it was our Rishis, the bearers of our great Vaidik knowledge system, who provided us with the greatest information at a time when the western world was struggling to establish a civilisation, in the form of Vedas and Upanishads, who were stigmatised as superstitious and morally immoral. They obtained this celestial wisdom via the practice of Brahmacharya, which comprises the practice and study of an in-depth understanding of elements and God. Because they have displayed their grasp of the learned information in the form of Shivling, labelling them as ignorant is unusual and seems plausible.

Bhagwan Shiva has no form and is incomprehensible to us. Ling is defined as a “sign or symbol.” Different signs and logos are used for various companies, commodities, operations, traffic signals, and so on. For example, seeing a lotus sign teaches our thoughts that it is a symbol of the BJP, and seeing a hand is a symbol of the Congress, much as Shivling is a symbol of Bhagwan Shiva. According to Mahabharata anushasan parv 14, Brahma’s Ling is Kamal, Vishnu’s is Chakra, and Indra’s is Vajra, hence the importance of Ling as a symbol can be seen throughout our texts.

The worship of Shivling was not restricted to the Indian subcontinent. The Romans, who introduced Shivling worship to Europe, referred to the Ling as ‘Prayapas.’ Shivling sculptures were uncovered during archaeological excavations in Babylon, a metropolis in ancient Mesopotamia. Furthermore, archaeological finds at Harappa-Mohanjodaro and Dholavira at Kutch, the site of many Shivling sculptures, proved the existence of a highly evolved civilisation thousands of years back.

Shivling is divided into three components. The four-sided bottom component stays underneath, while the eight-sided middle section is supported by a pedestal. The upper part, which is revered, is round in shape. The spherical section’s height is one-third of its circumference. Brahma is at the bottom, Vishnu is in the middle, and Shiva is on top. The pedestal is equipped with a tube for draining the water that is placed on top. The Lingam symbolises both Lord Shiva’s creative and destructive power, and its devotees revere it. This is not to argue that people should misinterpret the image of Shiva Lingam.

Hinduism is a modern religion with a scientific foundation. Science is the continuing effort to discover and increase human knowledge of the physical or material universe via investigation and observation. Hinduism, on the other hand, can give answers to particular issues that science cannot. It is unfortunate that some critics have an imagined idea of Shivling as a male organ and treat it with obscenity, yet easily forget how a penis may have formed from the base. Furthermore, since Shiva is considered to have no form, claiming that Ling resembles a male organ is nonsensical. Shivling, which is shaped like an egg, represents the ‘Brahmanda’ or the cosmic egg. Shivling represents the whole cosmos, and the cosmos is shown as a cosmic egg. An egg, once again, is an ellipsoid with no beginning or end.

A cursory glance at Shivling’s image shows a pillar with three marks and a disc beneath it, as well as a coiling cobra snake that wraps around the pillar and flashes its fangs above it. The fact behind Danish scientist Niels Bohr’s scientific research suggests that molecules are made up of atoms, which consist of protons, neutrons, and electrons, all of which play a key part in the composition of Shivling. Instead of protons, neutrons, electrons, molecules, and energy, the ancient sages employed words like Lingam, Vishnu, Brahma, Shakti (which is further divided into Renuka and Rudrani), and Sarp (snake). The Pillar is a column of fire that depicts the three Gods—Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheshwara—according to Sanatan texts, while the disc represents Shakti. Three ridges are carved around the circle of the disc.

According to Maharshi Ved Vyas, the author of Mahabharata, Shiva is smaller than subatomic particles such as protons, neutrons, and electrons. Simultaneously, he underlines Shiva’s status as greater than anything greater. He is the source of all life’s vitality. Shiva is the originator of all life, both living and non-living. He is eternal. He has neither birth nor death. He goes undetected and unnoticed. He is known as the Soul of the Soul. He lacks empathy, compassion, and excitement. The Shivling has an unusual or inexplicable ability to induce concentration and focus one’s attention. Before travelling to Lanka, Ram, Lakshman fashioned a Shivling at Rameswaram to worship Bhagwan Shiva.

These examples show that God may be imagined and worshipped in whatever manner is most comfortable for the person. It is the divine energy that it represents that is vital, and in Mahabharata, Arjun and Ram & Lakshman in Ramayana worship Shiva as Nirguna Brahman or the formless Supreme Being. Sanatan Hindu Dharma allows people to practise or not to practise, to believe or not to believe, form or formless, genderless or gendered, to worship any form of God/Brahma.

Let us now look at the scientific aspects of Sanatan Hindu Dharma and its God Shiva: 

• According to the findings of Danish physicist Niels Bohr, it is essential to have a thorough grasp of the structure of an atom, the nature of which is shown below.

• An atom is made up of a proton, neutron, and electron. Neutrons would travel in a straight line since they have no charge.

• An atom’s nucleus is made up of positively charged protons and neutrally charged neutrons. The nucleus of an atom comprises almost all of its mass. The nucleus is the very dense region of protons and neutrons at the centre of an atom.

• Because electrons are negatively charged, they are deflected along a curved path towards the positive plate.

• The atom as a whole, on the other hand, is electrically neutral since it contains an equal number of negative electrons and positive protons.

• Electrons rapidly revolve around the nucleus in circular paths called energy levels. The energy levels are counted outward from the centre.

• Each energy level corresponds to a certain amount of energy.

• As long as electrons are circulating at the same energy level and the atoms remain stable, there is no change in energy.

• According to the Bohr model, electrons in atoms orbit the nucleus in varied energy orbits. It’s similar to planets circling the sun.

• Analysing the Shivling image in the light of the Bohr model reveals the intriguing truth that Brahma created the cosmos. Shivling illustrates the behaviour of protons, electrons, neutrons, and energy in great detail. That

• Vishnu is a proton with a positive electrical charge.

• Mahesh is a neutron that has no electrical charge.

• Brahma is a negative electrically charged electron.

• Sakti is the energy symbol. Sakti is a kind of energy field represented by a disc.

• Shivling represents the atomic structure. Shiva and Vishnu are both represented by the Ling. In Sanskrit, the three lines signify multiples. The atomic structure contains protons and neutrons, which are surrounded by fast spinning electrons.

• Sakti is shown as an oval-shaped disc with three ridges engraved around its circumference. She is Energy, and she has a significant role in the universe.

• In the painting of Vishnu, a lotus is seen blooming from Vishnu’s navel, with Brahma seated above it. Lotus symbolises energy, which has the ability to attract. The stem of the lotus may bend because of its flexibility, symbolising that Brahma goes around Vishnu. This message indicates that electron is attracted to proton because of the opposite electric charge.

Shiva, who has no charge, is shown as neutron. Neutrons may also be detected in the nucleus of an atom. Neutrons are almost the same size as protons; however, they do not have an electric charge. In the nucleus of an atom, neutrons and protons are tightly bound. When an atom’s nucleus has the same number of neutrons as protons, the atom is stable. Similarly, the ancient sages said that Shiva is calm when he is neither disturbed nor split. Shiva remains calm as Shakti takes on the form of Renuka. The energy that creates molecules is represented by its valency, Renuka in Sanskrit. Renuka is the person responsible for the creation of Renu or a chemical. A molecule is composed of two atoms. As a consequence, ancient Hindu sages established the notion of Shakti as Shiva’s wife and as a part of Shiva, dancing around Shiva the whole time. Natural calamities occur when neutron is broken and separated, suggesting that Shakti changes into a monster known as Rudrani (Kali) performing the destructive dance, marking a natural disaster.

The real generator of molecules is the electron, which symbolises Brahma. According to current physics, a molecule is formed by the exchange of electrons between atoms. As a consequence, science supports the Hindu belief that Brahma created the universe.

Water poured on the Lingam is not considered Pavitra, according to science. Shivling is said to be an atom model. Ling emits radiation because it is made of a kind of granite stone. Granite emits radiation and has been shown to have increasing radioactivity, raising concerns about its safety. Granite is assumed to have formed as lava or molten rock that cooled and solidified over hundreds or even millions of years, and it includes naturally occurring radioactive elements including radium, uranium, and thorium. Perhaps this is why ancient Rishis warned against touching the water flowing down on the Lingam. One of the reasons Shiva mandirs are built near bodies of water such as the sea, ponds, rivers, tanks or wells.

Unfortunately, the magnificent work of the ancient Hindu sages is misinterpreted by referring to certain phrases in the Vedas. It is reassuring that recent scientific findings have shown the relevance of the ancient Hindu Rishi’s views. Western intellectuals have previously dismissed these notions as nonsense to maintain their superiority, yet people such as Einstein have recognised the brilliance of Indian Vedic knowledge. It is wiser to respect knowledge, regardless of creed, colour, religion, country or ethnicity, since knowledge is the result of years of someone’s hard effort.

The writer is an NIT Surat Research Scholar. The article is based on the researches of Dr P V Vartak.

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Spiritually Speaking

What’s wrong with humanity?

Arun Malhotra

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Man has benevolently lent himself a tag of beautiful word ‘humanity’. But deep down man is a brutal animal who is insensitive, brutish, and ruthless. Man is worse than wild beast. But he considers himself much higher in evolution than animals. Even to equate men with animals will be a cruelty to animals. Animals are innocent and godly. Man is cunning, clever and deceptive. Animals don’t make wars and exterminate their own species. Man has created nuclear bombs to wipe out humanity and the living from the earth. Why man is so restless, agonised, fearful and insecure. Animals don’t make laws to prevent themselves from killing their own species as only a few carnivores kill for eating that too after weeks of fasting. Animals breed as per natural order. Man thinks of sexuality all the time twenty-four hours year-round. In reality, man is suffering from, neurosis, pain, anxieties, agony, anger, violence, conflicts and fears. It seems something is wrong with humanity.

Animal has fear anger and aggression. Man has fear anger and aggression too. Animals when confronted or attacked by others will be aggressive or fearful. Man is aggressive and fearful simply by running through stored memories without having confronted real aggression.

Mind is bred to be secure and protected. Human mind has been burdened to collect all kinds of securities but in the end, there will be insecurities. Therefore, when the mind confronts fear, anxiety, greed, or violence, it registers it forever in the memory. The memory trap will always make him fearful without the threat being there.

That is when the man has started to suffer. Man is frightened by the insecurities that are making him insecure. Insecurities that have not even been bred might hurt him in future because humanity is frightened of humanity. Animals have vulnerabilities and they accept them and go beyond them. Man doesn’t. Some 10000 years ago man was fearful of the wild beast. Scientists say that fight or flight mode was born then. Either he fought or ran away. Back then 99% was wildlife and man was less than 1% in the population. Today man along the animal man eats is 99% and wildlife is reduced to 1%. But man is frightened even more. Today man’s mind is searching to get over his artificial insecurities which are psychological sufferings. He lives in cities, away from wildlife but is frightened like never before.

Man has been living against nature. Man is living against his biological nature. Man’s society has bred a state of being which does not allow him to live naturally. Humanity has bred a complex society that has built complex habitats that do not let him live naturally on the earth. Animals live naturally. Therefore they are innocent, gullible, saintly and godly. Man is burdened by the conditioning that is destined to make him someone else than his natural being—not himself. Society has bred deep neurosis of comparisons that has bred a rat race and man is running for something that is not there.

Man did not want to be hurt or eaten by the wild beast. But today the wild beasts are not there but taken over by bosses, spouses, parents, teachers, and peers. Man has created an artificial perception of hurt which is not real. Adolf Hitler thought himself to be hurt and wrought havoc on humanity. Therefore, man wants to grab power so that others may not hurt him which means he can hurt others.

Psychological sufferings are caused by the conditioning that mind has begotten for thousands of years. Conditioning is when you have begotten a system of life to follow without learning from life. Mind has been conditioned by cultures, civilisations, religions, Gods, regions, nationalities, and ethnicities. Therefore, you feel hurt when someone speaks against your culture, religion, region, nationality or against your conditioned appearance that you have created by your thoughts. Conditioning becomes your appearance which is not the real appearance but it hurts psychologically.

You belong to a big reputed family of an ethnicity. You may believe in a God that is described in Hebrew, English, German, Sanskrit, Chinese or Japanese. You may have beliefs in a set of religions or a region or another set of religions or a region. You may come from a background and environment. Your mind considers yourself far more superior as it is conditioned by factors that form your appearance in your mind. When someone talks against your beliefs, you feel hurt. All such divisions have led humanity to wars. As you think that you are your conditioning. Not that you know that you are your conditioning. But you are an accumulation of your thoughts. Your thoughts drive out of your memories. Thoughts of what you think of yourself are the thoughts that are what you think you are. Thus you often do self-pity and feel victimised psychologically. You have built a centre with your thoughts that you have been assigned a name. You believe in that thought of belief. The thought of belief in your name is your ego and you have knit your world around it. The self-image that you have created is attacked and you are hurt. Sufferings are there as we have created a centre which is outside us and it is a borrowed centre. Like you are living on an artificially assigned image of yourself that world identifies you with. And when the image is not accepted by others it pains you psychologically.

Different cultures assign names of Gods to newborns to build their self-image and man is known by that image. Society lends him a character and he creates the self-image of that character the type of boundaries that he is distinctly higher than others and conducts himself within the boundaries of the character. Thus he suffers psychologically. Although everyone is unique and no two humans or animals are similar but conditioning is a kind of software that blinds him by blind practices that does not let man learn from his fears, agony, anger, and anxieties to be able to transcend them.

Society wants him to become someone higher. His family wants him to become someone higher and he invests a lifetime into it to become what he is not and suffers. Society is a kind of escape from yourself when you are not able to learn from your observations so society rules and perceptions take over you. As many divisions of region, religion, ethnicity, gods, and nationalities as many wars, conflicts and violence would wreak on earth as mind wants division. Man is bred by division as mind is searching for security and division is security.

Animals don’t register as hurt and why do men register as hurt. Buddha had said, ‘there are sufferings and there is a way to go out of it.’ One has to learn to observe fears, agonies, anxieties and conflicts to be out of them. Hurts get accumulated as we don’t learn from them but follow them blindfolded which makes us suffer a lifetime. Whenever you are stuck in memories or beliefs or images or society you will be suffering tremendously.

Don’t invest in your self-image. Your self-image is not you and is artificial. You may need a code to be identified in the society that is good enough. But begin to learn and don’t throw your fears into dark corners. Buddha says to use your awareness like a guard to learn from every abnormality that enters you and that is the way to be out of that. That is the way not to be hurt.

The author is a spiritual teacher. He can be reached at arunavlokitta@gmail.com

Don’t invest in your self-image. Your self-image is not you and is artificial. You may need a code to be identified in the society that is good enough. But begin to learn and don’t throw your fears into dark corners. Buddha says to use your awareness like a guard to learn from every abnormality that enters you and that is the way to be out of that. That is the way not to be hurt.

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The anger and gentleness of Lord Narasimha

The form of Shri Narasimha shows us that even though the form of God may not always meet our expectations (even the gods and angels were bewildered at the sight of Narasimha) still He can come in any form He wishes, whether He conforms to our personal notions of God or not.

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There are many incarnations of God, what makes the Narasimha avatar so special? And why do the followers of His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada always sing two songs about Narasimha after every aarti in every one of their temples all over the world?

Well, perhaps the most important reason is that the founder and spiritual master of the worldwide Hare Krishna movement asked them to, and in one sense, that is reason enough. As disciples, they did not get to choose which items of sadhana-bhakti were meant to be performed; rather they were given selected songs and rituals as part of the spiritual master’s instructions.

Very early on, he told them that these two songs are for the protection of the guru and for the protection of the guru’s mission, the movement he started to spread bhakti around the world. And ever since then, his followers sing those songs and worship Narasimha.

The form of Narasimha—the ‘man-lion’ or ‘one with the form of both man and lion’—came once only, and that for a very short time compared to other avatars. Narasimha outwitted Hiranyakashipu, who thought that he had been blessed to never die in each one of a series of eventualities. Thus His appearance shows us that the soul can never outwit God—even when that soul has been blessed to become the most powerful. Power has a distant origin in God Himself, and because God is completely free to do anything He likes, He can also strip a soul of all power too.

The form of Shri Narasimha shows us that even though the form of God may not always meet our expectations (even the gods and angels were bewildered at the sight of Narasimha) still He can come in any form He wishes, whether He conforms to our personal notions of God or not. He is always capable of surprising His dear devotees—and often at the most surprising times.

The timing was everything for the incarnation of Narasimha, since He appeared in the world just when His devotee needed Him the most. Hiranyakashipu had reached the end of his patience after all his attempts to kill his son Prahlada had been thwarted. In desperation, he shouted out to the boy the famous question: “Where is the God who protects you?” to which the lad replied: “He is everywhere, father.” “Is He in this pillar?” “Yes, father.”

In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna explains the vision of such a great devotee as Prahlada: “For one who sees Me everywhere, and sees everything in Me; I am never lost to Him, and he is never lost to Me.” Krishna is the protector of those who have adjusted their consciousness to that of being protected by Him. And when the same Lord comes as Narasimha, He is coming to fulfil His promise to His devotee who fully expected His protection.

The Vaishnava acaryas have commented that Narasimha is paradoxical, in that He is both the very personification of anger, yet the very emblem of gentleness. They have cited the natural example of the lioness, which can fight a maddened elephant with all the fury of a wild cat, yet the lioness can take a few minutes out in the middle of the battle to suckle her cubs. Therefore, say the saints, no one is as furious as Narasimha, yet there is none so gentle. When Lord Narasimha appears from the stone pillar, one of His eyes is filled with rage, while the other is looking with love towards His devotee Prahlada. The sharp nails on His hands are just like steel chisels, and they dispatch the demon very quickly, but the palms of the same hands are as soft as lotus flowers.

Through coming to save His devotee in this way, the Lord demonstrates that He is saulabhya or accessible, to even a child who loves Him; and by removing the cruel Hiranyakashipu He shows that there can be no obstacles on the path of bhakti for one who truly takes shelter of Him. Thus He is known as Bhakta-pala, the friend of the devotee, and Bhakti-vigna-vinasana, or one who removes all obstacles on the path of devotional service.

He appeared at twilight, neither day nor night, and therefore the Vaishnavas observe fasting up until this time.

“I offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Narasimha, the source of all power. O my Lord who possesses nails and teeth just like thunderbolts, kindly vanquish our demon-like desires for fruitive activities in this material world. Please appear in our hearts and drive away our ignorance so that by Your mercy we may become fearless in the struggle for existence in this material world. May there be good fortune throughout the universe, and may all envious persons be pacified. May all living entities become calm by practising Bhakti Yoga, for by accepting devotional service they will think of each other’s welfare. Therefore let us all engage in the service of the supreme transcendence, Lord Krishna, and always remain absorbed in thought of Him.” Srimad Bhagavatam 5.18.8-10

The writer is Iskcon, Inc Communication Director and SM IT head.

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SOCIAL ACTIVISM AND SPIRITUALITY

Judy Johnson

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“If you have come here to help me, you are wasting your time. But if you have come because your liberation is bound up with mine, then let us work together.”

—Lilla Watson

As a social activist I used to believe that I needed to name and confront the wrongs in the world. That if I did not agitate against wrongdoing, I was being complicit with power structures that oppressed and suppressed people. This belief was fueled by a strong dose of anger, outrage, and fear. And it often put me on the opposite side of the fence to many people I perceived as doing wrong. But I was comfortable there as I felt I had the moral high ground.

Current change movements tend to pit one side against another, heightening hyperbole with exaggerated claims to put one’s cause forward. The world does not need more of this. The willingness to stop taking sides is heroic.

Having found meditation with the Brahma Kumaris, my approach to changing the world has been transformed. I am no longer dependent on rumbling and agitating. Getting angry and outraged, opinionated, and polarized are no longer fuel for me. My focus has shifted to the human spirit with an understanding that a person’s state of consciousness and the behaviour it produces is at the root of the world’s problems.

Now, I consider meditation a form of inner activism. It is the single-minded focus to activate the qualities inside of me that are needed for a better world. True activism begins when I understand that the change we wish to create in our world must first begin inside human consciousness.

The inner activist has a benevolent and powerful desire for an outcome that benefits everyone. This prevents falling into the rhetoric of the polarizing energies of right and wrong. I am aware that we are all tied in the bonds of lower conscious energies such as greed, fear, and anger. What binds me also binds you.

Bringing God’s peaceful loving energy to co-create a community of cooperation, harmony and mutual respect is what the world needs now. The world needs us to sit together and look at the big picture view of our situation so we can see how each one’s liberation is intricately intertwined with another’s. With meditation, spiritual study and a connection to the Divine, the inner activist makes the valiant effort to be the kind of person who can sit next to anyone on a bench, and genuinely feel from the heart, this is my brother, no matter what they have done.

In a world of increasing diversity of ideas and opinions, inner activism is a way to create unity at the deepest level, a unity of intention. The energy of this unity will uplift humankind.

Together, side by side, we can envision a beautiful world that works for everyone and do the personal work to activate the inner qualities that befit a better world.

Let us move from protest to providing good wishes. And from the compulsion to comment on every wrong to offering a measure of calm, and caring cooperation.

When I change, the world changes.

Judy Johnson coordinates the activities of the Brahma Kumaris in Atlantic Canada.

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COMFORT AND HAPPINESS ARE NOT THE SAME

B.K. Dr Savita

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Are comfort and happiness the same? We may experience comfort when we are physically and mentally at ease. Such an experience makes us happy. And we are certainly comfortable with being happy, except when in the presence of those who are deeply unhappy or disapprove of our happiness.

Many material objects and facilities are a source of comfort—be it a cosy chair, air conditioning or comfort foods.

Comfort experienced through such things, being dependent on external factors, is short-lived. If these facilities or objects are no longer available, we may stop feeling comfortable. And if we become used to certain comforts, we suffer when we lose them.

Take the case of someone who is accustomed to having everything done for him by others. If such a person has to fend for himself one day, he will struggle to accomplish the simplest of tasks and may experience considerable grief as a result. Comforts can, in this way, make us complacent, incompetent and weak.

The same is true of mental comforts. We feel comfortable in the company of certain kinds of people or in certain places or situations. When we are not among those we like, or in an unfamiliar place or situation, we may become uneasy.

The feeling of comfort, thus, is dependent on a host of factors. And anything based on external things and conditions that are beyond our control cannot be experienced at will and will not be permanent.

Moreover, if we make the mistake of becoming dependent on such means of comfort, we are setting ourselves up for sorrow.

Happiness, which can be a product of comfort, is not so fickle. It is an experience of inner joy that has little to do with what is outside.

Happiness results from how we perceive people and situations. Unlike comfort, we can experience happiness by choice.

If we decide to be happy, we will see what is good in other people and in situations. Even if someone or something is not the way we want them to be, we can look at their positive side and stay content and happy.

Such an attitude comes easily if we recognise the fact that getting upset does not change anything. Instead, it only makes us feel bad and ruins our day.

Along with this, when we understand that staying happy is what we want anyway, and that it is the best way to deal with all that life throws at us, we will develop the ability to take tests, failures and losses in our stride with a smile.

Happiness is the best nourishment for the soul. A happy person makes light of the heaviest task, while one who is glum will make a mountain of a molehill and labour under its weight, ending up tired, frustrated, angry and disappointed.

Comforts may abandon us at any time, but happiness is our own property—something that we can generate from within, and which no one and nothing can take away from us.

It is up to us to choose whether we want to be content with just temporary feelings of comfort or to enjoy real happiness all the time.

B.K. Dr. Savita is a Rajyoga teacher at the Brahma Kumaris headquarters in Abu Road, Rajasthan.

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The dynamics of peace

B.K. Asha

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Peace is sought by all, individually as well as collectively. When people talk of peace, they do not just mean the absence of conflict, but a condition in which everyone is free from the fear of violence and there is harmony in society.

But in the world today, conflicts are so common that the mere cessation of hostilities is celebrated as an achievement. In some parts of the world, centuries-old prejudices, grievances, and hatred fuel intermittent conflict and have created such mindsets that people are not even interested in pursuing lasting peace. They are content to ensure that they have the means to deter their enemies and retaliate against their attacks.

On the other hand, there are countries that have not seen a military conflict for centuries. But do their citizens live in peace?

Stress is very much a part of life for people in these countries, as it is with almost everyone today. Accidents, suicides, homicides and other crimes do take place in these countries and their citizens suffer from diseases just as people elsewhere.

Prosperity, political stability and other external factors do not bring peace. Peace can be experienced only when the mind is not disturbed, distracted or influenced in any way by anything, whether good or bad. In such a state, the mind becomes still, and one is able to observe how it works.

Silence enables one to look clearly into the deep recesses of the mind and watch the subtle mechanisms of thought and feeling work. On doing this, one realises that it is vices that rob us of peace. So long as one is under the influence of any vice, one cannot experience peace for long.

Greed, anger, hatred, lust, jealousy, ego, attachment… all pull the mind in various directions, creating desires, distorting our perspective and impairing our judgement. One can become a slave to vices without realising it, until one begins to wonder why one cannot experience lasting peace.

All the ills that plague the world can be traced to one or the other vice, or combinations of them. The constitution of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation states that “since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed”.

Not only wars; crime, corruption, inequality, and even diseases begin in our minds.

These evils are the results of thoughts triggered by vices. For example, inequality exists, and is growing every year, because those who have far more wealth than they will ever need are unwilling to share it with the less fortunate. It may be because of greed, selfishness, miserliness, lack of compassion, or callous disregard for fellow humans. None of these reasons is counted as a virtue.

We can experience lasting peace only by freeing ourselves of the influence of vices. For that we have to first know, and remember, who we are. When we identify the self with the body, we see ourselves in terms of our nationality, race, gender, or socio-economic status. We get influenced by these aspects of our life and our thinking and behaviour become skewed. Just as an actor has an identity of his own that is separate from the roles he plays, we have a true, eternal identity that is beyond the labels by which we define ourselves.

We are spiritual beings, or souls, and peace, purity, love and truth are our innate qualities. The soul, in its original state, is pure, peaceful, loving, and truthful. When we keep remembering who we are and the qualities we possess, they begin to emerge from under the influences that had suppressed them. We then begin to experience these virtues and express them in our words and actions. This is how knowledge of the true self changes our life.

But since there are a lot of challenges in the world out there and many things pull the mind in different directions, it is not easy to remain focused on subtle spiritual truths. To acquire the inner strength to resist distractions, we need to connect with a source of power. The biggest such source is the Supreme Soul, the father of all souls. When souls remember Him, they receive His powers, and regular practice of such remembrance, which is called Rajyoga meditation, makes the souls immune to external influences.

Such souls naturally experience and spread peace. When more and more souls do this, peaceful communities are created. This is the basis for establishing a peaceful world order.

B.K. Asha is Director of the Brahma Kumaris’ Om Shanti Retreat Centre in Gurugram, Haryana.

Prosperity, political stability and other external factors do not bring peace. Peace can be experienced only when the mind is not disturbed, distracted or influenced in any way by anything, whether good or bad. In such a state, the mind becomes still, and one is able to observe how it works.

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The play of Gods

Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar

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Life is a complex interplay between the seen and the unseen, the subtle and the gross. Nature has her own laws and nothing fructifies before its time.

As we invoke and celebrate the presence of the Divine Mother during Navratri, I am reminded of an incident related to the Ayodhya Ram Mandir.

Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and the devotees.

Back in 2001, when I returned to India after speaking at the World Economic Forum, Atal Behari Vajpayee ji requested me to step in and initiate talks with the stakeholders in the Ayodhya dispute. At his behest, I met a number of prominent Muslim leaders and other influential members of the community, including Saeed Naqvi, AIMPLB member Kamal Farooqui, Shabana Azmi and Javed Akhtar. Most of the leaders were supportive of resolving the conflict peacefully, outside the ambit of politics. Though we were engaged in seemingly fruitful discussions, I believed that the resolution of this issue would take longer than anticipated.

This led me to counsel Ashok Singhal ji, then President of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad, to have patience and pray when we met on his visit to our ashram. He had come to Bangalore to meet me soon after the talks between the Kanchi Shankaracharya and Muslim leaders in New Delhi, had failed. Ashokji wanted Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to decisively clear the path for the Ram Mandir. This was his one-point agenda.

However, Ashok ji was not on talking terms with the Prime Minister at the time, especially resentful after Vajpayee ji had coerced him into eating during his fast unto death over the Ayodhya issue. Therefore, he was in Bangalore to persuade me to convince Vajpayeeji to bring in legislation and end the Ram Janmabhoomi conflict once and for all. He was 76 then, with a sharp mind, and a spark of passion and determination in his eyes.

Some of his demands seemed impractical given that the government at the time depended on coalition support and not everyone was on the same page on the issue. “I don’t care even if it leads to the collapse of the government,” he said. I replied saying, “Pray for it. With your commitment, all is possible.” Ashok ji left unconvinced. At that point, I intuitively felt it would take more like 14 years to build but I didn’t share my thoughts with anyone.

The next morning during meditation, I had a vision of an old Devi temple with a pond that needed to be resurrected. At the time, I didn’t give it much importance. A few days later a Nadi astrologer from Chennai happened to visit the ashram. This elderly gentleman hailed from a family that for many generations had guarded the ancient scriptures and palm leaves containing the future of humans as foreseen by the sages of yore.

The Nadi reader said, “Gurudev, you will have to play a role in bringing both the communities together for the Ram Janmabhoomi matter to be resolved once and for all.” He then added that the Kuladevi of Shri Rama, Devkali, has a temple in Ayodhya and that the temple was in a highly dilapidated state. Unless the Devi was propitiated and the temple fully restored, the Ayodhya dispute would not end and violence would continue.

 As none of those present was aware of such a Devkali mandir, a few local people were asked to find out whether such a temple even existed in Ayodhya. It was soon discovered that there were indeed two Kali mandirs in the area—one in the heart of the city called the Chhoti Devkali Mandir and the other a little further away called the Devkali Mandir. The latter was in a ruinous state. It had a central pond that had become a dumping ground. We decided to renovate the Devi temple and rejuvenate the pond.

At that time, Ayodhya was a severely neglected city with unclean narrow lanes. A sense of fear prevailed as the place abounded with stories of killings of sadhus and sants over the long-standing conflict. Nobody dared to speak up for these renunciates who had no designated ashrams, no family and no social standing.

The restoration work of Devi temple was completed in a few months and we went in a large group to Ayodhya for the reconsecration ceremony. Several pandits from our Bangalore ashram conducted the reconsecration of the temple deity and a Chandi Homa was performed on 19 September 2002. B.K. Modi and Ashok Ji also took part in the event. From time immemorial the Devatas have been worshipped in every part of India because of their influence on the affairs on this plane of existence.

Later that evening the temple hosted a large congregation of saints, including Ramchandra Das Paramhans Ji, Mahanta of the Digambar Akhada and head of the Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas. A few Sufi saints were also invited. The Muslim leaders presented me with a copy of Ramcharitmanas and spoke of their deep reverence for Lord Shri Rama.

Enough lives had been lost in this age-old conflict and we needed a resolution that would stand the test of time. Keeping this in mind I proposed an out-of-court settlement where the Muslim community would gift the Ram Janmabhoomi to the Hindus as a goodwill gesture and the Hindus in return would gift a 5-acre land for the construction of a mosque that they would help build. This would send a clear message of brotherhood between both communities.

The next day I was invited by Ashok Ji to his ancestral home in Allahabad where his brothers, their families and his friends had gathered. After I conducted a group meditation for them, I told Ashok Ji that it is not human effort alone, but the Divine Will too, that plays a role in the fructification of any action. And for that, one needs patience. I hinted to him that he should not do anything in haste. By the end of the evening, Ashok Ji seemed much more relaxed and reassured, and he softened in his stand against the Vajpayee government.

Years went by, in 2017, at the request of leaders from both communities, I renewed my efforts to mediate in the Ram Janmabhoomi matter. From then on, one thing led to another and today Ayodhya is on the way to reclaiming its lost glory. Thanks to the efforts of our Prime Minister Narendra Modi Ji and the government of Yogi Adityanath ji, the once gloomy temple town is getting a vibrant and shining makeover of progress, prosperity and spiritual elevation.

It is said, Daivadheenam Jagat Sarvam, the entire world is governed by Gods. All the elements in life that we think to be in our control are, in fact, guided by the devas. Navratri is the time to invoke the infallible and compassionate Daivi Shakti.

Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar is a humanitarian leader, spiritual teacher and an ambassador of peace. You can follow him on Twitter @SriSri

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