Many winged guests flock the water bodies of the desert state. One of the places that theses lovely foreign visitors choose for sojourn is the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. It is a name that comes to mind any person who knows about birds and is fond of exploring wildlife. It is not just a tourist destination but an interesting bird watching destintion. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is an alluring and refreshing experience in the tranquility of Nature with the melodious bird chirping everywhere. Now known as the Keoladeo Ghana National Park, the park is among the few of the protected park, especially, for the hundreds of unique bird species. Apart from the exotic flora and fauna species such as native water birds, migratory winter birds, waterside birds, etc., the dense forest of the sanctuary is also a home to the various species of Deer – Chital, Sambar, Spotted Deer as well as Wild Boar and Nilgai.
The park is the natural home to more than 300 bird Species:
The hundreds of exotic migratory birds are the prime attractions for the bird-loving tourists visit the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. The migratory birds, mostly visit here from the distant areas of Siberia and Central Asia to spend the winter season. These migratory birds arrive in the winters and after spending the winter near the Bharatpur Lake, they return to their homeland to visit again in the winter. The prime species of the migratory bird that visit Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary are different species of Cranes, Geese, Pelicans, Ducks, Hawks, Eagles, Shanks, Stints, Warblers, Wagtails, Wheatears, Pipits, Larks, Flycatchers, Buntings, etc. Rajasthan, despite its arid landscape, becomes a haven for migratory birds during the winter months. The state’s various wetlands, lakes, and bird sanctuaries attract a diverse range of migratory species, adding to the rich avian diversity. Here’s a glimpse into the migratory birds of Rajasthan:
1. Siberian Cranes:
• Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur is famous for hosting Siberian Cranes during the winter months. These elegant birds migrate thousands of kilometers from their breeding grounds in Siberia to the warmer climate of Rajasthan.
2. Demoiselle Cranes:
• Known as ‘Kurja’ in local parlance, Demoiselle Cranes are a common sight in Rajasthan during winter. They can be spotted in areas like Khichan, where locals feed them, creating a unique and harmonious coexistence.
3. Greater Flamingos:
• The saline lakes of Rajasthan, including Sambhar Lake, attract a large population of Greater Flamingos during the winter. Their vibrant pink plumage against the serene backdrop of these lakes is a spectacular sight.
4. Bar-headed Geese:
• These high-altitude migratory birds from Central Asia often make their way to Rajasthan during winter. They are known for their remarkable journey over the Himalayas.
5. Common Teal:
• Lakes and water bodies in Rajasthan, such as those in Keoladeo National Park, become temporary homes for Common Teal during the winter season. Their presence adds to the diversity of waterfowl in the region.
• The Osprey is a migratory bird of prey that visits Rajasthan during the winter. They are often spotted near water bodies, showcasing their remarkable fishing skills.
7. Eurasian Spoonbill:
• With their distinctive spoon-shaped bills, Eurasian Spoonbills migrate to Rajasthan’s wetlands, including Keoladeo National Park. These birds are known for their striking appearance.
8. Steppe Eagles:
• Rajasthan becomes a wintering ground for Steppe Eagles, attracting birdwatchers who admire these majestic raptors. They are often seen in open landscapes and grasslands.
9. Black-necked Storks:
• These striking storks migrate to Rajasthan, favoring wetlands and marshy areas. They are easily recognizable by their black necks and legs.
10. Rosy Starlings:
• During winter, Rosy Starlings migrate to the state in large flocks.
These colorful birds are a delightful addition to the avian landscape. The arrival of migratory birds in Rajasthan not only enhances the state’s natural beauty but also provides a unique opportunity for bird enthusiasts to witness the fascinating phenomenon of avian migration.
The diverse ecosystems within Rajasthan, including its lakes, wetlands, and bird sanctuaries, play a crucial role in supporting and sustaining these migratory populations.