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Panel summoned nearly a dozen top police officers. FIR filed against 150 unknown persons.



A three-member committee, constituted by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) to probe the breach in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s security during his visit to Punjab on Wednesday, summoned Punjab Director General of Police, Siddharth Chattopadhyaya and nearly a dozen top state police officers in its day-one visit to the state on Friday, said sources. The Supreme Court too directed the Registrar General of the Punjab and Haryana High Court to secure and preserve the travel records of Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his visit to Punjab forthwith. Also on Friday the Ferozepur Police filed an FIR against 150 unknown persons for blocking the National Highway that led to security breach during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Punjab on Wednesday.

The FIR was registered on Thursday at Kulgari police station in Ferozepur district under Section 283 IPC which relates to danger or obstruction in public way or public line of navigation. The Prime Minister’s convoy was stuck on a flyover for 15-20 minutes due to road blockage by some protestors about 30 km away from the National Martyrs Memorial in Hussainiwala.

The MHA team started detailed questioning of these police officers after visiting the spot where PM Modi’s convoy was stuck for nearly 20 minutes and the place where he was going to attend an event. The three-member committee led by Sudhir Kumar Saxena, Secretary (Security), Cabinet Secretariat and comprising Balbir Singh, Joint Director, Intelligence Bureau and S. Suresh, IG, SPG enquired about many unanswered questions with the Punjab Police officers.

Among the officers were Ferozepur’s Director General of Police and Senior Superintendent of Police who had key responsibility for the clearance of PM Modi’s route.

Punjab’s Additional Director General and Patiala Inspector General were also among the over a dozen top officers of Punjab Police who were summoned by the MHA committee to fix the responsibility of those guilty as it was the job of the state police to assist the Special Protection Group in managing a hurdles-free route for PM Modi’s convoy.

As per sources, all Punjab Police officers were asked about their roles and responsibilities and fix the faults that resulted in the PM’s security breach.

The Centre is considering action under the Special Protection Group (SPG) Act against Punjab Police officers. Section 14 of the SPG Act makes the state government responsible for providing all assistance to the SPG during the PM’s movement.

The provision, titled “Assistance to Group”, states: “It shall be the duty of every Ministry and Department of the Central Government or the State Government or the Union Territory Administration, every Indian Mission, every local or other authority or every civil or military authority to act in aid of the Director or any member of the Group whenever called upon to do so in furtherance of the duties and responsibilities assigned to such Director or member.”

The MHA team, which reached Ferozepur late on Thursday night, started its probe with the visit at the flyover where the PM’s convoy was stuck due to a road blockade by protesters during his visit.

The MHA team reached the flyover around 10 am and enquired about the lapses in PM’s security with some senior Punjab Police officers visiting the site with them.

The team walked almost 1 km to the flyover, checking things in detail. They also showed to Punjab Police officers some specific pictures and videos available on social media regarding PM’s convoy stuck on the flyover and asked related questions.

The MHA team spent nearly one hour on the flyover and then left for the Border Security Force office in Ferozepur.

The team also visited National Martyrs Memorial at Hussainiwala in Ferozepur where the Prime Minister was slated to visit but the programme was cancelled as his convoy was stuck on the flyover.

The committee will also meet authorities in the Punjab government who were responsible to arrange security management for the Prime Minister in coordination with the SPG.

The Punjab government has also constituted a high-level committee to probe the incident.


As for the Supreme Court, a Bench of Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana, Justices Surya Kant and Hima Kohli directed the Punjab government and police authorities, SPG in charge of PM’s security and other Central and state agencies to cooperate and provide necessary assistance to seal the entire record. As Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, appearing for the Centre, insisted on the presence of an NIA official to assist the Registrar General, the apex court ordered that the DGP of Chandigarh along with an NIA officer can assist the Registrar General in the collection of records.

The apex court also asked the Committees of both the Centre and Punjab to hold their hands in proceeding with any inquiry relating to the Prime Minister’s visit to Punjab till Monday, the next date of hearing.

Senior advocate D.S. Patwalia, Advocate General of Punjab, during the hearing, requested the Bench to pass an order to put on hold the proceedings of the Committee constituted by the Centre till Monday as the Committee has issued notices to the Punjab DGP and state officials. Patwalia said Punjab will put on hold the operations of its Committee.

To this, Solicitor General told the apex court that the Central Committee is not looking into the larger issue and is constituted only for internal purposes.

CJI Ramana told Solicitor General that the Punjab government is saying if Centre has an issue with the state committee, Punjab also has reservations about the Central committee and asked both of them to put on hold the inquiry of their committees.

The top court was hearing a PIL seeking a judicial probe into the breach of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s security while on a visit to Punjab.

During the hearing, Solicitor General told the Bench that the lapse raises an angle of potential cross border terrorism. It could have led to an international embarrassment regarding the Prime Minister’s security and the investigation should rise above Central and State politics, Mehta added.

Mehta contended that whenever PM’s cavalcade moves, the DG of the State concerned is to be consulted first and only when he clears, PM’s cavalcade moves.

“Here, the incharge gave that signal. He didn’t say there was a blockage. Though the local police were very much there enjoying tea according to videos, they didn’t inform that there is a blockade. Now imagine, the motorcade is on flyover with protectee, there are trucks and tractors blocking. A serious mishap could have happened. It would have been a subject of international embarrassment,” he added.

Saying that videos of the incident were uploaded by a banned terrorist organization Sikhs for Justice, Solicitor General argued that there could be an angle of cross-border terrorism.

Solicitor General added that this matter cannot be left to just anyone and thus let it be with a district judge but with an NIA official assisting the judge.

Advocate General of Punjab D.S. Patwalia said that the State wants a neutral investigation into the incident and it was not taking the security lapse lightly.

“State is not taking this issue lightly, there has been a lapse somewhere, and State is doing everything to look into it”, the Advocate General said. He said that an FIR has been registered after taking cognisance of the incident while adding that the State Government will not object to top court order an investigation or appointing a person to monitor the probe.

“If Court may appoint anyone to investigate, a former judge of High Court or Supreme Court may be appointed as the court deems fit,” Patwalia added.

Senior advocate Maninder Singh appearing for petitioner Lawyers’ Voice, argued that Prime Minister’s security is not merely a law and order problem but it falls under Special Protection Groups (SPG) Act. Security under the SPG Act is not an issue of State subject of law and order. Issue of PM protection is a national security issue and comes under parliamentary purview.

The plea alleged that PM’s security breach was a deliberate lapse on part of the State and seeks preservation of evidence on security arrangements and action against “erring” officials of the Punjab government.


In a scathing attack on former Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh, Punjab Congress president Navjot Singh Sidhu on Friday termed him as the Centre’s “parrot” and asked the BJP to stop playing politics or they will get a benefitting reply referring to the growing chorus for the imposition of the President’s Rule in the state.

Defending the Channi government in Punjab which is facing questions over the security breach of Prime Minister, Sidhu said, “All that is being talked about for the past couple of days is security. And there are a few parrots who are mindlessly repeating security, security, security. And the foremost among those parrots are our former chief minister Amarinder Singh,” Sidhu claimed.

“They (BJP) must stop playing politics. You will get a befitting reply here. All those talking about President’s Rule (in Punjab), are your (BJP) parrots,” Sindhu attacked the BJP.


Amid the row over Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s security breach, Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma on Friday questioned that if the same thing happened with Congress interim president Sonia Gandhi and party leader Rahul Gandhi, if that would be acceptable to Congress.

Addressing the media in Guwahati, Sarma said the Congress high command should have sacked Punjab Chief Minister Charanjit Singh Channi. “They will not get anything by making the life of PM vulnerable. Congress is going to suffer politically. But beyond politics in India, we should not have allowed this kind of partisan politics… The Congress high command should have sacked Punjab Chief Minister Charanjit Singh Channi after this security lapse,” he said.

“By not taking action, they want to institutionalize this case. If tomorrow Rahul Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi came to Assam and I did the same drama, will it be acceptable? So now if as a BJP CM I take a position that I will enact the same drama and will keep them in the streets for hours, then the same people will start criticising me. I think we should not set a bad example in our politics irrespective of party politics,” he further said.

“Most of the time even when Rahul Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi come to various states then they will be dependent for their own security. I don’t know why they are playing such a dangerous game. I am not giving them a warning. If they come to Assam we will ensure full security. I won’t do tit for tat,” Sarma said.

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CPI ML, Congress, and Rashtriya Janata Dal leaders arrived at the residence of Rabri Devi, wife of party chief Lalu Prasad Yadav in Patna on Tuesday.

The meeting of the RJD convened by its leader Tejashwi Prasad Yadav, the son of Lalu Yadav also saw leaders of the Communist Party of India (CPI) and leaders of Congress who are part of Mahagathbandhan or the grand Opposition alliance in the state, according to Ajit Sharma, Congress Bihar legislature party leader.

The RJD leaders arriving for the meeting were asked to hand over their mobile phones ahead of the meeting

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As Janata Dal (United) leader Nitish Kumar ended the alliance with BJP, Samajwadi Party (SP) chief Akhilesh Yadav on Tuesday termed the move as a “good start” towards taking a stand against BJP by political parties and people.

While talking to mediapersons in Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, Yadav said, “It’s a good start. On this day, the slogan of ‘Angrezo Bharat Chhodo’ was given and today the slogan of ‘BJP Bhagaon’ is coming from Bihar. I think soon, political parties and people in different states will stand against BJP.”

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Chirag Paswan seeks President’s Rule in Bihar



Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) leader Chirag Paswan on Tuesday demanded President’s rule in Bihar followed by fresh elections after Chief Minister Nitish Kumar resigned from his post and broke his alliance with Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP).

Hitting out at Kumar, Paswan said, “Today, the credibility of Kumar is zero”. He said that fresh assembly elections should be held to allow people to give a fresh mandate.

“We want President’s rule to be imposed in Bihar and the state should go for a fresh election. Do you (Kumar) have any ideology or not? In the next polls, Janata Dal (United) will get zero seats,” said Paswan.

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The meeting of the Bharatiya Janata Party over the rift in National Democratic Alliance concluded at the residence of Deputy Chief Minister Tarkishore Prasad in Patna on Tuesday.

But it was all in vain as Nitish Kumar resigned from the Chief Minister post and formed the new ‘Mahagathbandhan’ or Grand Alliance with Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD).

After the meeting, party leaders Bhikhubhai Dalsaniya, Renu Devi, Mangal Pandey, Nitin Navin, Amrendra Pratap Singh, and Samrat Chaudhary left Prasad’s house. 

Rumours of a growing rift between the BJP-JDU), that is, the NDA alliance in Bihar intensified after Kumar skipped a key meeting of the NITI Aayog, headed by Prime Minister.

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A day-long political drama in Bihar

An intense war of words unleashed in the political arena following Nitish Kumar’s break up with BJP.




Janata Dal (United) leader Nitish Kumar on Tuesday said that all party MPs and MLAs, who attended the party meeting on Tuesday, were of opinion that the party should leave the BJP-led NDA alliance. “All MPs and MLAs reached a consensus that we should leave the NDA. Soon after, I resigned as Bihar CM,” Kumar told media persons here.

“Meeting with the MPs, MLAs and MLCs were held today. Everyone’s wish was that we should leave NDA. So as everyone wished, we accepted the same and I submitted the resignation from the post of the Chief Minister in the NDA government,” he added.

According to sources, many Janata Dal (United) legislators told Chief Minister Nitish Kumar in Tuesday’s meeting that the alliance with the Bhartiya Janata Party had weakened them since 2020.

Without naming Chirag Paswan, the legislators are reported to have recalled the actions of the former Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) chief during the 2020 state assembly polls while warning the CM that if they were not alert, it would not be good for the party. Paswan had fielded rebel BJP candidates on all seats fought by the JD(U) in the 2020 polls, in what some have alleged was part of a plot by the BJP to wedge its way into the ruling coalition in the state.


Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) leader Tejashwi Yadav on Tuesday said that recent political history indicates that Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) destroys parties with whom it forms alliances.

While addressing a joint presser with new ally Nitish Kumar, Yadav said, “Across the Hindi heartland, BJP does not have any alliance partner. History shows that the BJP destroys the parties with whom it forms alliances. We did see that happening in Punjab and Maharashtra.”

Yadav was accompanied by JD(U) leader and caretaker Chief Minister Kumar, who broke his alliance with the BJP and entered into a tie-up with RJD and some other parties.

“Today all parties and members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly except the BJP have accepted Nitish Kumar as their leader,” added Yadav. He said, “JP Nadda said they will end regional parties. BJP knows only to intimidate and buy people. All of us wanted the BJP’s agenda shouldn’t be implemented in Bihar, we all know Laluji stopped the ‘Rath’ of Advaniji, and we won’t relent at any cost.”

The JD(U) and RJD together constitute a majority in the 243-member state assembly. JD(U) has 45 and the RJD has 79 MLAs. They also have the support of smaller parties like Jitan Manjhi’s HAM. The BJP has 77 MLAs in the state assembly.


Right after Nitish Kumar chose to resign as Bihar Chief Minister, the Bihar BJP expressed dissatisfaction and said that JD(U) had betrayed Bihar and the people’s mandate.

Addressing a press conference on Tuesday, BJP leader Ravi Shankar Prasad lashed out at Kumar for breaking aliance between their parties and staking claim to form government with RJD support saying he had “disrespected the mandate given by the people of Bihar. Addressing a short presser in Patna, Prasad said, “Kumar has left and said that BJP was trying to destroy his party…BJP made him a union minister several times. He was also made a Chief Minister. Why did he re-think his decision on alliance with RJD in 2015 and come to BJP in 2017?.” “Kumar is disrespecting the mandate of Bihar’s people. It’s a baseless allegation that BJP was trying to destroy JD(U),” said the former union minister.

Bihar BJP chief Sanjay Jaiswal said, “In the 2020 Bihar assembly elections, all of us contested under the NDA alliance and the majority and mandate was given by the people to JDU and BJP. However, as on date, Nitish played with the public mandate. JD(U) betrayed Bihar.” 

“We were successful in winning 74 seats, but we fulfilled the promise made by the Prime Minister and Kumar became the Chief Minister of this NDA alliance. However, whatever happened today is a betrayal of the people of Bihar and the BJP,” he said.

Union Minister and BJP leader R.K. Singh raised questions over the political moves of Kumar asking how the JD(U) leader would justify an alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) which he has often called “corrupt”.

“Fifteen years of RJD rule took the state backwards. Kumar also said this multiple times. How will he justify entering into an alliance with the RJD whom he said is corrupt? All of this is politics for power. There is no morality and he should be ashamed,” Singh, who hails from Bihar, told ANI. 

However, a BJP leader has contradictory views. Union Minister Kaushal Kishor said that the BJP wants Kumar to continue as chief minister of the state.

Rumours of a growing rift between the BJP-JDU in the NDA alliance in Bihar intensified after Kumar skipped a key meeting of the NITI Aayog, headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on Sunday and JD(U) leader RCP Singh tendered his resignation from the party. Singh, once considered a close aide of Kumar had announced his exit from the party after being served a notice seeking an explanation on allegations of corruption. However, BJP leaders have dismissed any estrangement with the JD(U). “Certainly the government under the leadership of Kumar will run firmly with the BJP alliance. As far as I’m concerned and if there was such a thing, it would depend on the time and circumstances,” said Kishor.

“I do not want to wish to comment over the political situations in Bihar, but there is no such attempt from the BJP which would have raised any dispute or confusion. JDU will take its call as per its ongoing meeting, but it is to underscore that the BJP definitely wants Kumar to continue as the CM of the state,” he said. Kishor said that the coalition government, comprising BJP, JDU, and all others, in the state will work more strongly for the welfare of Bihar and the countrypersons.

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The Current Financial Climate Around the World



The economy is volatile, but many people are finding ways to profit from these conditions. I decided to write an article about how the global foreign exchange can support your investments in this challenging time. I have made a point of looking into different opportunities and following up with my research. In addition to helping you access an emerging market currency (not to mention other things such as commodities), the foreign exchange gives you exposure to many more investment opportunities than your typical stock/bond investments would. For example, imagine taking advantage of an interest rate hike in your home country and buying shares in some companies in a country like India or China. You need a strong, diversified investment portfolio that includes stocks and bonds in both developed and emerging countries. It means a higher risk, but a better return. Before you start making these changes, make sure you’ve got the necessary resources. It can be difficult to do this right now, so I recommend working with someone who can help manage your money.

Focus on fundamentals

An excellent way for anyone to profit from the current economic situation is by focusing on the underlying factors behind the movement. When trading currency, this usually involves analyzing and understanding the economy, which can often be easier to know when you’re doing it for the first time. Forex traders often forget to consider the fundamental economic factors, especially where a country is concerned. While many investors focus on the short-term dynamics of currencies, they often miss the bigger picture of the economy. This is particularly true for those looking to invest in emerging markets. The more you know about the fundamentals driving the currency value of your portfolio, the more likely you will be able to ride out the ups and downs of the stock market without too much trouble. While many people can take advantage of rising oil prices or even look forward to cheaper goods in the future, there are also those who believe the price of gas, electricity, and food will rise significantly. These investors are willing to invest in the future based on their expectations. As such, it’s important you consider the potential effects these fundamentals could have on your portfolio, especially if you’re looking to invest in emerging markets. Take some time to think about your personal finances, your investment goals, and where your portfolio might be heading over the next couple of years. Then, you’re ready to begin figuring out which currencies and investment opportunities might work well for your portfolio. 

Understand currency volatility

 Currency is one of the most volatile assets available to investors. What do I mean by this? Well, let me explain. A currency is just an object used in international trade and commerce. They are traded between different countries by their governments and national banks, and their value changes based on a variety of factors such as interest rates, foreign exchange rates, population growth, inflation rates, etc. When a currency appreciates or depreciates, this is due to factors such as a strong country or a weak one. However, because of the sheer number of countries with many currencies floating around, there is a lot of volatility in the market.

Use leverage in investments

 Forex trading can be very rewarding. Leverage is a term used to describe an investor’s ability to increase their investments in order to gain more profit. There are two types of leverage: margin and synthetic leverage. Margin refers to the use of borrowed funds to buy and sell securities. Synthetic leverages are simply the creation of artificial leverage by using certain strategies such as day trading or hedging. When doing FX trading, you’ll often find yourself in situations where you’re forced to use the dollar as an instrument. This is referred to as dollar-driven leverage, and it can be very difficult to manage. Just how much can an individual use? Traders often use a large amount of margin in order to take advantage of rising currency values. If you’re looking to use this type of leverage, it’s best to seek advice from a professional Forex trader. In some cases, you may need to borrow money in order to do your own trades. You can do this by having a broker handle all your transactions for you. 

Keep your eye on currency movements

 One of the more popular ways for people to profit from the current financial climate is through currency trading. Many people believe that they must wait until the market is absolutely bearish before they can start making money. The truth is that there are plenty of opportunities for traders right now. Unfortunately, some people believe that currency trading is only for serious investors. That’s not true at all.

In conclusion, there are lots of reasons why you should consider investing in Forex currency trading. If you’re looking for a quick way to get started with the world of currency trading, then I highly recommend trying out some demo accounts. As mentioned above, you may find yourself in situations where you’re forced to use the dollar as an instrument. But don’t worry; it’s easy to get through these types of scenarios and still find success in trading. Good luck!  

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