India has started the groundwork for 5G spectrum auctions slated to take place this year, as announced by the Secretary of the Telecommunications Department and Chairman of the Digital Communications Commission, K Rajaraman late last year.
The country being the world’s second-largest telecommunications market is planning to roll out 5G mobile services within 2022-23 by telecom providers.
It is expected that the 5G will contribute USD 450 billion to the Indian economy, increasing the pace of development and creating jobs. It will help in digitising the economy, boosting the Start up ecosystem, improving governance, ease of living and ease of doing business in the country.
It is also expected to open up opportunities for collaboration with like-minded partners, including Australia and Japan, which seems a little optimistic after the Chairman of NEC Corporation Nobuhiro Endo on Monday, after meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Tokyo, said that Japan will contribute to smart cities and the 5G projects in India.
Union Minister Vaishnaw believes the 5G service rollout will happen in August or September, given that the telecom companies in the past have said they would need six months from the spectrum auction to roll out their 5G services.
That being said, the telecom companies have been given extended time upto May 2022 to test their 5G networks, it could be possible for them to fast-track the commercial rollout of 5G. Or, like Jio has done in the past with beta testing its 4G-only network, telcos could roll out 5G services in a limited manner before a wider commercial rollout.
Gujarat Minister of State for Communications Devusinh Chauhan said in the Rajya Sabha that the spectrum auctions will be conducted very soon, and the next-generation 5G services are expected to commence before the end of the year.
Replying to a supplementary question during Question Hour, Chauhan also said that the four companies have been allotted spectrum for conducting trials and added that the trials are expected to be completed soon.
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, during her budget speech, announced that 5G mobile services would be rolled out within 2022-23 making it evident that India is keen to roll out the 5G services.
“All leading telecom companies, including Airtel, Reliance Jio and Vi are testing their 5G networks under different trials. The government is also discussing with telcos and other stakeholders on the spectrum auctions that will be undertaken this year,” she had said.
In recent communications, telecom sector watchdog TRAI detailed its plan to put on auction around Rs 7.5 lakh crore worth of airwaves across multiple bands.
The TRAI in this mega auction has planned to put on auction spectrum band. All available spectrum in existing bands viz. 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2300 MHz, 2500 MHz and new spectrum bands viz. 600 MHz, 3300-3670 MHz and 24.25-28.5 GHz be put to auction, Saudi Gazette reported.
As part of the roll-out, India is aiming to increase its fibre backbone to 2.5 million kilometres (1.6 million miles) by 2022 from 1.5 million kilometres right now.
In 2021, the global services market for 5G technology was estimated to be USD 83.24 billion. It is expected to grow at a CAGR of 23 per cent to reach USD 188 billion by the year 2025.
To provide flexibility to the telecom service providers (TSPs), a block size of 10 MHz for the 3300- 3670 MHz band and 50 MHz for the 24.25-28.5 GHz band is recommended. Spectrum to be assigned in a contiguous manner, the watchdog stated.
It said the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) should carry out harmonization exercises in 800 MHz, 900 MH and 1800 MHz bands immediately after conducting the auction so that frequencies assigned to the TSPs are in a contiguous manner.
The reserve price of spectrum allocation in the case of 30 years should be equal to 1.5 times the reserve price of spectrum allocation for 20 years for the respective band.
According to India Brand Equity Foundation, India’s 5G subscriptions to have 350 million by 2026. accounting for 27 per cent of all mobile subscriptions.
“For the long-term growth and sustainability of the telecom sector, infusing liquidity and encouraging investment, the Telecom Service Providers should be allowed easy payment options including part payment with the flexibility of moratorium,” the TRAI stated.
Unlike existing coverage-based rollout obligations, considering deployment of 5G network in 3300-3670 MHz and 24.25-28.5 GHz bands, easy network deployment-based roll-out conditions have been recommended for these bands, Saudi Gazette reported.
According to India Brand Equity Foundation, over the next five years, a rise in mobile-phone penetration and a decline in data costs will add 500 million new Internet users in India, creating opportunities for new businesses.
By 2025, India will need 22 million skilled workers in 5G-centric technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), robotics and cloud computing.
With a daily increasing subscriber base, there has been a lot of investment and development in the sector. FDI inflow into the telecom sector from April 2000 to March 2021 totalled USD 37.97 billion according to the data released by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Saudi Gazette reported.
For domestic consumption and export, Ericsson will start manufacturing 5G radio products in India. By 2025, India will need 22 million skilled workers in 5G-centric technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), robotics and cloud computing.
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Complete Guide to Personal Browsing Data Protections and Why it Matters
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Why do we need to protect our personal browsing data anyways?
Websites and advertisers are increasingly collecting data about our browsing habits. This data can include what websites we visit, what products we look at online, and even our location. While this data is often used to target us with relevant ads, it can also be used to track our movements and behavior over time.
This tracking can have serious implications for our privacy. For example, if someone knows which websites we visit, they could use that information to figure out our political or religious beliefs. Or if someone knows which products we’ve been looking at online, they could use that information to scam us or steal our identity.
Thankfully, there are ways to protect our personal browsing data from being collected. One of the most effective methods is to use a Virtual Private Network (VPN).
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It’s important to keep your browsing data safe for a few reasons. First, if someone gets their hands on your browsing data, they can see everything you’ve been up to online. This could include personal information like your address or credit card number, or even your passwords and login credentials. Second, if someone is monitoring your internet activity, they can see what you’re looking at and track your movements online. This could be dangerous if you’re visiting websites with sensitive information. Lastly, using a VPN (virtual private network) is the best way to keep your browsing data safe. A VPN encrypts all of your data and keeps it hidden from prying eyes.
Considerations When Choosing a VPN Service Provider
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Reasons Why You Should Be Concerned about Your Privacy Online
1. With the advent of the internet, our lives have become increasingly digitized. This means that more and more of our personal information is being stored online, where it can be accessed by anyone who has the right tools.
2. While this may not seem like a big deal at first, it can actually have a lot of negative consequences for your privacy. For example, if someone gets their hands on your personal information, they could use it to steal your identity or access your accounts.
3. Additionally, if your personal information is compromised, you could end up facing a lot of legal and financial problems. In fact, you could even end up in jail.
4.Fortunately, there are ways to protect your privacy online. One of the best ways to do this is by using a Virtual Private Network (VPN).
How to Protect Yourself on the Internet in the Age of Mass Surveillance and Social Media
As the Edward Snowden revelations have shown, the US government and its allies are engaged in mass surveillance of internet communications. This means that your personal data is not safe when you’re online unless you take steps to protect yourself.
One way to protect yourself is to use a virtual private network (VPN). A VPN encrypts your data so that it cannot be read by anyone else, including your internet service provider. It also masks your location and IP address, making it difficult for anyone to track you online.
Another way to protect yourself is to be careful about what information you share on social media. Don’t post anything that you wouldn’t want the government or other organisations to see. Remember that even if you delete something from Facebook or Twitter, it may still be stored on their servers.
Conclusion: The Importance of Safeguarding Your Personalized Data Online Today
In conclusion, it is evident that safeguarding your personal data online is critical in this day and age. By taking proactive steps to protect yourself, you can minimize the risk of your information being stolen or compromised. Remember to use strong passwords, install security software, and be vigilant about the websites you visit and the information you share. With these simple precautions, you can rest assured that your data is safe and secure.
An elite force can do well without criminal elements
Ever since the government announced the Agnipath scheme, a lot of undisciplined protestors have taken to the streets. In a democratic country, anyone is well within their rights to protest against any action of the government. However, the outright hooliganism, destruction of public property and rioting by protestors are not just condemnable but also prove a serious lack of discipline in pressing for their cause. Potential candidates for recruitment into the elite defence service are expected to protest in a civilized manner. By burning down trains and resorting to violence, these protestors are making a case against themselves on how they are unfit to don the elite uniform. The hooliganism and anarchy on display in the streets are enough to debar these protestors from the candidature. An elite force ready to make the supreme sacrifice for the sake of the nation can do well without these criminal elements destroying public property.
The Agnipath scheme is an effective initiative by the government aimed at structural reforms in the armed forces. The defence budget of India has been increased by the Modi government from 2.53 lakh crores in 2014 to 5.25 lakh crores in 2022. Unlike the earlier wars that the Indian army fought and won, the warfare of the future will be primarily a contest of technological prowess. The Modi government has displayed proactiveness in procuring the best available technology to arm the country with an effective deterrent. In a security apparatus dominated by technology, youthful dynamic foot-soldiers well-versed with the latest technology and sheer muscle power are a requisite. A proper meritocratic system where the best talents are retained for a longer-term would ensure that the army gets the best of the best foot on the ground to protect our borders. The Agnipath scheme backed by the three service chiefs would ensure an enhanced youthful profile of the force and result in the reduction of average age from 32 to 26 years over a period of time. A youthful profile for the defence forces will lead to increased dynamism, competitiveness to be retained for the long haul and optimal utilization of the defence budget. The tech-heavy jawan of the future will require multiple skillsets to guard our borders and Agniveers would be ideal for this technological revolution. The world is moving into an era where drones and robotic technology will slowly replace manual interventions. The soldiers of the future need to be dynamic and adaptable to the changes in technology. Cyber warfare is emerging as a huge threat and India has been ramping up its cyber assets toward this end. While the earlier reforms in defence were necessitated by adverse situations or wars, the Modi government has proactively optimized defence without the need for external circumstances. It is notable that the past 75 years have seen 2 reorganisation exercises apart from a few administrative revamps in the wake of Kargil and Op Parakram. The two reorganisations were around the 1960s after the debacle of the 1962 war and following the KV Krishna Rao committee of 1975. The current average age of uniformed officers can be attributed to the recruiting spree following 1962 and the increase in retirement ages. The manpower-heavy recruitment of prior decades was justifiable.
With the Agnipath initiative, the Modi Government in a single stroke recruits dynamism and youthfulness into our armed forces while also calibrating the defence structure in line with new theatres of war. The misinformation regarding this move has fuelled a spate of protests across the country as if Agnipath isn’t in the interest of the country. Whether the vandalism on the streets is by candidates or are the vested interests trying to take advantage by creating a crisis situation, needs to be investigated. The Modi government with the Agnipath scheme has continued to live up to its reputation of biting the bullet on vital reforms. Whether it’s section 370 of J&K or GST or Defence reforms, the Modi government is making good use of its majority, which the Indian citizens handed to the BJP. India always needed a strong decision-maker and reformer and India has got one.
The author is BJP spokesperson, advisor to former Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Devendra Fadnavis, and executive director of Maharashtra Village Social Transformation Foundation, a Section 8 Company of the Maharashtra government.
THE TRAGEDY OF SANJAY GANDHI
On the occasion of his 42nd death anniversary, we peep into the life of one of the most controversial political characters of our time.
Sanjay Gandhi was the second son of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who was widely believed to be the next heir to her mother’s chair, just like his mother had occupied her father Jawahar Lal Nehru’s chair after his death. There were unconfirmed stories floating around that Mrs Gandhi was grooming her younger son, Sanjay, who was keen to join politics, for the PM’s chair after her. Rajiv, the elder brother and a pilot with Indian Airlines, preferred to lead a quiet domestic life away from the limelight.
Sanjay started his career as Managing Director of a company called Maruti Motors Limited, founded by the Government of India to produce a people’s car in 1971. The 25-year-old Sanjay becoming the Managing Director of a newly formed motor company, having no prior experience to his credit, attracted several accusations of nepotism and corruption from the political class as well the general public. The 1971 victory of Bangladesh liberation that year silenced all the noise against corruption. Significantly, the company under Sanjay Gandhi produced no vehicle till 1975.
After the imposition of the emergency in the country on 26 June 1975, without having any elected official position, Sanjay Gandhi had become the de-facto power centre in the Prime Minister’s office as his mother Indira Gandhi’s adviser, usurping all the draconian powers of the Emergency, as basic fundamental rights of the citizens were suspended. It was rumoured that the government was run by Sanjay and his friends, called the ‘coterie’, who ran the PMO, from the PM’s house, instead of from the PMO authorized officials of bureaucracy. Sanjay declared a five-point programme, which included the abolition of dowry and family planning. Sanjay and his cronies were dreaded names who had terrorized the whole country.
Sanjay was sent to the best schools in India and abroad, but he didn’t enter a university. Instead, he decided to learn automotive engineering, spending three years at the Rolls-Royce automaker in England, as he was very much interested in sports cars. His other interest was in aircraft acrobatics, for which he had obtained his pilot’s license in 1976. He often used to take off from the Safdarjung flying club for his acrobatics practices. On the morning of 23 June 1980, Sanjay Gandhi took off for his acrobatic practice in a new Pitts S-2A aircraft from the Safdarjung airports’ flying club, accompanied by his instructor, Subhash Saxena.
Minutes later his plane crashed over Chanakyapuri while attempting a dangerous acrobatic maneuver, killing Sanjay and his instructor instantly. Their mutilated bodies were taken to RML Hospital for stitching before handing over to their respective families.
Sanjay was the first one of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s family to meet a violent death. Four years later, Sanjay’s mother was next to meet a violent death, on 31 October 1984, when she was killed by the bullets of her security guards after Operation Blue Star in June of the same year. About seven years later, Rajiv Gandhi, the last surviving member of Indira’s family and himself a former Prime Minister, was the last one to die a violent death, in a bomb attack by an LTTE woman while campaigning for elections for a Lok Sabha seat near Chennai on the night of 21 May 1991. Within a span of 11 years, all members of Mrs Indira Gandhi’s family were wiped out in violent deaths. Mrs Gandhi used to get advised by tantrics, astrologers and swamis, but no one had ever predicted that her whole family would be wiped out in such violent deaths in such a short period.
LAWRENCE PLANNED FAKE PASSPORTS FOR HIS BROTHER TO EXECUTE MOOSEWALA MURDER
The motive behind the killing, as admitted by Lawrence Bishnoi, was to avenge young Akali leader Vicky Middukhera’s murder. ADGP Pramod Ban said that as per police investigation, Moosewala’s hand in Middu Khera’s killing was not established. “This is just an assumption or suspicion by the Lawrence gang,” he said. As per the ADGP press communique, Lawrence Bishnoi, in a well hatched out conspiracy, to protect his brother Anmol Bishnoi and his close associate Sachin Thapan and himself had created a perfect alibi so that he and his associates are not linked to the crime and thus absolve them of their involvement in the murder of Sidhu Moosewala.
To execute this plan, he procured passports for his brother Anmol Bishnoi and Sachin Thapan on fake particulars that were issued by RPO Delhi and helped them flee the country before the execution of this murder. He settledthem abroad from where they could co-ordinate, facilitate and successfullyexecute this crime without being noticed or held culpable. Anmol Bishnoi (brother of Lawrence Bishnoi) has a criminal past (18 criminal cases).
Lastly, he was in Jodhpur Jail from where he was released on bail on 07-10-2021. Anmol Bishnoi had got his passport issued by RPO Delhi under the fake particulars.
Similarly, Sachin Thapan, a close associate of Lawrence Bishnoi and having a criminal past (12 criminal cases) also managed to get a passport issued by RPO Delhi under the fake particulars.
Based on these disclosures made by Lawrence Bishnoi during theinterrogation, a separate case FIR No 2, dated 20-06-2022 u/s 384, 465, 466,471, 120-B IPC, 12 Passport Act, and 25 Arms Act, PS Punjab State Crime, SAS Nagar was registered against Lawrence Bishnoi and his associates.
A deeper probe shall be conducted to unearth the modus operandi and the role of the officials in this unholy nexus in which the persons with criminal backgrounds managed to procure passports on fake particulars from RPO Delhi and flee the country.
The Congress-AAP were never in a position to survive civic polls battle: O.P. Dhankar
BJP-JJP succeeded in winning the civic polls with huge differences and gained control of 25 municipal bodies in Haryana jointly with its alliance partner JJP. Although, the party was expecting to get from 20 to 50% vote share in the election as it was revealed by an internal party survey. In an exclusive interview state BJP President OP Dhankar shared his views over the huge victory in civil polls. Excerpts
Q. How do you count BJP’s victory in civic polls?
A. The victory reflected the trust of people in the party and it is likely to have an impact on upcoming assembly elections to be held in 2024. The BJP contestants won control of at least 10 municipal councils and 13 municipal committees. Besides, its ally JJP won one committee and two municipal bodies which clearly indicates the expanding base of the BJP in the state. It is evident from the result that the people are satisfied with the politics and functioning of the BJP-JJP led government along with the Chief Minister Manohar Lal.
Q. Are you content with result?
A. Being a politician, no one can be satisfied. With a smile on face he said, “Ye Dil Mange More”. The BJP proved its mettle in civic polls which is a portrayal of the party’s domination over opponents. Having a portfolio of the state party president, I will try my best to take the party to the next level.
Q. How do you take voter turnout gained by the BJP?
A. Around 12 lakh voters had to cast their votes in the elections and among these, nearly 8 lakh had cast their franchise. Earlier, according to the eternal survey, the BJP was expecting from 20 percent to 50 percent vote share. Final count clearly depicts that the saffron BJP and its ally succeeded in gaining around 50 percent of the total vote bank.
Q. How do you take Congress’ future in the state?
A. Everyone was familiar enough with the fact that Congress had already surrendered as it came up with a decision not to contest the election of party symbols. With the Congress staying away, the party leaders clearly indicated that they were nowhere in the civic polls battle. The JJP and its ally JJP’s huge victory has forced them to mull over strategy leaving it in a state of disappointment. The Congress, which continues to witness widened rift among
the party leaders, was never in position to contest the civic polls on the party symbol.
Q. Do you agree that debutant AAP succeeded in marking its presence?
A. The tall claims of huge victories in civic polls proved false. Despite its serious efforts, the party could win one civic body which is disappointing for it. Thus, it was a feeble debut for the AAP which was making huge claims of victory in the civic polls and contrary to the expectations of the party leaders, the same proved futile.
Q. Several independents survived the polls successfully, what will you say?
A. Undoubtedly, a string of independent candidates fought the elections successfully but it is worth mentioning that most of the winning candidates hailed from the BJP. The congress’s claims of having these independent candidates associated with the party are false.
SIDHU MOOSEWALA’S LAST SONG STIRRED THE ‘SYL’ ISSUE YET AGAIN
Sidhu Moosewala’s unreleased song ‘SYL’ that was unveiled on Thursday along with a music video is already smashing records. The song was streamed live on YouTube. The song was watched live by over four lakh people. This song is written and sung by Moosewala. The song has amassed more than a million views, within hours of being released and has been trending on YouTube.
This song is considered to be his last song. It was released on Sidhu Moosewala’s official YouTube channel. It was also shared on Twitter, with the caption, “SYL OFFICIAL SONG OUT NOW LISTEN ON SIDHU MOOSE WALA’S OFFICIAL YOUTUBE CHANNEL.”
It depicts some real-life incidents including Sutlej Yamuna Link (SYL) canal issue. Translation of a portion of the song: “Unless Punjab gets sovereignty, leave the water of Sutlej Yamuna Link canal, not even a drop will allow Punjab to take over.”
Listening to this song on YouTube, people became very emotional remembering their favorite superstar. Millions of Moosewala’s fans are commenting in the comment box of this song. Several fans expressed their feeling for the late singer in the comment section. One user wrote, “No one can ever be able to replace him …. Always in our hearts…. Keep listening to this song with tears in my eyes …”
Another person shared, “Miss you Ustaad. Long live on heart mere Bhai. Sidhu moosewala Legend JINDJAAN.”
Moosewala was shot dead in broad daylight on 29 May in Mansa village in Punjab. After his death, the family offered a final prayer for peace of mind, in which the father shared many heartfelt words with the audience. The father said that he promises to keep his son alive among all of his fans through songs for the next five to seven years. He had said that many of Moosewala’s songs are in the stage of being released soon. He wrote many songs. All songs in the pipeline will be released.
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