HOW PM KISAN & DBT SCHEME PROVED TO BE EMPOWERMENT TOOLS - The Daily Guardian
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HOW PM KISAN & DBT SCHEME PROVED TO BE EMPOWERMENT TOOLS

According to food and public distribution authorities, Rs 66,896.87 crore was saved due to the removal of over 2.98 crore bogus beneficiaries from the system, with the help of technology. The JAM Trinity has eliminated the web of middlemen and is a fine example of preventing corruption through technology.

Sanju Verma

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“We must ensure that technology is accessible, affordable, and adds value”

—PM Narendra Modi

Farmers have always been at the epicentre of the Modi government’s economic philosophy that encourages enterprise and inclusivity. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will release the eighth instalment of financial benefits under “PM-KISAN” on 14 May 2021. This will enable the transfer of more than Rs 19,000 crore to more than 9.5 crores beneficiary farmer families. Under the “PM-KISAN” scheme, a financial benefit of Rs 6,000 per year is provided to the eligible beneficiary farmer families, payable in three equal, four-monthly instalments of Rs 2,000 each. The fund is transferred directly to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries. In this scheme, “Samman Rashi” of over Rs 1.15 lakh crore has been transferred to farmer families so far. This annual financial support is given to farmers having combined landholding or ownership of up to two hectares. Since its inception in December 2018, the Modi government has given seven instalments to these farmers. The Central government’s Rs 75,000-crore annual scheme aims to cover 125 million farmers, irrespective of the size of their landholding in the country. 

The scheme defines a family as a husband, a wife, and minor children. The fund of Rs 2,000 is directly transferred to the bank accounts of the farmers/farmer’s family, with no room for middlemen or pilferage of any kind. Who is eligible for the PM Kisan scheme? Well, landholding farmers’ families with cultivable landholding in their names can apply under this scheme. Farmers from both urban and rural areas, small and marginal farmers families, are all eligible. Who is not eligible for the PM Kisan scheme? Institutional landholders, present or retired officers and employees of State/Central government, as well as PSUs and government autonomous bodies, cannot apply for the scheme. Again, beneficiaries with higher economic status are not eligible, either.

Those who pay income tax, farmer families holding constitutional posts, professionals like doctors, engineers and lawyers and retired pensioners with a monthly pension of over Rs 10,000, are not eligible.

How to register for PM Kisan Samman Nidhi?

Farmers have to approach the local revenue officer or a nodal officer nominated by the State government. The Common Service Centres (CSCs) have also been authorised to do the registration of the farmers for the Scheme upon payment of fees. Prime Minister Modi’s ease of doing business (EODB), is not limited to only big corporates.

For instance, on the official website of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana – pmkisan.gov.in, there’s a section called the “Farmers’ Corner”. Farmers can register themselves through the Farmers’ Corner on the portal and know the status of their payment. Apart from Aadhaar which is mandatory, landholding papers and bank account details have to be submitted to the concerned authorities.

During the Nehru-Gandhi era, 85% of what was allocated to farmers or marginalised sections was pilfered by commission agents and nefarious middlemen. However, Prime Minister Modi has completely dismantled the “Cut Money” culture. For instance, recently, while wheat harvesting was in full swing in Punjab and Haryana, farmers, for the first time, started receiving minimum support price (MSP) payment directly in their bank accounts under the Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme (DBT).

Over Rs 5,385 crore has been transferred so far in the ongoing procurement season by the Central and State procurement agencies to farmers, against the purchase of their crops in both these states, again a vindication of how the Modi government has made last-mile delivery, a pleasant reality. In Punjab, over Rs 2,600 crore has been paid directly to accounts of farmers till 20 April 2021, under the DBT scheme. Over 54 lakh tonnes of wheat have arrived in ‘mandis’ in Punjab till 20 April, out of which 50 lakh tonnes have been procured and more than 20 lakh tonnes lifted by various government agencies. Amid the ongoing procurement and payments under the DBT, several farmers in Ludhiana Amritsar, Moga and elsewhere are actually relieved that they do not have to run from pillar to post and are very contented with the DBT mechanism. Again, in Haryana, over Rs 2,785 crore has been transferred directly to the accounts of farmers till 20 April 2021.

The Haryana government has procured over 3.11 lakh tonnes through various procurement agencies, at MSP. Of the 64.77 lakh tonnes of wheat that arrived at procurement centres till 20 April 2021, 55.62 lakh tonnes has already been procured.

What the aforesaid numbers clearly highlight is the Modi government’s unflinching commitment to empowering farmers, cutting across political, demographic and geographical divides if any, so that “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan”, is not a mere slogan, but an abiding work ethic, that financially strengthens the hands of our “Annadata”. The primary aim of this Direct Benefit Transfer program is to bring transparency and terminate pilferage from the distribution of funds sponsored by the Central Government of India. 

Talking of DBT, it was launched in just 20 districts by the erstwhile Congress regime in 2013, but largely remained a non-starter, thanks to lethargy and corruption that has been a part of the Congress DNA. But today, under PM Modi, DBT results in annual savings of over Rs 1.7 lakh crore, with over Rs 13 lakh crore worth of payments made, to the weakest sections of the society, spread across 400 schemes and 51 ministries. 

Central Plan Scheme Monitoring System (CPSMS), being implemented by the Office of Controller General of Accounts, acts as the common platform for routing DBT. 

The ‘JAM Trinity’ of the Jan Dhan-Aadhaar-Mobile, has made it easier to identify bogus beneficiaries and preventing leakages in government schemes. In MGNREGA for instance, since job cards and accounts of the labourers were linked to Aadhaar, a large number of bogus beneficiaries were caught. Till December 2019, 5.55 lakh bogus labourers had been weeded out from the scheme. This ensured that Rs 24,162 crore was not misused. Otherwise, this money would have reached the accounts of bogus labourers. Similarly, due to the DBT scheme, 98.8 lakh bogus beneficiaries were caught in schemes under the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The deletion of fake beneficiaries prevented a possible scam to the tune of Rs 1523.75 crore.

Making the linking of Aadhaar and mobile mandatory, saved more than Rs 66,000 crore in government ration distribution from going into the wrong hands. According to food and public distribution authorities, Rs 66,896.87 crore was saved due to the removal of over 2.98 crore bogus beneficiaries from the system, with the help of technology. The JAM Trinity has eliminated the web of middlemen. This is a successful example of preventing corruption through technology. 

DBT scheme transfers money directly to the account of the beneficiary in social assistance schemes such as LPG subsidy, MGNREGA, PDS, old age pension and scholarships. More than 44 crore Jan Dhan accounts, over 100 crore Aadhaar, and over 100 crore mobiles have come in handy for direct transfers to beneficiaries on the ground. To cut to the chase, it would be apt to end with a quote by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, where he says, “I see technology as a means to empower and as a tool that bridges the distance between hope and opportunity”.

Sanju Verma is an economist, national spokesperson of the BJP and bestselling author of ‘Truth &Dare: The Modi Dynamic’. The views expressed are personal .

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OVER 5 CRORE TIRANGA SELFIES CLOCKED AS PART OF HAR GHAR TIRANGA CAMPAIGN

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More than five crore Tiranga selfies have been uploaded on the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign website so far, the Ministry of Culture informed on Monday and termed it a “stupendous achievement”. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had given a call on 22 July 2022, to join the Har Ghar Tiranga’ movement by hoisting or displaying the national flag at homes.

“In a stupendous achievement, more than five crore ‘Tiranga’ selfies have been uploaded on the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ website,” the ministry of Culture said in a statement.

As India embarks on its 76th year of Independence, wrapping up the 75-week countdown to 15 August 2022, was the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ initiative of the government driven by the nodal ministry for ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ the Ministry of Culture.

The commemoration of 75 years of independence started on March 12, 2021, as a 75-week countdown to 15 August 2022, and will continue till 15 August 2023.

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Indian Missions under MEA screen short film on Sri Aurobindo

Murtaza Ali Khan

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Indian Missions abroad under the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), including the Embassy of India, Paris, India in UK, CGI Birmingham, Switzerland, Colombia and Ecuador, Permanent Delegation of India to UNESCO and Bahrain, screened the short film titled ‘Sri Aurobindo: The Beginning of Spiritual Journey’ on 15th August 2022, which also marked the 150th birth anniversary of Sri Aurobindo. Directed by award-winning Indian filmmaker Suraj Kumar, the short film is based on a screenplay by Manish Kumar Pran. The film stars Vikrant Chauhan in the titular role.

Based on Sri Aurobindo Ghose’s prison life (1908-1909), the short film was shot in Alipore Jail, Kolkata, from where Sri Aurobindo’s spiritual journey had started. Sri Aurobindo was arrested for conspiracy on 5th May 1908 and spent a full year in Alipore jail while the British government, in a protracted court trial, tried to implicate him in various revolutionary activities. It came to be known as the Alipore Bomb Case. He was finally acquitted and released on 6th May 1909. 

 ‘Sri Aurobindo: The Beginning of Spiritual Journey puts the spotlight on an important chapter of Sri Aurobindo Ghose’s journey that often gets overlooked when one talks about his exemplary life and work. Sri Aurobindo was also a renowned freedom fighter and was accused of bombing a series of British nationals as a leader of Anushilan Samity. However, in Alipore central jail, while being accused of the Alipore conspiracy, he had a change of mind and became a philosopher and spiritual guru till his death in 1950 in Puducherry.

“While Sri Aurbindo Ghose was lodged in jail, his spiritual transformation started just after 2-3 days of prison life. My short film ‘Sri Aurobindo: The Beginning of Spiritual Journey’ documents his beginning of spiritual journey in Alipore jail,” reveals Suraj Kumar. Speaking about the film’s conception, he adds, “The idea of making the short cropped up when one of my IIMC friends and prison reformer Dr. Vartika Nanda discussed it with me, back in early 2021. Subsequently, I visited the National Library of India in Kolkata to document and record the news articles published related to Sri Aurobindo’s imprisonment. “

Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was one of the first few leaders who demanded complete independence from the British Raj. He is said to have proposed the concept of ‘Purna Swaraj’, 20 years before the Indian National Congress. He advocated the use of Swadeshi products, non-cooperation, and passive resistance to achieve the goal. After being a part of the Independence movement from 1902 to 1910, he shifted to the French colony of Puducherry, where he set up an ashram and worked for the development of ‘internal Yoga.’ He authored several works, including The Synthesis of Yoga, The Life Divine, The Ideal of Human Unity, and The Human Cycle, among others.

‘Sri Aurobindo: The Beginning of Spiritual Journey’ will be screened in various schools and colleges all across the country over the next one year.

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WHAT MAKES NAVROZ A SPECIAL OCCASION FOR PARSIS

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Navroz, which is the Parsi New Year, was celebrated on 16th August this year . The day is dedicated to the beginning of spring and to promoting peace, solidarity, and friendship among people and different communities.

The Navroz celebration is believed to date back to the time when Prophet Zarathustra founded Zoroastrianism, one of the earliest known monotheistic religions in the world, in Persia (now Iran). It was one of the most important religions in the ancient world until the emergence of Islam in the seventh century.

During the Islamic invasion of Persia, several Persians fled to India and Pakistan. Since then, their festivals have become a part of Indian festivities and are celebrated by people from diverse cultures.

Navroz marks the first day of Farvardin, the first month in the Zoroastrian calendar, also known as the Shahenshahi calendar.

For followers of Zoroastrian philosophy, this day represents the time when everything in the universe is completely renewed. Jamshed, a monarch of the ancient Sasanian Empire, is credited with introducing the Parsi calendar. Hence, this holiday is also called Jamshed-i-Nouroz.

Across the world, Navroz is celebrated at the time of the vernal equinox, around 21 March. However, Parsis in India follow the Shahenshahi calendar, which does not recognise leap years. This is why the Parsi New Year in India is celebrated almost 200 days after it is celebrated across the world.

On this occasion, Parsi families across India, especially in the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat as they have a sizeable Parsi population, visit the holy temples to offer prayers.

They also prepare traditional Parsi dishes like Farcha, Berry Pulao, and Jardaloo Chicken, among several other things. Parsis also believe it to be a day of remittance of sins and a time for repentance.   

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The filched Indian Gems

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Koh-i-Noor

 

Over time, theft of Indian antiquities and diamonds has robbed India of its demarcation as the “Golden Bird,” or Sone Ki Chidiya. Many ancient artefacts vanished when India was still a colony. Here are some of the listed items:

Kohi-i-noor

The renowned Mughal Peacock Throne of Allaudin Khalji was the owner of the Koh-i-Noor. Diamond experts from all around the world refer to it as the “Mountain of Light.” Following the establishment of the East India Company by the British in India in 1849, it was given to Queen Victoria. It is currently kept in the Tower of London’s Jewel House.

 The Ring of Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan was defeated by the British in a fight in 1799, and after his death, the colonisers took his sword and ring. The ring, which Vijay Mallya had spent a lot of money on, was sold at auction by the British in 2014 for £145,000, while the sword was given back to India.

 The wine cup of Shah Jahan

Colonel Charles Seton Guthrie stole the wine cup that belonged to the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the early 19th century and sent it to Britain. The wine cup was donated to the Victoria and Albert Museum in London in 1962, where it is currently displayed.

The Peacock Throne

A well-known peacock throne has also been taken.  According to legend, it served as the sear of the Mughal emperors who conquered North India. This throne was previously located in Delhi’s Red Fort. Shah Jahan, an emperor in the 17th century, constructed this throne specifically for him. This throne was removed by the Persian King Nader Shah in the year 1739.

 The marble idol of Sarswati

The goddess’s marble statue was inscribed in the year 1034 AD. This was the most priceless statue in Madhya Pradesh’s Bhojshala Temple. The statue was eventually misplaced, and in 1886 it was mysteriously discovered in the British Museum.

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The battle without the gun

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5th generation warfare

The 5th Generation Warfare is a covert attempt to paralyse a nation and a battle not on the ground but of strategies to discredit and stymie its growth.The well-described Sun Tzu Strategy is unquestionably proving to be a great approach to debilitate the growth of any country, which lists down five agendas, i.e.,win all without fighting; avoid strength, attack weakness; deception and foreknowledge; speed and preparation; shape your opponent; and character-based leadership.

Daniel Abbot defines the 5th Generation Warfare as the war of “information and perception”  which calls for tactics like social engineering, misinformation and cyber attacks, artificial intelligence and autonomous robots.

The tactic of psychological manipulation in order to decay the intellect, breach privacy, or fleece the people of a country is what can be called social engineering. In recent times, there have been instances where foreign powers have adopted certain methodologies, including baiting, scareware, pretexting, phishing, and spear phishing, to rob the nation.

Deliberately spreading deceptive and misleading information in order to  influence actions and the entire persona in long run is  a commendable tactic to vanquish the enemy nation. Be it fuelling political agenda or be it triggering extremism, misinformation has a vital role to play.

We need to outsmart the strives of the foreign nations to uproot the culture of our country with subtle poisoning of technology along with Cyber attacks and look beyond petty affairs to see the wider picture.

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Indian Embassy in Madagascar decks up with tricolour lights

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As India is celebrating Independence Day on Monday, the Indian Embassy building in Madagascar’s capital, Antananarivo was seen in the Indian tricolour lights. Meanwhile, Town Hall in Antananarivo also lit up in tricolour on the eve of the 76th anniversary of Independence Day of India.

To commemorate the spirit of Independence, the Embassy of India will organise a flag hoisting ceremony on Monday at the Embassy residence Villa Tanana Finaritra, Analamahintsy, Ivandry. “All members of the Indian community and friends of India are invited to join the celebrations,” the Indian Embassy tweeted.

India and Madagascar share a strong relationship. India is a key trade partner of Madagascar with bilateral trade reaching about 400 million USD in 2020-21.

The ties between the two Indian Ocean neighbours are growing in all spheres. The two countries share healthy and strong ties which are on an upswing and several MoUs in key areas such as health, education, culture, information, and travel have been signed between the two countries.

Meanwhile, in India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday said the Indian national flag does not contain only three colours in it but is a reflection of the pride of our past, our commitment to the present, and our dreams of the future.

Addressing a tiranga rally in Surat via video conferencing, PM Modi recalled that in a few days’ time, India is completing 75 years of its independence and said that all of us are preparing for this historic Independence Day as the Tricolour is hoisted on every corner of the country.

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