A to Z of 2020: A glance at important events, people of the year through Alphabets - The Daily Guardian
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A to Z of 2020: A glance at important events, people of the year through Alphabets

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AYODHYA

AYODHYA
AYODHYA

Nine months after the Supreme Court ruled in favour of the Ram Mandir in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute, the bhoomi pujan for the temple took place on 5 August in Ayodhya. The grand ceremony, which saw Prime Minister Narendra Modi laying down a 40 kg silver brick and performing prayers at the site, was telecast live and watched by over 160 million viewers. The construction of the temple is expected to be completed in 2023.

BREXIT

BREXIT
BREXIT

The United Kingdom left the European Union and entered an 11-month transition period in January 2020. The British exit—or Brexit—was a result of a 2016 referendum in which a majority of 52% decided to leave the EU. At the end of the transition period, the UK and EU have finalised a trade deal. Major changes will take effect starting 1 January 2021, including the end of the free movement of people and restrictions on British businesses trading with the EU.

COVID-19

COVID-19
COVID-19

The biggest game changer in 2020 was undoubtedly the global pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus or SARS-CoV-2. The virus, which originated in Wuhan, China, has officially spread to every continent now after cases were reported in Antarctica. As per the WHO, there have been close to 80 million confirmed cases of Covid-19 so far, including over 1.74 million deaths. Some countries including the US have started their vaccination programs. India is also set to roll-out a mass immunisation programme.

DELHI RIOTS

DELHI RIOTS
DELHI RIOTS

Communal riots broke out in Northeast Delhi in February in the wake of the anti-CAA protests happening in the city. More than 53 people died and 200 others were injured after warring mobs burnt down shops and houses and vandalised places of worship. The riots lasted for about a week. Delhi Police filed a chargesheet on 16 September, naming 15 people, including student leader and activist Umar Khalid, for taking part in a larger ‘conspiracy’ which led to the riots in the national capital.

EDUCATION REFORMS

EDUCATION REFORMS
EDUCATION REFORMS

The Union Cabinet approved a new National Education Policy (NEP), which is expected to bring significant changes to the school and higher education system in India upon its implementation. Some salient features of the NEP 2020 include proposals for primary education in the students’ mother tongue or local language, restructuring syllabi and exams, a push towards vocational education and teachers’ training, creating new institutions like the HECI and National Research Foundation, reintroducing the four-year undergraduate program with multiple exit options and opening up entry to foreign universities.

FARM LAWS

FARM LAWS
FARM LAWS

The contentious farm laws passed by Parliament and signed by the President in September have led to big protests on the Delhi borders. While the laws are supposedly meant to reform India’s agricultural sector by allowing farmers greater control and freedom in selling their produce, protesting farmer unions have claimed it to be a ploy to open up the market to private players and demanded a complete rollback. The main issues include a legal guarantee for MSP and a sound redressal mechanism for farmer disputes. The protests are still going on in the absence of a clear resolution.

GEORGE FLOYD

GEORGE FLOYD
GEORGE FLOYD

The ‘Black Lives Matter’ movement gained massive momentum after a video of 46-year-old George Floyd dying in Minneapolis police custody went viral. The video which showed Floyd dying after a white police officer kneeled on his back to restrain him despite Floyd gasping for breath caused great outrage in several parts of the world and on social media. According to a survey, over 20 million people participated in public demonstrations in the US alone. The protests which began as an opposition to police violence targeting black populations have led to debates worldwide on matters of systemic racism and discrimination.

HARVEY WEINSTEIN

HARVEY WEINSTEIN
HARVEY WEINSTEIN

In a major win for the #MeToo movement, Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein was found guilty in a trial and sentenced to 23 years in jail. His fall from grace began in October 2017, after dozens of women started to come forward with allegations against him of sexual misconduct and rape. Weinstein was convicted on two counts, a criminal sex act and rape in the third degree. Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance Jr said in a statement, “We thank the survivors for their remarkable statements today and indescribable courage over the last two years.”

IRRFAN KHAN

IRRFAN KHAN
IRRFAN KHAN

The iconic and versatileactor died at the age of 53 on 29 April after being admitted to the ICU with a colon infection. He had fought with cancer for two years before that. The actor, who made his debut with Mira Nair’s Salaam Bombay, is best known for his work in films like Maqbool, Paan Singh Tomar and The Lunchbox. He was also a part of big Hollywood projects like Slumdog Millionaire, Jurassic World and Life of Pi. He is survived by his wife, Sutapa Sikdar, and two sons.

JOE BIDEN

JOE BIDEN
JOE BIDEN

The Democratic nominee in the 2020 US presidential polls, Joe Biden, was elected as the 46th President of the United States. Biden beat Donald Trump after a dramatic counting period, at the end of hich the Democrats comfortably crossed the 270-mark for the Electoral College votes. The 78-year-old Biden is now expected to tackle the Covid-19 crisis in the US along with rising racial tensions and issues of economic disparity.

KAMALA HARRIS

KAMALA HARRIS
KAMALA HARRIS

The appointment of Kamala Harris as the Vice President of the United States was a historic occasion, as she became the first Indian-American, the first Black person and the first woman to assume the post. Daughter of a Jamaican-born father and Indian immigrant mother, Harris previously served as California’s first woman of colour to be elected attorney general and San Francisco’s first female district attorney previously. Harris’ husband also made history as the first Jewish person to be the spouse of a US President or VP.

LAC STANDOFF

LAC STANDOFF
LAC STANDOFF

A violent clash between the Indian and Chinese forces took place on 15 June, resulting in the deaths of 20 Indian soldiers. The clash happened in the Galwan Valley in eastern Ladakh. The People’s Liberation Army and the Chinese Foreign Ministry have issued statements claiming that the valley belongs to China and falls on “the Chinese side of the Line of Actual Control”. India has called the claims “exaggerated and untenable”. The skirmishes began after China objected to the construction of roads by India in the Galwan Valley.

MT EVEREST

MT EVEREST
MT EVEREST

The height of Mount Everest, the world’s tallest peak, now measures 8,848.86 metres—an increase of 0.86 metres. The revision was done and announced jointly by Nepal and China, who had not agreed on the peak’s height previously. The measurement, which is believed to be the most accurate yet, was carried out using new technology and trigonometry, and took into account the height of the snow on the summit. The earlier height had been determined by the Survey of India in 1954, a year after Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary scaled Mt Everest.

NITISH KUMAR

NITISH KUMAR

Nitish Kumar was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Bihar for the seventh time in twenty years at the end of the Assembly election. The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) beat the Mahagathbandhan in a neck-to-neck battle by bagging 125 out of 243 seats and winning an absolute majority in the state, even as RJD emerged as the single largest party. Political analysts have attributed NDA’s return to power in the state and BJP outperforming Nitish Kumar’s JD(U) to the charisma of Narendra Modi who led large rallies before the polls. The Bihar election was also the biggest in India since the Covid pandemic began.

OLYMPICS

OLYMPICS

The 2020 Summer Olympic Games which were set to begin in July in Tokyo have been postponed due to Covid-19. The games are now expected to open on 23 July 2021. This marks the first time in the history of the famed international multi-sport event—which takes place every four years—that the games have been temporarily postponed for reasons other than war. In a meeting between International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach and Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, it was agreed that the Olympic flame would remain in Japan and the event will keep the name ‘Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020’.

PRANAB MUKHERJEE

PRANAB MUKHERJEE

Former President and Bharat Ratna awardee Pranab Mukherjee passed away at the age of 84 on 31 August. He had tested positive for Covid-19 and had been in a coma after undergoing brain surgery earlier that month. The veteran Congress leader had served as the 13th President between 2012 and 2017, besides holding the posts of Minister for Commerce, Defence, External Affairs, and Finance at various points in his long career. An outpouring of condolence messages followed news of his death, with PM Modi remembering him as “a scholar par excellence, a towering statesman”.

QUEER RIGHTS

QUEER RIGHTS

LGBTQ rights were recognised in more places across the globe as countries struck down oppressive and discriminatory laws against same-sex couples and queer and trans-individuals. Same-sex marriages were legalised in Costa Rica and Northern Ireland. Fostering of children by same-sex couples was legalised by Croatia’s top court, while the Supreme Court of Israel ruled that denying same-sex couples access to surrogacy is unconstitutional. Several countries, including Germany, Albania, and multiple states in Mexico and the US banned conversion therapy. Meanwhile, the President of Gabon signed a law decriminalising same-sex sexual activity and Sudan lifted the death penalty for homosexuality.

RISHI KAPOOR

RISHI KAPOOR

After a long battle with cancer, Bollywood star Rishi Kapoor passed away in September. The actor had spent much of the last year being treated in New York. Grandson of Prithviraj Kapoor, son of Raj Kapoor, and father of Ranbir Kapoor, Rishi began his career as a child actor in Shree 420. Kapoor was the most popular for his roles as a romantic hero. Some of his best known films include Amar Akbar Anthony, Karz and Bobby. His next project was supposed to be an adaptation of The Intern with Deepika Padukone.

SUSHANT SINGH RAJPUT

SUSHANT SINGH RAJPUT

In an ugly sequence of events, the tragic death of young actor Sushant Singh Rajput spiralled into a complex case, which went on to involve the CBI, political parties and the Narcotics Control Bureau. His death, allegedly by suicide, first erupted into social media debates on nepotism in the film industry, before assuming greater proportions as rumours of it being a murder did the rounds. This was followed by a tussle between the Mumbai Police and Bihar Police and a parallel investigation by the Narcotics Control Bureau and Enforcement Directorate, directed particularly at Sushant’s girlfriend, Rhea Chakraborty.

TIKTOK

TIKTOK

Citing concerns for security and privacy of Indian citizens, the Union government banned over 200 Chinese apps, including the hugely popular video-sharing platform, TikTok. The Ministry of Electronics and Technology stated that the apps were “prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, security of state and public order”. The ban came weeks after the border dispute with China flared up and resulted in the violence in Galwan Valley. Other big names on the lists of banned apps included PUBG, UC Browser, WeChat and CamScanner. Several Indian alternatives to TikTok have spawned since the ban.

UTAH MONOLITH

UTAH MONOLITH
UTAH MONOLITH

In a rather bizarre episode, the discovery of a metal ‘monolith’ in the Utah desert in the US garnered international attention and sparked rumours of alien visitations. Others likened it to an art installation by anonymous artists like Banksy. While the metal structure is currently in the custody of the Bureau of Land Management after much drama over it being stolen by four men, its origins still remain unknown. Interestingly, in the wake of the Utah incident, several other ‘monoliths’ have appeared across the world.

VOLCANIC ERUPTION

VOLCANIC ERUPTION
VOLCANIC ERUPTION

The Taal Volcano in the Philippines erupted after lying dormant for 43 years. The volcano began to spew gases, ash and lava on 12 January, following which the lush landscape was covered by grey ash. Situated in the Batangas province, which was among the most seriously affected areas, the volcano is the second-most active in the Philippines. The eruption caused widespread damage to local residents and farmers due to the volcanic debris and created a tsunami scare in the islands.

WEST BENGAL

WEST BENGAL
WEST BENGAL

The state has been in news for all the wrong reasons, whether its political violence in the state or the wreckage caused by the super cyclone Amphan in May, causing widespread damage and flooding, especially in the low-lying Sunderbans delta. Amphan, in fact, was the first super cyclone to have formed in the Bay of Bengal since 1999 and the fourth super cyclone to hit West Bengal. The impacts of the cyclone were also felt in Odisha, Bangladesh, southern India, and Sri Lanka.

X Æ A-XII

X Æ A-XII
X Æ A-XII

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk and Canadian musician Grimes welcomed a baby boy in May and sent social media into a tizzy after they named him X Æ A-12. Pronounced “X Ash A Twelve”, the name, according to Grimes, refers to “X” as the “unknowable variable,” “Æ” as the “elven spelling” of artificial intelligence and/or love, and “A-12”, which is apparently the couple’s favourite aircraft. A later update on the musician’s Instagram informed that the name had been tweaked to X Æ A-Xii, probably to comply with the permits of their home state California.

YEMENI CIVIL WAR

Violence escalated in the ongoing civil war in Yemen, which has led to the largest humanitarian crisis in the world. To add to the hardship, 2020 brought Covid-19, a fuel crisis, torrential rains and locust infestations to the region, worsening the conditions of disease, hunger and poverty. The war, which began in 2015, has claimed the lives of about 233,000 people so far, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Children are among the worst-hit in the conflict.

ZOOM

ZOOM
ZOOM

As classes, work meetings, theatre and even weddings moved online during the global lockdown, videoconferencing became the norm. Despite better-known video-chat services like Skype and Google Meet, Zoom emerged as the top competitor in 2020. Its ease of access, room for more participants and customised backgrounds made it an almost ‘overnight success’. By April, Zoom’s daily participants had shot to 300 million.

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CLOUD-BASED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFORMING BUSINESSES

Several fintech businesses have outmanoeuvred their rivals by embracing the SaaS model.

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The groundbreaking SaaS (Software-as-a-Service) idea has the potential to disrupt many industries, including banking. SaaS, being a cloud-based technology, may assist both fintech startups and banks, particularly in satisfying regulatory requirements and providing security to their consumers. Without a doubt, SaaS is gaining popularity among financial services organizations due to its promises of more business flexibility, faster deployment, and support for an open ecosystem.

Symbiotic relationship between SaaS platforms and Fintech growth

The Fintech approach, which makes use of the resourceful SaaS foundation, allows businesses to access and utilise cloud-based applications rather than purchasing or building their own software. Financial firms may reap advantages such as end-to-end cost reductions, data security, scalability, and agility from the fintech industry. PwC, a well-known rating agency, predicts that more fintech businesses will utilise SaaS to address concerns generated by the post-Covid environment.

Understanding the significance of the SaaS model is not rocket science. According to Financesonline.com, the SaaS market capitalization will reach $623 billion by 2023. The use of the SaaS model in the fintech industry may foster innovation and creativity while also improving efficiency and profitability. Fintech companies can also save huge amounts of operational capital every year because of SaaS. This is not possible with the traditional model, in which companies hire experts.

SaaS solutions are extremely scalable, allowing a financial institution to digitally alter its operations while boosting security and enhancing compliance. It is also feasible to minimise physical footprints and increase efficiency via automation. By embracing the SaaS model for online transactions, several fintech businesses have outmanoeuvred their rivals and the banking and finance industry at large. FinTech lenders, for example, might accept business loan applications online, process them in minutes, and send the money to qualified customers a day or two later.

What makes SaaS a magic sauce for Fintech growth

SaaS platforms have shown the power of open platforms in the open-platform vs. patented technology argument over the last several decades. This has given SaaS a long-term viability and scalability that was previously unheard of, particularly in the financial services sector. For a fraction of the price, fintech companies have started bringing in the bulk of the capabilities that sophisticated legacy systems had inside mega banks.

There was a chance to develop an ecosystem with the use of open application programming interfaces (APIs) to allow banks to interact with these fintech partners, who could bring in novel processes and products at a relatively low cost and with relatively low usage of resources. It is also critical to incorporate outside innovation into an internal environment dominated by legacy technologies in financial organizations. The necessity to start small, to be nimble, and to expand with the market’s and customers’ ever-changing needs is obvious.

The maturation of SaaS models has aided the rise of APIs in the financial services sector, while laws such as the Payment Services Directive (PSD2) are driving banks to establish and promote open platforms. While API-based SaaS platforms have opened up a wide market and empowered the developer community, they have also contributed to the abolition of faceless goods that dominated conventional industries. It has also aided in the extraction of enormous value from data and innovative system integrations, which is now shared across a bigger and more powerful ecosystem.

The triple-edged efficiency of SaaS

Scalability, sustainability, and convenience are the three pillars furnished by SaaS to the Fintech ecosystem. The compulsions in the financial sector are being addressed by the three pillars of a SaaS delivery model. Scalability and the need to quickly add new products to existing systems, as well as a high level of data and platform security and the ability to better control costs, are all reasons why SaaS models are the delivery method of choice for banks around the world, both big and small. It is also the best strategy for working with banks, development communities, incubator programs, and data suppliers in the ever-expanding fintech ecosystem. All of this is wrapped up in a customer experience layer that is easy to use and lets business users, with only a little technical knowledge, launch products in a way that is good for business.

Concluding Thoughts

This transformation of SaaS-based delivery models into revenue-generating and customer-driven ones is beneficial to all parties involved. Some issues persist, but the overall contribution of proprietary and open businesses built on the SaaS cloud to the financial services sector has been spectacular. If the total cost of ownership data for the manufacturing sector is any indication, the collaborative delivery models that have recently been brought to the market will almost certainly have an almost immediate effect on banks’ total expenses.

Rahul Meena is the founder and CEO of Treflo.

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‘SYL’ SPARKS CONTROVERSY AMONG HARYANVI YOUTH

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singer Moosewala

The last song of singer Sidhu Moosewala, ‘SYL’ released after his demise is said to have sparked the dispute pending for decades over water sharing between Punjab and Haryana and also featured visuals of controversial figures. Sutlej Yamuna Link’s abbreviated form is SYL, which contains a topic about the same. The Singer starts the song with controversial lines, “Give us our social history and our families back. Return Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, and Haryana to us. In case you do not give us sovereigntyand authority. We will not even give a drop of water to anyone,” stirring up controversy and resulting in anger among the people of Haryana for the slain singer Moosewala. In response, a number of Haryanvi musicians have also sought to express their rage and agony in the same way, stalking their claims over the SYL problem.

A song named ‘SYL-Haryanvi’ by a Haryanvi musician claims that Haryana owns 50% of the SYL water. In response to Moosewala’s song, the songs ‘Tipka-Tipka Koni-Paani Aadha Lewange’ and ‘Haq Sai Mara SYL’ became popular on YouTube and other media. These songs reflect the ire of Haryana residents who delayed the release of SYL water in defiance of Supreme Court orders. Other than this, a number of additional songs that are popular among Haryana residents have become the talk of the state›s towns and can be found on social media.

Millions of views on YouTube for these songs are a clear sign of their popularity. In addition, a different Haryanvi artist released a song on the same subject in reaction to Moosewala’s declaration that we will take our fair share of the water. The song is currently receiving widespread distribution throughout the state. These Haryanvi songs continue to feature images from the farm protest that express the feelings of how the Haryana agricultural community welcomed the protesters from Punjab.

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MUKHTAR ANSARI, HIS WIFE STAYED TOGETHER IN JAIL IN CONGRESS TENURE: AAP

The Jail Minister orders FIR and probe after receiving a Rs. 55 lakh bill from an SC lawyer.

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Punjab Jail Minister Harjot Bains created a sensation on Tuesday in the state Assembly when he disclosed that the previous Congress government spent Rs. 55 lakh to hire a Supreme Court lawyers to protect Mukhtar Ansari instead of handing him over to the UP Police. The Jail Minister said that the then Congress government had registered a fake FIR against Mukhtar Ansari and did not even present a challan against him. Ansari was lodged in Ropar Jail in Punjab in 2019 in a extortion case.

Making the revelation in the House, the minister said that this was a serious matter. The gangster had, while in Ropar Jail, a whole barrack to him and given VIP treatment. His wife also stayed with him in the barrack.

To get Ansari’s custody, the UP Police issued production warrants 26 times but he was not handed him over to them. The UP government moved the Supreme Court. The then Congress government hired a well-known lawyer in the Supreme Court to help Ansari and the Punjab Government has now received a bill of Rs. 55 lakh.

Bains also informed the House that he has ordered to register an FIR and investigation into the matter.

Ansari was accused of demanding Rs. 10 crore from a builder in Mohali. He was brought to Mohali on a production warrant by the Punjab Police and was lodged in Ropar jail since January 2019. He was handed over to the UP Police upon a Supreme Court order in April last year.

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Mukesh Ambani resigns from Reliance Jio Board, Akash new Chairman

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Reliance Industries chairman Mukesh Ambani has resigned from the board of Reliance Jio handing over reigns to his elder son Akash Ambani, who will be Chairman of the Board of Directors.

In a stock exchange filing, Reliance Jio Infocomm said the company’s board has approved the appointment of Akash M Ambani, non-executive director, as chairman of the board of directors of the company.” It said that the Board of Directors in their meeting held on June 27 noted the resignation of Mukesh D Ambani as Director of the company effective from the close of working hours on June 27, 2022.

Akash has been closely involved with the disruptive and inclusive growth path charted by the digital services and consumer retail propositions of Reliance group and is now leading the creation of the ‘convergence dividend’ for over 500 million consumers, digitally and with high-inclusivity across geographies and income levels.

His elevation as Chairman of Reliance Jio Infocomm recognises the specific contributions made by him to the digital services journey and rededicates him to even higher levels of responsibilities, going forward.

Mukesh Ambani will continue to be the Chairman of Jio Platforms Ltd, the flagship company that owns all Jio digital services brands including Reliance Jio Infocomm.

Akash Ambani, who has graduated from Brown University with a major in Economics, has been closely involved with the creation of the digital ecosystem around Jio’s 4G proposition. He was closely involved with a team of engineers in inventing and launching an India-specs focussed Jiophone in 2017 which became quite a revolutionary device to take many people out of 2G to 4G.

Akash personally led the key acquisitions made by Jio in the digital space in the last few years and has also been keenly involved with the development of new technologies and capabilities including AI-ML and blockchain.

He was integrally involved in the trailblazing global investments by tech majors and investors in 2020, which in many ways catapulted Jio onto the global investor map.

Akash is expected to continue to operate on the cutting-edges of innovation and technology to encourage an ecosystem that will further digital solutions and make the power of data and technology more accessible to all, including those who are still at the margin.

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Amid new Russia sanctions, Modi sticks to India-first mantra

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Perched 1000 metres above sea level in the Bavarian Alps, in the pristine Schloss Elmau resort Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced G7 leaders to the Indian way of an eco-friendly LIFE and underscored New Delhi’s India-first foreign policy as he focused on knock-down effects of the Ukraine crisis on food crisis and energy crisis.

As the Group of 7 club of the world’s wealthiest nations vowed to stand with Ukraine “for as long as it takes”, and decided tighten the squeeze on Russia’s finances with new sanctions that include a gold export ban and a proposal to cap the price of Russian oil, Mr Modi pitched for diplomacy and dialogue to resolve the festering crisis. In the two sessions he spoke at the G7 summit, PM Modi called for an immediate or as early as a possible end to the hostilities and advocated the path of dialogue and diplomacy to resolve the situation. “Even in the present situation, we have constantly urged for the path of dialogue and diplomacy. The impact of this geopolitical tension is not just limited to Europe. The rising prices of energy and food grains are affecting all the countries,” he said at the session on “Stronger Together: Addressing Food Security and Advancing Gender Equality” at the G7 Summit here.

The Ukraine crisis dominated the agenda at the June 26-28 G7 summit, and figured in bilateral discussions PM Modi had with some G7 leaders. Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra placed India’s nuanced position on Ukraine in perspective. The prime minister very strongly put forward his view on the knockdown effect of the Russia-Ukraine conflict,” he said at the media briefing at Kempinsky hotel.

Indicating that India will not cut down oil imports from Russia just to please the international community, PM Modi explained that “India would continue to do what it thinks is best in the interest of our own energy security when it comes to the question of global oil trade,” said India’s top diplomat. PM Modi made a valuable contribution to the G7 discourse on global food security by stressing India’s efforts to ensure the food security situation of the vulnerable economies.

India’s position on the polarising Ukraine crisis, grounded in its strategic autonomy, has earned appreciation from G7 leaders. “I think our position which the Prime Minister articulated during the G7 Summit was well understood. I would even say it was appreciated by his counterpart leaders from other countries,” Mr Kwatra said.

Enhancing multilateral coordination to combat corrosive effects of climate change featured prominently in G7 discussions. While

German President Olaf Scholz raised the bar and pushed hard for a climate club of green-minded nations, Prime Minister Narendra Modi showcased India as a model for developing countries for taking decisive action to curb climate change. Blaming the rich world for the current global crisis, Mr Modi exhorted rich countries to support India’s climate mitigation efforts and called for expanding the constituency of Triple-P pro-planet people. Alluding to the launch of the Global Initiative for LiFE (Lifestyle for the Environment) campaign last year, the Indian leader stressed that “the goal of this campaign is to encourage an eco-friendly lifestyle.” “We can call the followers of this movement Triple-P i.e. ‘pro planet people’, and we should all take the responsibility of increasing the number of Triple-P people in our own countries. This will be our greatest contribution to the coming generations.”

With the world leaders listening in, PM Modi highlighted a host of pioneering steps taken by India for green growth like achieving the target of 10 per cent ethanol blending in petrol five months before the deadline and the target of 40 percent energy-capacity from non-fossil sources 9 years before time.”

In the two days PM Modi spent in Munich, PM Modi, besides speaking at G7 sessions, held a string of bilateral meetings with the leaders of Germany, Argentina, Canada, Indonesia, South Africa and the president of the European Commission. Camaraderie, conviviality and comfort marked PM Modi’s interactions with world leaders.The enthusiasm and back-slapping with which he was greeted by world leaders showcased Modi’s rising stature as an international statesman who is consistently shaping the global agenda by aligning national goals with international obligations of India. US President Joe Biden walking up to meet PM Modi just as the latter was cosseted with Canadian PM Justin Trudeau is one of the more captivating photos to emerge from the G7 summit this year.

The overarching message that emanated from the latest edition of the G7 summit is the growing recognition of India’s indispensability to addressing cross-cutting issues ranging from climate change and pandemic control to food and energy security. India is looked upon as a solution provider and part of any sustained effort to solve the challenges which are currently being faced by the world,” said Foreign Secretary Kwatra.

(Manish Chand is CEO-Editor-in-Chief, India Writes Network, and India and The World magazine. He is Director, Centre for Global Insights India, a think tank focused on global affairs. He is in Munich to report on and analyse G7 summit.

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Maharashtra wants Fadnavis-led BJP govt: Poll

With uncertainty still looming over Maharashtra political crisis, The Daily Guardian Review (TDGR) on Tuesday conducted a massive poll, bringing the voice of the people of Maharashtra to the forefront.

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As per the TDGR poll, the people of Maharashtra want an alliance of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and Shiv Sena to come to power, with Devendra Fadnavis as the chief minister. The majority of the respondents stated that Uddhav Thackeray went against Hindutva ideology and that is the main reason for the rebellion within Shiv Sena. In the wake of the rebellion, it is the Eknath Shinde camp that actually controls Shiv Sena, as per the respondents. At the same time, the respondents were divided over how should a decision be arrived at on questions raised over the majority status of the MVA government.

When asked which party would they like to see form a government in Maharashtra, the majority of the respondents (42.19%) said that they would like to see an alliance of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and Shiv Sena come to power. 32.15% respondents voted in favour of the BJP, 17.23% were in favour of an alliance between the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)BJP and only 8.42% voted for Congress-NCP-Shiv Sena alliance.

Devendra Fadnavis emerged as the most preferred choice for the post of the chief minister of Maharashtra with 35.20% of respondents voting in favour of him. 23.58% of the respondents wanted Uddhav Thackeray to retain the chief minister’s seat. Eknath Shinde might claim the support of a majority number of MLAs, but only 19.20% respondents want to see him become the chief minister of Maharashtra. 16.62% respondents voted in support of Supriya Sule, whereas only 5.41% respondents voted in favour of Raj Thackeray.

34.70% respondents believe Uddhav Thackeray went against Hindutva Ideology and that is the main reason for the rebellion within Shiv Sena. 30.22% respondents said that Uddhav shut doors of CM house for MLAs and public. 20.48% respondents attributed Sharad Pawar’s overarching role in running MVA government behind the Shiv Sena rebellion. Giving Aaditya Thackeray number 2 position in MVA government (8.04%) and Sanjay Raut’s instigating remarks and statements (6.57%) were not substantial reasons for the rebellion, according to the respondents.

Two-third of the respondents (34.08%) stated that Eknath Shinde›s camp is controlling Shiv Sena in the wake of his rebellion against the party. About 26.51% respondents said they couldn’t say who controls Shiv Sena, whereas 24.03% respondents said that Thackeray family controls the party. Only 15.38% respondents said Sanjay Raut controls the party.

The respondents were divided over how should a decision be arrived at on questions raised over the majority status of MVA government. 27.74% respondents said rebel MLAs should be paraded in front of the governor, 26.74% respondents said the speaker must decide, 24.73% suggested a floor test in the legislative assembly and 20.79% respondents said the Supreme Court must decide the fate of the Maharashtra government.

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