Early behavioural problems predict adolescent mental health difficulties: Study - The Daily Guardian
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Early behavioural problems predict adolescent mental health difficulties: Study

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Cambridge [England], February 13 (ANI): A new study indicated that a substantial proportion of adolescent mental health and behavioural difficulties can be predicted years before they arise.
The research, led by the University of Cambridge and Royal Holloway, University of London, showed that children who experience certain behavioural challenges, like hyperactivity and anxiety, are more likely to go on to develop poor mental health in adolescence, such as emotional difficulties.
It also found that children with behavioural difficulties are more likely to experience problems as adolescents if they come from less affluent, or disadvantaged backgrounds.
Levels of adolescent behavioural and mental health difficulties are rising. As healthcare systems worldwide struggle to cope with increasing demand, there is an urgent need to predict which adolescents are most likely to need additional support as early as possible.
The researchers used historical data from more than 6,700 people, collected both when they were 10 and 16 years old. For the first time, this allowed them to plot previously-undocumented connections between a wide range of childhood problems, such as hyperactivity and anxiety, and related but different behavioural difficulties that arise in adolescence.
They combined this information with details about the participants’ social and economic backgrounds. Children from wealthier or better-resourced settings were more likely to overcome behavioural problems by the age of 16. Conversely, those from poorer backgrounds were more likely to transition into different difficulties during their teens.
Dr Duncan Astle, from the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge, said: “At present, adolescent behaviour and mental health difficulties are only treated once they become problematic, which is one of the main reasons why mental health services are overwhelmed. Our work shows how we might begin to develop a way to predict the difficulties of some – perhaps many – young people and intervene sooner.”
Professor Anna Vignoles, who co-authored the research while based at the Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, said: “This type of information is essential if we want a more proactive, preventative model of handling behavioural and mental health problems in young people. The more significant predictors we have, the better we can target support.”
The historical data came from the British Cohort Study – an ongoing project which is following the lives of the same group of people born during one week in April 1970. It contains details about behavioural difficulties the participants displayed both at 10 and 16 years old, as well as information about their socio-economic circumstances, such as family income, and their parents’ level of education. Few other sources offer such rich data on that scale, which is essential to making a robust assessment of how behavioural problems may change during a person’s lifetime.
The researchers described each participant in the study at both 10 and 16 using six broad categories of potential behavioural problems: conduct problems, hyperactivity and impulsivity, inattention, emotional control problems, anxiety, and motor problems.
Next, they used a technique called hybrid hierarchical clustering which gathered together groups of similar profiles in a manner designed to offer the most meaningful interpretation of the data possible. In many cases, children fell into the ‘no problems’ group; some displayed one specific problem; while others presented combined patterns of difficulties (for example, one group of children exhibited a similar pattern of motor, hyperactivity and emotional problems combined).
The profile groups which emerged were very different across the two developmental stages. Hyperactivity, motor control and conduct issues were prominent in childhood; while adolescents were more likely to display problems related to emotional control, anxiety and inattention.
Dr Joe Bathelt, Lecturer at Royal Holloway, University of London, said: “We often assume that behavioural problems stay the same across development; however, our results show that the presentation can change substantially between childhood and adolescence.”
The researchers then looked for cases where a larger-than-expected number of children had transitioned from one specific sub-group at age 10 to another aged 16.
Of those who experienced behavioural problems as children, 55% exhibited no difficulties in adolescence. There were, however, several cases of a clear relationship between specific clusters of childhood and adolescent problems. The main patterns that emerged were:
An unexpectedly high percentage of children with anxiety problems (22 per cent) developed emotional problems during adolescence.
Around a quarter (24 per cent) of children with conduct, problems displayed ‘a constellation of problems’ with anxiety, emotion and inattention in adolescence.
Around 17 per cent of children with combined emotion, motor and hyperactivity problems developed inattention problems in adolescence.
When this data was combined with the participants’ demographic context the researchers also found that the 55 per cent of children with behavioural problems who had no problems by their mid-teens typically came from wealthier families, with more educated parents who tended to have higher-prestige jobs. They also tended to have the higher cognitive ability, pointing to better educational attainment.
In addition, the data showed clearly that children who developed emotional control problems during adolescence were significantly more likely to come from poorer backgrounds, typically had more siblings, and had parents with lower-prestige jobs. (ANI)

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Is online dating effective or just superficial

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Washington [US], March 8 (ANI): The findings of a study by Pew Research Center suggest that 1 out of 10 adults living in America have found a long-term relationship from online dating apps, such as Tinder, OkCupid, and Match.com. But what is it in people that compels them to “swipe right” on certain profiles and reject the rest?
New research from William Chopik, an associate professor in the Michigan State University Department of Psychology, and Dr. David Johnson from the University of Maryland, finds that people’s reason for swiping right is based primarily on attractiveness and the race of a potential partner and that decisions are often made in less than a second.
“Despite online dating becoming an increasingly popular way for people to meet one another, there is little research on how people connect with each other on these platforms,” said Chopik. “We wanted to understand what makes someone want to swipe left or swipe right, and the process behind how they make those decisions.”
Chopik’s research, published in the Journal of Research in Personality, used two studies to measure how dating app users from different walks of life interacted with available profiles. The first study focused on college students, while the second focused on middle-aged adults, averaging 35 years old. Participants were given a choice to either view profiles of men or women, depending on their dating preferences.
Male participants, on average, swiped right more often than women, and it was also found that individuals who perceive themselves to be more attractive swipe left more often overall, proving to be choosier when picking out potential partners.
“It’s extremely eye-opening that people are willing to make decisions about whether or not they would like to get to another human being, in less than a second and based almost solely on the other person’s looks,” said Chopik.
“Also surprising was just how little everything beyond attractiveness and race mattered for swiping behavior – your personality didn’t seem to matter, how open you were to hook-ups didn’t matter, or even your style for how you approach relationships or if you were looking short- or long-term didn’t matter.”
While attractiveness played a major role in participants’ decisions to swipe left or right, the race was another leading factor. Users were significantly more likely to swipe on users within their same race, and profiles of users of color were rejected more often than those of white users.
“The disparities were rather shocking,” Chopik said. “Profiles of Black users were rejected more often than white users, highlighting another way people of color face bias in everyday life.”
Currently, Chopik is researching how people using online dating apps respond to profiles that swipe right on them first. Though his findings are still being finalized, so far, the data seems to show that people are significantly more likely to swipe right on a profile that liked them first, even if the user is less attractive or the profile, in general, is less appealing.
“We like people who like us,” he said. “It makes sense that we want to connect with others who have shown an interest in us, even if they weren’t initially a top choice.” (ANI)

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TopYa! spearheading its social impact project NacFun

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New Delhi [India], March 8 (ANI): TopYa! India Pvt Ltd (TIPL), which is an Indian Ed-Tech start-up, is now spearheading a social impact project, NacFun, a free e-Learning Program of National Active Championship, in order to build digital components of Co-scholastic, sports, and fitness activities.
NacFun, when appropriately integrated with Scholastic programmes, will lead to a holistic education eco-system for children that will also help them in reducing screen time.
With the spread of COVID-19, the Ed-Tech space is overwhelmed with established and upcoming new businesses offering scholastic programmes online for school and college education, entrance examinations for professional courses, competitive exam preparations for jobs in banks, State and National civil Services among others.
Unfortunately, Co-scholastic activities, such as sports are largely neglected by these new businesses. Due to this, NacFun decided to fill the void to help in building an education ecosystem that will lead to a holistic (academic focus, physical fitness, and emotional balance) development of children.
TIPL – NacFun Chairman, Ambassador A.R. Ghanashyam, said, “NacFun integrates the Co-Scholastic and Sports components with the Scholastic programme of schools making the education ecosystem holistic”.
He further added that they are extremely happy that India’s New Education Policy is in sync with NacFun’s vision of integrating Co-scholastic activities and sports as integral components of the education eco-system.
NacFun program provides over 150,000 Fun n’ Learn activities for students ranging from Nursery to College. Students can even self-learn the activities at their own pace and they can create their own activities too, to share them with their peers.
The NacFun curriculum can be integrated into schools, as a part of their program to digitally assign homework for co-curricular, sports, and other fun physical activities to their students. The students can submit their completed assignments digitally over the NacFun platform for assessment and further guidance.
The platform also provides an opportunity for parents to home-school their children. With the ease of a few clicks, parents can create a daily learning plan for their children, assign it to the child’s account to perform.
NacFun’s program motivates children and youth towards co-curricular and Fun Sports that entice them to take up enjoyable activities away from the screen resulting in reduced screen time and in turn creating a happy and healthy future youth that is physically active, academically focused, and emotionally balanced.
To make learning fun, NacFun has integrated gamification and launched the National Active Championship that since 2018-2019 conducted 1500+ school workshops nationwide benefitting over 2 million children.
Activities performed by the children digitally or in school, allow children to earn points, climb the leaderboard and win certificates, prizes, and scholarships supported by corporations from their branding, marketing, and CSR budgets.
NacFun has caught the fancy of parents, schools, teachers, and children. With participation from 10,000+ Indian schools, spontaneous testimonials have poured in.
Manisha Johri, Educationist and Principal of Asnani School Bhopal, and former principal at Delhi Public World School and Chrysalis High School in Bangalore said, “TopYa’s NacFun vision to provide Co-scholastic, Sports and Fitness programs digitally as part of comprehensive education is revolutionary and helped her design programs digitally during Covid to benefit her students.”
Minakshi, a faculty member from Lotus Valley International School, Noida, said that this endeavour will help students inculcate a healthy lifestyle and become more active.
Kanishtha Goel, who is a 7-year-old child from Shimla, thanked Nacfun for helping children express their talents through various co-curricular activities.
NacFun online traffic continues to grow rapidly and has attained an Alexa Certified Rank of 60K globally and 5K in India. (ANI)

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‘Saina’ trailer: Parineeti Chopra gets into the skin of Saina Nehwal

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New Delhi [India], March 8 (ANI): Keeping up with the spirit of International Women’s Day, Bollywood actor Parineeti Chopra dropped the highly-anticipated trailer of her upcoming sports-biopic ‘Saina’, in which plays the role of ace badminton champion Saina Nehwal.
After several teases, the 32-year-old actor on Monday finally unveiled the forthcoming movie’s trailer on her Instagram handle, along with the caption, “This women’s day, proud to present to you – SAINA.”

The nearly two-minute-long trailer of ‘Saina’ shows how a girl from a small village in Haryana dreams about becoming the world’s no 1 badminton player, and how her parents help her out in fulfilling her dream. The trailer then shifts its focus on highlighting the hardships and obstacles that the ace badminton player faces, before getting back into the game with full force and proving herself to be an outstanding player.
It took several stepping stones for Parineeti to get into playing the titular role in Saina Nehwal’s biopic. But, looking at the film’s trailer, audiences would be glad that she came on board. The actor seems to have nailed Saina’s look in the trailer, from the player’s stance and body language on the badminton court to her bond with her parents.
Written and directed by Amole Gupte, ‘Saina’ is being produced by Bhushan Kumar, Krishan Kumar, Sujay Jayraj, and Rajesh Shah. The movie will hit the theatres on March 26. (ANI)

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On International Women’s Day, Aparshakti Khurana opens up about working with female directors

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New Delhi [India], March 8 (ANI): Starting with his debut film ‘Dangal’ that released in 2016, Bollywood actor Aparshakti Khurana has worked with some of the most prolific directors in showbiz. On the occasion of International Women’s Day, the actor spoke about his favourite female directors and the positive energy they bring with their craft.
While he always carried home a treasure trove of learnings and memories from all his collaborations with them, the talented actor feels grateful to have had the golden opportunity of working with some female directors.
Three years back, acclaimed filmmaker Leena Yadav directed Aparshakti in ‘Rajma Chawal’, a slice-of-life film. The actor captured the attention of the viewers with his earnest performance which was sketched and molded by the director.
In 2019, Aparshakti appeared in ‘Ruka Ruka’, a music single with singer Shalmali. The music video was directed by Ukrainian director Dar Gai who perfectly captured the relationship crisis between a young couple in a hyper-connected world.
A while back, Aparshakti shot for an anthology film and one of the directors on that project is Nitya Mehra of ‘Made In Heaven’ and ‘Baar Baar Dekho’ fame. While much is not known about their short film yet, all we can say is that it will show the actor playing a rather interesting and different character.
Two years back, Aparshakti was directed by director-writer, Tahira Kashyap, when he turned singer, composer, and lyricist for and featured in a music video titled ‘Kudiye Ni’.
On the occasion of International Women’s Day, Aparshakti said that working with female directors has been an enriching experience for him.
“I have had the good fortune of working with these women directors. They are more sensitive when they tell a story and there is a very different vibe on their sets,” he said.
Speaking about his female directors, he said, “Leena is a keen observer and understands the complexities of human behaviour very well. Dar Gai is amazing to work with. We had a relevant storyline but it was her vision and aesthetics that made Ruka Ruka a visual spectacle.”
Aparshakti added, “As for Nitya, I’m a big fan of Made In Heaven specially her episode. So, when I got the chance to be directed by her, I was really excited. She is extremely warm and calm and that reflects in her work.”
As for Tahira, the actor said, “I have known Tahira bhabhi for a long time now. I love her way of organic storytelling and With her, work never felt like work; it was like a vacation. Plus I really want to mention that she has a very keen eye for emotions.”
Meanwhile, the actor is all set to make his digital debut in the Vikramaditya Motwane web series ‘Stardust’. The series is a fictional take on the Indian film industry from 1947 to 1989 and will explore the clash between two superstars.
Apart from the web series, Aparshakti has a string of releases lined up this year including the comedy film ‘Helmet’ with Pranutan. The actor is currently shooting for his new film, an untitled thriller alongside R. Madhavan, Darshan Kumaar, and Khushali Kumar. (ANI)

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EL James’ ‘Freed’ to release in June 2021

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Washington [US], March 8 (ANI): Author EL James, who is famous for the ’50 shades’ trilogy, is set to release another book in the popular series. Titled ‘Freed: Fifty Shades Freed as Told by Christian’, the upcoming book will be told from the perspective of the famous character Christian Grey.
As per E! News, the final book in E. L. James’ BDSM-themed trilogy that serves as a spinoff series for her ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’ trilogy, now has a release date: June 1.
The announcement about the novel’s release date was made on Sunday by Dominique Raccah, Publisher and CEO of Sourcebooks.
The original trilogy is told from the perspective of Anastasia “Ana” Steele and chronicles her life with her dominant lover Christian Grey. Those books spurred a Hollywood movie trilogy starring Dakota Johnson and Jamie Dornan.
The spinoff novels contain the same plot lines but told from Christian’s point of view. The first, ‘Grey: Fifty Shades of Grey as Told by Christian’, was published in 2015, and the second, ‘Fifty Shades Darker as Told by Christian’, in 2017. The upcoming third spinoff novel focuses on Christian and Ana’s marriage.
“This story has been a labour of love, one that my readers have been eagerly awaiting,” the author said in a statement about ‘Freed: Fifty Shades Freed as Told by Christian’.
The author added, “For me, just as for Anastasia Steele, Christian is a challenging, infuriating, and endlessly fascinating character. Living in his head is exhausting, but I got to explore aspects of his life in Freed that we only glimpsed in the original trilogy, and to follow his emotional growth in response to Ana’s love and compassion.”
The movie ‘Fifty Shades Freed’, the last in the film trilogy, was released in 2018.
‘Freed’ will be published by the Bloom Books imprint of Sourcebooks. James’ ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’ trilogy has sold over 150 million copies worldwide. (ANI)

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Prince Harry opens up about his relationship with brother Prince William

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Washington [US], March 8 (ANI): During a recent interview with American talk show host Oprah Winfrey, Prince Harry spoke about his brother Prince William and provided an update on their relationship.
As per E! News, during the highly anticipated sit-down with Meghan Markle and Prince Harry for ‘Oprah With Meghan and Harry: A CBS Primetime Special’, the Duke of Sussex opened up about where things stand for the brothers.
Replying to Oprah on how much had been said about the siblings, Harry replied, “Yeah, and much will continue to be said about that. You know, as I’ve said before, I love William to bits. He’s my brother.”
He further said, “We’ve been through hell together. I mean, we have a shared experience. But, you know, we’re on different paths.”
Oprah then asked Harry about his current relationship dynamic with William, to which he said, “The relationship is space, at the moment, and, you know, time heals all things, hopefully.”
For several years, the royal siblings and their wives Meghan and Kate Middleton have been the subject of rift rumours. ‘Finding Freedom’, a best-selling book, written by royals experts Omid Scobie and Carolyn Durand, which released in August, described an alleged conversation between the brothers that suggests the tension increased as Meghan became a part of Harry’s life.
As per sources cited in the book, William told Harry, “Don’t feel like you need to rush this. Take as much time as you need to get to know this girl.”
The book claimed Harry did not appreciate William referring to Meghan as “this girl.” According to a source in the book, “This sums them up as people–William, the calm and rational one, and Harry, who can’t help but take things far too personally.”
Meghan and Harry’s CBS special with Oprah marked the couple’s first joint interview since their royal exit, which was recently made permanent. In the interview, the duo discussed the reasons behind their decision to step back from their royal duties, which they had first announced in January 2020.
‘Oprah With Meghan and Harry: A CBS Primetime Special’ aired on CBS on Sunday. The special was produced by Harpo Productions. Terry Wood and Tara Montgomery executive produced, along with co-executive producer Brian Piotrowicz. The special will be internationally distributed by ViacomCBS Global Distribution Group.
Meghan and Harry officially stepped down from their roles as senior royals last year. Since last summer, Meghan and Harry have been living with Archie in their new home in Southern California, not far from Oprah’s, near Santa Barbara.
Their interview with the former talk show queen and media mogul aired a month after Harry made a rare TV appearance on ‘The Late Late Show With James Corden’. Meghan and Harry, who tied the knot in 2018, welcomed their first child, Archie Harrison, in May 2019. (ANI)

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