Connect with us



Present-day Pakistan is floundering under the ‘Looters of the Fifth Reich’. The current Reichmaster, General Qamar Bajwa, is ensuring that Pakistan plumbs new depths each day.




If wishes were horses! Lt General Ghulam Mustafa (Retd) tweeted this in reply to my article, “The State of Pakistan”. It surprised me and left me wondering. Was I shooting in the air to think of Pakistan as a failed and jailed state? Was it a dare? I was curious. Did some digging. Found out that he is credited with raising the Army Strategic Forces Command of the Pakistan Army. Seems I had touched a raw nerve. Hmm. Need to put things in perspective.

Many Pakistanis liked the General’s reply and are still supporting him. That is fine. After all, he must be a popular man and many Pakistanis support their Generals. However, one handle caught my eye due to the sheer profanity of the Pakistani mindset. The General has very intellectual followers indeed! At another level it reveals a very deep schism. Hatred and intolerance of other religions is now fundamentally ingrained in Pakistan. Looters in control with committed perverts as flag bearers. A dangerous place indeed.

Lt Gen P.R. Shankar (retd)

I grew up in a syncretic society, where a hardcore atheist ruling party did not stop anyone from learning about Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and other religions. I come from a land where St Thomas, one of the 12 apostles of Christ, rests. We had a Muslim President revered by all Indians. This Tamilian loved ‘Thyagaraja Kirtanas’. He learnt Telugu in his late fifties to understand them. Southern sufism. My first introduction to Sikhism was through my school which was located in Gillnagar, Chennai! I remain rooted in the Hindu way of life. I have learnt in the six plus decades of my existence that religions are great but some humans are not. When masses opiated with religion, get blindsided and lose the differentiation between the state and faith; nations grow weak.

In Pakistan, successive governments have deliberately fused obscurantist faith with state militarism. It has resulted in the country weakening by the day. Further, five successive Military Reichs have converted Pakistan into a beggarised, nuclear, frontline, failing, rogue state. Present-day Pakistan is floundering under the ‘Looters of the Fifth Reich’. Surprisingly, Pakistanis welcomed this Reich as they did with others. In all previous cases, the Reichmaster took it to great heights, grew bigger than himself and was then booted out in disgrace. The Looters of the Fifth Reich are smart. They have jockeyed into a position in which they own the nation of impoverished masses through governing puppets. The current Reichmaster is ensuring that Pakistan plumbs new depths each day. Lt General Ghulam Mustafa (Retd) is a part of all these Reichs.

This is not from my imagination. Except for identifying the Reichs, I have heavily plagiarised from Pakistani writings. Two articles from Dawn put things in great perspective—“All Fall Down” and “Year End Yearnings”. Everything becomes clear. The story of each Reich becomes clearer when you see the caricatures/cartoons. They depict an undeniable reality.


Ayub Khan carried out the first popular military coup In 1958. He facilitated an unprecedented industrial growth in the country. He aligned Pakistan with the US to enable perpetual military and financial aid. By 1961, he had largely restored Pakistan’s economy. He instituted a complex electoral system that he called ‘Basic Democracy’. He discarded the 1956 Constitution and instituted a new one in 1962. It enshrined Ayub’s idea of ‘Jinnah’s Pakistan’.

The ‘benevolent dictator’, tried to crown his economic and political achievements with a military triumph against India. The ensuing 1965 war, turned into a stalemate. It drained the country’s resources. He was accused by Bhutto (who had instigated him into war!) of ‘losing the war on the negotiation table’. East Pakistan, accused him of leaving it open to an Indian attack. Ayub faced a spontaneous students’ movement in October 1968. In 1969, Bhutto’s PPP, National Awami Party (NAP) , the National Students Federation (NSF), radical trade and labour unions and rural area peasant organisations joined the movement. Awami League and other Bengali nationalist groups demanded provincial autonomy for East Pakistan. He was supposedly shocked when he heard that some of his ‘children’ (the term he used to describe his subjects), had called him ‘Ayub Khan Kutta’. Ayub threw-in the towel and resigned, handing over power to General Yahya Khan who immediately imposed the country’s second martial law. Ayub, died in seclusion in 1974.


The Second Reich was so gory that all Pakistanis develop instant amnesia when you mention it. Guilt , shame or denial? Who knows? Yahya Khan held the country’s first general election on taking over. In the 1970 elections, the Awami League won 98% of the assembly seats in East Pakistan. Sheikh Mujibur Rehman was to be the PM. Unacceptable. Mujibur was arrested in March 1971. Yahya Khan went into Genocide mode and began Operation Searchlight. For the next nine months Bengali civilians were massacred by Pakistani soldiers. Estimates for the total number of deaths range from 500,000 to over 3 million. Rapes exceeded 500,000. 10 million refugees streamed into India. The third round of Indo Pak war of 1971 resulted in utter defeat and break up of Pakistan. A group of military officers, forced Yahya to resign and invited Bhutto to form the government. A sordid case is of Tikka Khan, who headed the Pakistani Army in East Pakistan. He was called the ‘Butcher of Bangladesh’ by Time Magazine. He was promoted in 1972 to become the Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan. What a nation!


Gen Zia-ul-Haq imposed the country’s third Martial Law in July 1977 with the tacit support of political opposition to Bhutto. He adopted an ‘Islamic’ agenda, and ruled Pakistan for 11 years. In 1979, he arrested, tried and hanged Bhutto. Zia instituted harsh measures such as public floggings, executions, sentencing by military courts and torture. Opposition was simply mowed down. He was the lead in the anti-Soviet ‘Afghan Jihad’ in 1979. He became a frontline ally of the United States, Europe and Saudi Arabia in backing the Mujahideen in Afghanistan. He overtly started Punjabisation of Pakistan through businessmen. He aligned businesses with radical religious outfits he fostered. There was a burst of religiosity within Pakistan. He crushed three attempts for restoring democracy. He died in a mysterious plane crash in August 1988. He left a legacy of radicalisation of Pakistan. Pakistan is paying for it till now.


General Parvez Musharraf’s coup was welcomed despite the Kargil defeat due to economic downturns, corruption and chaos of the 1990s. The US shunned him till 9/11 when he agreed to become a frontline ally of the US in its ‘war against terror’. It also meant Pakistan making some U-turns on handling religious militant groups. He started Pakistan’s policy of running with the hare and hunting with the hound.

In 2002, Musharraf began to crack down on some extremist organisations while maintaining and promoting links with Kashmir and anti-India terror outfits. Despite posing as a religiously moderate and a socially liberal modern day Ataturk, his actions started a trend of suicide bombings within Pakistan. The militants started hating him. He even put AQ Khan, the father of the Islamic Bomb under house arrest.

In 2006, Musharraf dismissed a Supreme Court judge, Iftikhar Chaudhry , who led a lawyers strike to end ‘the illegitimate orders of a dictator’. His action against radical clerics and their supporters of Islamabad’s Red Mosque led extremist militants to target public places. Musharraf had weakened politically. He allowed the return of Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif. On return, Benazir was assassinated in a bomb attack in December 2007. Her husband Asif Ali Zardari and Nawaz led their parties to victory in the 2008 elections and both squeezed Musharraf to resign as President and Army chief. He is to be tried for treason and is in exile.

The wily conman, conned Nawaz Sharif into a military defeat, conned himself, conned Pakistan into becoming a terrorist state, conned Americans that he was working for them and conned militants that he was their supporter.


General Qamar Bajwa is something. He has upstaged all his predecessors. He is a dictator without being one. He is a looter second to none. He bootlicks the Chinese while getting politicians to shine his boots. He has ensured his tenure is extended legally. He has jockeyed into a position that all political parties look up to him for survival. He is expanding the army business empire rapidly. He has become an extra constitutional authority. The Pakistani Army now controls most major projects including CPEC.

He is making grounds to ensure that permanent Chinese presence in Pakistan is a reality. In short, he is not only looting Pakistan but also selling it off to China, as an impoverished nation sinks deeper into debt. With US drawdown from Afghanistan being imminent, he is busy trying to create strategic space once again. Balochistan is not only being sold off but there is a huge hidden and sordid tale of extra judicial disappearances and assassinations. He has continued the Pakistani tradition of using terrorists as an instrument of state policy. There is no let-up in this.

Ashraf Jahangir Qazi was Pakistan’s Ambassador to the US, India and China. These are his words: Few people in the world have been so consistently betrayed by their leaders, governments, political parties and security institutions as the people of Pakistan. They have been lied to; denied basic human rights, dignity and entitlements; robbed of essential human development resources to finance elite priorities and lifestyles; induced to look to the hereafter for justice, etc. Shows a sense of utter dismay and despondence. There is no doubt that the true state of a pauperised Pakistan is as depicted below.

The fundamental problem with modern Pakistanis is that the opiated people are yet to decide whether they are Turks, Arabs, Chinese or Afghans since deep down they know that culturally and historically Pakistanis do not exist! They have a great identity problem. Also, I would like Lt General Ghulam Mustafa (Retd) to note that Pakistan is a nation under perpetual defeat. It has chosen to go to war with India four times at a place and time of its choosing and has been defeated always. It is often spoken that the Pakistani Army is the best army never to have won a war. If wishes were horses, beggars would ride.

Lt Gen P.R. Shankar was India’s DG Artillery. He is highly decorated and qualified with vast operational experience. He contributed significantly to the modernisation and indigenisation of Artillery. He is now a Professor in the Aerospace Dept of IIT Madras and is involved in applied research for defence technology. His other articles can be read on www.gunnersshot.com.

In Pakistan, successive governments have deliberately fused obscurantist faith with state militarism. It has resulted in the country weakening by the day. Further, five successive Military Reichs have converted Pakistan into a nuclear, frontline, failing, rogue state. The Looters of the Fifth Reich are smart. They have jockeyed into a position in which they own the nation of impoverished masses through governing puppets. The current Reichmaster is ensuring that Pakistan plumbs new depths each day.

The Daily Guardian is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel (@thedailyguardian) and stay updated with the latest headlines.

For the latest news Download The Daily Guardian App.


Emergence of Indian Armed Forces since 1947



The Indian armed forces, with strength of over 1.3 million, are the fourth largest army in the world today. Since independence, the forces have undergone a gradual transformation in their strength, operational ability, and role. As an associated force to the British armed forces in different military operations as well as to maintain internal security, the most dedicated, decisive, and strong combat power of the modern world with the aim of safeguarding the interests of the country against any internal or external threat.

The transformation of the armed forces started with the beginning of the Second World War. The strength of the military had significantly increased from 6 lakh to 2.5 million during the war. However, the impending independence of India led to British apathy towards armed forces, resulting in a drastic reduction of manpower, depleted logistics, and weaponry. The 1947 Indian Independence Act was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom on July 5, 1947 to partition British India into two new independent dominions, India and Pakistan. The act received Royal Assent on July 18, 1947. As a prelude to the Indian Independence Act, British Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced on February 20, 1947, a grant of self-government to India not before June 30, 1948. The Mountbatten plan was announced on June 3, 1947, having specified an outline of the proposed transfer of power and partition of India.

The partition of armed forces and distribution of military assets were formulated as per the provisions of Sections 11, 12, and 13 of the India Independence Act. A Partition Committee was formed on June 7, 1947, with two representatives from each side and the viceroy in the chair, to decide about the division thereof. As soon as the process of partition was to start, it was to be replaced by a Partition Council with a similar structure. As per the provisions of the act and the consent of the Partition Committee, the division of the British Army took place on June 30, 1947. Out of 11800 officers and 5 lakh other serving personnel, they were divided into a ratio of 64% for India and 36% for Pakistan. Similarly, assets, including ordnance factories and training establishments, were also re-distributed. However, the process of distribution was very complex as various military units had mixed religious structures. Hence, the inter-unit transfer of troops also took place. In the same way, all sixteen ordnance factories were located in India. Hence, it was retained by India and a lump sum payment was made to Pakistan to develop its infrastructure. The defence training institute remained in Quetta, and India had established another training institute at Wellington.

The Northern Command of the British Indian Army was allotted to Pakistan, whereas the Southern and Eastern Commands became part of the Indian Army. The Central Command was raised during the war and was disbanded in September 1946. Later on, Delhi and East Punjab Command were raised on September 15, 1947. During the process of transformation and division, 144 army units were disbanded. 61 units of the Indian Princely forces were returned to the states. The Brigade of Gorkhas, recruited in Nepal, was split between India and Britain. Of the Indian divisions which took part in World War II, the 6th, 8th, 10th, 14th, 17th, 19th, 20th, 23rd, 25th, 26th, and 39th were disbanded, those remaining being the 4th, 5th, and 7th Infantry Divisions, the 1st Armoured Division, and the 2nd Airborne Division. Hence, the Indian Army was left with 88 infantry battalions, 12 armoured regiments, and 19 artillery regiments at the time of independence.

At the time of partition, the nations inherited a split air force that was weak in quantitative and qualitative terms. The assets of the Royal Indian Air Force were divided on a one-third basis, under which India and Pakistan got six and two fighter squadrons, respectively. The Indian Air Force, at that time, was composed of around 900 officers, 10,000 non-commissioned officers, and over 820 civilian technicians and administrative staff.

Reallocation of naval resources reduced the operational capability of the Indian Navy to maintain vigilance and patrol the eastern and western coasts of India as well as the islands of Andaman and Nicobar.

After Second World War in 1945, the Indian Armed Forces had only one Indian General officer, Major General Hiraji Cursetji of the Indian Medical Service officer. In addition to him, one brigadier from medical, three Indian brigadiers from combatant arms, and 220 other Indian officers in the temporary or acting ranks of colonel and lieutenant-colonel were part of the Indian armed forces. Till May 1947, the Indian Armed Forces had only 14 Indian officers at the rank of brigadier serving in combatant arms, with no Indian flag, general, or air officer in the combat arms of the armed services.

Sir Claude Auchinleck was the last Commander in Chief of British India. He was reappointed on August 15, 1947, as Supreme Commander of India and Pakistan till November 11, 1948, when this post was abolished. He played a crucial role in monitoring and executing the division of armed forces between India and Pakistan. It is an irony that the first Indo-Pak War and the intrusion of the Pakistan army took place in Kashmir while he was the supreme commander of both countries. As well, both commanders in chief of the Indian and Pakistan armies were officers of the Royal British Army and were reporting directly to him.

General Sir Rob McGregor MacDonald Lockhart, a senior British Army officer, was the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from 15 August 1947 to 31 December 1947. He was succeeded by General Sir Francis Robert Roy Bucher on January 1, 1948, and he handed over the command to the first Indian officer, General KM Cariappa, on January 15, 1949.

Similarly, Air Marshal Sir Thomas Walker Elmhirst was the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Air Force since 15 August 1947 to 22 February 1950. Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee became the first Indian Air officer to took over Chief of Air Staff on April 1, 1954. He continued till November 8, 1960.

Rear Admiral J.T.S. Hall happened to be the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Navy from August 15, 1947, to August 14, 1948. Vice Admiral Ram Dass Katari was the first Indian to become Chief of the Indian Navy on 22 April 1958 till 4 Jun 1962. Hence, the transformation of the Indian Armed Forces was completed in 1958.

The Indian armed forces faced the biggest challenge at the time of partition. This process of transfer of power, assets, and demographic migration on a religious basis has witnessed the transfer of more than 14 million populations across the border, clubbed with massive violence and clashes. During this entire process of independence, responsibility for maintaining law and order was handed over to India’s own Armed Forces. Despite the heavy loss of manpower, logistics, and firepower, the armed forces acted in a very professional manner. Over and above, during this crisis of migration, the sudden attack of the Pakistan army and militia on Jammu and Kashmir was the real litmus test for our defence forces. Undoubtedly, joint operations by the Indian Air Force and Army halted the intrusion and saved Kashmir. Armed forces successfully completed the accession of Junagarh and Hyderabad and later on the annexation of Goa into India in 1961 into India.

Independence and the division of armed forces resulted in a heavy loss to the armed forces and took decades to recover. Since then, the Indian military establishment has gone into phases of transformation, namely post Indo-Sino war in 1962, the recommendation of Gen K.V. Krishna Rao in 1975, followed by the post Kargil war since 2000 onwards. The Indian armed forces have now entered into the era of the biggest reforms since independence, comprising of the creation of integrated theatre command, battle groups, cyber, space, nuclear, and strategic forces, and the implementation of CDS and the Department of Military Affairs. The modern Indian armed forces are in the process of convergence as a global superpower with complete dominance on land, sea, air, and space. Indeed, it is a great transformation of the armed forces since independence.

The author is, SM, VSM Former Additional DG (AFMS) & Expert in Defence, International Strategies & Current affairs.

Continue Reading





o commemorate the 23 years of victory over Pakistan in the Kargil War of 1999, the Indian Army on Monday organised a motorcycle expedition from New Delhi to the Kargil War Memorial at Dras (Ladakh).

The 30-member rally was flagged off by Lt Gen B S Raju, the Vice Chief of Army Staff from the National War Memorial, New Delhi on Monday.

Over the next six days, the team of 30 serving personnel who have embarked on this expedition will endeavour to replicate the indomitable spirit of the Kargil brave-hearts by rekindling the spirit of fortitude, courage and adventure synonymous with the Indian Army, said the Ministry of Defence.

The bike rally would pass through Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh before culminating the expedition at the Kargil War Memorial, Dras on 26 July 2022.

Continue Reading





Two Army officers were killed in an accidental grenade blast along the Line of Control in the Mendhar sector of Jammu and Kashmir’s Poonch, the Defence Public Relations Office said on Monday. During the treatment, one army officer and one Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) succumbed to their injuries.

JCO Sub Bhagwan Singh

Captain Anand

“Last night, an accidental grenade blast occurred in Mendhar Sector, Dist Poonch, when troops were performing their duties along the Line of Control. The blast resulted in injuries to soldiers.

During the treatment, one officer and one JCO succumbed to their injuries, “said PRO Defence Jammu.

According to the Defence PRO, the blast occurred along the Line of Control (LOC) on Sunday night, when the army troops were performing their duties, thus injuring them. All the injured soldiers were immediately evacuated to Udhampur via helicopter.

As per the reports, one officer and one Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) succumbed to the injuries.

The Indian Army expressed grief over the death of two officers.

The Indian Army tweeted, “General officer commanding (GOC) @Whiteknight_IA and all Ranks salute brave hearts Capt Anand and Nb Sub Bhagwan Singh who made the supreme sacrifice while performing their duties on the LoC in Mendhar Sector. We offer deepest condolences to their family members.”

Continue Reading





Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari on Sunday said that the Indian Air Force (IAF) is planning to induct Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) and Light Combat Aircraft MK-1A and MK-2 along with the 114 multirole fighters. This will be done to bolster India’s combat capabilities through indigenisation under “Make-in-India” in the future.

The IAF chief said that the move will not only “strengthen the Air Force” but also bring a “huge boost” to the Indian aviation industry as part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat initiative of the Narendra Modi government. “On the aircraft front, we are looking ahead for the AMCA and the LCA MK-1A and also the LCA MK-2 a few years from now. The case for 114 MRFA is also progressing well. With this, it will not only strengthen the Air Force but also bring a huge boost to the Indian aviation industry,” ANI quoted the Air Chief Marshal as saying.

“We have already committed for seven squadrons of AMCA. The numbers for the LCA MK-2, we will take a call as and when the first production model comes out and we start inducting the aircraft into the air force and we can always increase the quantity based on its performance and rate of induction,” he added while speaking about the number of units of the aircraft that the IAF is planning to induct.

When asked about the timeline of the induction of the S-400 air defence system from Russia into the forces, he said that it will be done as per the schedule adding that all deliveries should be completed by the end of next year. “The induction program of S-400 is going as per the schedule. The first firing unit has been inducted and deployed. The second unit is also in the process of getting inducted. Delivery schedules are on time, hopeful that by the end of next year all deliveries will be completed,” Chaudhari said.

“The threat of multiple fronts always exists. The capabilities of the air force in handling two fronts at a time will necessarily have to keep getting bolstered by the induction of various platforms. On the ground, we will need more radars, and additional SAGW systems and all of these are going to come from indigenous sources, for which the action is already at hand,” he added.

The IAF chief further said that the forces are fully in sync with the Centre’s Aatmanirbhar Bharat push which has resulted in the “quick induction” of platforms such as the light-combat helicopter and aircraft and radar systems.

Continue Reading



Ajay Jandyal



The Indian Army on Sunday inducted radars to trace survivors under the debris which was laid after a cloudburst struck the area near the holy shrine of Amarnath on Friday.“Xaver 4000 radar has been inducted and has been operational at Amarnath since late noon for finding any survivors under the debris,” said Indian Army officials. Earlier, Lieutenant Governor (LG) of Jammu and Kashmir Manoj Sinha on Sunday visited a base camp in Pahalgam and met pilgrims.“The security personnel and administration have carried out an efficient rescue operation. We pay condolences to those who lost their lives. Efforts are underway to resume the Yatra along with repairing the path. Pilgrims should come, we will provide them with all facilities,” Sinha assured.

Rescue operations underway at cloudburst-affected areas of Amarnath, on Sunday. ANI

The Amarnath yatra was temporarily suspended on Friday, till further notice. 

However, the pilgrims have been waiting at the Baltal Base camp for it to recommence.As many as 35 pilgrims were discharged following treatment, Shri Amarnathji Shrine Board (SASB) Officials informed on Saturday.“35 pilgrims have been discharged following treatment. 17 people are getting the treatment and are likely to get discharged tonight. All safe and healthy,” said SASB Officials.The critically injured patients were airlifted to Srinagar.“Critically injured people were airlifted to Srinagar. 2 people who were buried but were alive were rescued. We’re taking all precautionary steps. 41 missing as per Jammu and Kashmir police out of which some were rescued. Yatra may resume within a day or two,” said Kuldiep Singh, DG, CRPF.As per the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) data on Saturday, at least 16 people have died in the cloud burst incident near the holy shrine of Amarnath.Meanwhile, four Mi-17V5 and four Cheetal helicopters of the Indian Air Force were deployed for rescue and relief efforts at the Amarnath shrine on Saturday.The Cheetal helicopters flew 45 sorties, carrying five NDRF and Army personnel and 3.5 tonnes of relief material while evacuating 45 survivors from the holy cave.Earlier the officials on Saturday informed that the LG chaired a high-level meeting to review the ongoing rescue and relief operations at Amarnath cave.Meanwhile, the Indian Army informed that they have pulled up “critical rescue equipment” to speed up the rescue operations in the affected areas.“Indian Army pulls up critical rescue equipment to speed up the process of rescue operations and route maintenance in view of recent cloudburst of Amarnath in which 16 people lost their lives while several are assumed missing,” said the Indian Army.

Continue Reading





Jammu and Kashmir BJP chief Ravinder Raina on Monday said the most wanted Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terrorist Talib Hussain who was apprehended from Reasi district is neither an “active member of the BJP nor a primary member”.

 Speaking to ANI, Raina said, “Hussain is neither an active member of the BJP nor a primary member. There was a letter circular, on the basis of which it is believed that Sheikh Bashir, who is the President of BJP Minority Front of Jammu and Kashmir had appointed Hussain on 9 May.” He termed the reports fake which claimed that one of the two most-wanted LeT terrorists, who were overpowered by locals and handed over to the police, was in charge of the party’s IT cell.

 The BJP leader further said after that Hussain had circulated a letter himself and resigned from the membership of the party on 18 May. “A couple of years ago, Hussain along with with his three colleagues used to come to the BJP office as a media person. He had also interviewed me many times, he used to call himself a reporter for a YouTube channel named ‘New Sehar India’,” Raina said.

 “As a journalist, Hussain clicked photos with us many times in the BJP office. Pakistan terror outfit wanted to target the head office of the BJP of Jammu and Kashmir. It has been done through the targeted medium and carried out such incidents,” he said. “It is too soon to say more on this matter as the investigation is going on. Not only the BJP, but all the offices of other political parties need to be more alert now,” Raina added.

Continue Reading