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Use of antibiotics linked to reduced growth in boys: Study

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Washington [US], January 30 (ANI): Parents, take note! A new study has discovered that various physiological aspects of neonatal development in boys are affected due to exposure to antibiotics in the early few days of life.
The findings of the study were published in the journal ‘Nature Communications’. The study, led by Bar-Ilan University’s Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, revealed that antibiotic treatment within fourteen days of birth is associated with reduced weight and height in boys – but not girls — up to the age of six.
By contrast, the study showed significantly higher body mass index (BMI) in both boys and girls following antibiotic use after the neonatal period, and within the first six years of life. The findings may be the result of changes in the development of the gut microbiome.
The impact of antibiotic”>neonatal antibiotic exposure was investigated in a cohort of 12,422 children born between 2008-2010 at the Turku University Hospital in Turku, Finland. The babies had no genetic abnormalities or significant chronic disorders affecting growth and did not need long-term antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics had been administered within the first 14 days of life to 1,151 (9.3 per cent) of the neonates in the study.
The authors found that boys exposed to antibiotic treatment exhibited significantly lower weight as compared to non-exposed children throughout the first six years. They also exhibited significantly lower height and BMI between the ages of two and six. This observation was replicated in a German cohort.
Further, antibiotic exposure during the first days of life was found to be associated with disturbances in the gut microbiome up until the age of two. Infants exposed to antibiotic”>neonatal antibiotics exhibited significantly lower gut microbiome richness as compared to non-exposed infants at the age of one month.
Interestingly, at the age of six months, the infants treated with antibiotics reached the bacterial richness level of a control group of infants, and at the ages of 12 and 24 months, the antibiotic-treated subjects gained significantly higher levels of bacterial richness as compared to the control subjects.
In additional experiments led by PhD student Atara Uzan, the researchers demonstrated that germ-free male mice who were given the gut microbiome of antibiotic-exposed infants also displayed growth failure. These findings suggest a potential link between antibiotic”>neonatal antibiotic exposure and impaired childhood growth, which may be a result of alterations caused by antibiotics in the composition of the gut microbiome.
“Antibiotics are vitally important and life-saving medications in newborn infants. Our results suggest that their use may also have unwanted long-term consequences which need to be considered,” said Professor Omry Koren, of the Azrieli Faculty of Medicine of Bar-Ilan University, who led the study together with Professor Samuli Rautava, of the University of Turku and the University of Helsinki.
Follow up research will aim to investigate other potential adverse outcomes related to antibiotic”>neonatal antibiotic exposure. (ANI)

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Kangana Ranaut wraps up Mumbai schedule of ‘Tejas’

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New Delhi [India], March 6 (ANI): Bollywood actor Kangana Ranaut, who was busy shooting for her upcoming outing ‘Tejas’, recently revealed that she has completed the Mumbai schedule of the film. Kangana also shared that she will be moving on to shoot other portions of the movie in Delhi and Rajasthan.
The actor took to Twitter on Friday to share some behind-the-scenes pictures from the shoot of the forthcoming film. An elated Kangana tweeted, “Successfully completed #Tejas mumbai schedule now heading to Delhi and Rajasthan soon for upcoming schedules… Thank you everyone for your love and blessings.”

Kangana will be seen playing an air force pilot in the movie, which has been written and directed by Sarvesh Mewara. The film is being bankrolled by RSVP Movies, the production house that had also produced the blockbuster military drama ‘Uri: The Surgical Strike’.
The Indian Air Force was the first of the country’s defence forces to induct women into combat roles in 2016. The film takes inspiration from this landmark event.
The ‘Panga’ actor who feels honoured to play the character of a fighter pilot had earlier stated, “Very often the sacrifices made by our brave women in uniform go unnoticed by the nation. ‘Tejas’ is a film where I have the honour of playing the role of one such Air Force pilot who puts country before self. I hope we instill a sense of patriotism and pride in the youth of today with this film. I am looking forward to the journey with Sarvesh and Ronnie on this one.”
Apart from ‘Tejas’, Kangana will also be seen in ‘Thalaivi’, a biopic on actor-turned-politician Jayalalithaa. Apart from this she also has ‘Dhaakad’ and ‘Manikarnika Returns: The Legend Of Didda’ in the pipeline.
Kangana has also signed up to play the role of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in an upcoming political drama. (ANI)

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BABA AZMI’S UPLIFTING FILM ‘MEE RAQSAM’ ENCOURAGES US TO PURSUE OUR DREAMS

Murtaza Ali Khan

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Baba Azmi’s ‘Mee Raqsam’ was recently screened at the 3rd Azamgarh International Film Festival. The film, which was released last year on ZEE5, shares a special relationship with Azamgarh. Baba Azmi’s legendary poet father Kaifi Azmi had a deep desire to make a film in his native village, Mijwaan, situated in Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh. But he couldn’t realise it during his lifetime. So Baba Azmi took it upon himself to fulfil his father’s dream. And he finally realised it by making ‘Mee Raqsam’. Now, the film is not just made in Mijwaan but it also has the bragging rights of discovering its lead actor from there. Young Aditi Subedi who plays the central role of Maryam in the film was handpicked by Baba Azmi for his film during a visit to Mizwaan. For four months, Aditi was trained in Mumbai while staying with Baba and family. The training also included learning Bharatanatyam.

Aditi Subedi responds to a question from … s her father (extreme right) looks on (Photo Credit: Twenty4 Frames)

‘Mee Raqsam’, which also stars Danish Husain, Shraddha Kaul, Rakesh Chaturvedi Om, and Naseeruddin Shah in pivotal roles, revolves around a young Muslim girl who aspires to become a dancer. But hailing from a small village like Mijwaan, Maryam faces great resistance as everyone questions her dreams and choices including her aunt and grandmother. After her mother passes away, she finds great support in her father (played by Danish Husain) who backs her in this journey, only to face a great backlash from the community. A poor tailor dependent on the community for work is suddenly ostracised on the commands of a powerful religious leader named Hashim Seth (essayed by Naseeruddin Shah) who strongly disapproves of a Muslim girl’s affinity towards Bharatanatyam—a dance form he considers alien to Islam and hence unworthy to practice.

But it’s not just Maryam’s community that’s against her learning Bharatanatyam. For, there are also people on the other side of the fence who find it difficult to digest the idea of a Muslim girl getting so involved with a dance form that’s so deeply rooted in spiritual practices closely associated with Hinduism. A rich and powerful patron named Jai Prakash (portrayed by Rakesh Chaturvedi Om) is hell-bent on derailing Maryam’s journey. So on one side, there are bigots like Hashim Seth and on the other side, there are hypocrites like Jai Prakash desperately trying to snuff out her penchant for Bharatanatyam. Will Maryam succeed in overcoming these insurmountable odds? Or will she too lose this battle against bigots like all those other girls whose dreams are ruthlessly crushed by patriarchy?

Written by Safdar Mir and Husain Mir, ‘Mee Raqsam’ may not be a film that can boast a big budget but it is definitely a film with a big heart. The various performances on offer are really the film’s USP. Naseeruddin Shah as Hashim Seth is in many ways the antithesis of his progressive ‘Maulana’ character from Shoaib Mansoor’s ‘Khuda Kay Liye’. Seth is a relic of a bygone era desperate to perpetually keep his community caged in the dingy recesses of bigotry for his petty political benefits. Interestingly, Rakesh Chaturvedi Om as Jai Prakash is not unlike Mullah Saidullah, the character he essayed in Anurag Singh’s ‘Kesari’. Although the two characters are separated by their religions, their minds are united by bigotry and hate. Kudos to Rakesh Chaturvedi Om for yet again succeeding in making a highly unlikeable character look so believable. Danish Husain is also superb as Maryam’s hapless but determined father. Those who saw him play the part of Taliban’s supreme commander Mullah Khalid in the Netflix series ‘Bard of Blood’ may find it a little difficult to recognise him here. Shraddha Kaul is menacing as Maryam’s regressive aunt who believes that women are incapable of stepping out of their households. When she forces Maryam to take up stitching classes to stop her from learning Bharatanatyam, she actually feels as if she is doing a huge favour to her dead sister by preventing her daughter from going astray.

‘Mee Raqsam’ is a powerful reminder of the patriarchy-driven prejudice propagated in the name of religion which tries to prevent women from pursuing their dreams. It is also a testament to a son’s commitment to the fulfilment of his great poet father’s dream. But there is another dream that the film fulfils. That of Aditi Subedi’s father to watch his daughter on the big screen in his hometown of Azamgarh and in front of his own people. When Aditi was invited by Shobha Akshar, Assistant Editor, Pakhi on the stage as part of the film festival’s post-screening discussion, everyone present there was on their feet. Aditi couldn’t hold back her tears anymore. Her father was equally emotional seeing her daughter cast a spell on all those present with her spellbinding performance. Who says dreams can’t be fulfilled? All that’s required is a desire, and a will to fulfil that desire.

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ICHAK DAANA BICHAK DAANA

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MUSIC MUSINGS

‘DAANEDAAR!’ boomed a voice from inside me during one of my Riyaaz sessions while I was practising ‘Taans’ (a form of improvisation in Indian classical music where many notes are arranged in fast patterns). Was this a voice possibly of one of my gurus from the past, or of my perfectionist alter ego, or of the Divine Spirit itself? There was no way for me to say. But it was a powerful voice with the conviction and knowledge of someone who knew something profound.

In Indian classical music, maintaining the perfect key in each note while singing a complex fast pattern of notes, is something all of us musicians aspire for. Pandit Bhimsen Joshi was known for his ‘Daanedar’ or granular Taans, and so were other greats like Pandit Jasraj and Vidhushi Kishori Amonkar. Bharat Ratna M.S. Subbulakshmi, and Vidushi M.L.Vasanthakumari exemplified this through their flawless ‘Kalpana Swaras’ in Carnatic music. This heady mix of complex notes which still maintained perfect key and were clear and granular is a big part of what makes these musicians great.

I can’t help but see the analogy with so many other things. I had read an article about the celebrated work of the famous artist Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa that talked about how each layer of the painting was made with total commitment to perfection. The same is true of filigree work and delicate embroidery. It is in the perfection of each carve or each stitch that the greatness and beauty of the artist comes forth.

They say that art reflects the life and vice versa. Many spiritual leaders stress upon the importance of the present or the ‘now’ in our lives. They speak of how, if each moment is lived to the fullest, you would have a life lived to the fullest. I read a quote by Sophie Bush, ‘You are allowed to be both a masterpiece and a work in progress, simultaneously’. And then there is the famous saying ‘The journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step’.

These sayings start to make so much sense when we see a sapling or a child, for example. There is beauty and a sense of fullness in an infant or a toddler. A child or a sapling has their own unique place of completion, and are no less relevant than a fully grown adult or tree.

When we commit to a moment or a task with an attitude of fullness and wholeness no matter how small the task may be, we are, in fact creating a microcosm of perfection, ‘Daana’, or a grain in what will become a grand larger whole. This attitude brings with it a lot of benefits. Firstly, one feels a sense of complete presence and a meditative awareness of the ‘now’ that has the ability to blur out all sorrow of the past and all worry about the future. Secondly, perfection and therefore ‘success’ are easy when they are broken into small goals or tasks. Thirdly, we feel a sense of gratitude for what we already have, irrespective of what we may or may not get in the future. Because the grain, or the ‘Daana’, is complete in itself, a microcosm of the experience of the whole. A small reflection of the ‘whole’ can be as profoundly satisfying as any other ‘grand’ big thing.

This is something I will continue to remember when I go back to my Riyaaz. I will choose to be present fully in the grain of notes that come together to create the beautiful ocean of music. It is in the perfection of each snowflake that the magic of winter is hidden. And it is from the beauty of each moment that the grand stories of our lives are weaved.

‘Daanedar!’ The voice was right!

The writer is a vocalist of both Hindustani and Carnatic Classical music, with over three decades’ experience. She is also the founder of Music Vruksh, a venture to make classical accessible for its aesthetic and wellness benefits.

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PLAYING POLICE OFFICER MADE PRACHI DESAI A BIT NERVOUS

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Mumbai: Bollywood actress Prachi Desai will be seen essaying a police officer for the first time in her film ‘Silence… Can You Hear It’. She says essaying the role made her a bit nervous.

The first character poster of Prachi Desai has been unveiled. Talking about her look, Prachi said: “I play the role of a cop in ‘Silence… Can You Hear It’. My character Sanjana works in tandem with ACP Avinash, played by Manoj Bajpayee sir. She is determined, sleek, sharp-minded, with the wit of a fox that has a hunger for challenges. This is the first time that I am playing the role of a police officer, which made me a wee bit nervous but overall it was a memorable and tremendous learning experience,” she added.

The film traces the story of the mysterious disappearance of a woman. As she prepares to leave her house, a tragedy befalls following which the woman disappears only to have her corpse turn up a day later, discovered by trekkers.

Produced by ZEE Studios and directed by Aban Bharucha Deohans, the film also stars Manoj Bajpayee and Arjun Mathur in pivotal roles along with Sahil Vaid, Vaquar, Barkha Singh, Shirish Sharma, Sohaila Kapoor, Amit Thakkar, and Garima Yagnik. ‘Silence… Can You Hear It’ premieres on 26 March.

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FATIMA SANA SHAIKH TO STAR IN HINDI REMAKE OF ‘ARUVI’

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MUMBAI: Fatima Sana Shaikh has been roped in to star in the Hindi remake of the Tamil hit film ‘Aruvi’. The remake will be directed by E. Niwas, who has called the shots on films like Shool, Dum, and Love Ke Liye Kuch Bhi Karega in the past. The 2017 Tamil film starred actress Aditi Balan in the lead role. Balan’s protagonist Aruvi was deemed a progressive, post-modern symbol of feminism by most viewers. “I look forward to diving deep into the skin of the character. I am really excited to embark on this journey,” said Fatima. Director Niwas added: “‘Aruvi’ is not just a story of a hero. It’s a triumph over the labyrinths of life. It’s totally euphoric, and a privilege to explore one of the most beautiful cinematic characters I have come across. Fatima Sana Shaikh is an absolutely befitting choice.” The Hindi remake is expected to go on floors in mid-2021.

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HOW PRIYANKA CHOPRA INSPIRED NICK JONAS’ NEW ALBUM

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Los Angeles: American singer Nick Jonas who is gearing up for releasing his new album ‘Spaceman’, on Wednesday (local time) revealed that ‘missing’ wife and global star Priyanka Chopra helped him to create the music of his new album. According to People Magazine, the 28-year-old actor appeared on the famous Jimmy Fallon’s ‘The Tonight Show’, where he revealed that ‘missing’ wife Priyanka Chopra who was away filiming ‘The Matrix 4’ amid the Covid-19 pandemic helped him create his new single ‘Spaceman’ and an album of the same name.

“I sort of started writing this record back in July. My wife was over in Germany finishing up this little movie called The Matrix,” Jonas told host Jimmy Fallon. “And I was like, ‘‘You know, I feel very disconnected from the world, first of all, and now my person’. And I just dug in writing … within a couple of days I was like ‘Oh, this is a solo album’. And a few days later I was like, This is a kind of themed album,” he added.

The ‘Sucker’ star also continued to explain that his new single is based on the themes of isolation and being alone, reflecting upon the feeling that many people faced during the quarantine period around the globe.

‘The Voice’ coach said, “Giving this idea that we’ve all had this year now… but this year of being disconnected from reality, disconnected from the world, feeling like we’re on our own planet and obviously missing Chopra Jonas at that time as well.”

“And reconnecting with her and then the main theme from this album, more than anything, is just about hopefulness for the future and seeing a brighter day ahead,” he told. People Magazine reported that during a recent conversation with Apple Music’s Zane Lowe, Nick disclosed that much of his new album is dedicated to his wife, Priyanka. He told, “Most of the songs are pretty much just love letters, which when I can’t articulate the way I feel with my words with no music, I go to the studio, and I’m grateful to have that because it makes her happy, and that’s most important.” ‘Spaceman’ album consists of 11 new songs, including ‘This Is Heaven’, ‘Sexual’, and ‘Death Do Us Part’. Nick Jonas is ready to debut the full album on 12 March 2021.

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