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Keep these things in mind while breastfeeding your child

Dr Teena Thomas

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Currently, there are almost nine million infant deaths every year. However, breastfeeding saves approximately six million additional deaths from occurring. Every year, the first week of August is observed as “World Breastfeeding Week” which aims at raising awareness about the benefits of breastfeeding.

Breast milk is what your children need at least up until they turn 6 months old. It cannot be duplicated. A mother’s milk is exactly what a baby needs and it also matches 50% of your baby’s genetic material. There are almost 200 components in breast milk where each and every element plays an important role in providing the necessary nutrition to your little one.

For the first six months of your little one’s life, breast milk provides all the necessary calories required and is also a perfect amalgamation of fats, proteins, fats, carbohydrates and fluids required to them. In fact, even when mothers have a poor diet due to unfortunate circumstances, the composition of breast milk is extremely stable and perfect for babies.

Even before the babies are born, mothers start producing colostrum, which is basically thick milk that can be either clear or a little yellowish. This is designed that way by nature that it provides all the necessary ingredients which a newborn requires. It is high in protein, which is a requirement for the first few days, it contains antibodies that protect the little one from infections and it also helps the baby pass the dark, tar-like stools it lets out during the first few days. Therefore, for the first few days mommies must feed their kid often which will also enhance the production of breast milk.

After two to five days of nursing, the milk becomes a little thinner and also acquires a bluish tinge just like skim milk. A mother will also notice that her breasts feel fuller than usual. Now is the right time to nurse your kid frequently as you must avoid it from becoming too full.

As you keep nursing, the milk changes to foremilk, which is low in fat but is high in lactose. Lactose is important for your baby as it helps its development. It is nothing but the sugar of the milk. The foremilk ensures that the baby doesn’t remain thirsty.

 The next stage of milk is hindmilk. High in fat, it keeps the baby fuller for longer. During this time remember, let your baby nurse on one breast and only if required you need to switch. Think of hindmilk as a baby’s sweet treat.

Breast milk promotes growth and enhancement of the baby’s digestive system. And it takes approximately 6 months for it to reach its completion. It also prevents vitamin A deficiency which occurs between 12 to 36 months.

One of the many other advantages of mother’s milk is that it is easier on the little one’s kidneys because it contains less salt and protein (but in perfect proportions) it contains. It is also rich in vitamin E and iron that it ensures that your baby won’t go deficient.

Breast milk contains a type of immunoglobulin known as Secretory IGA which is a necessary component that avoids infections and ailments of ear, nose, throat and the GI tract. Throughout the first year, this component is present in breast milk and for it to work, the baby must digest it. Finally, remember, breast milk boosts the baby’s immune system and helps enhance their health.

Now, let’s move on to things you must keep in mind while breastfeeding:

  • Before you start feeding your baby, make sure you are in a comfortable position. You can sit on a bed with pillows behind your back; even a rocking chair is fine.
  • Once you are settled in, gently touch the little one’s mouth to your nipple for it to latch in because of the rooting reflex.
  • As a new mother, eat a balanced diet. If you are confused, you can always consult your doctor to help guide you better.
  • Remember, breastfeeding is not just good for your little one but it also helps aid your health and lose the pregnancy weight.
  • Drink plenty of liquid as hydration is the key here.
  • You must consume at least 500 extra calories per day as that’s the number of calories you might need while feeding the baby.
  • Instead of vigorous exercise, opt for brisk and long walks as it is also calming.
  • Finally, along with your baby, take care of your physical and mental well-being too as that’s also utterly important.

So, these were a few things that you need to know about the benefits of breastfeeding and tips to remember. We hope it helps you.

The writer is senior consultant obstetrics & gynaecology at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital, Brookefield, Bengaluru.

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Health & Wellness

What is The Full Meaning of Health?

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Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health may refer to the ability to adapt and manage physical, mental, spiritual, emotional, and social conditions through changes in lifestyle or self-care.

The word “health” is sometimes used as an abbreviation for “health care”, although health care is only one part of what is meant by health. For example, one might speak about the benefits of “going to the doctor” or “taking medicine”, or the costs of not getting enough sleep or exercise.

There are many other factors that impact on health each day:  nutrition(the food we eat), childhood experiences (the way we were raised), quality of medical care (the drugs and surgery used), genetics (how strong our immune system is), stress levels (whether we feel anxious or depressed), environmental exposure to chemicals and toxins (pesticides on crops, exhaust from cars) and so on .

Health is a state of optimal physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. An important way to promote health is to prevent disease, which can be accomplished through immunization programs and screening for early signs of disease. Promotion of good health often involves advice and education about healthy eating habits, exercise, hygiene, self-care, preventive measures against infectious diseases and other health practices. Health care systems are organizations established to meet the health needs of target populations.

Why do we need a healthy lifestyle?

A healthy lifestyle refers to the habits that help people live longer and healthier lives. A healthy lifestyle includes:

Eating a balanced diet that includes fruits and vegetables.

Regular exercise.

Not smoking cigarettes.

https://dolpxy.com/

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Health & Wellness

Kashmiri ASHA worker serves as inspiration by donating blood 28 times

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A 32-year-old woman named Bilqees Ara, an ASHA worker, has donated blood 28 times since 2012. She has served as an inspiration to others across the nation.

Bilqees, who is from the Handwara Tehsil in the Kupwara area of North Kashmir, stated that she understands the “importance of blood”.

She said that by donating a pint of blood, she not only saves a precious life but an entire family.

She began donating blood in 2012 and has since given 28 pints.

She expressed her gratitude and pride at being the saviour of so many patients in the Kashmir valley.

I’ve seen people cry helplessly as they try to get blood to save their loved ones, but I’m proud of myself because I’ve arranged blood for them as well. “I felt an inner joy after that,” she said.

In Kashmir, she is known as the “Blood Woman of Kashmir”.

She is a registered blood donor. Whenever a need arises, the officials at the Blood Bank at Handwara hospital call her and, within the shortest span of time, she makes herself available to donate blood.

Women should come forward and do this as there is nothing to be afraid of. This is to be done for society, she said. She also said that she wondered who else would do it if she refused.

If a person has blood and courage, why can’t he give it to someone else in a time of need? She asked.

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Health & Wellness

Covid facilities to reduce in Delhi amid drop in cases

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The Delhi government has closed 11 Covid care facilities because to a consistent reduction in cases. Two Covid Care Centers are operational at Ambedkar Nagar Hospital, which has 50 beds, and Balak Ram Hospital, which has 25 beds, according to a government report. Only five admissions were registered at Ambedkar Nagar Hospital over the past three months, while there were none at Balak Ram Hospital.

The number of patients has steadily decreased at the remaining CCCs as well, according to reports.

According to officials, the Delhi Disaster Management Authority on Thursday decided to scale back the medical staff and infrastructure that had been deployed for COVID management in a planned manner. The health department will now formulate an action plan in response to this decision.

“The deven CCCs were closed and dismantled by Delhi government and one by the Centre and three others with total 4000 bed capacity- Radha Saomi Satsang ,Chattarpur, Sawan Kirpal, Burari , and Sant Nirankari, Burari- were closed but not yet dismantled”, officials said.

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Health & Wellness

India’s daily covid tally falls below 5k with 4,858 new cases

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India reported 4,858 new Covid-19 cases in the last 24 hours, 806 fewer than yesterday, bringing the total to 4,45,39,046, according to data released by the Union health ministry on Monday. On the other hand, according to the health bulletin, the number of active cases rose to 48,027.

India has 0.11 percent of the infections that are still active, and the Covid recovery rate has risen to 98.71 percent. 2.76 percent was the daily positivity rate, while 1.78 percent was the weekly positivity rate.

Infections with the coronavirus are currently most common in Kerala, followed by Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Assam, and West Bengal.

The health ministry stated that as many as 18 fatalities were reported today, taking the death toll to 5,28,355. This included eight deaths reconciled by Kerala.

According to the data available, 2.16 billion doses of vaccines have been administered in the country so far under the nationwide Covid vaccination drive.

On December 19, India’s Covid-19 total had reached one billion. On May 4 and June 23, respectively, last year, it reached the depressing milestones of two and three crore. On January 25 of this year, the number of Covid cases in the nation surpassed four crore.

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Health & Wellness

Over 100 people suffer food poisoning in Manipur

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Since Tuesday, over 100 people, including children, have been admitted to hospitals in the Senapati district of Manipur due to a possible case of food poisoning linked to a birthday celebration in the hilly state.

According to medical officer Dr. Th Veidai Shuru of PHC Paomata on Thursday, the majority of the patients, who are from the villages of Tungjoy and Tunggam, were admitted at the Public Health Centre (PHC) Paomata while some were in the Public Health Sub-Centre (PHSC) at Tungjoy.

From Tuesday onward through Wednesday, patients with complaints of loose motion, fever, and bodily soreness were admitted to health centres.

“Now most of the patients are getting relatively better, “said Dr Veidai.

According to reports from medical facilities, about 83 people have been released, and the 31 others are anticipated to leave soon.

According to the specialists, food poisoning is a possibility. According to locals, the primary cause may be the drinking of fermented fish chutney during birthday festivities.

“However, it will take at least 7 to 14 days to get the results for the samples which we collected and sent for testing and we’ve also collected blood samples to check other diseases, Dr Veidai said.”

Meanwhile, representatives from the food safety agency visited a village in the Senapati district to determine what was causing the widespread illness.

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Health & Wellness

Does Medicaid Pay for Air Purifiers?

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Medicaid services, as convenient as it sounds, might not be fulfilling enough to live a comfortable life for low-income families. Air purifiers are no more a luxury and have become a requirement to stay healthy. When we come to this, the real question is: does Medicaid pay for air purifiers?

The answer to this simple question is no. Medicaid does not cover air purifiers until and unless it is prescribed by a doctor if you are medically ill. This is not just enough to know; read on to have a better idea of how medicare works and what are your other options.

Does Medicaid Pay for Air Purifiers?

Medicaid is an insuranse plan which does not cover equipment lik air purifier, room heater, humidifier, dehumidifier, and air conditioner. The plan is only entitled to cover only those devices, which are Durable Medical Equipment.

For instance, Medicare is shown to provide Positive Airway Pressure machines if you are medically proven to have obstructive sleep apnea. However, in some cases, Medicaid may reimburse you with an air purifier and humidifier if you are medically proven for its need.

To do so, you must provide a proof showing authentication of your medical need, like a prescription or a letter of medical necessity. The plan only covers medical grade air purifiers and Air Purifier Mag has shared some of the best options that may help you get your air purifier cost covered under Medicaid easily.

Why Original Medicaid does not Include Air Purifier in their Part B?

Original Medicaid part B only covers the equipments under the DME category and since the plan does not categorize air purifiers as a DME, it’s not in the list. They rather believe it to be an environmental control equipment and not primarily medical in nature.

Same is the case with the other such appliances like humidifiers and room heaters  that are designed to improve or manage health conditions.

Can you Ask a Doctor to Prescribe you An Air Purifier?

You can request your doctor to prescribe you an air purifier only if you really think it could bring a difference in your health status. Medical grade air purifiers, which use HEPA filters are usually prescribed by the doctors to look after health condiitons like asthma. In some cases, doctors can refuse to sign you a prescription considering its short term benefits.

Does Medicaid Advantage Plus Pay for Air Purifiers?

Medicaid Advantage Plus is a long-term health management solution for people with chronic condition who need health devices and tools in their homes and have access to both Medicare and Medicaid plans.

The MAP plan is offered by the companies associated with Medicaid to cover all the services laid down by the original Medicaid plan.

Unlike the original plan, as allowed by the fall enrollment of 2020, the Advantage plan is more likely to be helpful in covering the cost of health equipment like air conditioners and air purifiers. Coverage plans and type of health devices covered in the Advantage plan vary from one provider to another.            

Which Durable Medical Equipment does Original Medicaid Part B Cover?

Medicaid, in general, covers the major chunk i.e. 80% of the Medicaid approved health equipment also called, durable medical equipment, to be used at home. To consider it a DME, Medicaid believes the equipment should be able to be repeatedly used, must only be useful for the sick, and restricted to home usage.

The equipment the plan will cover is based on the plan you choose and your health condition. Here’s a list of equipment Medicaid plan covers:

● Hospital beds

● Seat lifts

● Pacemaker monitors

● Blood glucose monitors

● Canes

● Wheelchair lifts

● Crutches

● Heating pads

● Oxygen regulators

● Face masks

● Alternating pressure pads, mattresses

● Motorized wheelchair

● Heat lamps

● Oxygen

● Sitz baths

● Ventilators

● Bedpans

● Walkers

Other Ways To Get Inssurance or Pay for an Air Purifier

Either when time is running out or there is no way out to get your prescription approved by Medicaid, you can opt for other ways to cover the expenses for your DME.

Private insurance: Even though FSA or HSA debit card isn’t allowed to be used on purchase of equipments, you can reimburse the amount by FSA after buying it from your own money. Most of the insurance providers cover air purifier as long as a proof is provided in terms of prescription or letter of medical necessaity.

Second Hand: You can always pay for the the equipment from your pocket. However, one needs to understand the cost difference if one opts for an insurance plan. You can directly pay and get second hand DME at half price from Facebook Market place, eBay, or any good thrift store.

Veterans Health Care: With the help of Department of Veterans Affairs, veterans and their spouses have the benefit of getting Medicaid copayment or the complete cost of DME.

Nonprofit Assistance: There are a number of nonprofit foundations and state programs, which help elderly with DME through low or interest-free loans and different programs. Visit your state’s site to have a better idea on the available programs.

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