London [UK], March 20 (ANI): The findings of a new study suggest that preschoolers who extensively use electronic media and game consoles, mobile phones, and tablets, may face a heightened risk of emotional and behavioural problems by the age of 5.
The research was published in the online journal BMJ Open. This behaviour is associated with hyperactivity, short attention span, poor concentration, and peer relationship issues, among other things, the findings suggest.
Patterns of children’s electronic media use are changing rapidly, say the researchers. Preschoolers’ use of mobile phones and tablets tripled between 2013 and 2017, with recent studies indicating that many 4-year-olds now play games, use apps, or watch videos on them every day.
Concerns have been raised that young children’s extensive use of electronic media may impede healthy development, affecting language and social skills, as well as potentially fostering addictive behaviour.
The researchers, therefore, wanted to find out if extensive electronic media use among young children might affect their psychological health and wellbeing by the time they reach the age of 5, and if different types of activity might be influential.
They drew on participants in the Finnish CHILD-SLEEP longitudinal birth cohort study, which has regularly tracked children’s health and/or psychological wellbeing from before birth (32 weeks) up to the age of 5, via parental questionnaires.
The final analysis included 699 children (333 girls; 366 boys) for whom complete health and questionnaire data were available from the age of 18 months onwards.
Around two-thirds of the children (68 per cent) were in full-time daycare; nearly two-thirds of the parents (64 per cent) were educated to degree level.
Parents reported how much time their child spent using electronic media at 18 months and 5 years of age, both during the week and at the weekend.
Parents were specifically asked how many hours their child watched programmes on television or other devices, and (at 5 years) how many hours their child played games on a computer, games console, mobile phone, tablet or another device.
The responses were used to calculate a daily average for programme watching, game playing, and total screen time.
At 18 months of age, the toddlers spent an average of 32 mins/day on electronic media devices. By the age of 5 this had increased to 114 mins/day.
And nearly 1 in 4 children (23 per cent) spent more than an hour on total screen time every day at 18 months of age; by the age of 5, this percentage had risen to 95 per cent.
By the age of 5, more than two thirds (67 per cent) watched programmes for more than an hour a day and around 1 in 10 (11 per cent) spent more than an hour a day gaming.
The Maximum recommended daily use of electronic media for preschoolers is 60 minutes.
When the children were 5, validated questionnaires (FTF and SDQ) were used to assess the prevalence of ‘psychosocial symptoms’ — emotional and behavioural issues, short attention span, hyperactivity, and difficulties making and keeping friends.
Extended use of all electronic media at 18 months was associated with a 59% heightened risk of peer relationship problems by the age of 5, but nothing else.
By the age of 5, extensive electronic gaming was associated only with a heightened risk of hyperactivity, which disappeared after taking account of influential factors. But lengthy programme viewing was associated with a heightened risk of several psychosocial problems.
And excess total screen time at 5 years of age was associated with a heightened risk of attention and concentration difficulties, hyperactivity and impulsivity, hyperactivity and impulsivity and emotional and behavioural problems.
This is an observational study, and as such, can’t establish cause, added to which psychosocial symptoms weren’t assessed in the children when aged 18 months of age while electronic media use wasn’t based on logs or objective measures.
But the time children spend on electronic media likely reduces the time spent interacting with family members, reading, and playing, suggest the researchers. And at an early age, children’s healthy social and emotional development depends on a dynamic interplay between social learning and environmental factors.
“Our results show that 5-year-old children spend considerably more time on e-media than is recommended by professionals. Our results further indicate that high levels of e-media use, especially programme viewing, is associated with problems with psychosocial outcomes, while the use of electronic games was only associated with hyperactivity in the crude models.”
They emphasise: “Although children’s e-media use patterns might not seem problematic when considering use on a daily level, they do have risks in the long term.” (ANI)
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Tom Hanks’ sci-fi movie ‘Finch’ drops first trailer
WASHINGTON: The first official full trailer of Hollywood star Tom Hanks’ upcoming sci-fi adventure movie ‘Finch’ has recently been dropped by Apple TV+, where it will premiere on November 5.
The movie narrates the story of a lone survivor of a global apocalypse who has embarked on a dangerous journey to find a new home for his unlikely family, a dog and a newly created robot. Hanks has portrayed the titular character, a robotics engineer, who is the only survivor of a solar event. Finch creates the robot named Jeff (Caleb Landry Jones) to take care of his loyal companion, dog Goodyear, when he’s gone.
The almost 3-minute trailer of ‘Finch’ begins with Hanks’ character saying “It all happened so fast. There was a solar flare. Goodbye crops and food, goodbye everything,” as scenes of a deserted, dystopian America pass by. “So I hid, frightened and so alone, and I found you,” he continues, addressing the sweet dog.
After Finch develops the robot Jeff, it learns its purpose (“Robots must protect dog”), the trio then set out west, embarking on a treacherous journey to beat a deadly storm to safety. “If we don’t go before that storm hits, we’ll die. All of us,” Finch says in the trailer.
During the journey, they experience some lighthearted moments on the road, Finch teaching Jeff how to drive, Jeff learning how to “talk dog”, all while the pressures of the post-apocalyptic world seem to be closing in. Along the way, they navigate through extreme weather phenomena, merciless heat, UV radiation, and other unexpected challenges.
SOHA REMEMBERS HIS FATHER ON HIS DEATH ANNIVERSARY
MUMBAI: On the tenth death anniversary of legendary cricketer Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, his daughter Soha Ali Khan held a prayer in the former’s memory.
Taking to Instagram, Soha, who is currently spending time at her grand ancestral property Pataudi Palace, posted a picture of her and her little daughter Inaaya lovingly looking at the photo frames of late Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi kept on a table. The prayer set-up was decorated with lit candles and a cricket bat.
“Abba . 05.01.1941 – 22.09.2011,” Soha captioned the heartwarming post. Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi and veteran actor Sharmila Tagore’s elder daughter Saba Pataudi also penned an emotional note on social media. “Abba…..I miss you every day and know you watch over me. It doesn’t feel like a decade since you left us… only just yesterday. You’ll stay in our hearts forever. Love you always,” she wrote on Instagram.
Alongside the note, Saba posted a video featuring several images of the late Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi. Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, who was popularly known as Tiger, passed away on September 22, 2011 after battling a severe lung infection. He was 70 when he breathed his last.
BRITNEY SPEARS’FILM GIVES GLIMPSE OF HER CONSERVATORSHIP
WASHINGTON: Documentary on singer Britney Spears will explore her highly-publicised conservatorship.
On Wednesday, Netflix unveiled the project’s official teaser, wherein Britney is heard leaving a message for an attorney in 2009. For the unversed, Britney’s conservatorship began in 2008 after the singer had several mental breakdowns publicly. Her father Jamie Spears served as both a conservator of her estate and person for more than a decade, but, in 2019, he temporarily stepped down as manager of her person due to his own health issues. Jodi Montgomery temporarily took his place for the past two years. And earlier this year, Britney and her lawyer filed the official court petition to request the removal of Jamie as conservator of the songstress’ estate.
Titled ‘Britney vs Spears’, the clip features a voicemail left by Britney to her lawyer at 12:29 a.m. on January 21, 2009, reports The Hollywood Reporter.
“Hi, my name is Britney Spears. I called you earlier. I’m calling again because I just wanted to make sure that during the process of eliminating the conservatorship..,” she can be heard saying the teaser. The 18-second teaser has created curiosity among social media users. “This is gonna be SO good!!! And right before the next court date! More s**t is gonna come out. I can feel it,” a netizen commented. “Omg! It’s happening. Can’t wait to see it,” another one wrote. The upcoming project is directed by Erin Lee Carr.
‘BHOOT POLICE’ IS VERY CLOSE TO MY HEART: SAIF
MUMBAI: The recently released horror-comedy Bhoot Police starring Saif Ali Khan, Arjun Kapoor, Jacqueline Fernandez and Yami Gautam has been receiving love from all quarters. The film serves a tasteful dose of humour packed with nail-biting horror. Saif’s performance has received rave reviews and the critics have praised him for bringing in a different energy to the film and its storyline. His impeccable comic timing coupled with a unique sense of style and acting prowess has always made for a great combination for genre-defining movies like Bhoot Police.
Commenting on the appreciation for his role, Saif Ali Khan said, “There are certain scripts that you read and fall in love with immediately because you see the potential they hold. You find it important that it gets made in a certain way because you have a lot of hope with that kind of script. Bhoot Police is certainly one of them! This is a movie that is very close to my heart. I want to thank everyone associated with the film – especially the producers Ramesh Taurani and Jaya Taurani for identifying and agreeing with me on the potential of this idea, and of course, Pavan Kirpalani for bringing the movie to me and standing by me. I would also like to thank my co-actors Arjun, Yami and Jacqueline – Arjun especially, because we were in it together from the beginning and it was a lot of fun jamming with him on our scenes together. Thank you everybody for all the love and happiness. Success is measured in strange and different ways. And especially in today’s times, in a pandemic, I think we can really call this a success and a feather in our caps.”
He also thanked his fans and supporters and said he is very excited as they already started working on its sequel.
SARA MEETS INDIAN ARMY MEN IN KASHMIR
MUMBAI: Actress Sara Ali Khan, who is currently vacationing in Kashmir, has met a few Indian Army men there.
Taking to the Instagram Story, Sara posted a picture of herself standing next to the soldiers with the tricolour flying high in the backdrop. She also thanked them for keeping everyone protected. “So thrilled to meet the heroes that make us feel safe, secure and protected. Thank you for all that you do for us. Jai Hind,” Sara captioned the post.
It seems like Sara is in complete holiday mode as prior to Kashmir, she visited Ladakh and Maldives. She was in Ladakh with actress Radhika Madan and singer Jasleen Royal. On her Maldives trip, she went to the ocean paradise with her mother Amrita Singh and her best friend Sara Vaisoha.
RANI WRAPS UP ESTONIA SCHEDULE OF ‘MRS CHATTERJEE VS NORWAY’
MUMBAI: Estonia schedule of Rani Mukerji-starrer ‘Mrs Chatterjee Vs Norway’ has been completed. On Tuesday, the makers of the film took to their social media handle to share the update with the fans. They also posted a picture, wherein we can see Rani celebrating the completion of the schedule by cutting a cake with the whole cast and crew in Europe.
As per a statement, Rani and the entire crew shot in a bio bubble with all necessary precautions. The final schedule of the movie is expected to begin in India soon. Directed by Ashima Chibber, ‘Mrs Chatterjee Vs Norway’ revolves around a journey of a mother’s battle against an entire country. Apart from ‘Mrs Chatterjee Vs Norway’, Rani will also be seen in ‘Bunty Aur Babli 2’, co-starring Saif Ali Khan and Siddhant Chaturvedi.
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