In what reflects a sense of urgency, Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla rushed to Bangladesh on Tuesday where he met Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and other important leaders and officials. He is said to have called on Hasina with an important message from Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He also discussed various issues which are important for bilateral relations between New Delhi and Dhaka.
Shringla’s visit to Dhaka assumes significance for two reasons. One, the Foreign Secretary went to Dhaka in a rush at a time when the tension is growing between India and China. Two, Shringla’s visit to Bangladesh has come at a time when there are reports of the Hasina government cozying up to China in a way that has pressed a panic button in New Delhi.
Sources told The Daily Guardian that Shringlahas also been asked to fix a meeting between PM Narendra Modi and Sheikh Hasina via videoconferencing. Sources say that PM Modi wants to lead the diplomacy himself to boost ties with Bangladesh with a clear objective to keep Beijing at bay. Modi last met Hasina when she visited India in 2019. Since then, there have been domestic incidents in India over issues like CAA and NRC which also negatively impacted India-Bangladesh ties. Some Bangladesh diplomats had been critical of these issues.
Shringla also met his counterpart Masud Bin Momen and discussed with him a wide range of issues, including China’s transgression in Ladakh, sources said. Momen has been critical of CAA and NRC at one point of time, though he later moderated his views. This was Shringla’s first visit out of the country since the Covid-19 lockdown began.
Sources said that the meetings were significant in view of China accelerating its efforts to tighten its grip on Dhaka ever since relations between India and Bangladesh have come under some strain over the past one year due to issues like CAA and NRC. Shringlaalso met Bangladesh Foreign Minister A.K. Abdul Momen. He was accompanied by outgoing High Commissioner to Bangladesh Riva Ganguly Das and Joint Secretary Smita Pant.
Sources said that New Delhi is concerned over the report that Bangladesh will soon be receiving $1 billion from China for the Teesta river project. The Teesta river water sharing arrangement has been one of the most controversial issues between New Delhi and Dhaka. The river originates from Sikkim and passes through West Bengal before finally merging with Brahmaputra in Assam and Jamuna in Bangladesh. Dhaka wants 50% share of the river’s water for the December-March period. MEA officials believe that Beijing is trying to step up pressure on Dhaka to hand over big infrastructure and connectivity projects to it in a bid to needle India.
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FARMER PRODUCER ORGANISATION: THE BASIS OF PROSPERITY OF FARMERS AND RURAL INDIA
If marginal farmers and educated youth of rural areas together form FPO, then they can change the picture and destiny of their village in the next few decades.
Many developed countries of the world are not only making their country happy due to better scientific technology and management in the agriculture sector but in countries like Canada, Europe, and Israel, the income of the farmer is increasing tremendously. India has also followed the same path.
When we used to read the story of a farmer in childhood, the title was strength in unity. There is progress in unity. Now smallholder farmers will have to do farming together, this is the need of the time. The size of farmer’s land holdings in India has decreased from 2.3 hectares in 1970 to 1.08 hectares by 2015-16, and the area under cultivation has become much smaller and smaller in the last 40 years.
As per the Agriculture Census of India, the number of small acreage farmers and landless farmers has reached around 86%, that is the number of marginal farmers has increased by over 16% in the last 40 years. Due to the lack of better agricultural technology for small and medium farmers and under the pressure of the moneylenders in the market, the farmers went on becoming poor. As per the 2011 census, the number of landless agricultural labourers in India has exceeded the number of farmers, there are two categories dependent on agriculture: marginal farmer, the middle-level farmer and the landless agricultural labourer. Almost 55% of agricultural labour has crossed the mark of landless agricultural labourers whose number is around 16 crore in the country. The same tenant farmer is about 45%, which is about 12 crore. To reduce the miseries of small marginal farmers, landless agricultural labourers and medium farmers, this is the vision of Prime Minister Modi. If the farmer is organised, he sells his agricultural products in the market in an organised way. He should use crops and certified seeds organised based on new scientific research. Along with better management of irrigation, use of new agricultural machines, a proper system of transportation, and better and qualitative management, he can escape from the demonic forces of the market. So he can get the value of his production in a better way.
If we look at the entire government management policies of the Modi government and study them closely, there are better strategies for farmer welfare. PM Modi believes that even by putting everything at stake, if we keep the farmers alive, then through this we can get everything.
Israel is one of the smallest countries in the world, which is barely equal to the area of Haryana, and the population is only 9 million. It has an important place in the agricultural income of the world. The reason is the best technology, due to only 20% of the accumulated land, Israel has made its place in the 10 largest producing countries of the world. Now the Indian marginal farmers will have to move forward with the agricultural policies of the Government of India, along with traditional farming, we have to adopt new methods. The Modi government has a very ambitious scheme for the marginal farmers called Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO).
FARMER PRODUCER ORGANISATION (FPO)
How can the farmer become self-reliant? Why is the farmer poor even today? How to double his income, the target of 2022 has been set by the Modi government.FPO should be implemented properly all over India.Serious work is being done on this and its positive results are also being seen. The Modi government has set a target of 10,000 FPOs by 2022.
WHAT IS FPO?
Any farmer in FPO can become a member of this scheme. It is easy to become a member of the organisation. The Modi government has prepared a proposal on how to become an FPO through a simple process. All we need is to establish and cooperate with it with determination.The complete information is available on the website of the local Deputy Commissioner’s office and the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
For the formation of the FPO, there should be a minimum 300 farmers. In this, the number of marginal farmers, smallholding farmers should be about 50%. Also, farmers above 2.5 acres can be made members in it. An individual contribution of Rs 2000 will be given to the farmer. Under this scheme, a Rs 2000 per member maximum of 15 lakh rupees is provided by the Government of India to FPOs as an equity grant. A total of Rs 18 lakh is provided as financial support for every three years of FPO formation. Also, there is a plan to give benefits to the FPO from the government’s side, that includes the salary of the employees, management, operations, financial, office expenses, travel, meeting, etc. and even the amount available for furniture in the initial years. Along with this, the Government of India assists Rs 2 crore to each FPO in the form of a bank credit guarantee that covers up to 75% for eligible projects by the bank whereas for bankable projects up to Rs 1 crore, a guarantee of up to 85% assists in the form of cover.
HOW WILL THE MARGINAL FARMERS BE BENEFITED FROM THE FPO?
Agriculture and farming community should have overall benefit, it should be made entrepreneurial along with farming. With this, the Government of India has a plan to develop them economically by making 10,000 FPOs. By getting organised through FPO, small and marginal farmers will not only get a market for their produce but it will become very easy for them to buy better fertilisers, advanced seeds, certified medicines, new technology agricultural equipment, etc. Other services like transportation will also be available at cheaper rates.
FPO also secures the future of farmers. The FPO will contribute significantly to increasing the income of the farmers due to modern managerial arrangements by reducing the cost of agriculture and improving the processing. The work of formation and promotion of FPO is entrusted to Cluster Base Business Organisation (CBBO). CBBO has been given the responsibility of formation of 10,000 FPOs on the ground across the country.
DISTRICT LEVEL BUSINESS ORGANISATION
To give progress to the FPO with at least five expert persons who are experts in processing, horticulture and service sector, as well as providing information technology, legal accounting etc.
CBBO organisation FPO registration through training of its board of directors as well as scientific and technical know-how. Will be concerned about the benefits to the FPO and provides Madan. I can say with determination based on the FPO yield also if they want, they can form their district level and state level or national level organisation and relationship and organisation of common interests.
In doing so, the group of FPO, assessing their needs and the success achieved so far, improve their produce production, establish food processing in a better way, establish themselves as a better brand through best sustainable packaging and marketing. can be established in the country.
Such domestic and international trade can also impress its quality producers. It will also be able to make a significant contribution to the GDP. The direct benefit of which will be given to marginal farmers and their families.
Small Farmers Agribusiness Association and National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development are working continuously for financial assistance, together with both organisations, more than five thousand FPOs have been registered, the Modi government wants to take it in more numbers. This FPO should work well in rural areas. It has to be enthusiastically participated by the representatives of the Government as well as NGOs, Panchayats, and Panchayats.
This is also a special scheme through the FPO of the Modi government. That special attention should be paid to women farmers, women self-help groups, scheduled castes, tribes and other economically weaker sections. So that together we can fulfil all the hopes and aspirations of the farmers.
If it can be managed in a better way in rural areas, then no one will be able to stop the village from becoming empowered. There will be a spectacular and qualitative improvement of the economy in rural areas through FPO.
The purchasing power of the people will increase, the youth will get employment opportunities in the village itself.
When food processing units will be established in village areas through the FPO, there will be a need for labourers, the youth will get unlimited means of employment at the local level itself.
Perhaps the day will not be far when the rural youth will not migrate to the cities because better employment resources will be available to him in his village.
Prime Minister Modi launched this as a central scheme on 29 February 2020 in Chitrakoot to encourage FPOs to set up, build, and operate 10,000 FPOs by the Government of India.
The operation and guidelines of this new scheme were approved by the Minister of Agriculture. Modi government is going to spend Rs 5,000 on FPO in the next five years. This amount can be increased further if required. After achieving the target of 10,000 FPOs, more FPOs will be required in a huge country like India, the mark of about one lakh can be crossed.
Along with this, State Level Consultative Committee and State Monitoring Committee have been constituted by 35 states and Union Territories for the operation of the FPO. The role of the State Governments is very important in effectively running this important scheme and we hope that they will help in doubling the income of the farmers with the support of the Central government. If marginal farmers and educated youth of rural areas together form FPO, then they can change the picture and destiny of their village in the next few decades only. If we all come together, then in a few years my country will be a country of prosperous farmers. In the coming decades, FPO will set a significant milestone in the economy of rural India.
The writer is MP and National President Bharatiya Janata Party Kisan Morcha. The views expressed are personal.
THE NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED EDUCATED YOUTH JUMPS TO 846,209 IN HIMACHAL
SHIMLA: In Himachal, the state with one of the highest literacy rates in the country, there are nearly about 9 lakh educated youth who are unemployed. Ironically, the population of the state just stands at nearly 70 lakh.
In the first day of the monsoon session this data was presented in the assembly on Monday. And these numbers are on the books, it is likely that there would be more unemployed-uneducated youth in the state who are off the record Consequently, amid the pandemic as many as lakhs of people including educated youth have lost their jobs due to lockdown and closure of establishments throughout the country and Himachal.
This was stated by Industries Minister Bikram Singh Thakur in a written reply to a query raised by Congress MLAs Sukhwinder Singh Sukhu, Vikramaditya Singh and Mukesh Agnihotri.
The written reply which came from the Industries Minister has reflected the very high rate of unemployment in the state, presenting a disturbing picture.
There are 4,04,819 unemployed youth who are qualified upto higher secondary level, 1,95548 are matriculate, 1,36517 are graduate, 76,318 post graduate and 33,007 under matriculate respectively.
According to the data laid in the house, till January 31, 2020, the registered number of educated in the employment offices of the state was 8,46,209, out of which the government could provide employment to only 28661 unemployed people in last two years.
It is important to mention that the figures presented here in the assembly were compiled before the Covid-19 pandemic. Meanwhile thousands of youth of Himachal have become unemployed during the pandemic itself.
Together, the number of unemployed in the state will be much higher, which is certainly a matter of concern for the small but a literate state like Himachal.
One out of every 10 women in India suffers from PCOS: Study
Every tenth woman in the country is suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) disease and the women with the disease have hormonal imbalance and metabolism problems that affect their health adversely. Apart from this, women suffering from the disease continue to face a string of other health issues like irregular menstruation, weight gain, acne, hirsutism which is revealed by a study conducted by a Ph.D. scholar namely Dr. Ishwarpreet Kaur of the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) Chandigarh. It is pertinent to mention that the study was conducted adopting random sampling
As many as 275 women were selected in the study and out of the selected sample, who were administered a questionnaire to elicit their treatment-seeking behaviour, 62 willing participants were subjected to in-depth interviews. The study clearly indicated that most of the PCOS patients were overweight (79%) and were diagnosed between 16-25 years of age (76%). Many ( nearly 45%) respondents had no information regarding PCOS. Only 9.1% received some information from their doctors. Above mentioned disease led to multiple ill effects on their health. It is also worth mentioning that out of the total, 37.5% said that the internet existed as the primary and essential source of the information pertaining to the disease and in view of this, they expressed dissatisfaction with the quality of information. Multiple health care agencies (Allopathy and Indigenous) were consulted by most (85.8%) of the respondents. Allopathy was the preferred choice of treatment. It also came to surface that a lot of them hesitated to disclose details to people regarding the disease and the taboo factor emerged as responsible for the same.
The delay in initiating the treatment ranged from 7 days to 84 months which led to increased problems of the patients The major reasons for this were ignorance, the concept of normality, the concept of endurance and relief from symptoms. They were also dissatisfied with the treatment due to a late diagnosis, lack of relief, taboo, side-effects, expenses involved and the need for repeated laboratory tests. Participants’ course of treatment was influenced by the interplay of individual, distress, health-system, and social-economic factors.
A manuscript based on Dr. Ishwarpreet Kaur’s Ph.D. research work (Co-authors: Vanita Suri, Head, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Dr. Satya Vati Rana Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr. Amarjeet Singh, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health) has been deemed suitable for publication in PLOS ONE, a renowned research journal in the arena.
PM MODI TO PARTICIPATE VIRTUALLY IN THE ‘FOOD FOR ALL, NUTRITION FOR ALL’ PROGRAMME
Characterizing the motto “Sarvajan Hitaya, Sarvajan Sukhay”, the decisive and sensitive state government of Gujarat is committed to ensuring that all citizens get adequate and timely food. This government led by Chief Minister Vijay Rupani and Deputy Chief Minister Nitin Patel is always striving to provide food security and nutrition security to the citizens. On August 3, the completion of five years of this government, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be present virtually at the food distribution program organized under the theme “Food for All, Nutrition for All”.
The Prime Minister will distribute 5 kg kits of food grains per beneficiary to over four and a half lakh poor, Antyodaya beneficiaries from more than 17,000 government-approved food grains fair price shops. Apart from that, Chief Minister and Food and Civil Supplies Minister Jayesh Radadia will also join the state-level program at Dahod. While the Prime Minister will interact directly with the beneficiaries at five fair price shops in five districts. In addition, under NFSA, an estimated 72 lakh families (population of 3.5 crores) will be provided five kg of food grains and bags per person. An estimated 8 lakh 50 thousand people will participate in the entire program.
The beneficiaries registered under the National Food Security Act are given milk and rice every month at concessional rates for food security as per their eligibility. As of March 2021, 346.90 lakh citizens of 71.44 lakh families have been covered under NFSA. The state government has also decided to include all disabled beneficiaries and Gangaswarup (widow) women registered under the state’s Women and Child Development Department, construction workers registered under the Construction Workers Welfare Board under the Labor and Employment Department under NFSA. Not only this, the eligibility age of the elderly person for this scheme has been reduced from 65 years to 60 years.
The state government is standing firm on the side of the Antyodaya families by deciding to provide free food grains to 80 percent of the citizens of the state during the lockdown in the difficult times of Corona. During the lockdown in the COVID-19 epidemic by the sensitive government, 3.21 crore families of 65.40 lakh families included under the “National Food Security Act” (NFSA) and NFSA. 14.92 lakh population of 3.40 lakh BPL families who could not be included under NFSA. Wheat, rice, chickpeas, sugar and salt “food baskets” were distributed free of cost to 3.36 crore population of 68.80 lakh households from April to June. For the first time, a population of 2.50 crore middle-class families of 61.04 lakh APL-1 category who could not be included under 10 kg per family per month. Wheat 3 kg. Rice 1 kg. Chanadal 1 kg. The quantity of sugar was distributed free of charge. Apart from that, wheat, rice, gram, sugar and salt were distributed free of cost by the state government at that time to the destitute, needy people, distressed, foreign laborers under the state’s “Annabrahm” scheme and by extending the scope of the scheme. Grain worth Rs 2,000 crore was distributed free of cost by the state government during the Corona period.
Ahead of 2022 Gujarat polls, Vajubhai Vala’s meeting with Rupani creates political buzz
Vajubhai Vala is considered to be the most senior leader in Gujarat politics. Vala has returned to Rajkot after retiring as Karnataka governor, but there is a lot of speculation about whether he will play any role in the BJP. Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani on his 65th birthday, on Monday, bowed before veteran leader Vajubhai and sought his blessings. Vajubhai later told the media that the BJP was to be taken forward, not wiped out. It is clear from these words that there is a political gesture that Vajubhai would be given an important position in the BJP. Vajubhai’s entry into Gujarat’s active politics is certain, but all eyes are on what position he will take.
Rupani said that with Vajubhai’s arrival in Rajkot, the workers will get the warmth of an elder. Vajubhai has never retired, he added. In different avatars, they will be seen serving the party.
After paying a courtesy call to Rupani, Vala told the media that the former is a fearless leader. I have blessed him. “Party and leaders will talk about the organization in 2022. They do the responsibility that was assigned to Vijaybhai. I don’t want to wipe out anyone; I want to move the BJP forward,” Vala told the reporters.
Regarding the change of BJP general secretary, Vajubhai said that the Sangh was working as per its plan. Ratnakarji has been appointed in place of Bhikhubhai Dalsania as the general secretary of the organization.
After the meeting with Vijay Rupani, Vajubhai said in a statement that the visit was a goodwill visit. When there is a political debate, both the organization and the government sit down together. However, Vajubhai reiterated his statement and claimed that he would work in the BJP as a worker.
Political analysts say Vajubhai is the most senior BJP leader. Vajubhai has also been the state president and has extensive experience in the administrative work of the government as a finance minister. Vajubhai can play the role of troubleshooter in the current state of Gujarat politics, whether it is a matter of coordination between the organization and the government or raising questions about the Patidar leadership. Then he can be given an important responsibility before the election of the year 2022.
This time around, the third front is in the race for the 2022 elections and an atmosphere of mistrust has been created by the Patidar community against the government. While Vajubhai’s entry into politics is imminent and he has also expressed a desire to work in the organization, all eyes are on where and how the national body uses his vast experience.
Narendra Modi and Amit Shah have been involved in national politics for the last eight years. And it is undeniable that there is no bigger and universally accepted face in Gujarat BJP at present. The party is aiming for 150 seats in the 2022 assembly elections. The return of Vajubhai to Gujarat is a clear indication that this is a major step towards curbing BJP’s internal factionalism in the region and giving the organization a re-accepted face.
TMC WILL WIN 2023 ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS IN TRIPURA, SAYS ABHISHEK BANERJEE
Trinamool Congress leader and West Bengal Chief Minister’s nephew Abhishek Banerjee alleged that his vehicle was attacked in Tripura on Monday.
Tweeting a video of the incident on social media, in which people standing by the roadside holding BJP flags are seen hitting his moving car with sticks, Banerjee tweeted, “Democracy in Tripura under BJP rule! Well done Biplab Kumar Deb for taking the state to new heights.”
Meanwhile, during a press conference in Agartala on Monday, Banerjee said that the Trinamool government would come to power after winning the 2023 assembly elections. Banerjee also said that that the Biplab Dev will lose the election. Pointing out that Tripura is led by ‘goons’, and the Chief Minister of the State, Biplab Kumar Dev, is nothing but a ‘scapegoat’, Banerjee said, “I came in 2016, but the situation was not worst, as it is now.” He said that the Left’s rule of 25 years and the BJP’s rule of 3 years thereafter have led to such a poor condition of the state, and also mentioned that development in the past 28 years is nil. “They (Left and BJP) played with Tripura’s future,” he added.
“I have been repeatedly detained,” Abhishek told media during the conference.
“But we could not be stopped. We are like iron. The hotter it is, the harder it will be. The more we work, the more stubborn we will be. The Trinamool has set foot in Tripura. We will build a government of democracy and development here in the next year and a half. But we need your help,” Banerjee added.
Nevertheless, the real situation is exactly opposite of what the Trinammol leader is claiming. In West Bengal, Mamata’s strength is the minority vote which amounts nearly to 28 percent. In Tripura, it is close to 7.6 percent. Mamata is looking at the tribes for whom 20 seats are reserved. If they want to get their votes, they have to accept the demand of the independent Tipland.
Mamata did not try less last time in Tripura. The Trinamool fought fiercely in 16 of the 60 seats. The person who got the highest number of votes was Madhusudan who got 435 votes. The percentage of votes Trinamool received was 0.3 (6969 votes). The Congress vote share was 1.6 percent, and the NOTA received nearly 16,000 votes respectively.
Addressing the media, Abhishek Banerjee, said that the Mamata Banerjee government has made sure that the benefits promised in the manifesto reach every door of West Bengal, and the TMC government has similar plans for Tripura.
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