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NEP 2020: True reflection of India’s conscience and ethos

Yuvraj Pokharna

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Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ hands over the final policy document of the National Education Policy 2020 to Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu, in New Delhi on 30 July. (ANI Photo)

What is it that lags us behind? We produce CEOs who lead multimillionaire firms globally but if we can lead Google, why can’t we create one? Many of us have been ruminating about these questions. With the declaration of the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020, it is clear that successive regimes failed to address the fundamental problems in the education system of India.

We didn’t have a Central ministry for education. It fell under the Union Human Resource Development Ministry. The fact is that our education system promoted a rat race and didn’t build the unique persona of each child. With an obsolete testing methodology, pedants following the rulebook of clichés where teachers themselves were not trained and efficient, lack of flexibility in the system, medium of language of instruction, education irrelevant to job market, missing innovation and creation, we were only aping the West and the students were happy in getting a 6-digit salary job and lacked the ambition to become entrepreneurs themselves. Formulae won over concepts, rote learning won over critical analysis, marks won over knowledge, theory won over practice and there was no end to social disparity. In totality, we have been focusing on everything except research and training.

This is not meant to criticise the hitherto establishments. Obviously, not to criticise the lack of importance given to educational reforms and certainly, not to sing any paean song for the Modi government. As an educator and social activist, I am just propounding my take on the NEP 2020. To me, this represents the collective conscience and ethos of the nation. It is an inflexion point. Developed through pervasive consultations, it is a sweeping overhaul of an archaic British colonial system, inept for our needs. It brings about transformational and revolutionary changes.

As per the NEP document, it is the first education policy of the 21st century, and aims to address many growing developmental directives. In the dynamics of the global ecosystem of innovation, education must move towards less content, and more towards learning about how to think, how to be creative and multi-disciplinary, and how to innovate, adapt and absorb new material in new and changing fields. It counsels the revision and revamping of all aspects of the education structure, including its administration and governance, to create a new system that is aligned with the aspirational goals of the 21st century, while remaining consistent with India’s traditional value systems. NEP 2020 lays particular emphasis on the development of the creative potential of each individual, in all its richness and intricacy. It is based on the principle that education must develop not only cognitive skills but also foundational skills of literacy and numeracy, higher-order cognitive skills such as critical thinking and problem solving and also social and emotional skills which are also referred as soft skills including cultural awareness, empathy, perseverance, teamwork, leadership, communication, among others.

Apart from ‘Universalisation of Early Childhood Care Education’ (ECCE), major changes include a new pedagogical and curricular structure of school education (5+3+3+4 instead of 10+2); curriculum and pedagogy to be transformed by 2022 to integrate 21st century skills in teaching, learning and assessment; mathematical thinking and scientific temper, textbooks imbibing local content and flavour; medium of instruction up till grade 5, and preferably till grade 8 will be home/local/ mother language; no rigid separation between Arts & Sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams; vocational integration from class 6 onwards; attainment of foundational literacy and numeracy by grade 3; 360 degree holistic progress card of child, among others.

The other features include tracking student progress for achieving learning outcomes; Gender Inclusion Fund; settingup of National Centre for Performance Assessment, review and analysis of knowledge for holistic development (PARAKH); board exams to be conducted twice a year (each board exam could have two parts — one part of an objective type with multiple-choice questions and the other of a descriptive part).

At the higher level, the National Testing Agency will offer a common entrance exam for admission to Higher Educational Institutes (HEIs); National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST). Likewise, some of the revolutionary proposed reforms encompass holistic and multidisciplinary education with flexibility of subjects. Multiple entry/exit points with appropriate certification; academic bank of credits to be set up to enable digital storage of credits to be transferred; UG programme (3 or 4 year), PG programme (1 or 2 year), integrated 5-year course; dumping M.Phil; Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU) in every district; single regulator for higher education including teacher education (excluding legal and medical); special education zone for disadvantaged regions are other important changes. Meanwhile, common norms for public and private HEIs, private philanthropic partnership, fee fixation within broad regulatory framework; setting up of National Research Foundation (NRF); internationalisation of education; focus on Indian knowledge system, culture, literature and scientific vocabulary of Indian languages; promoting traditional arts through Lok Vidya, etc, are also major updates.

All this, of course, will happen keeping a resonance with technology. Use of technology in education and also in planning, teaching, learning and assessment, administration and management, regulation will play a pivotal role. Self-disclosure and minimum human interface, increasing access for disadvantaged groups, divyang-friendly education software, e-content in regional languages, virtual labs, national educational technology forum (NETF) to promote use of technology, digitally equipping schools, teachers and students, etc, are areas where technology will be used.

If one considers the proposal of promoting Indian languages, obviously it would include Sanskrit too. One would realise the spirit of “Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat” along with taking us back to our forgotten roots. Behind the multiple entry/exit points, one can sense the purpose of empowering students to continue their graduation, notwithstanding any difficulties or even with a sabbatical gap. Replacing 10+2 structure with 5+3+3+4 curricular seems to be in tune with the global practices for mental development of a child. The curricular and pedagogical structure of school education will be reconfigured to make them responsive and relevant to the developmental needs and interests of learners at different stages of their development, corresponding to the age ranges of 3-8 years, 8-11 years, 11-14 years, and 14-18 years, respectively.

 The Gender Inclusion Fund and Special Education Zones will focus on inclusivity and accessibility of education and so forth. The teacher and the teacher’s condition must and will be at the centre of these changes. A common guiding set of National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be developed by 2022, by the National Council for Teacher Education in consultation with NCERT. Teachers will be given constant opportunities for self-improvement and to learn the latest innovations and advances in their profession. To ensure that every teacher has the flexibility to optimise their own development as teachers, a modular approach to continuous teacher development will be adopted.

What one needs to ponder and applaud at this juncture is the vision envisaged by the Modi government in implying these radical but necessary reforms. According to PM Modi, NEP 2020 is based on the pillars of access, equity, quality, affordability and accountability. We see that the utmost importance is given towards ensuring universal access to school education. There is emphasis on better infrastructure, innovative education centres to bring back dropouts into the mainstream, facilitating multiple pathways to learning among others.

 Yuvraj Pokharna is an engineerturned-educationist and social activist from Surat who keeps a keen eye on contemporary issues including social media, politics and government policies.

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Educationally Speaking

82,000 student visas issued by US to Indians in 2022

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Higher than in any previous years, US missions in India have issued 82,000 student visas so far in 2022. Indian students received more American student visas than students from any other country.

The embassy said that to ensure that as many qualified students as possible made it to their programmes of study on time for scheduled start dates, the processing of student visa applications from May to August was prioritized by the US embassy in New Delhi and the consulates in Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Mumbai.

The senior-most US diplomat in India, Patricia Lacina, said in charge d’affaires that, “We issued over 82,000 student visas this summer alone, more than in any previous year. This shows that the United States remains for most Indian families the most sought-after country for higher education. “

She also said, “We are happy to see so many students were able to receive visas and reach their universities after the delays caused in previous years by the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Lacina said, “This also highlights the important contributions Indian students make to both our countries as they build life-long connections with American peers to maintain and grow international partnerships.”

Don Heflin, the minister counsellor for consular affairs, said, “International student mobility is central to US diplomacy, and nowhere is the contribution of students bigger than in India.”

The “Open Doors” report in 2021 showed that there were 1,67,582 students from India during the 2020–21 academic year. Indian students comprise nearly 20% of all international students in the US. Students seeking assistance with studying in the US can download the EducationUSA India app, which provides the latest information about the college application process and helps plan for higher education in the US.

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Candidates can apply for JEECUP Round 1 here, which begins today

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The Joint Entrance Examination Council has started the registration process for UPJEE 2022 counselling. The 1st Round registration process for JEECUP begins today, i.e., on 7 September, 2022 and will end on 9 September, 2022. Candidates can apply online through the official site of JEECUP at jeecup.admissions.nic.in.

According to the schedule, the choice filling and locking system will take place from 7 September to 9 September, 2022, with the seat allotment results being released on 10 September, 2022. The online freeze/float option selection for all candidates and document verification at the district help centres will be done from 11 September to 13 September, 2022. The fee payment link will also remain active from 11 to 13 September, 2022.

Direct link to apply for JEECUP Round 1 registration

UPJEE 2022 Counselling: How to apply for JEECUP Round 1 registration

Candidates can apply online through the official site by following these simple steps given below.

  • Visit the official site of UPJEE on jeecup.admissions.nic.in.
  • Click on the UPJEE 2022 Counselling registration link available on the home page.
  • Enter the login details and click on submit.
  • Fill in the application form and make the payment of application fees.
  • Once done, click on submit.
  • Your registration is done and candidates can download the page.
  • Keep a hard copy of the same for further reference.

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CBSE 10th and 12th Compartment Results 2022: Dates for post-result activities announced

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CBSE conducted Class 10 compartment exams for those who did not clear the mains from 23 August, 2022 to 29 August, 2022. Class 12 compartment exams began on 23 August, 2022. Parents, teachers, and students are eagerly waiting for the results.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced that they are going to declare results 2022 soon and the results will be published on results.cbse.nic.in, results.gov.in, and cbse.gov.in.

Ahead of the results, CBSE has published a notification on cbse.gov.in with a tentative schedule for post-result activities – verification of marks, obtaining photocopies of answer sheets, and re-evaluation of answers.

Students can apply for marks verification from the 2nd day of publication of results till the 3rd day. To obtain a photocopy of the answer sheets, they will have to submit a request on the 8th day after the declaration of results.

Students can apply for re-evaluation of results on the 13th day.

The board said that a detailed schedule in this regard would be issued after the publication of the results.

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How Financial Help can help Women Entrepreneurs grow their business

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Business growth, these days, has come a long way from where it was. Earlier, the options were limited for one to grow their business. But now, as technology is evolving and times are changing, there are many ways in which business growth can be achieved. Such an evolution is a necessity, especially for women.  Women empowerment has gained momentum in recent years. And no doubt, it will only be gaining more and more popularity in the world. To keep it up, the Indian government is also focusing on it by supporting women. As the number of women entrepreneurs is increasing, there is also an increment in the number of schemes which ensure that these women are well equipped to run their businesses. There are many opportunities out there. One must know fully well how to grab those opportunities and do their homework. Here are a few tips that can help: 

  • Eligibility

One must, first, check their eligibility. After all, without being eligible for a scheme, they won’t be able to get the financial aid that they require. One can identify among suitable business loans for women and get all the specifications or eligibility criteria that they must keep in mind. If some of the documents are required, they can be ready for financial aid soon. 

  • Keep Track

One must be very much educated in terms of such schemes if they want to apply on time. Various schemes are coming up, and one must have the details of the ones that concern them. Apart from that, they should also keep track of their applications in case they have filled them. 

  • Punctuality for Application

Since there are many schemes, they are not always available. Almost all the schemes for a business loan for women have an expiry date. In other words, there is always a time limit on these until one can fill out their application and submit it. Post that, there is no use in filling out the application as it will not be valid. The best way to do this is by blocking a certain time to apply for such grants specifically.

  • Necessary Details

Most of the time, there are some other details, such as documents, that one might forgetto include. To prevent such mishaps, one must gather all the details about the documents, portals where they must be submitted, who they need to contact, etc., to stay on top of things from the beginning. Revision is also a thing that one must practice in their applications to enable smooth processing. Business Loan Schemes for WomenHere are some of the schemes for a business loan for women that turn out to be the most helpful for women in business: 

  • MUDRA Loan

MUDRA Loan or MUDRA Yojana was launched back in 2015 under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY). The scheme is offered in three categories: Shishu, Kishor, and Tarun. With concessional interest rates, the loan schemes enable women in business to get a loan of up to 10 Lakh rupees. The amount can be easily used for either expansion of one’s business or starting their own business. It has a tenure of repayment of up to 5 years. 

  • Stree Shakti Yojana

As one of the unique schemes, the Stree Shakti package bolsters women’s entrepreneurship. It provides various concessions that women can take advantage of. There is a concession of 0.05 % on loans exceeding the amount of about ₹ 2 lakh. One catch of this scheme is that it is only available for women who are in most ownership of their business. One can avail up to ₹ 20 lakhs of loans. 

  • Bhartiya Mahila Bank Business Loan

Bhartiya Mahila Bank Business Loan is available for women entrepreneurs with an amount that goes up to ₹ 20 Crores. There are three different types of Bharatiya Mahila Bank Business Loan schemes which include: Shringaar: This loan, the BMB Shringaar loan, applies to self-employed women or homemakers who are planning a startup or just want help meeting their daily business expenses. Parvarish: This loan can go for an amount up to ₹ 1 Crore. It provides loans to women who are self-employed women or homemakers for a specific purpose, that is, to set up day-care creches. One can avail of it without collateral security under the CGSTSM or Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises scheme. Annapurna: This one is especially for women who are within the age of 18 to 60 yearsand are in food entrepreneurship. IT helps them start or expand their small businesses and can avail of this loan. Unlike the schemes for business loans for women mentioned above, this one requires collateral. 

  • Dena Shakti

Under the Dena Shakti scheme, women entrepreneurs can get a variety of financial aids and services. This one empowers women in business in such a way that they can expect a concession rate of about 0.25% interest. It covers various sectors, including microcredits, retail stores, manufacturing sector, agriculture and related sectors, and small enterprises. 

  • Udyogini

The Punjab and Sind Bank launched the Udyogini program to offer business loans to women. In addition to that, it also offers low-interest rates, which are favourable to women entrepreneurs. One can use this scheme’s help to set themselves up and ensure a smooth establishment and running of the business. Small-scale self-employed women entrepreneurs are only examples of the categories the scheme covers. These schemes are empowering and highly effective in setting up a business. This information is also one that comes in handy for women who have no idea where they must start their journey. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Are the business loans for women available for housewives as well?

Yes, all women, whether they are housewives or not, can apply for a business loan under the various schemes specially designed for women. They are applicable if one plans to put the money into their business venture. 

  1. Are these business loan schemes only available for Indian women?

Yes, all the business loan schemes in India which are designed for women can be availed only by Indian women. 

  1. What is the first thing one must check before applying for a business loan for women?

One of the first things that one must keep in mind while applying for a business loan for women is eligibility and whether they meet the criteria or not. 

  1. Can business loans be applied for the expansion of business?

Yes, one can easily apply for a loan if they want to use the money to expand the said business. 

  1. Is there a minimum amount of loan that one must take out?

There is no minimum amount in most organizations. Although the amount also depends on the organization.  

  1. Can one get business loans for women in an amount above Rs. 1 crore?

Yes, some of the organizations do offer business loans for women in an amount above Rs. 1 crore. 

  1. Are there specific loans available for women who come under the category of SC & ST?

Yes, in India, specific loans are available for women who come under SC & ST. 

  1. Are there benefits available in all the schemes of business loans for women?

Yes, one may opt for one business loan scheme over the other due to its benefits, such as concessions or lower interest rates. 

  1. What is the minimum age for a woman in business to take out a loan for her business?

The minimum age for a woman in a business to take out a loan for her business is 18. However, this might change as per the institutions. For instance, some banks have 25 as the minimum age limit for business loans for women. 

  1. Does one need to have a good credit score to take out a loan?

Yes, one must have a good credit score to take out a loan. The credit score might depend on the institution that they are applying to.

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How do Government Websites help you to get information about your land?

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As of right now, we’re able to share details on Rajasthan Apna Khata 2022. We’ll show you how to view a map of Rajasthan Farm from the comfort of your own home using an online map service. The state of Rajasthan is rather large. Jamabandi measles have been made available online by the Rajasthan government so that residents of the state may see their land records from the comfort of their own homes. To learn more about your Bhulekh UP, Rajasthan, or Rajasthan if you’re from Rajasthan, just keep checking back with us.

Rajasthan’s government has launched its own Apna Khata website to see land information. From the convenience of their own homes, residents of the state can access this website to view their Khasra Khatuni, Jamabandi, and Bhoomi Maps. Online applications for examining land records, Khet Khatauni, Jamabandi Nakal and Violence Intkaal are now available to all residents of the state, at any time. In addition, the state’s whole population may access internet data on Khet Number, Khatauni Number, and Violence Number, among other things.

The ApnaKhata raj nic in site allows Rajasthan residents to look up information on their property online. There would be no need for residents of the state to visit the Tehsil or Patwari’s office for any land-related tasks in the future. You don’t need to leave your house to verify your Bhulekh Jamabandi details.

Information regarding the land will no longer have to be obtained by making rounds of eating Patwari. People in Rajasthan state may now access and print Khata Khatauni and other land information via an internet website.

Apna Khata Rajasthan’s Positive Effects

  • Those in Rajasthan state will no longer have to visit Patwari to see if Khatauni has been checked.
  • The use of this gateway will help to cut down on unethical forms of marketing.
  • People may now sit at home and look up information on their land thanks to the implementation of this program.
  • To view a map of their property in Rajasthan Apna Khata, simply input the Khasra number or Jamabandi number.
  • People in the state will save time as a result of the implementation of this portal..

What is the e Dharti Rajasthan Portal about?

Rajasthan’s state portal E-Dharti provides individuals with access to information on their land from the comfort of their own homes. This site may be used for a variety of tasks, such as generating a Khasra number, a Bhulekh, a land map, and a farm jamabandi. edharti.raj.nic.in is the portal’s official webpage.

A khata number is required for all citizens. Account numbers for families are known as Khata Numbers (also known as Khevat Numbers). Landowners and their total land holdings are listed in the database.

  • The Apna Khata web site allows people of Rajasthan state to view the comprehensive data oftheir land.
  • The official website of eDharti Apna Khata provides access to a variety of resources, including Khasra Map, Khatauni, and Jamabandi Nakal.
  • As an online gateway, the inhabitants of the state will save time and no longer have to visit the Patwari, saving them time and money.

What is e Sathi?

An online platform called eSathi UP, developed by the UP government, offers a variety of services, including income and caste certificates, birth and death certificates, and more.

This portal’s goal is to make it easier for the people of Uttar Pradesh who live there to access a wide variety of government services and programs. People in the state of Uttar Pradesh can use the eSathi UP portal to apply for and obtain various certifications. The Uttar Pradesh e-District Project is a mission-mode project that runs under the e-Governance Plans throughout the state of UP for the convenience of citizens. It is the state government’s goal to make the e Sathi UP site a success. The fundamental objective of e District UP is to computerize governmental services. The entire system will be automated as part of the E District UP plan.

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Why Teacher Performance Evaluations Are Important

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Why Teacher Performance Evaluations Are Important

Good educational outcomes are a residue of having highly qualified and experienced teachers. The quality of a good teacher is weighed through the teacher’s evaluation. A teacher’s evaluation puts out their performance and conduct in context and compares them against a set of certain standards. 

Evaluating teachers has proved a daunting task yet crucial because it informs future decisions. The evaluation must set clear and rigorous expectations to be successful and effective. Teachers’ evaluation is also made fair by using objective data to measure the performance against some standards. 

Finally, giving evaluation feedback enables the teachers to reinforce their strong points and improve their shortcomings.

Why should teachers be evaluated? Here are a few reasons why teacher evaluation is critical in maintaining a high-quality level of education and meeting the student’s attainments.

  • Improving Teacher Quality

Today, a teacher’s evaluation focuses on instructional and student achievements. For a teacher to be termed as effective, they should have a good mastery of instructional techniques, be well experienced, collaborate with colleagues, and have participated in professional development. 

Teachers’ evaluation helps recognize great teachers who can replicate methods and styles. Good teachers must then be regarded as positive reinforcement to inspire others. Teacher evaluation helps identify teachers’ shortcomings, thus exposing the teachers that require extra training to teach effectively.

  • Improves Teacher Accountability

Teacher evaluation plays a major role in professional development, preparing programs, and building trust among administrators and colleagues. A teacher’s accountability helps the administrators and educators reach the steps necessary to improve their relationship and improve the students’ performance. For example, a teacher’s evaluation acts like a road map where the educators set tangible goals to be reached at a specified time.

  • Encourages Professional Development

Teacher’s evaluation encourages professional development because it deals with formative goals. These goals guide, improve, recognize and reinforce teaching excellence. They assist teachers in planning the educational activities and help teachers focus solely on the student’s outcome. The Adobe Education Exchange comes in handy as an educator’s resource for teachers whose students are taking on projects. This greatly helps the teachers in guiding students and planning the educational activities.

  • Encourages Greater Teacher-Student Collaboration

A teacher is expected to have the capacity to plan, lead, initiate, develop teaching and education in both general and subject-specific knowledge. This is critical because it gives the teacher the capacity to connect teaching and research. For example, when students research the science project ideas 4th grade, the teacher can guide ideas and topics best suited for the student. This kind of collaboration is greatly encouraged by teachers’ evaluations.

How effective is teacher evaluation?

Teachers’ evaluations are critical and integral to our education system. This is because it ensures that we have experienced and qualified teachers geared towards teacher-student collaboration for the greater good, that is, excellent student outcomes. Giving meanin

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