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Privacy implications in India of the overturning of Roe v Wade in the US

The journey from the winters of 1973 to the summer of 2022.

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June 24, 2022 witnessed perhaps one of the single-most momentous blowbacks to the notion of privacy, the consequence of which would certainly send ripples across the globe both on an ideological and a judicial-legal plane. On this day, the Supreme Court of the United States of America on this day overturned the watershed case of legal and feminist jurisprudence, Roe v. Wade of 1973 (“Wade”), effectively disrobing women in the country from exercising the erstwhile right to abort. The ramification of this ruling underlines a particularly interesting conundrum – in the wake of Big Tech collecting, storing, and processing personal data and information incessantly and sharing the same with law enforcement agencies (“LEAs”) as and when mandated, how can the most vulnerable and sensitive aspects of a person’s personal life be afforded protection to in the absence of adequate safeguards?

It is common knowledge that the tracking and storage of personal data and information accompany with it a saddening saga of squander and abuse – history is witness to this. With the over-ruling of Wade, it is now open season, wild-wild-west – the LEAs theoretically have a free hand to collect location data, forage through text messages and SMSes, dig through web-browser histories, online purchases, and personal e-mails, and use period-tracking apps surreptitiously to prosecute not only the users but also the intermediaries who may provision the said services.

The logical, unfortunate conclusion to the series of events that may potentially transpire hereon would be an absolute nightmare for all the people and families who were promised significant reproductive autonomy in the US for the past five decades. To chill reproductive freedoms, we may now even notice medical and health services providers track pregnant patients and LEAs exploit tools of surveillance to enforce existing abortion laws.

CALM BEFORE THE STORM?

If a report from Vice News were to be believed, accessing data troves in the US is an absolute breeze – for as meager as $160, one could access a week’s worth of data of the credentials and the geo-indicators of people who visited Planned Parenthood facilities (an American NGO which provides for sexual healthcare services). One possible reason why such a glaring infraction of personal privacy exists in the US in broad daylight is because of a ‘gray area of the law’. This gray area pertains to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, 1996 (“HIPPA”) which covers such data or information that is shared by the individual with a doctor. However, HIPPA does not secure any such data or information which is shared with a third-party. Hence, taking into consideration the possibility that third-party apps may share such data or information with yet another third party, the risk of abuse is glaring, to say the least.

There are two consequential takeaways for policymakers closer to home in India here. First and foremost, the guardrails for the protection and preservation of personal data and information in India are starkly lacking. And, second, in the absence of an omnibus privacy legislation, individuals and their data are at the mercy of private parties and the government to be exploited and be capitalized on.

Certainly, the Supreme Court of India did affirm that the Right to Privacy forms an integral part of the Right to Life and Liberty guaranteed by Law under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution – certainly no two thoughts about it. However, because of its delicate nature, the degree of safety and consideration that protection of medical data warrants is a notch above the safety standards mandated by the protection of general data. Taking into consideration the rapid growth of the Indian telemedicine market, the onus falls upon the Government to ensure that the prospective economic benefits of the proliferating market segment do not imperil the tenets of the Right to Privacy, especially that of health data. A nuanced and considered approach is the call of the day.

FLAWS IN THE INDIAN MEDICAL DATA POLICY FRAMEWORK

Perhaps the most pertinent issue in the framework as it stands today is the ambiguity in the understanding of ‘health data’ or ‘medical data’ and what it constitutes. Case in point, the Information Technology Act, 2000 (“IT Act 2000”), along with the Information Technology (Reasonable security practices and procedures and sensitive personal data or information) Rules, 2011 (“SPDI Rules”), accords the status of sensitive personal data or information (“SPDI”) merely on such data which are either related to the physical, physiological, or mental health of an individual. However, the current legal framework does not require such data to be anonymized – hence, it is quite feasible for any entity (government or third-party) which is in possession of such un-anonymized data to ascertain who it pertains to and mine such data, thereby risking misuse.

Despite several administrative attempts, the foul of conceptual legislative clarity remains. For instance, let us take into consideration three frameworks that pertain to or which touch upon personal health data, namely – the ‘Strategy Overview: Making India a Digital Health Nation Enabling Digital Healthcare for all’ document of the National Health Authority, dated July, 2020 (“NHA Strategy Overview”), the draft Digital Information Security in Healthcare Act, 2018 (“DISHA”), and the draft Data Protection Bill, 2021 (“DPB”). In the NHA Strategy Overview, “personal health data” encompasses information and data relating to the medical conditions and subsequent treatments undertaken by a party. In comparison to the standards of the NHA Strategy Overview – where on the one hand, the DPB covers only information regarding the physical or mental health of the individual, on the other, the DISHA goes a notch up and deals with data extracted from body-part donations and data derived from medical tests and bodily examinations as well. The discordance and dichotomy in the data protection frameworks indeed are glaring. Worse still, none of them reflect upon the surveillance misuse that can manifest from the status quo!

It indeed is well established that policy frameworks conceptualize data in general, and medical data in specific, as an incorporeal, intangible resource and an effective enabler for economic progress. Data is predominantly understood as a resource (like oil), available for human extraction, and exists independent of the bodies producing it. The present-day health data policy framework in India is inordinately concentrated on the data and information that is collated and collected by primary healthcare service providers (like hospitals and medical establishments) or secondary healthcare service providers or healthcare-related service providers (like insurance companies). We today have smartwatches and mobile apps which gather data on and monitor a person’s activity levels, heart rates, sleep cycles, and daily moods, and which also can track period-cycles. Hence, the draft DISHA-DPB framework presents a thought-provoking policy and legal lacuna – with the growing use of these smartwatches and third-party apps, can the law protect from exploitation the digital footprint of an individual that is left behind?

Yet another species of unease that arises is the difficulty in dealing with the unfettered access to medical data and information that the government (both at the Central and the State level) and LEAs can procure either from third-party apps or from IoT devices. To cite an instance, it is common knowledge that in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, both the Central as well as several State Governments used platforms and apps to track and contain the infection. What is perhaps not so commonly known is that for all the virtue and nobility that such contact tracing mechanisms may have brought about, they also institutionalized mass surveillance to a very large extent – one needs to understand that most of these apps often devolved into mechanisms of trickery by surveilling, monitoring and controlling the movement of individuals in the cloak of ‘lockdown enforcement’. Add to this, by way of the mandate provisioned in the proviso to Rule 6(1), and in Rule 6(2), of the SPDI Rules – sensitive personal data and information (including medical and health data) which is shared by an individual with third-party apps and platforms can legally be procured by LEAs without the explicit permission of the individual to whom such data belongs to. This gives rise to a certainly worrying trend, especially when you look at it from the privacy lens!

WHERE CAN WE GO FROM HERE: STEPS FOR THE TIMES AHEAD

In no uncertain terms, the pressing priority of the day in the Indian data-landscape is for lawmakers to cogitate considerately upon a definition of ‘health data and information’. A good starting point to fortress individual rights over their personal health would be to place digital health data and information collected by third-party apps and platforms, as well as by IoT devices, under the ambit of the draft DPB-DISHA framework.

Subsequently, legislative intent must deliberate over the fact that a certain category of health data is more intimate and sensitive than others (like, mental health issues faced by an individual vis-à-vis the height of that person) and may necessitate a higher degree of care and protection. Hence, to ensure that the individual possesses absolute and unqualified autonomy over such data of such a delicate character, a graded approach to health data is necessary.And lastly, lawmakers in India must take into account that in the wake of ‘data-sharing and interoperability’ practices, the policy-framework governing health data and information does not trade off privacy principles in the veneer of supposedly facilitating public welfare. Both healthcare service providers, medical insurance providers, and other healthcare-service providing third parties should enact protective policies which ought to be designed to keep a tight lid on sensitive personal health data and information and associated medical records and histories. Along these lines, to take a cue from the European General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), wherein data subjects have the ‘right to erasure’ as protected under Article 17 and Recital 65, GDPR – in India as well, individuals should also have the right to ensure that their sensitive personal data and information is erased if and where the said individual objects to the collection or processing of her/his health data and information.

The United States’ decision of Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization (the regressive U-turn precedent to Wade) did ensure for certain one thing – that the frigidity of the winters of 1973 would certainly chill the spine of women fifty odd years after, in the summer of 2022. Trust, accountability, and transparency – at a time we need them the most are indeed the absolute, dire necessity of the moment.

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Policy & Politics

An attempt to unite Imams and Pandits

RSS’ meetings with Muslim intellectuals are being held since the time of the fifth chief of the RSS, K S Sudarshan

Vijay Darda

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An attempt to unite Imams and Pandits

Everybody was in the dark about RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat’s outreach meeting with prominent Muslim intellectuals in Delhi’s Jhandewalan area last month until it became known recently. Prominent among those who attended that meeting were former Chief Election Commissioner S Y Quraishi, former lieutenant governor of Delhi Najeeb Jung, former vice-chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University and former army officer Zameer Uddin Shah, former parliamentarian and journalist Shahid Siddiqui and businessman Saeed Shervani.
Interestingly, the day the news of that meeting became public through the media after one month, RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat visited a mosque off Kasturba Gandhi Marg near India Gate. He had gone there at the invitation of Umer Ahmed Ilyasi, the head of the All India Imam Organisation and the two talked in private for about 40 minutes.
Subsequently, the RSS chief visited Tajweedul Quran Madarsa and interacted with the children there. According to some reports, Imam Ilyasi described the RSS chief as the ‘Rashtrapita’ or the father of the nation and ‘Rashtrarishi’ i.e. the sage of the nation in presence of the children. However, later he said that people have not understood his point properly. In reply, Bhagwatji said with humility that we are all children of the nation. Mohan Bhagwatji is indeed a person with liberal views. His thinking is progressive. He has also brought about several changes within the RSS organisation.
Naturally, politics was bound to heat up. Different views started being expressed. Somebody said why the RSS is missing the Muslims. A section of Muslims also got angry with Imam Ilyasi. Surely, Mohan Bhagwatji is the first RSS chief to enter a mosque or pay a visit to a madarsa and talk to the children, but the RSS has been interacting with Muslims for a long time. This process started at the time of the fifth chief of the RSS, K S Sudarshan.
In 2004, a meeting was also held at the India International Centre in Delhi. RSS has been in constant dialogue with Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Hind. In 2019, Maulana Arshad Madani and Rashtriya Mohan Bhagwat also met each other. Not only this, the RSS had given shape to an organisation named Muslim Rashtriya Manch around two decades back and it is mentored by Indresh Kumar. He also played a stellar role in arranging meetings with Muslim intellectuals last month and now doing so while visiting mosques and madarsas.
I am personally a firm believer in democratic traditions and I feel that if any initiative is being taken to establish brotherhood in totality between two communities, then it must be welcomed. We are all well aware of the current situation in the country. There should be no hesitation in saying there are people on both sides for whom extremism is a weapon. As a result, the mistrust between the two is getting deeper and this divide can be bridged only by understanding each other. Communication is very important in this process. Unless we meet each other and try to open the knots that have developed in minds, the problem cannot be resolved! I would like to mention here that the common perception about former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was that she would give preference to Muslims but it was not so. She also had cordial relations with the then RSS chief Deorasji and also with Bal Thackerayji.
Who can deny that this country belongs to Muslims as much as it belongs to Hindus, as much to Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, or Parsis, or those who believe in other ideologies and faiths? We all have to live together. There can be differences of opinion but there should be no disharmony in a relationship. But today unity and harmony are replaced by distrust and discord. It is obvious that these conditions are not only bothering the common man, but also worrying the intellectually enlightened leaders. This meeting should be seen as borne out of that concern. By accepting the invitation of Imam Ilyasi and reaching the mosque, Bhagwatji has given out a message of cordiality.
According to the information that has emerged, the RSS chief asked Muslim intellectuals what is their opinion about cow slaughter and the word kafir? The intellectuals clearly said that no sensible Muslim ever uses the word kafir for any Hindu. When the issue of cow slaughter was discussed, intellectuals reminded the RSS chief that the founder of Aligarh Muslim University, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, had banned beef on the university campus. The intellectuals also said that there is no such issue that cannot be discussed!
It is to be hoped that the reconciliation process that Bhagwatji has initiated will help us to reach a peaceful conclusion. The world is in turmoil, why should we get affected by it? But for that, curbing violent thoughts is essential. In the words of Bhagwatji, why search for Shivling in every mosque? And Muslim organisations also have to think about why they should harbour in their community those misguided people who come out on the streets to protest against the action taken against terrorists. They are fringe elements and hence they can be marginalised. Not every Muslim should be treated as Pakistani! Keep in mind that it takes two hands to clap. One hand can only act as a slap. I fully agree with Imam Umer Ilyasi’s saying that if the Imam and the Pandit unite, the country will become strong.

The author is the chairman, Editorial Board of Lokmat Media and former member of Rajya Sabha.

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Policy & Politics

Intellectual Property Protection to Certain Brands : An Analysis

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Intellectual Property Protection to Certain Brands : An Analysis

The use of trademarks has been used more frequently on non-competing goods in recent years. Domino’s Pizza v. domino, Finland Vodka v. Finland Cheese, Dove beauty bar v. Dove chocolate. Instead of being deemed a trademark violation, it is treated as usual & expected activity. The legislation allows enterprises to use the same name if they sell in different markets and have unique ” products. ” In his article, the author tries to exemplify the enterprises that can use a similar brand name to sell different products generally referred to as “brand twins”. As decided by the recent order, there are certain exceptional brands that have been given special privileges in light of IP Protection which otherwise will be treated as infringement of trademark and the same has been discussed in this article. Keywords: Trademark Infringement, IP Law, Brand, Amul, Dominos

INTRODUCTION
The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion’s Office of CGPDTM in India investigates the filing of various intellectual property rights. In the year 2021, around 256 thousand industrial trademarks were registered in India. With the globalization and development of technology around the globe, IP-intensive companies and industries are emerging each day and understanding the importance of IP protection.
Think of the purple-colored Cadbury chocolate – that particular shade of purple is trademarked. Think of the golden arches design associated with McDonald’s packaging; that specific symbol is trademarked. Both the distinctive purple color and the familiar McD logo instantly create brand and product glory in consumers’ minds.
In general, a trademark is the legal recognition of the brand, which distinguishes your identity and makes it unique. It is a word, phrase, logo, or configuration that recognizes and distinguishes the sources of goods of one enterprise from another. India is a signatory to 2 major international treaties: (i) Paris Convention for Protection of Industry Property, 1883 and (ii) TRIPS Agreement (Trade-related aspects of IP Rights), 1994. With globalization, trademarks have attained immense value and require uniform standard protection as recognized in TRIPS. This led to the annulment of the old Indian Trade & Merchandise Marks Act, 1958, and the enactment of the new Trade Marks Act, 1999. This Act provides for trademark registration, protection, and penalties for infringement.

CAN COMPETITIVE BUSINESSES CHOOSE SIMILAR BRAND
NAMES?
Think of Pominick as a company that sells dark chocolates, and then imagine Pominick as a company that sells pizza. As a consumer, how would you distinguish Domino’s pizza selling brand from Pominick’s? Can Pominick sell pizza with a similar brand name as Dominoes?
This question has two facets:
1- NON-COMPETING BUSINESS
The use of overlapping trademarks is not considered infringing if the products or services of the companies are not competing and are not distributed in the same markets. There are many brands in the market that use the same brand name for different types of business or product categories, which are called “brand twins. & quot; Is Dove Beauty Bar and Dove Chocolate owned by the same company? No, although two different businesses possess the same registered name, it has different product. Unilever, based in the United Kingdom, owns soap, and Mars, based in the United States, owns Dove chocolate.
There are many detriments of using the same brand name as it tarnishes individuality and affects brand recognition. But it is not possible to own a “word”. Even companies like Unilever or Apple didn’t make their investment by trademarking their brand name in all categories of products. So, to maintain genuineness and uniqueness, one must do the proper research in the niche product area before finalizing its brand name.
2- COMPETING BUSINESS
Generally, businesses that are competitive in nature are restrained from opting for trademarks that are similar to any businesses that are already in existence. One of the primary purposes of trademarks is to dissuade consumer confusion. The ice cream parlor with mouthwatering flavors might lose business to an identically named parlor that sells lousy ice- cream.
In the case of Dominos IP holder LLC & Anr v. Ms Dominick Pizza & Anr, 1 the Court ordered to give Domino’s protection of its mark “Dominos Pizza” and restrained Dominick Pizza from selling, advertising, or marketing under the marks “Cheese Burst” and “Pasta Italiano.” The Court further suspended the domain names of “Dominick Pizza”. Using an identical name with similar flavors is deceptive and creates disarray in consumers’ minds.
If a business uses a trademark that is identical or confusingly similar to that of a competitor, and there is a chance that customers may mistake the source of the goods or services, then that business has committed trademark infringement.

EXTENDED PROTECTION TO THESE BUSINESSES: EXCEPTION
TO NON-COMPETING BUSINESS
Some businesses in the market have a powerful history and emotion attached to them, and these businesses should be shielded more comprehensively to protect their cordiality and maintain their authenticity. The same has been done in a recent matter of “Amul”. AMUL – The Taste of India
In a recent case of Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers Union Ltd. vs Maa Tara Trading Co. 2 The Calcutta High Court said that the “Amul” brand symbolizes an Indian brand that has become a household name and they should be given extensive protection against unauthorized use even with respect to non-competing goods and services as it represents the progress towards wealth in India’s rural areas. Therefore, the court restrained Maa Tara, a local candle distributing company from using the trademark “Amul Candles” as it violates the statutory rights as well as the common rights of Amul which has resulted in the loss of revenue.
1 Dominick severely tarnishing Business & Trademark, available at: https://www.livelaw.in/news-updates/delhi- high-court-dominos-trademark-infringement-dominick-izza-reputation-208033 (Visited on September 4, 2022)
2 Trademark ‘Amul’ deserves broad protection against non-competing goods, available at: https://www.barandbench.com/amp/story/news/litigation/trademark-amul-deserves-broad-protection-against- non-competing-goods-services-calcutta-high-court (Visited on September 5, 2022)
Despite numerous court cases, many companies still make crores from the “Amul” trademark tarnishing the brand image and being deceptive to the general populace. Amul Macho, for instance, has sold innerwear for years without being ordered for injunction by the Court. The rights of these brands, which contribute significantly to the Indian economy and the revolution, must be fiercely protected.

Conclusion
The use of technology dictates almost everything from techniques and methodologies to IP conflicts. Refinement in Technology will lead to an increase in crimes and trademark infringement, making it simpler for inferior businesses to defame products from renowned enterprises. It is a well-known legal norm that a business can acquire exclusive rights to use a specific phrase within certain bounds. The word must have been used to the point where it has become distinctive and has lost its original meaning. There are certain brands that need special protection because of the heritage and unique identity they harbor and these brands can be safeguarded by passing special laws that specify the requirements to qualify as “exceptions to non-competing business”.

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Centre increases DA for govt workers by 4%

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The Centre on Wednesday increased the dearness allowance for retirees and government workers by four percent. Anurag Thakur , an union minister, revealed that as a result, the dearness allowance is now up to 38 percent.

The revised dearness allowance will be given to government employees and pensioners in arrears starting on July 1. The Centre typically announces the DA hikes in March and September before implementing them on January 1 and July 1. Dearness allowance is essentially the portion of central government employees’ monthly salaries that is paid to offset the rise in living expenses brought on by compensation.

The dearness allowance had been raised to 34 percent by the Center in March of this year. The new DA went into effect on January 1 of this year. The Odisha government announced a 3 percent increase in daily allowance (DA) for its employees and pensioners on September 19.

Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik approved the proposal for increasing DA from 31 per cent to 34 per cent, effective from January 1, 2022. Four lakh employees and 3.5 lakh pensioners will be benefitted, according to an official release.

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Policy & Politics

On PFI ban, Lalu Yadav says ‘RSS should be banned as well’

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The national president of the Rashtriya Janta Dal (RJD) and a former chief minister of Bihar, Lalu Prasad Yadav, responded to the central government’s move to outlaw the Popular Front of India (PFI) by saying that the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) should also be banned.

“PFI is being investigated. All organisations like PFI, including RSS, should be banned and an investigation should be done,” said Prasad after filing his nomination papers for the post of national president.

Prasad claimed that Muslim organisations were being targeted by the government.

First of all, ban the RSS. It is a worse organisation than that. If you get anything, then take action,” he said.

He attacked the Modi government, saying the situation in the country has become worse due to unemployment and inflation.

“Efforts are being made to spread bigotry. Such a government has to be overthrown,” he said.

The JD (U), a partner of the RJD alliance, also questioned the PFI ban.

Party leader Ghulam Rasool Balyawi said, “Today in the country, only one party is giving the certificate of loyalty and branding people as traitors.”

“Does anybody know the source of funding for RSS?” he asked.

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Policy & Politics

Media and Entertainment sector should grow to more than 100 billion dollars by year 2030: Apurva Chandra

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The Union Secretary for Information and Broadcasting Apurva Chandra has exhorted the media and entertainment industry to set a target of growing the industry to more than 100 billion dollars by the year 2030. “India will be a 10 trillion dollar economy in the next 10 years, we should target that the media and entertainment sector should grow to more than 100 billion dollars by 2030. The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting will do whatever it takes to support the M&E sector and help it grow.” The Secretary was addressing the inaugural session of FICCI Frames Fast Track 2022 in Mumbai today, September 27, 2022.
The Secretary announced that Invest India is going to be leveraged in order to bring in higher foreign investment into India in the film sector. “The Ministry has merged various film units under one; NFDC based in Mumbai is going to be the hub of the cinematic arm of the government. With this, we want to revamp the Film Facilitation Office. We are going to hand this over to Invest India, the main investment arm created by the government under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, to attract industry to India. More than 100 billion dollars of FDI is coming to India this year. We want to leverage Invest India to bring in foreign investment, we will reach out to foreign filmmakers to come to India.”
The Secretary informed that the government will work with states to facilitate and promote film shooting in India. “Recently at Cannes Film Fesival, we announced Incentive Scheme for Audio-Visual Co-production and Incentive Scheme for Shooting of Foreign Films in India. With incentives given by states too, it becomes a viable and attractive package for filmmakers.”
The Secretary announced that the Government of India will work with the states and formulate a Model Theatre Policy. “Over the past 5-6 years, the number of theatres has been on a decline. We need to reverse this trend. We will assign the Film Facilitation Office to work with Invest India to come up with a single-window portal for opening theatres, so that more and more theatres can come up and the public gets more avenues to watch the magic of films in theatres. We will also work with the states to create a Model Theatre Policy, so that the states can adopt and work on the same.”
Please read concluding on thedailyguardian.com

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Policy & Politics

Conference on eco-alternatives to banned single use plastics and air quality management

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A Conference of startups and innovators working on eco-alternatives to banned single use plastics and air quality management was inaugurated on 27th September 2022 at Chennai Trade Centre, Chennai, by Ashwini Kumar Choubey, Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Consumer Affairs, Government of India in the august presence of Siva V Meyyanathan, Minister of Environment, Climate Change, Youth Welfare and Sports Development, Government of Tamil Nadu. The Startup Conference has been jointly organized by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, and Government of Tamil Nadu.
Startups and innovators have been involved in developing solutions for many pressing environmental challenges including in the development of eco-alternatives to banned single use plastics and air quality management.
Ashwini Kumar Choubey, Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Consumer Affairs highlighted that availability of alternatives to banned single use plastic items is extremely important. The Startups and innovators have taken up this challenge and developed eco-alternatives. One Startup has made packaging material from rice stubble. The innovation not only addressed plastic pollution but will also help in reducing the pollution caused by burning of rice stubble. Another startup has developed flexible packaging material from sea weeds. He highlighted that the startups and innovators are not only providing solutions to environmental problems but also assisting in economic development of the country. The Government of India is giving focus on supporting innovators and startups through various schemes of the Government such as Startup India Mission.
Many startups and innovators from across the country working in the area alternatives to banned single use plastic items and air quality management are participating in the Startup Conference. Representatives from concerned central Ministries involved in supporting innovation, startups, and MSMEs and banks who are key in mobilizing finances for startups and manufacturers are participating in the Expo. Representatives from State Governments, State Pollution Control Boards are participating in the Startup Conference.
The Conference of Startups will provide a platform for engagement and exchange views amongst innovators and institutions, Government Departments supporting startup ecosystems in the country and banks, on steps taken for scaling up innovations and supporting startups.
The Conference will have experience sharing sessions of startups working in the field of alternatives to banned single use plastics and startups working in the area of air quality management.
A separate session on role of financial institutions in scaling up startups has also been organized representatives of Startup India Mission, banks and Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium enterprises has also been organized.
The Minister mentioned that the strategy adopted by the Government to tackle unmanaged and littered plastic waste has two pillars to ban single use plastic items which have high littering potential and low utility, and implementation of extended producer responsibility on plastic packaging. Promotion of innovation and startups for elimination of single use plastics will help us address the problem of littered and unmanaged plastic waste in the country.

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