It’s time for Africa, in India. As the world navigates post-pandemic economic recovery, India and Africa are poised to scale up their economic partnership at a signature conclave in New Delhi that will explore new frontiers for enhanced cooperation in areas ranging from manufacturing, smart agriculture and clean energy to start-ups and forging regional production networks.
The sheer scale of the 17th CII-EXIM Bank Conclave on India-Africa Growth Partnership is staggering. Besides vice-presidents from half a dozen African countries, around 40 ministers from 17 countries will participate in the conclave to be held on July 19-20. The conference will be inaugurated by India’s Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu and will feature special address by External Affairs Minister Dr S. Jaishankar and Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal. Trade ministers from various African countries will participate in a special session which will focus on promoting Business-to-Government (B2G) dialogue.
Mauritius’ Vice-President Marie Cyril Eddy Boissézon, Gambia’s Vice President Badara A. Joof, Zambia’s Vice President Mutale Nalumango and Deputy PM of Namibia Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah are among high-profile African leaders who will be participating in the conclave.
FOCUS ON GROWTH
This year around, the CII-Exim Bank India-Africa Partnership conclave has been rechristened as “Growth Partnership,” signalling a shift from project exports which dominated previous editions of the conclave for a decade and a half to growth partnership, which signals a more holistic and comprehensive approach to burgeoning relations between the two growth poles of the world. Growth partnership makes India and Africa major stakeholders in each other’s growth and prosperity.
The conclave is taking place at a time of renewed hope and resilience as both India and Africa emerge from the shadows of the pandemic to script new pathways of shared prosperity and resurgence. India has emerged as the world’s fastest growing major economy, and is expected to grow at 7.5% for 2022-23. Africa’s growth rate is expected to be 3.6 per cent per year, which is reasonable compared to many other regions of the world. “The ongoing signs of Resilience, Recovery and Renewal in India and Africa signal strong prospects for across-the-board transformation of the India-Africa economic partnership, with growth and inclusive prosperity as the twin mantra,” as a Background Note published for the conclave says.
The operationalisation of the landmark African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), which came into effect on January 1, 2021, is set to propel India-Africa trade and investment onto a higher trajectory. The AfCFTA is a great opportunity for Indian industry to establish businesses in Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in Africa and benefit from the wider market access that the AfCFTA will provide. The continental FTA is expected to enhance intra-regional trade from the current level of about 17% of Africa’s total trade to an estimated 52% in a five-year period, with removal of tariffs on 90% of the goods. The conclave will explore how the two sides can leverage synergies generated by AfCFTA to focus on bolstering regional value chains, which will play a pivotal role in promoting Africa’s industrialisation.
Development partnership remains the bedrock of burgeoning relations between India and Africa. The importance India attaches to nurturing relations with the continent is attested by $12.6 billion Lines of Credit extended by India to African countries for an array of socio-economic projects in African countries. Under these LoCs, 193 projects have been completed and 66 projects are currently under execution and 88 projects are at pre-execution stage. These projects encompass various sectors ranging from drinking water supply, agriculture mechanisation & irrigation to solar electrification, power plants, transmission lines. Africa is the second largest recipient of India’s concessional loans.
THE ROAD AHEAD
The conclave coincides with a new bounce and energy in India’s diplomatic outreach to Africa. Since 2014, a record number of 34 outgoing visits by President, Vice-President and Prime Minister to Africa have taken place from India. This period also saw more than 100 visits from Africa at the level of leaders, ministers and officials. India has opened 18 new embassies since 2018, taking the total Missions and Posts in the continent to 49.
As China accelerates its inroads into the continent and launch a new charm offensive, Indian industry should harness unprecedented Africa outreach launched by the government to expand their operations in this rising continent of opportunity. India is the fifth largest investor in Africa with cumulative investments at $70.7 billion US (from 1996-2021). Bilateral trade is growing and was estimated to be $69.7 billion in 2018-19. The pandemic has reduced volume of trade, but latest signs suggest better times for India-Africa trade. It’s time to raise the bar and aims for $100 billion bilateral trade by 2025. Looking ahead, the leaders and business enterprises of India and Africa should focus on fusing India’s growth story with African-owned and African-led resurgence to unleash entrepreneurial energies of Africa. India’s engagement with Africa “will be on terms that will be comfortable for you, that will liberate your potential and not constrain your future,” said Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in his famous address to the parliament of Uganda in 2018, while enunciating 10 principles of India’s engagement with Africa.
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Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman Harivansh to lose chair
Harivansh Narayan Singh, the Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha, is set to lose his position. According to sources in the Janata Dal (United), Singh would soon be asked by the JD(U) to demit the constitutional office. With his party JD(U) out of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) now, the BJP will appoint one of its own Rajya Sabha members in his place.
Singh was nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 2014 by the JD(U) and was elected Deputy Chairman of the Upper House of Parliament as an NDA candidate in 2018, defeating Congress candidate BK Hariprasad. He was elected to the constitutional office again in September 2020 after the JD(U) returned him to the Rajya Sabha that year.
Speaking to The Daily Guardian, sources said that, amid the change of government in Bihar, if any politician who is in a tight spot it is the journalist-turned politician from Ranchi. Rajiv Ranjan Singh alias Lallan Singh, the national president of the JD(U), while interacting with reporters in Patna on Thursday said that he had spoken to Singh regarding the political changes in the state. “Harivansh ji told me he is with Nitish Kumar,” said Singh. Another politician who is set to be booted out is the BJP legislator from Lakhisarai, Vijay Kumar Sinha, who is Speaker of Bihar Assembly. Fifty-five MLAs of the Grand Alliance on Wednesday submitted a no confidence notice against him, which has been sent to the Secretary of the state Assembly.
Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, who has made his displeasure known with the conduct of Sinha many times in the past, told journalists on Thursday that the “Speaker should decide whether to continue in the chair or quit”.
The no trust motion moved against Sinha would be taken up for discussion during the two-day special session of state legislature on 24 August in the assembly and on 25 August in the council.
In the meanwhile, there is some tussle for important portfolios in the Cabinet, which is slated for expansion during the special session of the Assembly, between the JD(U) and RJD. Nitish has turned down RJD’s demand for home portfolio. Now, the RJD has demanded the post of the Speaker as per the power sharing agreements, sources said.
CBI ARRESTS MAMATA CONFIDANTE ANUBRATA MONDAL
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Thursday arrested Trinamool Congress leader Anubrata Mondal from his residence in Birbhum’s Bolpur in connection with a 2020 cattle smuggling case. Mondal, the TMC Bhirbhum district chief, is a close aide of West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee. The central agency produced Mondal before the CBI Special Court in Asansol on Thursday and was granted custody till 20
According to sources in the CBI, Mondal was summoned for questioning by the agency 10 times, but he avoided all summons feigning illness. Even though he was summoned to the CBI office at Nizam’s Palace in Kolkata on Monday August 8, he did not comply with the order. Instead, Mondal checked in to SSKM Hospital, but doctors there said he was healthy.
A CBI team raided Mondal’s house in Birbhum on Thursday at 7 a.m. and arrested him three hours later. Initially, it led to confusion if was being taken to Durgapur camp office to interrogate him further. But eventually he was taken to the ECL guest house at Shitalpur near Asansol.
The central agency had on 21 September 2020 arrested Satish Kumar, a former Border Security Force (BSF) commandant in connection with illegal cattle smuggling across the Indo-Bangladesh border.
Kumar’s interrogation led to many revelations, including the route map of smuggling from West Bengal to Bangladesh. The CBI also received information that smuggling was planned from Rampurhat area of Birbhum. The interrogation led the CBI to Mondal’s close associate Enamul Haque, a hawala operator and kingpin of the smuggling racket, who was arrested in November 2020. Haque’s interrogation in turn led to Mondal’s bodyguard Saygal Hussain. The CBI recovered properties worth crores of rupees from Hussain’s house after his arrest.
Mondal’s involvement in the cattle smuggling case came to notice after the CBI interrogated the two. The central agency also interrogated Ghatal MP Actor Dev too.
Haque was arrested by the Enforcement Directorate in February this year on the basis of the CBI FIR a month after he was granted bail by the Supreme Court.
FREEBIES SERIOUS ISSUE, MONEY MUST BE SPENT ON INFRASTRUCTURE: SC
The Supreme Court on Thursday observed that freebies that political parties dole out in the run-up to elections to lure voters are a serious issue. Saying that there were two sections, the apex court observed that one who supported the freebies and the other who would like the money spent on freebies to be spent on development.
“Those who are getting they want it as ours is a welfare state. Some may say that they are paying taxes and it (the money) has to be used for developmental process. So it is a serious issue. So both sides have to be heard by committee,” said Chief Justice of India
NV Ramana, while hearing a PIL challenging the culture of freebies.
Ramanna also observed that the Central government also runs schemes to feed the hungry and though “economy is losing money”, it is pertinent that “people’s welfare has to be balanced”.
The Election Commission on Wednesday filed an affidavit which supported the Supreme Court’s suggestions to set up an expert committee to examine regulatory measures on freebies announced by political parties ahead of elections. The electoral watchdog, however, refused to be part of the expert body.
“It may not be appropriate for the Commission, being the constitutional authority, to offer to be part of the expert committee especially if there are (representation from) ministries or government bodies in the expert committee. Further, there are continuous elections in the country and any opinion/view/comment during deliberations in a multi-member body might, in the event of being publicised, amount to pre-decide the issue and disturb the level playing field,” the Election Commission said in the affidavit.
The top court was hearing a public interest petition filed by lawyer Ashwini Upadhyay in January this year pleading that promise or distribution of irrational freebies from public funds before elections could unduly influence the voters, shake the roots of a free and fair election and disturb the level-playing field, besides vitiating the purity of the election process. “Direct and declare that promise/distribution of irrational freebies from the public fund before an election to lure voters is analogous to the bribery and undue influence under Section 171B and Section 171C of the IPC,” the petition observed. The petition seek a ban on political parties promising ‘freebies’ during election time. The petition also seeks steps to regulate poll manifesto and make political outfits accountable for promises they make therein.
The Supreme Court had on 3 August suggested that an apex body comprising the NITI Aayog, the Finance Commission, ruling and opposition parties, the RBI and other stakeholders was required to make recommendations on how to manage freebies distributed by political parties during election campaigns.
The court will next hear the plea on August 17.
French Rafale jets stop over in India during Indo-Pacific deployment
A French air and space force contingent, including three Rafale jets, was hosted in India during an Indo-Pacific deployment on Wednesday, a statement issued by the French Embassy in New Delhi said.
The contingent, which was en route to New Caledonia, was hosted for a technical stopover at the Air Force Station in Sulur town in Tamil Nadu’s Coimbatore district on August 10-11 during a long-distance deployment from metropolitan France to the Pacific Ocean.
“From 10th August to 18th September, the French Air and Space Force is carrying out a major long-range mission in the Indo-Pacific, code-named Pegase 22. The first stage of this mission aims to demonstrate France’s capacity for long-distance air power projection by deploying an Air Force contingent from metropolitan France to the French territory of New Caledonia in the Pacific Ocean in less than 72 hours (10th–12th August). To achieve this unprecedented 16,600-km deployment, the Air Force contingent made a technical stopover in India, at Air Force Station Sulur,” the statement read.
The contingent, which comprises three Rafale jets and support aircraft, landed at Air Force Station Sulur on Wednesday evening and flew out in the early hours of Thursday after refuelling, as per the French Embassy.
“The operation demonstrated a high level of mutual trust and interoperability between the French and Indian Air Forces, which has been further boosted by the fact that both air forces now fly Rafale jets. It also illustrated the concrete implementation of the reciprocal logistics support agreement signed by France and India in 2018,” the statement read further.
Lauding the IAF’s role in this successful operation, the Ambassador of France to India, Emmanuel Lenain, said: “France is a resident power of the Indo-Pacific, and this ambitious long-distance air power projection demonstrates our commitment to the region and our partners. It is only natural that to carry out this mission, we rely on India, our foremost strategic partner in Asia. My heartfelt thanks to the Indian Air Force for welcoming the French contingent.”
In the following stages of Mission Pegase 22, the French Air Force contingent will take part in the “Pitch Black” air exercise taking place in Australia from 17th August to 10th September. The Indian Air Force will also participate in this multilateral drill, along with Australia, Japan, the United States, Germany, Indonesia, Singapore, the United Kingdom, and South Korea.
Mission Pegase 22 is a powerful demonstration of France’s capacity for quick deployment in the Indo-Pacific. The mission is also proof that the security situation in Europe has not diminished the French and European commitments in the Indo-Pacific. In this respect, it also aims to strengthen ties with key strategic partners, such as India, and underline France’s support for security and stability in the region.
India and France have traditionally had close and friendly relations. In 1998, the two countries entered into a Strategic Partnership, which is emblematic of their convergence of views on a range of international issues apart from a close and growing bilateral relationship.
FIDAYEEN ATTACK ON ARMY POST IN RAJOURI, FOUR JAWANS KILLED
Two terrorists who attacked the army post in Parghal are killed in retaliatory fire.
Four Indian Army soldiers, including a Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO), were killed and one other injured, when two fidayeen tried to enter an army post in Parghal area of Darhal in Rajouri district. The terrorists attacked the post in early hours of the day. However, alert soldiers neutralised the two suicide attackers in retaliatory fire.
“In the early hours of 11 Aug 2022, alert sentries of the Indian Army post at Parghal, District Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir detected some suspicious persons approaching their post taking advantage of the inclement weather and dense foliage. The sentries challenged the two terrorists who threw grenades while attempting to gain entry inside the post.
However alert troops cordoned the area and engaged them in a firefight thereby pinning them. In the ensuing encounter, two terrorists were neutralised,” Army PRO Lt Col Devender Anand informed the reporters here.
Out of six soldiers who were injured while repulsing the suicide attack by terrorists four succumbed to their injuries.
The soldiers killed in the attack are Subedar Rajendra Prasad of Maligoven village in Jhunjhunu and Riflemen Lakshmanan D of T Pudupatti village in Madurai, Manoj Kumar of Shahjahanpur village in Faridabad and Nishant Malik of Adarsh Nagar in Hisar.
Special Operation Groups of the police were immediately sent to cordon off the area. The police and army were already on high alert after intelligence inputs regarding the movement of two suspects in Darhal area. Mukesh Singh, Additional Director General of Police, Jammu, said, “As reported by 11 Raj Rifles, someone tried to cross the fence of the army camp at Parghal. Sentry challenged and an exchange of fire took place. Additional parties dispatched for the location which is around 6 km from police station Darhal.”
According to sources, the two terrorists came from South Kashmir and were camping in Darhal for the past few days. CCTV cameras installed in shops of the Darhal market captured the movements of these terrorists carrying guns.
Sources said that the terrorists were armed with AK series rifles, grenades and other arms and ammunitions, which could hold them longer against a retaliatory fire by security forces.
They were also carrying thousands of rupees in Indian currency. Wire cutter to cut fence to sneak into the army operational base and knives for close attack on army jawans were also recovered from the terrorists killed in the operation.
Notably, the attack comes a day after three LeT terrorists were neutralised by security forces in Budgam. One of the killed terrorists was involved in the killing of civilians Rahul Bhat and Amreen Bhat.
Noida Assault Case: UP Court rejects Shrikant Tyagi’s bail plea
Uttar Pradesh court rejected the bail plea of Shrikant Tyagi on Thursday for assaulting and abusing a woman.
Uttar Pradesh police arrested Tyagi on Tuesday near Noida. In a viral video, Tyagi was seen assaulting and abusing a woman at Grand Omaxe in Noida’s Sector 93.
Earlier on Monday, the police recovered his luxury vehicles and bulldozed his residence in the society. The Noida administration began the demolition of illegal construction at the Grand Omaxe, Noida. After this, the people of society were seen distributing sweets amongst themselves.
The FIR was lodged against Tyagi after a group of his supporters entered the society and started shouting slogans. The Gangster Act against Tyagi had also been invoked by the police.
“A separate FIR under IPC sections 419 (punishment for cheating by personation), 420 (cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property), and 482 (punishment for using a false property mark) has been registered against the accused in light of the Fortuner car recovered from the society premises on Saturday,” Additional DCP Ranvijay Singh said.
Earlier speaking to media persons Tyagi said, “I express my regret on the incident. She is like my sister, the incident is political and was done to decimate me.”
Meanwhile, the Noida Police said that Tyagi was using an MLA sticker on his car and was given by UP MLC Swami Prasad Maurya.
However, Srikant Tyagi claims to be a member of Bharatiya Janata Party Kishan Morcha. He has been accused of allegedly abusing and pushing a woman during an argument of Grand Omaxe society. The video of the said incident occurred on 5 August.
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