The impact of Covid-19 is being seen on patients’ lungs, heart and brain, even after recovery. This is raising questions about the risk of long-term health problems due to the infection. The elderly and those with serious medical conditions are most likely to experience lingering Covid-19 symptoms, but it can also happen to people of all ages.
A recent study by King’s College, London, using data from the Covid Symptom Study App and health science company ZOE, showed that 1 in 20 people with Covid-19 is likely to have symptoms for eight weeks or more. This study suggests that prolonged Covid-19 affects around 10% of people in the age group of 18-49 years who were unwell with the virus. “The Covid Symptom Study App has released key findings on long Covid-19 that show that older people, women and those with a greater number of different symptoms in the first week of their illness were more likely to develop long Covid-19. Around 1 in 7 had Covid-19 symptoms lasting for at least four weeks, with around 1 in 20 staying ill for eight weeks and 1 in 50 suffering for more than 12 weeks,” said Dr Claire Steves, a clinical academic at KCL and lead scientist at Covid Symptom Study App.
Dr Ravi Gupta, Cardiologist at Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Central, says, “Covid-19 survivors may face a range of problems. Patients with comorbidities like heart conditions or even diabetes should be extra cautious as it can give a tough time to your heart by increasing the risk of problems like angina, chest pain, heart attack, or even heart failure.”
Various studies also show the potential impact of Covid-19 on the neurons, putting those with neurological ailments at an elevated risk. Dr Jaideep Bansal, HOD- Consultant, Neurology at Saroj Super Specialty Hospital, Delhi says, “People with pre-existing conditions or undergoing treatment for epilepsy, Parkinson’s Disease, or those who have had a history of a stroke attack, may be highly vulnerable to elevated symptoms like seizures, loss of steadiness, dizziness, impaired consciousness, cognitive impairment or even loss of smell and taste.” Dr Anil Ramakrishna, Head of Neurology at Columbia Asia Hospital Hebbal, Bengaluru, says, “The neurological complications post Covid-19 are strokes, where patients present with weakness of a hand or legs, and paralysis. This is because the coronavirus can cause damage to the blood vessel cells which can then activate the coagulation pathway and inflammation-causing blockage of the vessels and sometimes rupture the vessels causing a stroke.” He explains, “Some patients post Covid-19 can experience tingling, burning, pain in the hands and legs because of the damage to the nerve, which is called neuropathy. Few patients may also have post-viral encephalitis because of the infection or the inflammation of the brain cells, where patients present with irritability, behavioural issues, restlessness and sleep issues. Few patients may also develop seizures. After Covid, myelin, the covering of the brain and spinal cord, can also get damaged.”
“India is likely to witness a second wave of Covid-19 in the upcoming months. Lower winter temperatures and the rise in pollution levels caused by the burning of crop stubble in North India could lead to a rise in Covid-19 cases. Typically, asthma and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) infections are known to go up at this time of the year. People who have recovered from Covid-19 remain particularly susceptible as their lungs are still weak. Therefore, wearing masks and following social distancing norms are a must during this period and will not only help to avoid coronavirus but respiratory infections as well,” advises Dr Gurpreet Sandhu, president of Council for Healthcare and Pharma, a global think tank.
According to research, led by Xiao Wu and Rachel Nethery at the Harvard University T.H. Chan School of Public Health, an increase of just 1 microgram of particulate matter per cubic metre corresponded to a 15% increase in Covid-19 deaths. “Chronic exposure to air pollutants has been associated with lung ACE-2 over-expression which is known to be the main receptor for SARS-CoV-2. Air pollution may affect a person infected with Covid-19 as their lung functions could remain compromised for a while. A possible link between air pollution exposure and Covid-19 related deaths, no matter how small, should be an indication that air pollution needs to be urgently tackled,” opines Dr Yash Javeri, Head, Critical Care, Anesthesia & Emergency Medicine at Regency Super Specialty Hospital, Lucknow.
“With stubble burning in the northern plains, plus the winter setting in, the air quality has worsened considerably from low two digits to high three digits. It was around 30-40 in the days of the lockdown, but now, it is nearing 400. And with worsening air quality and increasing air pollution, the compromised lungs of post-Covid patients are even more susceptible to infectious diseases such as pneumonia, superadded bacterial and viral infections. So, we need to be very careful,” says Dr Shuchin Bajaj, a volunteer doctor at StepOne, the telemedicine platform that is helping Covid-19 patients with the state governments.
In winter, in addition to outdoor pollution caused by industries, cars and stubble burning, we also have increased indoor pollution, be it through incense sticks, mosquito coils or other items. Closed doors and windows in winter also lead to indoor pollution rising significantly. Dr Shuchin Bajaj asserts that we need to be very careful and take care of our lungs, throat and respiratory system in the days to come. Moreover, weakened lungs after Covid recovery coupled with high pollution can leave a person susceptible to re-infection by the coronavirus too.
“Anxiety is frequently being seen in patients recovering from Covid-19. The unpredictable nature of the illness and the diverse nature of complications can also be a source of constant rumination and worry for Covid survivors. Major psychiatric disorders such as depression and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) may also get precipitated due to the stress associated with the diagnosis, the unfamiliar experience during admission and the treatment process,” says Dr Kedar Tilwe, Psychiatrist at Fortis Mulund & Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi. Showing support, helping them overcome negative thoughts by letting them vent, relaxation exercises and mindfulness practices are some of the ways in which loved ones can help Covid patients. If needed, the help of mental health professionals should be sought.
SYMPTOMS CORONAVIRUS SURVIVORS SHOULDN’T IGNORE
• Fever, cold, throat pain, body ache, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of smell, loss of taste, allergic rash, breathing difficulty, leg pain, backache, feeling unwell, headache, giddiness, loss of appetite, tingling in hands and feet, a stroke-like presentation which can mimic a heart attack, difficulty to walk or limb weakness, intermittent fever, chest tightness, blood in sputum, bluish toes and fingers. If one notices these symptoms, they must not ignore them and immediately consult a doctor.
• Neglecting any of these symptoms can be risky. Also, make sure that one takes all the medications prescribed by the doctor and goes for regular follow-ups post Covid. Self-medication is a strict no-no.
• Covid-19 creates havoc on one’s health and constant monitoring is needed to minimise its impacts, because they can range from being moderate to severe and land a person in the hospital.
• It is a known fact that though coronavirus is a respiratory illness, it can also have a negative impact on other body parts.
• Eating a well-balanced diet and exercising daily is important. It is advisable to stick to a healthy lifestyle and follow the Covid-19 protocol: washing hands properly, maintaining six feet distance, and using a handkerchief while coughing and sneezing.
—By Dr Manjusha Agarwal, Internal Medicine Specialist at Global Hospital Mumbai.
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Seven warning signs of brain tumour
The signs and symptoms of brain tumour are diverse and may vary from mild to major red flag signs.
Change in the pattern of headaches, constant sensation of vomiting, blurred vision can be the warning sign of a brain tumor which cannot be ignored. Brain tumour is a cluster of abnormal cells that arises from the nervous tissues of the brain. It is the irregular proliferation of cells creating a tumour. Brain tumours can either be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly.
Common types of non-cancerous tumours are pituitary adenoma, meningioma, acoustic neuroma. The cancerous tumours are gliomas, ependymomas, medulloblastomas, metastasis from cancers of different body parts, etc.
The signs and symptoms of brain tumour are diverse and may vary from mild to major red flag signs. Not all the signs or symptoms are present in all patients. The symptoms mainly depend on the location of the tumour in the brain. The most common warning signs of brain tumours are as follows. Majority of the tumours presents with a mix of these signs & symptoms.
1. SEIZURES / CONVULSIONS
A brain tumour may cause the neurons to fire uncontrollably leading to abnormal body movements. The seizure may be focal, involving one area of the body or it may be generalized involving the whole body. This usually happens when the tumour involves parietal lobe of brain, which controls motor function of the body.
2. IMBALANCE / GIDDINESS
Loss of balance and clumsiness in fine movements are linked with tumours of the cerebellum. The cerebellum commonly known as small brain which is behind the head and just above the neck area controls the balance of the body. So, a tumour in this location leads to vertigo, giddiness, or imbalance. Sometimes a person tends to sway towards one side while walking and feels like falling.
3. VISUAL DISTURBANCES OR HEARING LOSS
Blurred vision, double vision, partial or complete loss of vision can be signs of a brain tumour if it is in occipital lobe, temporal lobe, brain stem or near pituitary gland. The tumours may lead to pressure on optic pathways leading to visual disturbances. Pituitary adenoma and optic nerve meningiomas are most common tumours leading to visual disturbances. Acoustic neuromas are tumours located in nerve of ear, which leads to hearing loss or some whistle like noise in ear (tinnitus).
4. MEMORY LOSS OR PERSONALITY CHANGES
Tumours in the frontal or temporal lobe may lead to forgetfulness, changes in behaviour, confusion, changes in judgement and changes in speech. People tend to become agitated without any reason or may tend to become inactive in some situations. Usually, the recent memory loss is a common symptom in such tumours.
5. NAUSEA/ VOMITING
Nausea and vomiting may be a symptom of simple gastric disturbance but if it is persistent in nature and associated with projectile vomiting, it may signal an underlying brain problem. This usually happens because of edema in surrounding brain due to tumour.
6. WEAKNESS IN ARMS AND LEGS (PARALYSIS)
Altered perception of touch, pressure, weakness, or decreased movements of limbs on one side are signs of a tumour located in frontal or parietal lobe. Many times, patients just feels that his or her handwriting has changed, or the signature has changed because of weakness in hands. Difficulty in swallowing and facial weakness is a sign of brain stem tumours.
Headache may be experienced around the tumour area. Unlike the usual headache, it is persistent for more than few days and associated commonly with nausea, vomiting or other signs. The swelling near the tumour area leads to pressure on surrounding tissues and it leads to headache. It may be severe and experienced more in early morning. The headache usually happens in many other conditions also, so only headache may not be the symptom in many brain tumours.
The treatment depends on the type, size, location of the tumour and the general health of the patient. Malignant tumours are usually treated with a surgery. Some tumours multiply rapidly while some tumours grow very slowly. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. If you see any of the signs and symptoms mentioned immediately consult a doctor for further evaluation and treatment.
The authors are radiation oncologist, Department of Radiation Oncology, HCG Cancer Centre Ahmedabad.
PRECAUTIONS AND AFTER-CARE POST COVID VACCINATION FOR 15-18 YEARS
WHO and regulatory authorities will continuously monitor the use of Covid -19 vaccines to identify and respond to any safety issues that might arise.
Covid vaccine in children is very safe. Approved by Govt of India for children between 15-18 years of age. There are strict precautions in place to ensure the safety of all Covid vaccines. Before receiving validation from WHO and national regulatory agencies for emergency use, Covid -19 vaccines must undergo rigorous testing in clinical trials to prove that they meet internationally agreed benchmark for safety and efficacy. As with all vaccines, WHO and regulatory authorities will continuously monitor the use of Covid -19 vaccines to identify and respond to any safety issues that might arise. Need few precautions before giving Covid vaccine. Covid -19 vaccine and other vaccines should be separated by an interval of at least 14 days. Second dose should also be of the same Covid -19 vaccines which was administered as the first dose. Interchangeability of Covid -19 vaccines is not allowed. Persons who developed allergic reactions to a previous dose of vaccine should not receive the second dose. Persons who have active Covid infection, vaccination should defer till 4-8 weeks after recovery. Vaccine should be administered with caution in persons with history of bleeding disorder. It is recommended that both doses of vaccine should be taken for full benefit of vaccination.
Like any vaccine, some people will experience mild to moderate pain on the injection site, muscle pain, headache. These are the signs that the body’s immune system is responding to vaccine and gearing up against the virus. Sometimes mild to moderate fever with or without chill. These symptoms disappear own its own in few days without any treatment.
Following are the reported side effect of Covid -19 vaccine
• Muscle pain
• Pain at the injection site
If high temperature lasts longer than 2 days, a new continuous cough developed, should suspect to have Covid -19 infection. And infection not from the Covid -19 vaccine, may have caught it just before or after vaccination.
The Author is a Paediatrician
CAN AIR POLLUTION CAUSE IRREGULAR HEARTBEATS?
Depleting air quality is a significant threat to our body, it may cause severe and potentially fatal symptoms and complications.
Air pollution can cause harm to the cardiovascular and respiratory systems due to its effect on inflammation in the heart and throughout the body. For people with existing heart problems, exposure to high levels of air pollution can trigger irregular heartbeats that may lead to cardiac disease like irregular heartbeats, heart attacks, strokes, and heart failures. Incidences of heart diseases like arrhythmia are increasing among the general population across younger age groups. Also, for people with a medical condition called heart failure, air pollution can further reduce the ability of the heart to pump blood the way it should.
Air pollution can cause various diseasesPollutants released from industries are very harmfulAir pollution could increase risk of heart disease
Let us dive deeper to know more about heart rhythm disorders.
UNDERSTANDING HEART RHYTHM DISORDERS
Heart rhythm disorders can be termed arrhythmia or Atrial Fibrillation (irregular heartbeats), which occurs when there is a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. It mainly occurs when the electrical signals that coordinate heartbeats are not working correctly. An irregular heartbeat may feel like a racing heart or fluttering. A person’s heart can beat too fast, too slowly, or with an irregular rhythm during an arrhythmia. When a heart beats too fast, the condition is called tachycardia. When a heart beats too slowly, the situation is called bradycardia. However, many heart arrhythmias are harmless. You may feel faint or dizzy or have difficulty breathing. But, in case if they are highly irregular or result from a weak or damaged heart, then it may cause severe and potentially fatal symptoms and complications.
If an arrhythmia is left untreated, the heart may not pump enough blood to the body. This can damage the heart, the brain, or other organs.
Arrhythmia mainly occurs during old age as the heart gets weak, but cases have been rising among the younger population in recent years.
HOW DOES AIR POLLUTION AFFECT YOUR HEART RATE?
Depleting air quality is a significant threat to our body, PM 2.5, PM 10, and nitrogen-di-oxide released due to traffic pollution, burning of firewood, smoking, industrial pollution, etc. can cause heart palpitations (irregular heartbeats) as plaque can build up in the arteries through which nutrients, blood, and oxygen are supplied to various parts of the body. In addition, these pollutants can travel up the bloodstream, which can, in turn, narrow your arteries and weaken your muscles, making you prone to heart attacks.
Other parts of the body like your lungs, brain, and skin can also be affected in the long run.
SYMPTOMS CAUSED BY AIR POLLUTION ON YOUR HEART
When a person suffers from Arrhythmia caused by air pollution, they can experience a series of symptoms, including abnormal heartbeats (slower or faster than the regular BPM), breathlessness, fatigue, anxiety, sweating, dizziness, and chest pain.
Since air pollution can also affect your lungs, symptoms like shortness of breath, headaches, allergic fevers, and asthma also trigger pre-existing medical conditions. In addition, daily exposure to high levels of pollution can increase the aging of your lungs and heart, leading to death at an early stage.
HOW CAN YOU BEAT AIR POLLUTION AND WHEN TO SEEK A CARDIOLOGIST?
When the above symptoms worsen, for instance, increased breathlessness, sudden palpitations caused by irregular heart rhythm, raging chest pains, or a heart attack, it is advisable to visit a cardiologist for immediate consultation and ensure timely treatment.
Appropriate lifestyle style changes should be made to avoid suffering from heart conditions; it is essential to realize that one should avoid smoking, indulging in excess alcohol, having a heart-healthy diet that contributes to strengthening your heart, maintaining a physically active routine by exercising, and also managing your stress; these steps can help in effectively managing your heart health.
The author is the Director and Head of Cardiology at FHVK
Skincare tips for new mothers and their babies
Motherhood is a blissful period in the life of every woman, however, being a mother we are so focused on the child that our needs tend to take a backseat. While post-pregnancy looks and changes in skin texture is not a bad thing, however, not taking care of your skin may result in a variety of changes such as melasma, acne, stretch marks, and puffy eyes.
At the same time, it is also important to look after baby skincare needs as their skin is sensitive and gets exposed to harsh environments such as pollution, chemicals.
Here, we bring top skincare tips for new moms to get glowing skin post-pregnancy.
It always pays to be organised, to begin with, keep all your skincare needs in one place as it helps to better take care of yourself rather than wasting time looking for essential things. Make optimum use of your ‘Me time’ and manage it properly to pamper your needs.
HAVE A ROUTINE
• Our skin undergoes a renewal cycle by dispensing toxins and debris as we sleep, so it is important to cleanse your skin thoroughly with a face wash suitable for your skin type before you hit the bed.
• Steaming is another important step of your skincare routine, take steam for two to three days a week as it will help to open up your clogged pores.
• Facial scrub removes the dead skin and helps make your skin softer and radiant. Scrub your face for five minutes and wash it with tap water.
• A toner forms a vital part of skincare for new moms. Look for toners that help to maintain the pH value of your skin.
• Moisturising your face is the last step to give hydration
Baby products being mild in nature are ideal for new mothers as well. They are created in such a way as to lock moisture in the baby’s skin, so new moms can use them as well. Every time you use body oil, lotion or cream for your baby, you can apply some on your skin as well, this way you do not need to dedicate extra time every day for your skincare needs.
All said about skincare routine for new moms, we cannot ignore skincare needs of newborns as well. Their skin being sensitive needs to be protected from the harsh environment—pollution, high temperature etc. here we bring some simple and easy tips to help you with the skincare needs of your young one.
Babies need to bathe only two to three times a week with warm and not hot water to stay clean. Their skin being soft and sensitive may be ripped-off of essential oils and nourishment with a regular bath.
REGULAR BODY MASSAGE
Regular massage with coconut, olive or almond oil hydrates the skin and helps in a good blood flow which finally results in glowing skin. Moreover, slightly heating the oil before the massage has therapeutic benefits on the skin.
PROTECT FROM THE HARMFUL RAYS OF THE SUN
While early morning rays of the sun work wonders for your baby, direct exposure to sun rays in the later hours can irritate the skin. Therefore, if you happen to venture out with your young one during the day, make sure to cover the baby adequately to prevent the sun from directly hitting the skin.
DIAPER BASICS UNEARTHED
It is important to get the diaper basics right or else it may end up in diaper rashes and harm your baby’s sensitive skin around the area of use. Make sure to change the diaper at regular intervals and as and when it gets spoiled, cleaning tenderly however completely each time with child wipes. While several myths surround the use of diapers such as rashes and irritation of the skin, nevertheless, it is not due to the diaper itself but due to lack of attention and knowledge about proper usage of diapers.
PROPER AWARENESS OF BABY PRODUCTS
Do not forget to read the product label before you purchase your baby’s products. It is best to avoid chemical and alcohol-based products and instead use products made explicitly for infants. Baby’s skin is very delicate and needs optimum care, a single mistake here-and-there could make things worse.
While you work hard to take optimum care of your newborn, still you may come across rashes, skin-peeling, acne or flea-bite like marks on the baby’s skin. Some of these are quite normal and would fade away quickly as they come. If they take time to go away, consult your doctor as it might take a toll on a newborn’s sensitive skin.
The writer is a Plastic and Cosmetic Surgeon, Jupiter Hospital, Pune.
WHY CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING IS MUST
Cervical cancer is a disease that originates in the cells lining the cervix. It can expand to various parts of the body. Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women between 20 and 35 years old. It develops from the cells of the cervix, which is at the lower part of the uterus (womb). Many women do not have symptoms early on and may not know they are at risk for cervical cancer until it’s too late. Regular Pap tests can find changes to cells before a woman notices anything wrong. Most cases happen among women who have not been regularly screened for cervical cancer.
SYMPTOMS OF CERVICAL CANCER
Cervical cancer often doesn’t cause symptoms until it’s in the late stages, so knowing your body and being aware of your health is important. To help fight cervical cancer, we aim to keep you informed with the latest news and research on this disease.
Regular cervical cancer indications are:
• Unusual bleeding, such as within periods, after sex, or after menopause
• Vaginal discharge that seems or smells unusual than normal
• Discomfort in the pelvis
• Requiring to pee more often
• Burning during urination
Cervical cancer was once one of the most well-known reasons for cancer death for women. The cervical cancer death rate declined significantly with the increased screening. (This screening method can find changes in the cervix before cancer forms. It can also find cervical cancer at an early stage− when it’s tiny and easy to cure.)
SCREENING INFORMATION FOR CERVICAL CANCER
Cervical cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer. It is preceded by premalignant cervical changes, which are slow-growing and often asymptomatic. Screening tests can detect the presence of these changes before they develop into invasive cancers. Evidence supports that both HPV DNA testing and Pap cytology (with or without HPV DNA testing) decrease mortality rates from cervical cancer by 20% to 55%.
The comprehensive aim of cervical cancer screening is to:
• Lessen the number of people who die from cancer, or entirely exclude deaths from the cancer
• Lessen the number of people, developing the cervical cancer
A Pap test and an HPV test work together to help prevent cervical cancer. The Pap test checks for cell changes in the cervix, while the HPV test checks for a virus that can lead to these changes. HPV is a virus that develops through sexual contact and can spread throughout the entire body. It also leads to cancer. If your screening tests are not under control, your doctor may do more tests, such as biopsy.
IMPORTANCE OF REGULAR SCREENING FOR CERVICAL CANCER
This article is about the importance of regular screening for cervical cancer. Pap test screening has lowered the death rate from cervical cancer by more than 50%. But it misses cases that develop into cervical cancer. So, now we are using a newer HPV test to find infections that may lead to cervical cancer.
• Early detection of cervical cancer may save your life
• A Pap test is an important part of a woman’s regular healthcare
• Early screening can find changes in the cervix before they turn into cancer
• Having a test every year is as important to your health as brushing your teeth, eating healthy and exercising regularly
Women who get the recommended screening tests for cervical cancer are more likely to find out if they have any abnormal cells in their cervix before they turn into cervical cancers. If a woman finds out she has abnormal cells, she can take steps to get them removed so that she doesn’t develop cervical cancer.
The writer is Director, Lifeline Laboratory.
5 LIFESTYLE CHANGES TO MANAGE YOUR WEIGHT
It is never too late to begin your journey towards good health and weight loss. But stop depending on any kinds of shortcut methods or fad diets, instead proceed in your weight loss journey in a scientific and planned way.
Did you know one of the most searched queries on weight loss over the internet is—‘How to lose weight fast?’ There are numerous ways described to help one get the answer. But despite the knowledge and the widely available tips, India remains the third most obese country in the world (according to a 2014 report). So why do we fail to lose weight? Lack of motivation? Lack of knowledge? Or trying something that doesn’t really work?
The real reason is lack of proper knowledge and the wrong approach. You should take the right steps in reducing your weight and expanding waistline. Else the dangers could cost you your health and well-being.
WHY YOUR BODY WILL THANK YOU FOR LOSING WEIGHT
Obesity sets the stage for insulin resistance which happens prior to the onset of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Insulin basically works like a key to let the sugar get into cells where it is needed. If it doesn’t function properly, sugar levels increase in the blood leading to prediabetes and diabetes.
Incidentally, insulin resistance also leads to obesity. Controlling one factor can considerably lessen the risk of the other and reduce the chances of developing related consequences.
Weight gain is known to compromise one’s heart health. Over time, fatty deposits on the arteries can increase the chances of heart attack, cholesterol levels and triglycerides.
Obesity increases the risk of developing sleep problems like sleep apnea. The fat deposits around the neck can momentarily stop breathing at night. Snoring is a common symptom of sleep apnea.
Obesity can lead to fatty liver, scarring the organ and leading to other related complications. Obesity is also considered to be a significant risk factor for various kinds of cancers.
There is a strong correlation between obesity and major depressive disorders. Also, discrimination based on body size has a significant effect on one’s mental well-being.
WHAT YOU CAN DO
It is never too late to begin your journey towards good health and weight loss. But stop depending on any kinds of shortcuts methods or fad diets, instead proceed in your weight loss journey in a more scientific and planned way. Here are a few things that you can do:
1. Understand what’s causing you to put on weight or not letting you lose weight easily: Remember every body type is different. Each of our metabolism is different and responds differently to food and exercise. While people are now aware of body composition analysis where they know their percentage of fat, muscle, etc., they still do not understand what’s increasing their fat percentage, especially the visceral fat.
One needs in-depth assessments in terms of their diet, fitness levels, stressors and sleep. All of these are factors that affect metabolism, insulin resistance, blood sugar levels can cause increased obesity.
2. Opt for a personalised approach to diet: Did you know that all healthy foods might not be good for you? Sometimes you might be eating healthy, in moderation, but your blood sugar levels say a different story. This is because everyone has a unique glycemic response to foods, which means how your blood sugars respond after having a certain food. For instance, two people will have different blood sugar readings after having the same food. This is why a personalised approach to diet is necessary to know. Our programs come with a CGMS device that painlessly monitors blood sugars for 14 days in response to food, activity, sleep patterns, and mood swings. It takes around 1300 such readings which are mapped with the food and activity of a person through specialised software. This helps to track and tweak diet and behaviour for better blood sugar control and weight loss.
Also, one needs to be attentive towards including micronutrients in the diet. Essential nutrients like calcium, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium, iron, potassium, sodium iodine and vitamins like Vitamin A, B, C, D, E, and K help in proper muscle development, build immunity, improve metabolism and energy expenditure and help you to lose weight. So balancing these micronutrients in the diet is crucial.
3. Upgrade to personalised fitness plans: Probably walking 10,000 steps a day is not what is going to work for you or just doing 30 minutes of Zumba. Sometimes you need a combination of exercises or a personalised plan to fight the fat war. Look for an expert who can help you.
4. Don’t neglect other aspects that affect it: Lack of sleep and weight gain have a strong link. Fewer hours of sleep in the night can increase the secretion of the hunger hormones (ghrelin) that make one eat more or trigger mindless emotional eating. It also slows down metabolism and increases glucose levels in the bloodstream.
When the body and mind are deprived of rest and rejuvenation, it takes a toll on one’s mental health, which can significantly derail one’s efforts in the weight loss journey. So it is advisable to have your eight hours of shut-eye and pay attention to your mental well-being to fight the flab.
5. Focus on long-term behaviour change: Don’t aim for completing 10,000 steps on the first day of your fitness journey, try walking for 30 minutes every day and be consistent with your routine. Gradually upgrade yourself from walking to jogging to weight training. Make small changes that are sustainable.
We know weight loss isn’t easy. It is a lonely journey that needs some exceptional commitment and self-discipline. Probably having a buddy in the form of a digital therapeutics or a DTx program can help. We have come up with a unique DTx weight management program, Reset23, which focuses on helping reduce weight and attain a healthy BMI below 23 while shrinking your waist circumference to a healthy measure.
The program offers detailed macro and micronutrient analysis through our wellness app to help coaches draft a diet chart and work on your nutritional deficits for personalised weight loss meal plans. A team of physiotherapists’ guides on exercise regimens to help lose weight as well as ensure stamina building and muscle strength with minimal risk of injury.
Proper psychological counselling is offered to help one make small behaviour changes that help stay on track with weight loss goals and make sustainable changes to adapt to a healthy lifestyle and keep the flab at bay. Proper stress and sleep management tips also help to bring in these positive lifestyle changes. Weight loss needs a 360-degree approach and that is what Reset23 promises.
The writer is Co-founder and CEO, Fitterfly.
Why do we fail to lose weight? The real reason is lack of proper knowledge and the wrong approach. You should take the right steps in reducing your weight and expanding waistline. Else the dangers could cost you your health and well-being.
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