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NEP 2020: Imparting global outlook without negating Indian ethos

It is for the first time in independent India that a sincere and serious effort has been made to usher in far-reaching transformations in India’s educational system.

Mamidala Jagadesh Kumar

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Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ hands over the final policy document of the National Education Policy 2020 to Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu, in New Delhi on Thursday. ANI

India can become a true knowledge society and economy only when it comes out of the shackles of Lord Macaulay’s Westernised education system so deep rooted in our country. It is for the first time in independent India that a sincere and serious effort has been made to usher in farreaching transformations in India’s educational system. This new National Education Policy (NEP), announced by the government, is geared towards preparing our students for meaningful and satisfying lives and responsible citizenship roles with a global outlook but rooted in Indian ethos.

 What is strikingly unique about NEP is the extent and magnitude of consultations that were carried out before finalising the education policy. Stakeholders from across the country — nearly 2.5 lakh gram panchayats, 6,600 blocks, 6,000 urban local bodies, 676 districts — were consulted for their feedback. The draft NEP was translated into 22 languages. Consultations were held with the state governments and members of Parliament. In JNU too we held a one-day workshop on draft NEP and had consultations with faculty members. Our feedback was sent to the MHRD and we are glad that some of our suggestions were positively considered. Therefore, I have no doubt in my mind that this NEP is clearly a democratic outcome of the collective efforts of all the stakeholders.

The NEP is very exhaustive with futuristic approaches to uplift and transform the education in India. NEP deals in detail with all aspects of education in India right from school education to higher education, from quality of teaching learning processes to high quality research in universities, from teacher training to governing structures of educational institutes, use of technology, promotion of indigenous knowledge systems and many other important issues that confront education in our country. However, I would like to focus on how NEP addresses a few important issues that are close to my heart.

Let us first see how NEP caters to the disadvantaged sections. We know from National Statistical Office (NSO) reports that about 12 per cent of girls drop out of school to get married and another 32 per cent for domestic reasons. Nearly 35 per cent of boys drop out for financial and employment reasons. We must end this trend of dropping out from school. There are three ways in which NEP aims to address this issue of drop out. First, by making efforts to incentivise the meritorious students belonging to SC, ST, OC and other socially and economically disadvantages groups. Private HEIs will also be asked to play a role by offering larger numbers of free ships and scholarships. Second, NEP encourages HEIs to offer Open and distance learning with a target to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio to 50%. Third, and this is the most important aspect, is the integration of vocational education and multiple entry/exit points. Depending on the family or financial situation, students will have the opportunity to take breaks in their education and come back to complete their education. Further, NEP outlines the establishment of alternative and innovative education centres to help students who drop out of school are brought back to education, particularly the children of migrant labourers.

Swami Vivekananda said, “The men and the women are the two wheels of the society. Hence, we need education for the females as we need for the males.” Unfortunately, even decades after Independence, we still do not see a larger participation of girls in higher education. To enable more girls to be part of higher education, the NEP proposes that the Government of India will develop a ‘Gender-Inclusion Fund’ to build the nation’s capacity to provide quality and equitable education for all girls. The aim is to make sure every girl in the country is part of the schooling system and high proportion of the in higher education by fostering gender equity and inclusion. Here, educational institutes too have to play a proactive role by engaging with the civil society to adopt best practices and inculcate girl’s capacity for leadership. NEP envisages that all schools develop appropriate mechanism to eschew discrimination, harassment and intimidation of women and girls. The NEP suggests that the gender inclusion fund will be made available to the States to address local context-specific impediments which come in the way of providing access to good education to female and transgender children. To prevent drop out and provide suitable and safe environs, free boarding facilities are planned to be built for students who from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds and particularly for girls. The idea is to ensure that every student who will come of school is proficient in at least on skill.

One important segment of our society on whom we have so far not paid significant attention in making them enabled workforce is the people with disabilities. NEP has given a great emphasis on establishing resource centres for learners with severe or multiple disabilities at village/ block level to provide skills to these learners. There is also a proposal to develop a common Indian Sign Language in addition to encouraging the local sign languages. To the students with disabilities, language-appropriate teaching-learning materials will be provided so that they can seamlessly integrate into the school eco-system. If differently-abled students in school education can progress to higher education with financial support from scholarships for talented and meritorious students as planned in NEP, it will create greater opportunities to them to be part of India’s economic growth.

The emphasis given by NEP to impart early childhood education in either mother tongue or in one of the local languages will have a far reaching positive impact on students and their thinking process. It is well known that the choice of language for instruction in early years of school education decides educational outcomes. Research shows that learning outcomes are best when education is imparted in a language familiar to the early learners, which invariably happens to be their mother tongue or local language. NEP aims to raise the status of all Indian languages and their literature. There is strong endorsement of the three-language formula in the education policy which will enhance national integration. If advanced countries can preserve their languages in the face of internationalisation, why can’t India preserve its truly rich languages and literatures?

The plans mooted by NEP for introducing holistic and multidisciplinary education with emphasis on flexibility make it the best and truly the first National Education Policy that India has ever envisioned after Independence.

The writer is Vice-Chancellor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

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Educationally Speaking

82,000 student visas issued by US to Indians in 2022

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Higher than in any previous years, US missions in India have issued 82,000 student visas so far in 2022. Indian students received more American student visas than students from any other country.

The embassy said that to ensure that as many qualified students as possible made it to their programmes of study on time for scheduled start dates, the processing of student visa applications from May to August was prioritized by the US embassy in New Delhi and the consulates in Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Mumbai.

The senior-most US diplomat in India, Patricia Lacina, said in charge d’affaires that, “We issued over 82,000 student visas this summer alone, more than in any previous year. This shows that the United States remains for most Indian families the most sought-after country for higher education. “

She also said, “We are happy to see so many students were able to receive visas and reach their universities after the delays caused in previous years by the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Lacina said, “This also highlights the important contributions Indian students make to both our countries as they build life-long connections with American peers to maintain and grow international partnerships.”

Don Heflin, the minister counsellor for consular affairs, said, “International student mobility is central to US diplomacy, and nowhere is the contribution of students bigger than in India.”

The “Open Doors” report in 2021 showed that there were 1,67,582 students from India during the 2020–21 academic year. Indian students comprise nearly 20% of all international students in the US. Students seeking assistance with studying in the US can download the EducationUSA India app, which provides the latest information about the college application process and helps plan for higher education in the US.

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Candidates can apply for JEECUP Round 1 here, which begins today

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The Joint Entrance Examination Council has started the registration process for UPJEE 2022 counselling. The 1st Round registration process for JEECUP begins today, i.e., on 7 September, 2022 and will end on 9 September, 2022. Candidates can apply online through the official site of JEECUP at jeecup.admissions.nic.in.

According to the schedule, the choice filling and locking system will take place from 7 September to 9 September, 2022, with the seat allotment results being released on 10 September, 2022. The online freeze/float option selection for all candidates and document verification at the district help centres will be done from 11 September to 13 September, 2022. The fee payment link will also remain active from 11 to 13 September, 2022.

Direct link to apply for JEECUP Round 1 registration

UPJEE 2022 Counselling: How to apply for JEECUP Round 1 registration

Candidates can apply online through the official site by following these simple steps given below.

  • Visit the official site of UPJEE on jeecup.admissions.nic.in.
  • Click on the UPJEE 2022 Counselling registration link available on the home page.
  • Enter the login details and click on submit.
  • Fill in the application form and make the payment of application fees.
  • Once done, click on submit.
  • Your registration is done and candidates can download the page.
  • Keep a hard copy of the same for further reference.

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Educationally Speaking

CBSE 10th and 12th Compartment Results 2022: Dates for post-result activities announced

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CBSE conducted Class 10 compartment exams for those who did not clear the mains from 23 August, 2022 to 29 August, 2022. Class 12 compartment exams began on 23 August, 2022. Parents, teachers, and students are eagerly waiting for the results.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced that they are going to declare results 2022 soon and the results will be published on results.cbse.nic.in, results.gov.in, and cbse.gov.in.

Ahead of the results, CBSE has published a notification on cbse.gov.in with a tentative schedule for post-result activities – verification of marks, obtaining photocopies of answer sheets, and re-evaluation of answers.

Students can apply for marks verification from the 2nd day of publication of results till the 3rd day. To obtain a photocopy of the answer sheets, they will have to submit a request on the 8th day after the declaration of results.

Students can apply for re-evaluation of results on the 13th day.

The board said that a detailed schedule in this regard would be issued after the publication of the results.

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How Financial Help can help Women Entrepreneurs grow their business

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Business growth, these days, has come a long way from where it was. Earlier, the options were limited for one to grow their business. But now, as technology is evolving and times are changing, there are many ways in which business growth can be achieved. Such an evolution is a necessity, especially for women.  Women empowerment has gained momentum in recent years. And no doubt, it will only be gaining more and more popularity in the world. To keep it up, the Indian government is also focusing on it by supporting women. As the number of women entrepreneurs is increasing, there is also an increment in the number of schemes which ensure that these women are well equipped to run their businesses. There are many opportunities out there. One must know fully well how to grab those opportunities and do their homework. Here are a few tips that can help: 

  • Eligibility

One must, first, check their eligibility. After all, without being eligible for a scheme, they won’t be able to get the financial aid that they require. One can identify among suitable business loans for women and get all the specifications or eligibility criteria that they must keep in mind. If some of the documents are required, they can be ready for financial aid soon. 

  • Keep Track

One must be very much educated in terms of such schemes if they want to apply on time. Various schemes are coming up, and one must have the details of the ones that concern them. Apart from that, they should also keep track of their applications in case they have filled them. 

  • Punctuality for Application

Since there are many schemes, they are not always available. Almost all the schemes for a business loan for women have an expiry date. In other words, there is always a time limit on these until one can fill out their application and submit it. Post that, there is no use in filling out the application as it will not be valid. The best way to do this is by blocking a certain time to apply for such grants specifically.

  • Necessary Details

Most of the time, there are some other details, such as documents, that one might forgetto include. To prevent such mishaps, one must gather all the details about the documents, portals where they must be submitted, who they need to contact, etc., to stay on top of things from the beginning. Revision is also a thing that one must practice in their applications to enable smooth processing. Business Loan Schemes for WomenHere are some of the schemes for a business loan for women that turn out to be the most helpful for women in business: 

  • MUDRA Loan

MUDRA Loan or MUDRA Yojana was launched back in 2015 under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY). The scheme is offered in three categories: Shishu, Kishor, and Tarun. With concessional interest rates, the loan schemes enable women in business to get a loan of up to 10 Lakh rupees. The amount can be easily used for either expansion of one’s business or starting their own business. It has a tenure of repayment of up to 5 years. 

  • Stree Shakti Yojana

As one of the unique schemes, the Stree Shakti package bolsters women’s entrepreneurship. It provides various concessions that women can take advantage of. There is a concession of 0.05 % on loans exceeding the amount of about ₹ 2 lakh. One catch of this scheme is that it is only available for women who are in most ownership of their business. One can avail up to ₹ 20 lakhs of loans. 

  • Bhartiya Mahila Bank Business Loan

Bhartiya Mahila Bank Business Loan is available for women entrepreneurs with an amount that goes up to ₹ 20 Crores. There are three different types of Bharatiya Mahila Bank Business Loan schemes which include: Shringaar: This loan, the BMB Shringaar loan, applies to self-employed women or homemakers who are planning a startup or just want help meeting their daily business expenses. Parvarish: This loan can go for an amount up to ₹ 1 Crore. It provides loans to women who are self-employed women or homemakers for a specific purpose, that is, to set up day-care creches. One can avail of it without collateral security under the CGSTSM or Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises scheme. Annapurna: This one is especially for women who are within the age of 18 to 60 yearsand are in food entrepreneurship. IT helps them start or expand their small businesses and can avail of this loan. Unlike the schemes for business loans for women mentioned above, this one requires collateral. 

  • Dena Shakti

Under the Dena Shakti scheme, women entrepreneurs can get a variety of financial aids and services. This one empowers women in business in such a way that they can expect a concession rate of about 0.25% interest. It covers various sectors, including microcredits, retail stores, manufacturing sector, agriculture and related sectors, and small enterprises. 

  • Udyogini

The Punjab and Sind Bank launched the Udyogini program to offer business loans to women. In addition to that, it also offers low-interest rates, which are favourable to women entrepreneurs. One can use this scheme’s help to set themselves up and ensure a smooth establishment and running of the business. Small-scale self-employed women entrepreneurs are only examples of the categories the scheme covers. These schemes are empowering and highly effective in setting up a business. This information is also one that comes in handy for women who have no idea where they must start their journey. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Are the business loans for women available for housewives as well?

Yes, all women, whether they are housewives or not, can apply for a business loan under the various schemes specially designed for women. They are applicable if one plans to put the money into their business venture. 

  1. Are these business loan schemes only available for Indian women?

Yes, all the business loan schemes in India which are designed for women can be availed only by Indian women. 

  1. What is the first thing one must check before applying for a business loan for women?

One of the first things that one must keep in mind while applying for a business loan for women is eligibility and whether they meet the criteria or not. 

  1. Can business loans be applied for the expansion of business?

Yes, one can easily apply for a loan if they want to use the money to expand the said business. 

  1. Is there a minimum amount of loan that one must take out?

There is no minimum amount in most organizations. Although the amount also depends on the organization.  

  1. Can one get business loans for women in an amount above Rs. 1 crore?

Yes, some of the organizations do offer business loans for women in an amount above Rs. 1 crore. 

  1. Are there specific loans available for women who come under the category of SC & ST?

Yes, in India, specific loans are available for women who come under SC & ST. 

  1. Are there benefits available in all the schemes of business loans for women?

Yes, one may opt for one business loan scheme over the other due to its benefits, such as concessions or lower interest rates. 

  1. What is the minimum age for a woman in business to take out a loan for her business?

The minimum age for a woman in a business to take out a loan for her business is 18. However, this might change as per the institutions. For instance, some banks have 25 as the minimum age limit for business loans for women. 

  1. Does one need to have a good credit score to take out a loan?

Yes, one must have a good credit score to take out a loan. The credit score might depend on the institution that they are applying to.

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How do Government Websites help you to get information about your land?

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As of right now, we’re able to share details on Rajasthan Apna Khata 2022. We’ll show you how to view a map of Rajasthan Farm from the comfort of your own home using an online map service. The state of Rajasthan is rather large. Jamabandi measles have been made available online by the Rajasthan government so that residents of the state may see their land records from the comfort of their own homes. To learn more about your Bhulekh UP, Rajasthan, or Rajasthan if you’re from Rajasthan, just keep checking back with us.

Rajasthan’s government has launched its own Apna Khata website to see land information. From the convenience of their own homes, residents of the state can access this website to view their Khasra Khatuni, Jamabandi, and Bhoomi Maps. Online applications for examining land records, Khet Khatauni, Jamabandi Nakal and Violence Intkaal are now available to all residents of the state, at any time. In addition, the state’s whole population may access internet data on Khet Number, Khatauni Number, and Violence Number, among other things.

The ApnaKhata raj nic in site allows Rajasthan residents to look up information on their property online. There would be no need for residents of the state to visit the Tehsil or Patwari’s office for any land-related tasks in the future. You don’t need to leave your house to verify your Bhulekh Jamabandi details.

Information regarding the land will no longer have to be obtained by making rounds of eating Patwari. People in Rajasthan state may now access and print Khata Khatauni and other land information via an internet website.

Apna Khata Rajasthan’s Positive Effects

  • Those in Rajasthan state will no longer have to visit Patwari to see if Khatauni has been checked.
  • The use of this gateway will help to cut down on unethical forms of marketing.
  • People may now sit at home and look up information on their land thanks to the implementation of this program.
  • To view a map of their property in Rajasthan Apna Khata, simply input the Khasra number or Jamabandi number.
  • People in the state will save time as a result of the implementation of this portal..

What is the e Dharti Rajasthan Portal about?

Rajasthan’s state portal E-Dharti provides individuals with access to information on their land from the comfort of their own homes. This site may be used for a variety of tasks, such as generating a Khasra number, a Bhulekh, a land map, and a farm jamabandi. edharti.raj.nic.in is the portal’s official webpage.

A khata number is required for all citizens. Account numbers for families are known as Khata Numbers (also known as Khevat Numbers). Landowners and their total land holdings are listed in the database.

  • The Apna Khata web site allows people of Rajasthan state to view the comprehensive data oftheir land.
  • The official website of eDharti Apna Khata provides access to a variety of resources, including Khasra Map, Khatauni, and Jamabandi Nakal.
  • As an online gateway, the inhabitants of the state will save time and no longer have to visit the Patwari, saving them time and money.

What is e Sathi?

An online platform called eSathi UP, developed by the UP government, offers a variety of services, including income and caste certificates, birth and death certificates, and more.

This portal’s goal is to make it easier for the people of Uttar Pradesh who live there to access a wide variety of government services and programs. People in the state of Uttar Pradesh can use the eSathi UP portal to apply for and obtain various certifications. The Uttar Pradesh e-District Project is a mission-mode project that runs under the e-Governance Plans throughout the state of UP for the convenience of citizens. It is the state government’s goal to make the e Sathi UP site a success. The fundamental objective of e District UP is to computerize governmental services. The entire system will be automated as part of the E District UP plan.

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Why Teacher Performance Evaluations Are Important

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Why Teacher Performance Evaluations Are Important

Good educational outcomes are a residue of having highly qualified and experienced teachers. The quality of a good teacher is weighed through the teacher’s evaluation. A teacher’s evaluation puts out their performance and conduct in context and compares them against a set of certain standards. 

Evaluating teachers has proved a daunting task yet crucial because it informs future decisions. The evaluation must set clear and rigorous expectations to be successful and effective. Teachers’ evaluation is also made fair by using objective data to measure the performance against some standards. 

Finally, giving evaluation feedback enables the teachers to reinforce their strong points and improve their shortcomings.

Why should teachers be evaluated? Here are a few reasons why teacher evaluation is critical in maintaining a high-quality level of education and meeting the student’s attainments.

  • Improving Teacher Quality

Today, a teacher’s evaluation focuses on instructional and student achievements. For a teacher to be termed as effective, they should have a good mastery of instructional techniques, be well experienced, collaborate with colleagues, and have participated in professional development. 

Teachers’ evaluation helps recognize great teachers who can replicate methods and styles. Good teachers must then be regarded as positive reinforcement to inspire others. Teacher evaluation helps identify teachers’ shortcomings, thus exposing the teachers that require extra training to teach effectively.

  • Improves Teacher Accountability

Teacher evaluation plays a major role in professional development, preparing programs, and building trust among administrators and colleagues. A teacher’s accountability helps the administrators and educators reach the steps necessary to improve their relationship and improve the students’ performance. For example, a teacher’s evaluation acts like a road map where the educators set tangible goals to be reached at a specified time.

  • Encourages Professional Development

Teacher’s evaluation encourages professional development because it deals with formative goals. These goals guide, improve, recognize and reinforce teaching excellence. They assist teachers in planning the educational activities and help teachers focus solely on the student’s outcome. The Adobe Education Exchange comes in handy as an educator’s resource for teachers whose students are taking on projects. This greatly helps the teachers in guiding students and planning the educational activities.

  • Encourages Greater Teacher-Student Collaboration

A teacher is expected to have the capacity to plan, lead, initiate, develop teaching and education in both general and subject-specific knowledge. This is critical because it gives the teacher the capacity to connect teaching and research. For example, when students research the science project ideas 4th grade, the teacher can guide ideas and topics best suited for the student. This kind of collaboration is greatly encouraged by teachers’ evaluations.

How effective is teacher evaluation?

Teachers’ evaluations are critical and integral to our education system. This is because it ensures that we have experienced and qualified teachers geared towards teacher-student collaboration for the greater good, that is, excellent student outcomes. Giving meanin

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