An United Nations fact-finding body has found evidence of a “widespread and systematic” attack on civilians in Myanmar in the wake of the military coup in February, which it said amounts to crimes against humanity.
Nicholas Koumjian, head of a fact-finding body established by the UN Human Rights Council on Friday briefed journalists on its work to collect, preserve and analyze evidence of the most serious international crimes committed in the country. The mechanism was created two years ago and prepares files that can facilitate criminal prosecutions in national, regional and international tribunals, UN News reported.
While its mandate covers the period from 2011, “our work has faced new challenges and opportunities due to the military coup and the subsequent events that have occurred,” said Koumjian. “We announced soon after the coup that the coup itself is not within our mandate. Issues of constitutionality, of change of leadership, of elections, is not a serious international crime within our mandate,” he said, speaking in New York. “However, being aware of the history of political violence in Myanmar, we were concerned, and we would be watching and collecting evidence if such crimes occur.”
The mechanism has received more than 200,000 communications since the coup, and has collected more than 1.5 million items of evidence, such as photographs, videos, testimonies and social media posts, UN News reported.
“We do feel now having observed the events and collected preliminary evidence that the facts show a widespread and systematic attack on the civilian population amounting to crimes against humanity,” Koumjian said.
He added the mechanism noted certain patterns in the violence, which is how it determined the crimes appeared to be a widespread and systemic attack on civilians, given that members had no access to Myanmar.
Koumjian reported that during the first six weeks of the coup, security forces took a “measured response” towards demonstrations. However, later there was an “uptick in violence”, with more violent methods used to suppress protestors, and which was taking place in different areas at the same time, “indicating to us it would be logical to conclude this was from a central policy.”
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Barber Salary in Alabama
Becoming a barber can be a rewarding profession if you have a passion. In general, becoming a hairdresser is not difficult. However, Alabama requires a license and there are minimum educational requirements. To work here, you must, first of all, recognize the living aspects of the state and its specifications.
When choosing a lifelong profession, you should also consider how much money you’ll be making. Barbers may earn as much as they want. The best thing about barbering is that you can always choose to be your own boss. Of course, you should work hard and practice a lot to achieve your goals. As soon as you become a professional, you’ll have more freedom over where and how long you work. Moreover, you can start your own business and enjoy life as it is.
You must look through the state requirements before beginning a career as a hairdresser. First of all, Alabama requires a license, so make sure you have it. After you have been licensed your next step would be finding a job. As the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) states the mean hourly wage of hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists was $16.04 as of May 2021.
However, the barber industry is still expanding. The average annual salary for a barber here now varies from $36,986 to $43,513. It has increased compared with last year. In comparison to Hawaii, where the hourly wage is $14.65, Alabama has a promising career with hourly rates beginning at $19.22.
However, you should consider the fact that barbers may receive tips from customers for providing excellent service. Moreover, their schedule may be very flexible which allows them to work on the weekends. If you have your own salon, you may work long hours too.
To operate legally, all barbers must have an Alabama Barber License, which is a state requirement. However, the license is also a level up in rank and an opportunity to make more money. Most individuals choose licensed hairdressers or barber services over regular ones. And if you can offer high-quality work along with the proof of your skills, you can rock the field.
First and foremost, you must complete certain internships after receiving your license before you can begin working. You can later start working as a student barber in a barbershop.
Most organizations, in general, require you to finish a state-approved course to gain qualifications, either at a college or, if they have one, at their own training school.
If you meet these requirements, you are invited to search Google for a suitable opportunity. Simply fill out an application and wait for the results. Don’t be afraid of failure; instead, make the most of each interview and application.
Barbers are paid differently depending on the location, state’s minimum wages, continuing education, and skills. In terms of barber salary, Alabama ranks number 28 out of 50 states.
The top 5 cities in AL with the highest hairdresser annual salaries are:
- Mobile $41,455
- Hoover $40,769
- Huntsville $39,986
- Birmingham $39,852
- Florence $39,432
Alabama is considered to be a wonderful place to live in. About 5,000,000 people live in the state and that number is growing year by year. For the first quarter of 2022, it had the 4th lowest cost of living in the U.S. Mississippi is the only other state in the southeastern region with a lower rate. According to the statistic released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the average cost of living in Alabama for an individual is around $35,859 per year. Various expenses are included when deciding the latter, including:
- Housing and utilities
- Health and childcare
- Miscellaneous expenses
Alabama is pretty affordable compared with the rest of the states. Unfortunately, it has one of the highest poverty rates with 780,000 people living at or below the poverty line.
To sum up, traveling to this amazing region doesn’t cost anything. However, you’ll admire beautiful landscapes and enjoy sandy beaches. What about working here? You can simply level up and raise your income while saving money on a truly reasonable cost of living.
Afghans dying from lack of medicine
Collapsing healthcare system harmful, mainly for women
“We just buried Mom. Can you believe it? She was too young to die. I can’t take her place for my younger siblings.”
These are the painful words of my 17-year-old cousin, Sima, who had just lost her mother a few hours before we spoke. My Aunt Bibi was only 40 years old. She lived in Ghazni province in southeastern Afghanistan. She died from uterine bleeding caused by an infection. The doctors in Ghazni’s provincial hospital told her they didn’t have the medicine or facilities to treat her, and she should go to Kabul or abroad. She couldn’t do either.
Gul Ahmad, who lives in Ghor province and whose 5-year-old son died from diarrhea last week, had a similar story: “The doctors told me that they were out of medicine, and I must take my son to a larger clinic.” He didn’t have the money to take his son to another clinic, and the child died.
Afghanistan is in the grips of one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world. More than 24.4 million people will need humanitarian health aid in 2022, roughly two-thirds of the population. Earlier this year, the World Health Organization (WHO) warned that Afghanistan’s health system was on the brink of collapse. Afghanistan’s banking crisis and loss of funding have meant that most healthcare workers have not been paid for months, and clinics and hospitals are running seriously short of essential medicines and supplies.
The country is facing multiple outbreaks of disease, including Covid-19, measles, and diarrhea, as well as acute malnutrition. As many Afghans fall deeper into poverty, the lines outside healthcare facilities are growing. “People come to our clinics, they bring their malnourished children, and we don’t have enough medicine,” a healthcare worker in Bamiyan told me. “Every week I witness three or four kids dying of malnutrition, a preventable death.”
Tragically, my Aunt Bibi won’t be the last to die a needless and preventable death, one avoided through access to essential, basic healthcare services. While pressing the Taliban authorities to end human rights violations, donors also need to address the economic crisis that is killing Afghans every day. They need to take urgent steps to allow the Afghan economy to function and rebuild Afghanistan’s fragile healthcare system.
The author is a researcher, Asia Division of Human Rights Watch
PRESIDENT MACRON CONCURS WITH PM MODI ON NEED FOR TALKS TO END UKRAINE WAR
French President and PM Modi call for an end to suffering of civilians; Paris reiterates commitment to enhance strategic cooperation with New Delhi to deal with Indo-Pacific challenges.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in the last leg of his three-nation Europe tour, met French President Emmanuel Macron on Wednesday (local time) in Paris. The meeting between “two friends” saw exchange of views on various issues that ranged from Indo-Pacific to Ukraine, Afghanistan, trade and defence cooperation. While reiterating strong condemnation of “the unlawful and unprovoked” aggression against Ukraine by Russian forces, President Macron concurred with PM Modi on the need for Russia and Ukraine to promote dialogue and diplomacy to find an immediate end to the suffering of the people. President Macron and PM Modi expressed serious concerns at the ongoing conflict and humanitarian crisis resulting from the conflict in Ukraine. PM Modi, who was on a trip to Germany and Denmark, made a brief stopover to meet Macron in Paris on his way back to New Delhi.
Sources told The Daily Guardian that PM Modi pointed out that the focus should be on an immediate ceasefire and on promoting direct talks between the Presidents of the countries in conflict. PM Modi, according to sources, suggested to Macron that “this is the only way to end human suffering and stop civilian deaths in Ukraine.” Sources told The Daily Guardian that the Indo-Pacific strategy was discussed elaborately between the two leaders in the context of the growing Chinese challenges in the region. Macron and the PM stressed the need to check any forces (Beijing) which are involved in activities in violation of the relevant laws, sources added.
“We discussed different ongoing international crises as well as our strategic partnership. We also talked about food security issues and farm initiatives in which India will play a key role,” said French President Emmanuel Macron. The joint statement which was released after the bilateral talks said, “France reiterates its strong condemnation of the unlawful and unprovoked aggression against Ukraine by Russian Forces.”
But it also said, “India and
France expressed serious concern at the ongoing conflict and humanitarian crisis in Ukraine. They unequivocally condemned civilian deaths in Ukraine and called for an immediate cessation of hostilities to bring parties together to promote dialogue and diplomacy to find an immediate end to the suffering of the people. Both countries underlined the need to respect the UN Charter, international law and the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states. The two leaders discussed the regional and global implications of the conflict in Ukraine and agreed to intensify coordination on the issue.”
The Joint Statement further said that India and France express “deep concern about the current aggravation of global food security and nutrition, already impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic, and especially in developing countries They are committed to enabling a coordinated, multilateral response to address the risk of aggravated food crisis because of the conflict in Ukraine, including through initiatives such as the Food and Agriculture Resilience Mission (FARM), which aims at ensuring well-functioning markets, solidarity and long-term resilience”.
On the Indo-Pacific, the joint statement said that India and France have “built one of the premier strategic partnerships for advancing peace, stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region. They share a vision of a free, open and rules-based Indo-Pacific region, based on the commitment to international law, respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, freedom of navigation and a region free from coercion, tensions and conflicts.” It added that the Indo-France Indo-Pacific partnership encompasses defence and security, trade, investment, connectivity, health, and sustainability. Besides bilateral cooperation, India and France will continue to develop new partnerships in various formats with like-minded countries in the region and within regional organisations, it said. India and France also reaffirmed their commitment to deepen India-EU Strategic Partnership.
PM Modi and President Macron also discussed the situation in Afghanistan, expressing serious concern on the humanitarian situation and violation of human rights there. “India and France reiterated strong support for a peaceful, secure and stable Afghanistan, emphasizing respect for its sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity and non-interference in its internal affairs. They called for an inclusive and representative government, and respect for the rights of women, children and minorities. They also reaffirmed the UNSC Resolution 2593 (2021) and emphasised on zero tolerance for the use of Afghan territory for spreading terrorism in other parts of the world, and agreed to work together in this regard, including at the UN Security Council.”
On defence cooperation, the joint statement said, “New Delhi and Paris welcomed the ongoing intense cooperation across all defence domains. Joint exercises (Shakti, Varuna, Pegase, Desert Knight, Garuda) illustrate efforts towards better integration and interoperability wherever possible. Meanwhile, maritime cooperation between India and France has reached new levels of trust and will continue through exercises, exchanges and joint endeavours throughout the Indian Ocean.”
India and France underscored that the “long-standing armament cooperation is testimony to the mutual trust between the two sides. The six Scorpene submarines built at MDL in Mumbai illustrate the level of transfer of technology from France to India, in line with the Make in India initiative.”
“As seen in the timely delivery of the Rafale despite the pandemic, the two sides enjoy synergy in the field of defence. Taking forward this momentum, and based on their mutual trust, both sides agreed to find creative ways for France’s deeper involvement in the ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ (Self-reliant India) efforts in advanced defence technology, manufacturing and exports, including through encouraging increased industry to industry partnerships,”, the joint statement said.
India proposes Naveen Srivastava as new ambassador to Nepal
India has formally proposed Naveen Srivastava as its new ambassador to Nepal ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the Himalayan nation in mid-May.
According to diplomatic sources in Kathmandu, the Nepalese government has already received the agreemo (the document formally seeking Nepal’s concurrence for the posting of Srivastava) from India and is expediting the process to clear it soon so that the new ambassador can assume his office in Kathmandu before the visit of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Nepal on May 16, which marks Buddha Jayanti.
Srivastava is going to succeed Vinaya Mohan Kwarta, who has already assumed office as the foreign secretary of India. Srivastava presently heads the division in the ministry of External Affairs dealing with China, North Korea, South Korea, Japan and Mongolia. He has also served in China as the consul general in Shanghai and given Chinese efforts to widen its strategic influence in Nepal to counter India, Srivastava had the much-needed experience to deal with Beijing.
Both Kathmandu and New Delhi are yet to make a formal announcement of the visit but as per Nepalese media reports the visit of India’s Prime Minister to Nepal is expected to be brief. He will participate in ceremonies at Maya Devi Temple, an ancient shrine at the UNESCO world heritage site of Lumbini and is likely to fly back to New Delhi after attending the event.
This will be India’s Prime Minister’s first visit to the Himalayan Nation during his second term, and also the first since travel was disrupted by the Covid-19 pandemic. Narendra Modi visited Nepal four times during his first term between 2014-19. Both India and Nepal are working hard to repair the historical old age ties that were disrupted by several controversial decisions taken during the term of former Nepalese prime minister KP Sharma Oli. Oli’s government had published a new political map of Nepal in 2020 that included the Indian territories of Kalapani, Limpiyadhura and Lipulekh that triggered a row that lasted a while..
NINE CIVILIANS KILLED BY RUSSIAN FIRING IN UKRAINE’S DONETSK
Nine civilians were killed on Tuesday in the Donetsk area of Eastern Ukraine due to the continuous firing of Russian troops. As per the regional governor of Donetsk Pavlo Kyrylenko, the civilians have been killed in three separate incidents. Talking to the local media via Telegram app, the governor said, “three civilians died due to shelling in Vuhledar city in Donetsk area while three civilians were killed during an aerial strike in Avdiivka residential area, and three more were killed due to shelling in an area called Lyman in the region.”
The governor added that Russians are continuously targeting the civilian areas also during the fighting. The Ukrainian Presidential office has also confirmed that multiple locations in Donetsk are under constant fire from the Russian troops as Ukrainian officials are trying to evacuate citizens who are trapped in large numbers in the area.
Russia which had invaded Ukraine on the morning of February 24 after President Putin announced a “special military operation” to “demilitarise and denazify” Ukraine had changed its tactics in the last month and has launched a new offensive in eastern Ukraine targeting Luhansk and Donetsk areas while abandoning assault on the capital Kyiv at the end of March. The conflict had brought major losses for both sides with roughly five million Ukrainians having to flee the country and as per the World Bank, Ukraine’s economy is set to shrink by 50 per cent due to the war. Russia has also suffered major losses on the battlefield and is also facing international isolation as many western countries have imposed heavy sanctions on it.
MYANMAR JUNTA SENTENCES AUNG SAN SUU KYI TO 5 YEARS IN JAIL FOR CORRUPTION
Aung San Suu Kyi, the former state counsellor and civilian leader of Myanmar, was found guilty of corruption by a court and sentenced to five years in jail, as per local media reports. The nobel prize winner 76-year-old leader was accused by the military leadership of accepting a bribe of US$ 600,000 in cash and gold bars. There are 11 corruption cases against her in the country and it is the first case where she has been sentenced. The hearing of the court was kept confidential by the authorities and the lawyers appearing for Suu Kyi were not allowed to talk with the journalists on this matter.
She has previously been sentenced to six years for breaching Covid rules and incitement against the military establishment. The leader is under house arrest since the military came to power and will remain further till all the cases are decided by courts.
Myanmar is witnessing unrest and a civil-war-like situation since a military takeover of the country in February last year that had sparked nationwide protests which had been crushed by the military. As per multiple reports, the military takeover had resulted in violent protests, widespread anger, and the coming up of People’s Defense Forces (PDF) to fight against the military which had led to the killing of more than 1,700 people and over 13,000 people have been arrested as the security forces have tried to curb the protests in the country.
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