Dallas [US], February 10 (ANI): Reducing the prevalence of obesity may prevent up to half of new Type 2 diabetes cases in the United States, suggested a new research.
The new research was published in the ‘Journal of the American Heart Association’, an open-access journal of the American Heart Association. Obesity is a major contributor to diabetes, and the new study suggested that more tailored efforts are needed to reduce the incidence of obesity-related diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting more than 31 million Americans, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include being overweight or having obesity, being over the age of 45, having an immediate family member diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, being physically active less than 3 times per week, or a history of gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy). Type 2 diabetes is more common among people who are Black, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, or Asian American.
The number of deaths due to Type 2 diabetes in people younger than 65 is increasing along with serious complications of the condition, including amputations and hospitalisations. In addition, Type 2 diabetes impacts heart disease and stroke risk: adults with Type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to have a heart attack or stroke than people without diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with healthy lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating healthy food, and being physically active. According to the National Diabetes Prevention Program, behavior changes have been shown to help people with prediabetes lose 5 per cent – 7 per cent of their body weight and reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58 per cent (71per cent for people older than age 60). Researchers examined the prevalence and excess risk of Type 2 diabetes associated with obesity.
“Our study highlights the meaningful impact that reducing obesity could have on Type 2 diabetes prevention in the United States. Decreasing obesity needs to be a priority. Public health efforts that support healthy lifestyles, such as increasing access to nutritious foods, promoting physical activity and developing community programs to prevent obesity, could substantially reduce new cases of Type 2 diabetes,” said the study’s first author Natalie A. Cameron, M.D., a resident physician of internal medicine at the McGaw Medical Center of Northwestern University in Chicago.
Researchers used information from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and four pooled cycles (2001-2016) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). MESA is an ongoing, longitudinal study of 45 to 84-year-olds who did not have cardiovascular disease upon recruitment. MESA data included in this study was collected during five visits from 2000 to 2017 at six centers across the U.S. NHANES is a cross-sectional study of the American population that takes place every other year using patient questionnaires and examination data.
For this analysis, the authors limited data to participants ages 45 to 79-years old. They included only those who were non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Black, or Mexican American, and who did not have either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes at the beginning of the study. Researchers calculated both the prevalence of obesity and the excess risk of Type 2 diabetes associated with obesity.
The study’s findings include:
1. Among NHANES participants, the overall prevalence of obesity increased from 34 per cent to 41 per cent and was consistently higher among adults with Type 2 diabetes.
2. Among MESA participants:
About 1 in 10 (11.6 per cent) developed Type 2 diabetes after nine years.
People with obesity were nearly three times as likely to develop Type 2 diabetes compared to those without obesity (20 per cent vs. 7.3 per cent, respectively).
3. In both the MESA and NHANES groups:
Obesity was linked to the development of Type 2 diabetes in 30 – 53 per cent of cases.
A greater proportion of participants with obesity had an annual family income of less than USD 50,000, and they were more likely to be non-Hispanic Black or Mexican American.
Obesity prevalence was the lowest among non-Hispanic white females, however, this group experienced the highest obesity-related Type 2 diabetes.
“Our study confirms there is a higher prevalence of obesity among non-Hispanic Black adults and Mexican-American adults compared to non-Hispanic white adults. We suspect these differences may point to important social determinants of health that contribute to new cases of Type 2 diabetes in addition to obesity,” said Cameron.
This analysis included only middle-aged to older adults without cardiovascular disease who were non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Black, or Mexican-American, so results may not be generalisable to the entire U.S. population. (ANI)
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MIKE TYSON TO FEATURE IN THE MOVIE ‘LIGER’
MUMBAI: Boxing legend Mike Tyson will feature in Dharma Productions’ much-anticipated film ‘Liger’ starring Vijay Deverakonda and Ananya Panday in lead roles.
‘Liger’ has been hogging the limelight ever since its inception but due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the makers of the movie held its shoot. In the latest development, the production house announced on their official Twitter handle that their much-awaited film will also feature boxing legend, Mike Tyson. The news comes a day before the film’s director Puri Jagannadh’s birthday.
Sharing a video, introducing the master of the ring, the production house tweeted, “Introducing the master of the ring to the Indian screens! Kicked to announce that the dynamite @MikeTyson has joined the cast of #Liger! #NamasteTyson #HbdPuriJagannadh.”
The professional boxer, who hogged worldwide headlines when he became the youngest ever heavyweight champion in boxing history in 1986 at the age of 20, is widely considered one of the greatest heavyweight fighters of all time. The makers earlier held a spine-chilling teaser unveiling Vijay in a never seen avatar in the film due to the Covid situation.
‘Liger’ was slated to get a worldwide theatrical release on September 9 in five languages – Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam but was also postponed due to the rising Covid-19 cases at that time. Earlier in January, Karan Johar, who has co-produced the project with Vijay, shared the official poster of the movie, unveiling the first look of Vijay as a boxer.
JOHN’S ‘SATYAMEVA JAYATE’ TO LAND IN NOVEMBER
MUMBAI: As the Maharashtra government recently allowed the reopening of movie theatres in the state, makers of John Abraham-starrer ‘Satyameva Jayate’ seized the opportunity of locking the film’s release date.
Taking to Instagram, Emmay Entertainment announced that the second part of ‘Satyameva Jayate’ will arrive in theatres on November 26. “Do Takke Ki Jaan lene 56 inch ka JIGARAA nahi, 56 inch ka HATHODA chaahiye! #SatyamevaJayate2 releasing on 26th November 2021,” the post read.
Directed by Milap Zaveri, the film was supposed to release on May 13, on the occasion of Eid along with Salman Khan’s ‘Radhe: Your Most Wanted Bhai’. Divya Khosla Kumar is also a part of the sequel to ‘Satyameva Jayate’, which revolved around a vigilante who killed corrupt police officers, and an honest officer is called to hunt him down after the body count begins to rise.
WE ARE GENETICALLY COORDINATED: SHAKTI AND MUKTI MOHAN
MUMBAI: Work can be fun, especially with someone you have known your whole life. For siblings, Shakti Mohan and Mukti Mohan, getting opportunities to work with each other always acts as the cherry on the cake. In a recent conversation, the ace dancers, who are currently judging Zee Cafe’s ‘Dance With Me Season 2’, shared their experience of working together.
“We lived under the same roof and grew up together…we have had different interests… Shakti di completely moved into the dance field whereas I started doing acting. However, it’s the dance that is an integral part of our lives. It has made us much closer,” Mukti said.
Speaking about her bond with Mukti, Shakti quipped about being “genetically coordinated” with her. “We are genetically coordinated. We complement each other very well. It’s always amazing to collaborate with Mukti. When we work together we always try our best to make it fun. While shooting for ‘Dance With Me’, we pulled off each other’s legs, we revealed our childhood secrets and whatnot,” she shared. Mukti also believes that she coordinates well with her elder sister. “The bond we share is always complementing each other. Sometimes one person can be dull and the other one quite energetic, but in our case, nothing has ever happened like that. I guess it’s in our DNA to be coordinated with each other,” Mukti laughed.
SHILPA SEEKS MONDAY MOTIVATION FROM HER KIDS
MUMBAI: Amid the ongoing porn racket controversy surrounding her husband and businessman Raj Kundra, actress Shilpa Shetty has been vocal on social media about practising yoga for mental peace. The actor has also shared this wisdom with her little children.
Taking to her Instagram handle on Monday, Shilpa shared a super cute video in which her son Viaan can be seen teaching yoga to her daughter Samisha. “Kids are like wet clay. We must mould their approach towards a healthier lifestyle early. Inculcating the habit of enjoying a balanced diet, staying fit, and gaining control over the mind & soul is crucial. That’s exactly what I’ve tried to do with Viaan; and now, to see him take over the role and teaching his little follower, Samisha, makes me so proud,” she captioned.
Shilpa further called the sight of her children bonding over exercise as her “Monday Motivation”. “Seeing them bond over Yoga is truly the kind of Monday Motivation I need to stay fit and healthy… with them and for them. Have a great week ahead, my #InstaFam,” she added.
MADHAVAN’S NEW FILM TO ARRIVE IN APRIL 2022
MUMBAI : Actor R Madhavan’s much-awaited ‘Rocketry: The Nambi Effect’ has finally got its release date. It will be out on April 1, 2022.
Madhavan not only acted in the film but also has directed, written, and produced it. Sharing the release date of the film, Madhavan took to Instagram and wrote, “We are elated to inform you that the much-awaited Rocketry: The Nambi Effect will be released worldwide in theatres on 1st April 2022. We have made this movie with a lot of love and dedication and are grateful for all the support that you have shown us so far- Team Rocketry.”
‘Rocketry’ is based on the life of Indian scientist Nambi Narayanan, a former ISRO scientist and aerospace engineer who was caught in the throes of a spy scandal.
It has been shot simultaneously in multiple languages including Hindi, Tamil and English, and will also be released in Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada.
AYUSHMANN’S ‘CHANDIGARH KARE AASHIQUI’ RELEASE CONFIRMED
MUMBAI: Bollywood actor Ayushmann Khurrana’s upcoming movie ‘Chandigarh Kare Aashiqui’ has been confirmed to hit the silver screens on December 10, 2021, as the Maharashtra government recently allowed the reopening of the movie theatres in the state.
The news was shared on Twitter by film critic and trade analyst Taran Adarsh, who tweeted, “AYUSHMANN KHURRANA: ‘CHANDIGARH KARE AASHIQUI’ ON 10 DEC 2021… #ChandigarhKareAashiqui #AyushmannKhurrana #VaaniKapoor.”
The upcoming film, which features Ayushmann along with actor Vaani Kapoor, marks the first-ever collaboration between the duo. ‘Chandigarh Kare Aashiqui’, which wrapped its shoot in late December, last year, was the first Indian film to complete the entire shooting during the coronavirus pandemic.
The movie by ace filmmaker Abhishek Kapoor is a modern-day love story that will feature Ayushmann portraying the role of a cross-functional athlete, while Vaani will reportedly essay a transgender character. ‘Chandigarh Kare Aashiqui’ has been produced by Bhushan Kumar’s T-Series in collaboration with Pragya Kapoor’s Guy In the Sky Pictures.
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