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Opposition is making India a candidate for colonisation

There is an urgent need for the Opposition to hyphenate politics and national interest. If the Opposition is going to condone issues based on politics, of course the world would like to believe we are a fragile country.

Sunja Kapoor



After Prime Minister Narendra Modi assumed office, the Opposition has strayed in its vision and frayed in its mission. As I write, the principal Opposition party in India is struggling to keep its identity intact. After being in power for a cumulative time period of more than six decades, the Congress abhors the idea of being in Opposition despite the hooks and crooks it has resorted to. There is a high chance that the third time won’t be a charm for the Opposition in 2024 either. Counter-intuitive to the word “Opposition”, a credible, committed and dependable Opposition is imperative for democracies to be in the pink of health. India is constantly wrestling with forces, external and internal, that are working against the interest of the country. In order to defend the integrity and sovereignty of India, it is a matter of fact that the political forces will have to work in unison and have the maturity to keep their binary differences aside when the crisis is perpetuated by anti-India forces.

A divided house is vulnerable and its populace is impressionable.

Be it the recent commentary on Facebook by Wall Street Journal, vilification of India’s Prime Minister by the Time magazine, opinions sans facts carried by Washington Post, biased calculus of social fabric indicators by USCIRF or organisations like Amnesty: They have taken a consistent anti-India position post 2014. Without impinging their editorial freedom, it is a matter of serious concern if foreign media and the political Opposition are in perfect symphony.

The Opposition needs to take its job seriously and not behave like a petulant brat who is on a fault-finding mission just so that he can abdicate his own responsibility and go unnoticed. Unfortunately, the Congress, the only party in the Opposition that has significant contacts in the foreign media, is oblivious to the impact its drivel has on India’s global position.

For example, when Adhir Ranjan Choudhary, leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha, insinuated on the floor of the House that Article 370 is bilateral and not an internal matter of India, he gave a handle to the foreign forces eager to indict India. Abrogation of Article 370 was a matter that could have certainly invited internal debate; but to throw it out of India’s purview of jurisdiction is worse than those who cited reasons otherwise. It is impossible to carry forward India’s story if it is going to be smeared by its own leaders.

In 2003, the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was not keen to send Indian troops to Iraq under pressure from the US. He invited CPM leader Harkishen Singh Surjeet and CPI leader A.B. Bardhan for tea, and asked them if India should send troops to Iran. When the two leaders answered in negative, the PM quipped, saying why they’re not protesting enough. Leaders took the cue. Protests followed the subsequent day and the government made a case for not sending the troops. This is a classic example of how the Opposition can help the government wade through external issues and yet oppose their policies back home.

On 14 February 2019 when India’s men in uniform were brutally murdered by a suicide bomber in Pulwama, around 48 countries of the world stood with India and unequivocally denied support to terrorism. Apart from Pakistan (where the Jaish-e-Mohammad group which took responsibility for the attack, is based), the only pressure group that did not condemn the attack unconditionally was the Congress. They blamed the Narendra Modi government like a doubting Thomas instead of answering to the call of duty. In an extreme moment of naïve politics, the attack was linked with upcoming elections. Now, if some of the elected countrymen proactively ascribe to conspiracy, it is juvenile to expect antagonists to show restraint. Clearly, the Congress did not realise that in its bid to play high voltage politics, it ended up being a peddler for anti-India forces.

Visuals of Members of the Upper House (Rajya Sabha is associated with innate dignity and intellectual integrity) being marshalled out of the Hall told a tale of eroding grandeur that once the House boasted of. Protest is a legitimate form of Opposition in a democracy; however, there is a very thick line between protest and hooliganism. It is scary to even imagine the messaging these visuals would carry from the world’s largest democracy. Right from burning the national capital while the country hosted US President Donald Trump to now parliamentarians behaving like a violent mob, there is little that is left for the world to imagine before it drubs us yet again as a country failing to operate as a civilised federation.

Every time the Opposition questions the validity of the judiciary by suggesting collusion with power and interference, they are supporting anti-India forces which have been trying for decades to declare India as a weak democracy. Starting point of colonisation begins with making a case that the territory is unable to get its act together, and therefore unfit to rule by itself. Anti-India forces don’t need to invest in resources anymore to build the anti-India spin when elected representatives are berating their country themselves. In fact, we cannot even accuse them of destabilising the domestic sentiment since it all starts in our own backyard.

Ever since India gained independence, vested interests have interfered and prevented resolution of internal matters of importance. However, these interests could never leverage the existing apertures because the Opposition traditionally took a clear position with respect to influential matters like National security, left-wing extremism, border conflicts, trade, social justice and independence of institutions. For example, while the Congress governments in the past did flirt with the idea of seeking third-party support, the Opposition did not concede. On the contrary, played the part of a “Chowkidar” and guarded the interests of the country.

Today, there is an urgent need for the Opposition to hyphenate politics and national interest. If the Opposition is going to condone issues based on politics, of course the world would like to believe we are a fragile country that rigs elections and exchanges power for perks. Political ideologies warring within the country should never forget that for the world, all of them together represent the critical mass of India.

The writer is an independent policy analyst based in New Delhi. The views expressed are personal.

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Writers Qi presents College Brew: Experts Answer College-Related Queries

NewsX recently organized an enthralling session ‘College Brew with Writers Qi’ where experts talk about college applications, essay writing, the Admission process and much more. 



NewsX recently organized an enthralling session ‘College Brew with Writers Qi’ where experts talk about college applications, essay writing, the Admission process and much more. 

NewsX was joined by an expert panel which included Viral Doshi, Independent Counselor,  Anjali Raghbeer, Founder, Writers QI, Raj Chinai, Managing director, LCR capital, Doris Bechstein, International Market Manager, India and Africa, University of Bristol, Erica Sin, Director of Tutoring, Abborbridge, and Lauren Kushnick, Assistant Director of the Admission, the New School.

Viral Doshi began the conversation by explaining the key components to focus on when thinking of applying to a top school and he said, “ I always tell students five things is what the American colleges look at, your academics grade at 9, 10, 11 and 12. They like to have consistency or an upward graph. It doesn’t make a difference which board you studied, they want to have consistency. Two, they will look at a standardized test, which is now onwards to be your SAT. Three will be your extracurriculars, four will be your recommendations, and five will be your essays.”

Anjali Raghbeer talks about the importance of the essay and explained, “Why is the essay important? and that’s something that I want you to kind of focus on, because the common app form for those of you who opened it, and for those of you who have seen it, you will see that it’s a very extensive document, it covers your academics, it covers your test scores, it covers recommendations from both your teachers, as well as the counsellor of your school. It has a section of 10 activities where you will fill out your extracurriculars. So whether you worked on a research paper, or you worked in community service, or you’re the head boy or sports captain, all of that would be covered within the extracurricular section, which is about 10, and does have a specific word count for that, which I will be guiding my students through as to what how to sort of succinctly market yourself within those sections”

Raj Chinai gave insights about the Green card and said, “There are 85,000 slots available and the applications for this, this year, for example, are of 275,000 applications for each one being that make basically means you have a 31% chance of getting an H1B that allows you to get sponsored by an employer. This is again, very restrictive in its nature, you cannot paint jobs, you cannot change locations, you cannot even change your job function. So once again, H1B is a very restrictive option for those of you thinking about pursuing a permanent residency in the US. The alternative is the EB five visa, which you’ll see on the top part of this page and you can see just visually it’s a much more simplified shorter set of steps, you apply for IFL 26. Once you achieve that, you can then go through the process, get your green card, and after getting your green card, you can pursue any job in any industry in any geography that you wish in the United States.”

Doris Bechstein shared about their University and explained, “We are in the southwest of the UK, which is a beautiful part of land about an hour away from London. With our six faculties, we literally sort of half everything that a student might want to study with us. We were also the first university in the UK to admit men and women on equal footing. So that’s very important to us. You know, the ethos of the university is strong academic strong research and strong.”

Erica Sin shed light on the strong will of students for taking exams even in the pandemic and said, “ think you hit the nail on the head, if a student wants to take it, they’re going to take it. And they’re very strong-minded and willed in that way. Our advice in our realm, because we just are, what we like to do is work a lot with counsellors and families and say, okay, what’s going to work for you? What’s going to work for your overall workload, what’s going to work for sort of your overall profile, because I think as much as students might have these scores, and be able to submit that, then they’re becoming less relevant overall. They’re not going to be sort of the end all be all of your application, they may be sort of the straw that breaks the camel’s back.” 

Speaking about the designing, Lauren Kushnick said, “when students come to think of design, it’s so much more than just a specific small area, or lens it actually informs how we interact with one another, how our communities Connect, how we live our lives design is so integrated into me. I mean, this moment right now how we’re engaging right now this is a designed platform that involves so many layers of code and investigation into how communication is best made. And I was just speaking with our interior design faculty the other day And Carter was saying. This is such a unique interior design moment. We’re all in each other’s homes in this really unusual way as well. So, we’re seeing how design plays out on lots of different levels. Of course, students in high school might not have access to all of the same high levels of investigation that you will, of course, be doing in college. So it’s, I think, important to talk about your passions, I think it’s important to talk about what fires you up what engages you.”

Watch the entire telecast here:

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In an exclusive conversation with NewsX as part of NewsX India A-List, Praveen Singhal, co-founder and director of BeatMySugar, spoke about his venture which is a one-stop platform for pre-diabetic and diabetic patients. BeatMySugar is a tech-powered, comprehensive, and unique platform that focuses on making best-in-class diabetes care effortless, affordable, and easily accessible to everyone. Speaking about the ethos of the company, Praveen Singhal said, “BeatMySugar is a platform for people with diabetes with an intent to be true partners in life. So the ethos driving the corporate culture is in sync with it and our ethos are collaborative, transparent, progressive, and integrity. We believe in growing along with all our stakeholders and delivering the best solutions to our customers using the progressive tools and technologies available in the area of healthcare.”

Talking about how the platform is inclusive for its customers, Singhal stated, “There are three main pillars of BeatMySugar: education, product, and service. In education, we have very exclusively self-curated content from various key opinion leaders and our internal medical affairs team to disseminate the right information and knowledge to diabetic people. Along with that, we have come up with a diabetes education programme co-authored by leading diabetologists of national and international repute to help people understand the basics of diabetes so that they can start self-monitoring. On the product side, whatever a person with diabetes needs, such as food, supplements, books, medicines, and devices, we make it available to them. The core of BeatMySugar services is to help them manage their lifestyle in terms of doctor’s consultation, diet, fitness plans, lab services and fulfilling their other requirements. That’s why we call it an inclusive model for diabetic people.”

Speaking about the idea of starting a one-stop platform for people with diabetes, he said, “It came from within the families of co-founders with two of them being diabetic. Shaurya was diagnosed with type II diabetes at the age of 12 and Atul had type II diabetes for over two decades. Having understood the pain and the trouble they had in finding all the requirements in one place, led to the thought of creating a one-stop platform. After that, we found that though India is becoming the world capital of diabetes, awareness, and the right information about the same is completely missing. That’s when we came up with the concept of BeatMySugar.”

Sharing the offers and the benefits that BeatMySugar provides to its customers and how can it serve those who have diabetes, Singhal elaborated, “The help is in the form of complete care and that is what we intend to provide. It is driven by our concept which is in the DNA of our company and that is: Educate, empathise, engage, and evolve. With this, we are there to take care of all the requirements and be the true partners to our customers in their journey with diabetes.”

Talking about the reluctance and the fear in the minds of those having the disease, he shed some light upon the transparency of the company and gaining the trust of the customers, ”Our ethos of transparency and integrity drive people’s trust and that gets reflected in the results we have had so far. At present, we have over 35% orders from our customers. This also gets accelerated as this is one place where they get all the right information. The doctors that are associated with us and the available content is a way of helping them get the right information about diabetes,” he said.

Speaking about the common queries, Singhal underlined, ”The major query that we get is surprisingly from various brands and vendors wherein they are showing interest to collaborate with us and asking how they can do so or how their products can be onboarded with BeatMySugar. It is very interesting and motivating for us as it shows the kind of traction and visibility this platform has already built.”

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With the recent election of Kamala Harris as the first female Vice President of the United States, the global discourse around gender equity has moved to the skewed participation of women in politics. Although Article 15 of the Constitution prohibits discriminating Indian citizens based on gender, women have been marginalized and excluded from the decision-making and political process. In terms of women’s participation in the government, India is ranked 148th in the world out of 193 nations. With 65.5% of the Indian population living in rural areas, powerful institutions such as the Panchayati Raj can empower the community to make decisions for themselves. Before 1985, only two women had participated in the Panchayati Raj Institutions in Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, West Bengal and Rajasthan. Additionally, Uttar Pradesh had had no political participation from women (Ahmad et al, 2008). This had led to the introduction of the 64th Amendment Bill, which had a special feature for 30% reservation for women. Although the bill was not passed, it had been a step in the right direction.

In April 1993, India took a landmark step towards development with the implementation of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution which provided reservations for weaker segments of the population in Panchayat Raj Institutions. Through this Amendment, one-third of the seats are reserved for women as members and chairpersons of these institutions. By 1995, the number of women in Panchayats rose sharply, with the highest representation in Kerala and Madhya Pradesh where women filled 38% of the seats (Ahmad et al., 2008). There are 1.3 million women out of the 3 million representatives who are now actively participating in Panchayats (Bhatnagar, 2019). Currently, 20 states in India have made provisions in their respective State Panchayati Raj Acts and increased the reservation of women to 50%. Additionally, states such as Odisha have made it mandatory that if the chairperson in a village is a man, the vice-chairperson must be a woman (Mohanty, 1995). The reservation provisions for women have transformed grassroots democracy and given rural women the power to exercise their right and be involved in village governance.

Women’s participation in grassroots politics has been low due to the patriarchal mindset that women belong at home, where their responsibilities are confined to domestic work and child rearing (Chhibber, 2002). Women are thus actively discriminated against and since they have limited decision-making powers at home it is unrealistic to assume that they have many opportunities to make decisions for the community. With the foundation of change being laid by the 73rd Amendment, there has been a shift in the political landscape and women are becoming more proactive. Elected women representatives have transformed local governance by strengthening the status of marginalised sections of society and empowering those who don’t have a voice. Moreover, they inspire other women in society to break gender stereotypes and include themselves in the decision-making process.

Another important role that elected women representatives play is to bring about rural development. They have been able to tackle various political obstacles and introduce changes that are paramount to the well-being of their communities. Women are known to be effective leaders and bring in transparency and efficiency in their daily duties and administration. They understand the needs of their community and work well to bring awareness and solve issues that the community faces. Hence, in many cases, despite tackling various obstacles such as having to lobby hard for extra funds and resources, women leaders bring faster rural development than their male predecessors. Furthermore, women are considered to be the perfect agents of social revolution, standing up against socially regressive practices such as child marriage, the purdah system and dowry system to build a society free from oppression and discrimination.

With the entry of women in the political arena, the face of democracy has changed from a representative democracy to a participatory one. With women taking the leadership role in villages, they are mobilised with resources to take action against any form of caste-based or gendered violence. From viewing women as recipients of welfare benefits to involving them as successful agents of revolution, the debate on female empowerment has progressed (Zahir, 2018). However, despite being leaders, women continue to face numerous obstacles which make them vulnerable to discrimination and abuse. 

Although there are no constitutional obstacles for the participation of women at the grassroots level, there are prevailing structural, functional and societal constraints that affect their political participation (Dubey et al., 2013). The 73rdAmendment was intended to include women in the political narrative however, women serving as proxies for their male relatives have questioned the efficacy of reservations for women. In some cases, these men cannot stand for elections because they do not fulfil the education requirements and take advantage of the seats reserved for women in their area (Mayal, n.d.). Under these circumstances, women are just politically unaware figureheads, while the men hold the real decision-making powers.

Additionally, elected women representatives have a tedious job with a myriad of roles and responsibilities to ensure the well-being of their community but earn meagre salaries. Some only receive an honorarium of Rs 3,000 in states such as Maharashtra, Odisha, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu (Chandra & Banoth, 2020). Furthermore, women who are panchayat presidents are not allowed any salaried jobs or employment under government-funded schemes, which renders these women economically powerless.

Historically, it is believed that women aren’t capable of making decisions and taking up leadership roles despite performing more duties than their male counterparts. Cultural barriers and a patriarchal mindset still plague many villages where men view women who are empowered leaders as a threat. Elected women representatives face obstacles such as a lack of faith in their decision-making capacities as a leader and the dominance of male members in the panchayat. Furthermore, women are subjected to politically motivated and gender-based violence in various forms which stagnate their participation in grassroots politics (Rao, 2018). However, women leaders can have an enormous impact in reshaping society and thus there is a need to tackle the obstacles that hinder women from discovering their full potential as leaders and change-makers.

Representation is a measure of equality. However, in India it is effective representation that truly matters. This can only occur when there are no structural, functional and societal constraints that impede women’s participation in grassroots politics. By removing gender-based discrimination in politics, India will be one step closer in empowering its women. Women empowerment, which is the need of the hour, can therefore be achieved through political participation where women would have a chance to broaden their horizons and make a change in society.

Avantika Singh is pursuing a master’s degree in public policy at O.P. Jindal Global University.

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There is evidence that many repurposed antivirals, antiprotozoal, and anti-bacterial drugs have hidden talents to combat Covid-19, at least partially, and it might be logical to use them when the virus is replicating in the patient’s body.



Horace Greeley once said, “Common sense is very uncommon!” The recently published interim report of extended solidarity trial published in NEJM on 2 December 2020, “Repurposed Antiviral Drugs for Covid-19”, reported that antiviral drugs (hydroxychloroquine, Remdesivir, lopinavir, interferon) failed to win the race when compared to the placebo, in an assigned group of patients.

The WHO does not trust drugs like ivermectin, Doxy, etc. Many senior microbiologists and intensivists would laugh it out, arguing that these drugs would only help in controlling parasitic infestations. Harrington et al, therefore, appropriately chose a title (“A Large, Simple Trial Leading to Complex Questions”) for their argumentative editorial. They wrote, “No intervention acts on two persons in an identical fashion: patients present with different risk factors, are treated in different healthcare settings, and begin treatment at different stages of illness. In particular, the effectiveness of an antiviral agent can depend on whether a patient presents early (during viral pathogenesis) or later (when immunopathologic conditions or other complications may be more important).” They also pointed out the usefulness of the result of the ‘solidarity trial’ in denying the role of antiviral agents in patients who have entered in the second phase of illness described as the cytokine storm.  Rightly, they asked, “What is a more effective timing for the use of Remdesivir, and should it be used in combination with other agents? How is the course of hospitalization affected by the type and level of care delivered in particular settings?”

This is the question of common sense: why not use an antiviral agent when the virus is replicating? What role can they play once the war for life has entered a phase where the virus itself has been cornered?

This is the argument extended in the recovery trial against the early use of steroids, so not to time it with viral replication phase. The results of the recovery trial, however, supports the use of the steroids in late first and second weeks when evidence of lung involvement is evident by rising oxygen requirement and falling SPO2 <95%. In various articles, it has been shown that viral replication in the upper respiratory tract, to a larger extent, is immunologically inert. Once the virus climbs down to the pneumocyte type II cells, its pathological journey starts and gets reciprocated by the dysregulated immunological response, sequentially leading to diffuse alveolar damage, inflammatory infiltrates, microvascular thrombosis, resulting in a simulating picture of adult acute respiratory syndrome. No wonder, classical findings of rising levels of interleukins 10/6, TNFα, evidence of lymphocyte exhaustion and lymphopenia come almost hand in hand.

Drugs like doxycycline and ivermectin have been used rampantly in every nook and corner of northern-western India. Interestingly, ICMR is playing ‘once bitten and twice shy’, because India was the first country which boldly adopted HCQ prophylaxis and was thoroughly criticized by Americans. The criticism came in the wake of deaths reported in Covid patients receiving HCQ. Analysis says that HCQ and azithromycin are potential drugs which may adversely affect the conduction system; at least 60-70% patients with late phase Covid may have myocardial edema, making them a substrate for arrhythmia.  It is the CDC which allows almost no medicines in the first week of illness.  India has improved in its recovery rate, remarkably from 60% to 95%. How? I talked to many friends who were partying hard, and one after another, became Covid-positive. They consulted a local physician and got a prescription of Ivermectin 24 mg, Doxy 100 mg twice a day, zinc, vitamin D, vitamin C, and even favipiravir, as soon as the report was received, and recovered completely. There are many patients who presented with anosmia. Those who were treated with ivermectin recovered within 7-10 days. I came to know about this in March but experienced it now when I became Covid-positive. Globally, people are experiencing good results from the use of ivermectin.

Therefore, there is evidence that many repurposed antivirals, antiprotozoal, and anti-bacterial drugs have hidden talents to combat Covid-19, at least partially. These drugs are less harmful when one compares them to the 5-10% chance of having serious lung, heart, kidney and brain complications. Patients probably need cardiac care, LMWH or antiplatelets, statins for a longer period, but in a nutshell, patients who recover the second or third phase are obviously not the fittest to survive.

Jeon et al wrote, “Among the 48 drugs that were evaluated in our study, 24 drugs showed potential antiviral activities against SARS-CoV-2, with IC50 values in between 0.1 and 10 μM. Few of them are as follows—tilorone, cyclosporine, chloroquine, mefloquine, amodiaquine, proscillaridin, salinomycin, ouabain, cepharanthine, ciclesonide, oxyclozanide, anidulafungin, gilteritinib, berbamine, ivacaftor, bazedoxifene, niclosamide, and eltrombopag.”

It is common sense that the first five days are of viral replication and subsequently 10% chance of having a vicious immunological storm. Conversely, it is logical to use repurposed antiviral drugs when the virus is replicating and steroids only when the body is brewing cytokines to bring a storm and lymphocytes in back-foot.

Vaccines are illusionary in view of the fact that the duration of trials has been accelerated too fast. Tinkering with the immune system is always a double-edged sword. The oral polio vaccine was introduced in the 70s and there were fears of its association with autism. It took more than 20 years to convince the government in the US. Till now the flu vaccine is not considered as the safest and most efficient vaccine for various reasons. We must remember that natural infection has failed to ensure long-lasting immunity. There are articles suggesting that the virus may co-exist with IgG in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients.

The author is a paediatric cardiologist at Manipal Hospital, Delhi. The views expressed are personal.

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Sunita Shekhawat, Niharika Shekhawat talk about their admiration for Jaipur and their brand ‘Sunita Shekhawat Jaipur’



Sunita Shekhawat, founder of Sunita Shekhawat Jaipur and Niharika Shekhawat, creative director for Sunita Shekhawat Jaipur recently joined NewsX for an exclusive conversation as a part of NewsX India A-List. Talking about her brand Sunita Shekhawat Jaipur, Sunita said, “I think first of all lot of credit goes to the city itself, the city, Jaipur has been an inspiration for so many designers and so many best karigars since the Mughal era. Moreover, Jaipur is known as the emerald city of Asia. We have access to all the coloured stones, the best karigars and the city is so colourful. So, colours inspired me to get into designing, and then I got into manufacturing. I honestly owe a lot to Jaipur itself and hence, the name Sunita Shekhawat Jaipur.”

Niharika pitched in, “There are two ways I look into inspiration. Definitely one, is by working at the brand, and second constantly, how I push myself. For the brand definitely, my mom takes over everything and I think the regeneration is by her. Taking the Legacy forward, I have learned a lot from her and it organically became a part of my childhood. I am not a part of the whole designing product process so when something is getting created, I do observe that in stages and finally when the product or that piece is there on the table and we see it. I just really overwhelmed thinking what best I could do to create that experience with that piece and how do I take the brand forward. So, that inspiration is definitely a great piece of art because it has been created by a designer, and my mom heading it.That in itself is a superb inspiration, and definitely when people just come and be like we love what you do.”

When asked about the USP of their brand, Sunita said, “The most important thing is there are very few design houses who focus a lot on the integrity of the design. Everything is under one roof. From design, manufacturing to retail space, we don’t source anything from outside. You can literally call it a design house. So, we design from farm to market. A lot of time, it is architecture, travel gives you lots of creative ideas and as Niharika has put up, it’s art and craft. Whether it is textile, handicraft, or a piece of furniture, as a designer anything creative inspires me. Even a designer carpet inspires me. I was in Azar Baizan two years ago and those patterns are still there at the back of my mind and while I was doing some beautiful combination of Meenakari and suddenly those carpets propped in my mind and changed the pattern.”

Expressing her views on adapting to change, Sunita said, “The new digital age, I think last year we had a lot of bridal appointments on a zoom call since the brand already has a legacy, the trust value is there, people love what we made, so that was already there we gave them the liberty to decide over a zoom call so that was very convenient for all of us for the team also. That was a new way of working. I think today also Niharika had 2-3 bridal appointments & we are very happy and excited to serve them.”

All praises for her mom, Niharika Shekhawat, on a concluding note, said, “For me, my mom is a constant teacher, a mentor, a friend. I definitely learn everything that I do at work, and, personally speaking, it makes sweet mix working with your parents who are apparently your bosses too. I learned how to go gather like whatever things happen with work she is  a hardcore believer in Geeta so, we had learned one thing, i.e work hard.”

When asked from Sunita about her learnings from her daughter Niharika, Sunita responded, “Honestly, a lot of things and I think that new age that Crispness you know whether it’s in terms of communication, creating a piece of jewellery, travel, work, adapting to the new ways of working, lot of things because of Niharika. The new, the little tadka is all because of Niharika.”

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‘ActionAid provides a platform for change to the most vulnerable communities’: Sandeep Chachra



Sandeep Chachra, Executive Director, ActionAid Association recently joined NewsX for a conversation as part of NewsX India’s special A-List series. A social anthropologist by training and a development activist who has lived and worked with Indigenous people and Dalit communities in India all his life, Sandeep Chachra is currently the Executive Director of ActionAid Association. Prior to this, Mr Chachra was the International lead for ActionAid International, just and democratic governance and economic justice theme. He has worked in several capacities in ActionAid International and other development organisations for the last two decades.

Giving us a peak into his journey in the social sector so far, Sandeep said, “I did my research and studies in social anthropology and interned at social work, and perhaps it’s my time I spent in Jharkhand with the tribal communities there as a student in school and later researches living with the Mundari tribes, or perhaps is the fact that my father is a first-generation refugee from Multan. We grew up in an environment where there were difficulties, perhaps those factors which contributed to me to commit myself to social change and justice efforts.”

Talking about his long association with the ActionAid, he highlighted, “ActionAid provides a platform for change for the most vulnerable communities, their movements and their formations. Over decades, some of which I have been part of, it makes several advances. I will take a few examples, back in early 2000 We took up the cause of homeless people. We organised homeless people and we provided support to homeless people in several cities of the country. Homelessness was then not on the national agenda, so i am working there to bring it to the national agenda to an extent. We went to the court and to the-then governments. Now. we have a national policy scheme for shelters for the homeless. So, it keeps you inspired when you see change happen not just on the ground but also in the policy framework.”

“We did our bit, so did other civil society organisations and formations. You’re right in celebrating and acknowledging their contributions over the last one year, we did our bit as well. Actually, more than about eight months in the last year after the lockdown. We did a bit to reach out for support to inform our workers more popularly we call them migrant workers, the kind of situation that all of us are in. So, we need to reach rations to them, food supplies to them, set up a community and mobile kitchens.” 

On a concluding note, Mr Sandeep Chachra spoke about Action Aid’s plan to combat the second wave of Covid-19. He said, “We are in the middle of the second peak, so we will need to go back to some of the lessons in terms of what needs to be done, particularly for workers. We’re preparing ourselves to once again provide full support and action support. This time around, the question of medicines comes, the question of encouraging people to vaccinate where they’re qualified to vaccinate comes. We are part of a national level campaign, the People’s vaccine Alliance, which is campaigning for universal free vaccination for everybody, particularly in countries where vaccines are even down reaching so it’s not as national but globally also I think a lot needs to be done.”

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