China growing influence through affluence in Asia, it’s time India matched the Dragon’s might - The Daily Guardian
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China growing influence through affluence in Asia, it’s time India matched the Dragon’s might

Ajay Shukla

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During a visit to Sri Lanka last Diwali, we found the markets of the island nation glutted with Chinese goods. The largest road connecting the two ends of the country has been built by China. In addition to this, the maintenance of a Sri Lankan port is handled by Beijing. On observing all this, we asked officials there as to why Sri Lanka is handing over most of the infrastructure works to China despite the fact that India has done a lot of work in the island nation. 

The Sri Lankan officials replied that Colombo’s ties with Beijing have cemented further over the last four to five years and this, according to them, is attributable to China funding their country immensely with the result that unprecedented development has taken place in the island nation. According to them, China not only provides Sri Lanka with loans but also gets the work done at a low cost. They further said that India does not help them in the similar manner and, therefore, Sri Lanka cannot compromise the interests of its citizens. 

The Sri Lankan officials further said that China provided them advanced products at low cost. China’s aid has led to growing affiliation of every Sri Lankan sector with it and there is also a growing bonhomie between Colombo and Beijing, according to the officials there.

 With this feedback, we met the then Indian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka, Taranjit Singh Sandhu, who is now Indian Ambassador to the US. We asked the High Commissioner as to why Sri Lanka goes on executing agreements with Chinese companies and the government relegating India to the background.

 He told us that India is also forging ahead as far as relations with Sri Lanka is concerned, and even there is a facility of visa on arrival and free visa. The High Commissioner further informed that India is going ahead with strengthening relations with Sri Lanka on age-old ‘religious bonds’ and this is being ensured by developing temples in the country. However, his reply forced us to introspect as to what kind of framework we are creating. 

There is no denying that the Chinese domination is increasing in the Asia-Pacific region. Majority of the countries in this region are not only debtors of China but the Dragon is also an important player in their infrastructure development. In this manner, China has maintained a grip over all these countries. In South Asia, China has tremendously burdened Pakistan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Nepal with its debt. 

According to an American report, three out of the four big Government Banks of China have advanced more loans to foreign countries than to corporates. China has adopted it as a strategy to disburse the loans. It is sending its companies to enter into commercial agreements with those countries of the world where there is only one-way profiteering.

 Sri Lanka being buried under a debt of more than a billion dollars had to hand over its Hambantota Port to China.

 Maldives snatched back all the projects from India and handed them over to China. Maldives withdrew the $511 billion international airport project from Indian firm GMR and handed over the same to China. Now many projects in Maldives are being developed by China. It is entrapped in the web of the Chinese debts. China is not only carrying out unprecedented development in Asian countries but is also doing the same in African countries.

 One such country Djibouti has handed over its most important port to China. America has established its armed bases in Djibouti and because of this, it is feeling insecure and on account of the same America is annoyed with Djibouti. 

The US Secretary of State has apprised the Congress that China is working in such a manner as to force all the countries to be dependent on it. It is in a position to enforce its dictates by advancing unaccountable loans and such countries are not only under the threat of losing their self-sufficiency but also their sovereignty.

 China is capable of building unprecedented infrastructure. The Centre for Global Development believes that 8 partner countries of “One Belt One Road” project namely Djibouti, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Maldives, Mongolia, Monte Negro, Pakistan and Tajikistan are all buried under Chinese debts. This commercially important project is a reason for threat to both India and America. 

The agreement between Pakistan and China over Gwadar has resulted in the colonization of the former by the latter via financial investment. Now China has started projects in Bangladesh and Bhutan to build close relations with these nations also. In this chain, it will link Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh with a road network and on the linking India would be encircled from all sides. Work is under progress on this project. Chinese road has also been laid down in Doklam. 

Pakistan is connected with China through a direct road link and now there is a plan to lay down a railway line which is not only alarming development for India but it is a ticking time bomb. Whether it is Ladakh or Arunachal Pradesh, China has captured thousands of kilometers of land and also massive infrastructure is being developed there. 

The manner in which China has backstabbed us has immensely weakened us and this is the reason why we have been forced to invest in purchase of defense equipment instead of improving our fiscal health at a time when the economy is deteriorating. 

We are in a race to create new infrastructures after demolishing the old ones but the infrastructure of our country is collapsing. We do not have a credible plan to challenge the Chinese dominance. In the recent days India, America, Australia and Japan entered into a strategic alliance against China and started the work when there was a regime change in Japan. However, it is yet to be seen how far Japan would work for the alliance in the time of economic crisis. 

The popularity graph of Trump has, at the same time, declined in America and the US elections are expected by this fall. If there is a change in the regime in Washington, then there would be a change in their policies, as a result of which this alliance would get weakened. It would have been beneficial if the trade chain in the Indo-Pacific region had been established but not much credible work could be done. India’s flawed economic policies, demonetisation, unsynchronised GST, the poor condition of states, and social unrest have all weakened the country with the result that our economic condition is in a bad shape. The Covid-19 pandemic made it worse and now we are among the worst economies of the world. 

The problem of our country is that our rulers do not frame the policies keeping in view the interests of the common citizens, consumers, poor farmers and laborers. Policies are framed keeping in view the interests of the corporates and big business houses, and this way common men are misled, sometimes on the issue of education or on the geopolitical history or on the issues related to communal hatred. As a result, there is neither peace/prosperity in the country, nor on its border. With this being the case, our enemies stand benefitted at the end. They encircle us from all sides, and as a result of this instead of spending our resources on the welfare of our citizens and on development, we are forced to spend it on procurement of weapons. And this is what is happening. If a timely action is not there, it shall be too late and everything would be lost.

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RUSSIA WILL ACCEPT CONDITIONAL HANDOVER OF CYBER CRIMINALS TO US, SAYS PRESIDENT PUTIN

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Three days before the US-Russia summit, Russian President Vladimir Putin on Sunday said that the two countries need to engage in a constructive dialogue and establish mechanisms for interaction as there are areas in which Moscow and Washington can cooperate.

“[We need] to restore our personal contacts, relations, establish a direct dialogue, create really functioning mechanisms of interaction,” Putin said in an interview broadcast by the Smotrim.ru media outlet. The President noted that the US side is well aware that there are a number of areas that are of mutual interest, such as strategic stability, regional conflicts, environmental protection measures, and climate. “There are areas in which we can really work effectively,” Putin added.

In the process, President Putin said that Russia would be ready to hand over cyber criminals to the United States if Washington did the same for Moscow and the two powers reached an agreement to that effect.

The Russian leader said he expected the Geneva meeting to help establish bilateral dialogue and revive personal contacts, adding that important issues for the two men included strategic stability, Libya and Syria, and the environment.

Putin also praised Biden for having shown “professionalism” when the United States and Russia agreed this year to extend the New START nuclear arms control treaty.

The White House has said Biden will bring up ransomware attacks emanating from Russia at the meeting. That issue is in the spotlight after a cyberattack disrupted the North American and Australian operations of meatpacker JBS USA.

A Russia-linked hacking group was behind that attack, a US source familiar with the matter said last week.

Asked if Russia would be prepared to find and prosecute cyber criminals, Putin said Russia’s behaviour here would depend on formal agreements being reached by Moscow and Washington.

Both sides would have to commit to the same obligations, he said.

“If we agree to extradite criminals, then of course Russia will do that, we will do that, but only if the other side, in this case the United States, agrees to the same and will extradite the criminals in question to the Russian Federation,” he said.

“The question of cyber security is one of the most important at the moment because turning all kinds of systems off can lead to really difficult consequences,” he said.

With agency inputs

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12 killed, 138 injured in gas explosion in China

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HUBEI: At least 12 people were killed and 138 were injured in a huge gas explosion in central China on Sunday, state media reported.

A gas pipe exploded in the Zhangwan district of Shiyan city, in Hubei province at about 6:30 am local time. The number of casualties is still being verified as the search and rescue operation is underway. According to the local authorities, 150 people have been pulled from the debris, and the injured are being treated at local hospitals.

Apparently, the explosion destroyed a wet market there and greatly affected nearby residents. “Hearing the loud bang, I immediately scrabbled beneath the table, thinking it was an earthquake,” a resident surnamed Liu, told the Global Times via phone.

Images are circulating on social media, which appeared to be from the scene, showed rescue workers in orange jumpsuits working through the wreckage of flattened houses.

The cause of the accident is under investigation, according to the city government, which informed on the Chinese microblogging platform Weibo.

Rescue operation is underway and more details are awaited. ANI

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SAUDI ARABIA BARS FOREIGN PILGRIMS FROM HAJJ DUE TO COVID-19

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Amid the raging Covid-19 pandemic, Saudi Arabia has once again barred foreigners to perform the Hajj, and set a limit of maximum of 60,000 pilgrims inside the Kingdom.

“Only 60,000 vaccinated residents and citizens living in the Kingdom will be allowed to perform this year’s Haj pilgrimage due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic,” the Ministry of Haj and Umrah announced in a statement cited by Gulf News on Saturday. The Hajj is one of Islam’s five pillars. Every able-bodied Muslim who has affordability tries to visit it at least once in a lifetime.

“Against the backdrop of what the world is witnessing and due to the continuous developments of the coronavirus pandemic as well as the emergence of new mutations, Haj registration will be limited to residents and citizens from inside the Kingdom only,” the ministry also Twitted.

“Muslims between the ages of 18-65 and are fully vaccinated, or those who received their first dose at least 14 days prior, those who are vaccinated and have recovered from a Covid-19 infection are allowed to register,” the ministry added.

This is the second year in a row that Saudi Arabia limits the Haj pilgrimage to Muslims inside the Kingdom. However, only 10,000 Muslims were allowed to perform Hajj last year.

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US AND JAPAN DEEPEN TIES WITH TAIWAN, DRAGON FINDS ITSELF IN TIGHT SPOT

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The US and Japan have been deepening their engagement with Taiwan to help guard it against a growing threat from China. The move has out Beijing in tight spot.

J. Michael Cole, writing in The National Interest said that the regime in Beijing, which continues its effort to isolate Taiwan internationally, is now in the difficult position of having to express its discontent over coronavirus response while avoiding overreaction that could create the rationale for even closer relations between Taiwan and other countries. Taiwan has had a fairly positive past month in terms of its engagement with, and support by, regional partners.

Beijing’s setbacks began back in April, with the joint statement between US President Joe Biden and his Japanese counterpart, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, which “underscore[d] the importance of peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait and encourage the peaceful resolution of cross-Strait issues.”

Such direct reference to Taiwan by a Japanese prime minister had not been heard for more than half a century, reported The National Interest. This was followed the next month by a similar statement, this one by President Biden and South Korean President Moon Jae-in, which again “emphasise[d] the importance of preserving peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait”.

The unprecedented reference to Taiwan by a South Korean leader also signalled those countries within the region were becoming increasingly alarmed with China’s destabilising behaviour—particularly the high number of intrusions by aircraft from the People’s Liberation Army Air Force and Navy into Taiwan’s southern Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ), wrote Cole.

Four days before the Biden-Suga joint statement, a total of twenty-five PLA aircraft–14 J-16 multi-role fighters, four J-10 multi-role fighters, four H-6K bombers, 2 Y-8 anti-submarine planes, and one KJ-500 airborne early warning and control plane–entered Taiwan’s ADIZ, a new high since the PLA began intensifying its military activity in the region in 2020, reported The National Interest.

But now, China is in a tight spot as Taiwan is receiving more attention from allies. One strategic mistake Beijing may have committed earlier this year was its refusal to reduce its military activity around the Taiwan Strait during the transition period in Washington, wrote Cole.

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WHO chief asks China to cooperate with probe into Covid-19 origins

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Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

World Health Organization (WHO) chief Tedros Ghebreyesus has called on China to cooperate with the ongoing investigation into the origins of the Covid-19 amid renewed call to further probe the virus.

Dr Tedros made these remarks after taking part in the Group of Seven (G7) summit by video conference on Saturday, The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) reported.

The WHO Director-General hoped there would be better cooperation and transparency when the next phase of the probe into the virus’s origin is underway. “As you know we will need cooperation from the Chinese side,” he said. “We need transparency to understand or know or find the origin of this virus…after the report was released there were difficulties in the data sharing, especially in the raw data.”

He further said that the preparations for the probe’s next steps were underway and that the issue of the origin of the virus was discussed by G7 leaders on Saturday, WSJ reported.

Earlier this week, the US and the UK had extended support to a “timely, transparent and evidence-based independent process” for the next phase of the WHO-convened study of Covid-19 origins. “We will also support a timely, transparent and evidence-based independent process for the next phase of the WHO-convened COVID-19 origins study, including in China, and for investigating outbreaks of unknown origin in the future,” a joint statement said after US President Joe Biden met British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Thursday.

This comes amid growing calls for a timely, transparent, and evidence-based independent process for the next phase of the WHO-convened origin study.

Recently, the calls to investigate further the origins of the virus have intensified. President Biden has also ordered a fresh US intelligence inquiry into the origins of the pandemic.

The origin of novel coronavirus that caused havoc around the world has remained a mystery even after 1.5 years the first case of infection was reported in the Chinese city of Wuhan.

Now, scientists and world leaders are calling for further investigations to figure out whether the virus originated naturally or leaked from the Wuhan Institute of Virology.

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G7 NATIONS CALL OUT CHINA OVER XINJIANG, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

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In a veiled criticism of the Dragon, Group of Seven (G&) leaders called on China to respect human rights in its Xinjiang region, allow Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy, and refrain from any unilateral action that could destabilise the East and South China Seas, Reuters reported quoted a draft version of the G7 summit communique.

“We will promote our values, including by calling on China to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, especially in relation to Xinjiang and those rights, freedoms and high degree of autonomy for Hong Kong enshrined in the Sino-British Joint Declaration,” the G7 said in a communique that was almost finalised.

Before the G7 criticism emerged, China cautioned G7 leaders that the days when “small” groups of countries decided the fate of the world were long gone.

The G7 also said they underscored “the importance of peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait, and encourage the peaceful resolution of cross-Strait issues”.

“We remain seriously concerned about the situation in the East and South China Seas and strongly oppose any unilateral attempts to change the status quo and increase tensions.”

“We also call for a timely, transparent, expert-led, and science-based WHO-convened Phase 2 Covid-19 origins study including, as recommended by the experts’ report, in China,” the communique, which is almost finalised, said.

“The days when global decisions were dictated by a small group of countries are long gone,” a spokesman for the Chinese embassy in London said.

“We always believe that countries, big or small, strong or weak, poor or rich, are equals, and that world affairs should be handled through consultation by all countries.”

Beijing has repeatedly hit back against what it perceives as attempts by Western powers to contain China, and says many major powers are still gripped by an outdated imperial mindset after years of humiliating China.

UN experts and rights groups estimate over a million people, mainly Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities, have been detained in recent years in a vast system of camps in Xinjiang.

China denies all accusations of forced labour or abuse. It initially denied the camps existed, but has since said they are vocational centres and are designed to combat extremism. In late 2019, China said all people in the camps had “graduated”.

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