Dallas [US], February 9 (ANI): Coffee lovers now have a strong reason to rejoice. The dietary information from three large, well-known heart disease studies suggests drinking one or more cups of caffeinated coffee may reduce heart failure risk, according to novel research.
The new research was published today in Circulation: Heart Failure, an American Heart Association journal.
Coronary artery disease, heart failure, and stroke are among the top causes of death from heart disease in the U.S. “While smoking, age, and high blood pressure are among the most well-known heart disease risk factors, unidentified risk factors for heart disease remain,” according to David P. Kao, M.D., senior author of the study, assistant professor of cardiology and medical director at the Colorado Center for Personalized Medicine at the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Aurora, Colorado.
“The risks and benefits of drinking coffee have been topics of ongoing scientific interest due to the popularity and frequency of consumption worldwide,” said Linda Van Horn, Ph.D., R.D., professor and Chief of the Department of Preventive Medicine’s Nutrition Division at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, and member of the American Heart Association’s Nutrition Committee.
“Studies reporting associations with outcomes remain relatively limited due to inconsistencies in diet assessment and analytical methodologies, as well as inherent problems with self-reported dietary intake.”
Kao and colleagues used machine learning through the American Heart Association’s Precision Medicine Platform to examine data from the original cohort of the Framingham Heart Study and referenced it against data from both the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study and the Cardiovascular Health Study to help confirm their findings. Each study included at least 10 years of follow-up, and, collectively, the studies provided information on more than 21,000 U.S. adult participants.
To analyze the outcomes of drinking caffeinated coffee, researchers categorized consumption as 0 cups per day, 1 cup per day, 2 cups per day, and 3 cups per day. Across the three studies, coffee consumption was self-reported, and no standard unit of the measure was available.
The analysis revealed:
In all three studies, people who reported drinking one or more cups of caffeinated coffee had an associated decreased long-term heart failure risk.
In the Framingham Heart and the Cardiovascular Health studies, the risk of heart failure over the course of decades decreased by 5-to-12% per cup per day of coffee, compared with no coffee consumption.
In the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, the risk of heart failure did not change between 0 to 1 cup per day of coffee; however, it was about 30% lower in people who drank at least 2 cups a day.
Drinking decaffeinated coffee appeared to have an opposite effect on heart failure risk – significantly increasing the risk of heart failure in the Framingham Heart Study. In the Cardiovascular Health Study however; there was no increase or decrease in risk of heart failure associated with drinking decaffeinated coffee. When the researchers examined this further, they found caffeine consumption from any source appeared to be associated with decreased heart failure risk, and caffeine was at least part of the reason for the apparent benefit from drinking more coffee.
“The association between caffeine and heart failure risk reduction was surprising. Coffee and caffeine are often considered by the general population to be ‘bad’ for the heart because people associate them with palpitations, high blood pressure, etc. The consistent relationship between increasing caffeine consumption and decreasing heart failure risk turns that assumption on its head,” Kao said.
“However, there is not yet enough clear evidence to recommend increasing coffee consumption to decrease the risk of heart disease with the same strength and certainty as stopping smoking, losing weight or exercising.”
According to the federal dietary guidelines, three to five 8-ounce cups of coffee per day can be part of a healthy diet, but that only refers to plain black coffee. The American Heart Association warns that popular coffee-based drinks such as lattes and macchiatos are often high in calories, added sugar, and fat. In addition, despite its benefits, research has shown that caffeine also can be dangerous if consumed in excess. Additionally, children should avoid caffeine. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that, in general, kids avoid beverages with caffeine.
“While unable to prove causality, it is intriguing that these three studies suggest that drinking coffee is associated with a decreased risk of heart failure and that coffee can be part of a healthy dietary pattern if consumed plain, without added sugar and high-fat dairy products such as cream,” said Penny M. Kris-Etherton, Ph.D., R.D.N., immediate past chairperson of the American Heart Association’s Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Council Leadership Committee, Evan Pugh University Professor of Nutritional Sciences and distinguished professor of nutrition at The Pennsylvania State University, College of Health and Human Development in University Park.
“The bottom line: enjoy coffee in moderation as part of an overall heart-healthy dietary pattern that meets recommendations for fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat/non-fat dairy products, and that also is low in sodium, saturated fat and added sugars. Also, it is important to be mindful that caffeine is a stimulant and consuming too much may be problematic – causing jitteriness and sleep problems.”
Study limitations that may have impacted the results of the analysis included differences in the way coffee drinking was recorded and the type of coffee consumed. For example, drip percolated, French press or espresso coffee types; the origin of the coffee beans; and filtered or unfiltered coffee were details not specified.
There also may have been variability regarding the unit measurement for 1 cup of coffee (i.e., how many ounces per cup). These factors could result in different caffeine levels. In addition, researchers caution that the original studies detailed only caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee, therefore these findings may not apply to energy drinks, caffeinated teas, soda, and other food items with caffeine including chocolate. (ANI)
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ANGELINA JOLIE REIGNITES REUNION RUMOURS WITH EX-HUSBAND
WASHINGTON: after the Bennifer reunion, seems like a new reunion couple is going to make headlines soon as Oscar-winning actor angelina Jolie was spotted leaving her ex-husband Jonny Lee Miller’s apartment on Friday night. Page Six reported on Saturday that on the night of Friday, June 11, Angelina Jolie was clicked entering and exiting an apartment complex in Brooklyn, New York, where her first ex-husband Jonny Lee Miller resides. The 46-year-old star was clad in a long tan trench coat and face mask. in the pictures, she is seen entering the entrance of the building carrying a Louis Vuitton purse and a bottle of Peter Michael wine, which typically cost a couple of hundred dollars. Page Six reported that Jolie left the uSD 3 million home of her ex after three hours, around 10:30 p.m.
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“Feels awesome to see people out and about enjoying each other’s company after months of being locked in their homes. Of course it helps that most of the people have been vaccinated ! Here’s to life getting back to normal and people enjoying the simple things in life,” she wrote.
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MUMBAI: Superstar Shah Rukh Khan on Friday, responded to actor Tom Hiddleston’s recent appreciation for him while promoting the Marvel Cinematic universe show ‘Loki’, during which the latter gushed about the former.
Thanking Tom, the actor tweeted, “You are kind, God of Mischief… hope there’s no mischief behind this claim though. Lots of love Tom and can’t wait to binge Loki!!! Starting now- Ep 1!”
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MOST DESIRABLE BOLLYWOOD ACTORS TODAY
ADITYA ROY KAPUR
Known to be Bollywood’s favourite boy, Aditya Roy Kapur has never really failed to surprise us with his films and most importantly, physical transformations that he undergoes for each character. After being hailed as the new big action star post the success of ‘Malang’, Aditya is now gearing up for the highly anticipated ‘Om’. Over the years, Roy Kapur has won hearts with different shades of acting in his journey including comedy, romance, drama and action. Being in the industry for over 11 years now, the good looking and talented actor continues to receive the same amount of love from fans all across.
Hailed as an action movie star who’s as effortless when it comes to romancing his leading lady in a film, Tiger Shroff has delivered back to back hits ever since his big debut with ‘Heropanti’ in 2014. Having an exciting lineup of films, Tiger will be next seen in
‘Heropanti 2’, ‘Rambo’ and ‘Ganpath Part I’. Over the years, Tiger has earned himself a huge fan base, thanks to his acting talent and that droolworthy chiseled body.
Think cool, smart, funny, talented and a favourite of the masses, and the first name that really strikes in is that of Varun Dhawan. Rightly called the wholesome packed of entertainment, Varun Dhawan is undoubtedly one of the most loved movie stars in the industry today. Last seen in ‘Coolie No. 1’, the actor never fails to surprise us with his power-packed performances.
Hailing from the first film family of Bollywood, Ranbir Kapoor is Kapoor Khandaan’s gift to the Hindi film industry. The supremely talented actor has time and again wowed the audiences and the critics with his natural yet class apart acting chops. Next to be seen in the highly anticipated Ayan Mukerji directorial ‘Brahmastra’ alongside megastar Amitabh Bachchan and Alia Bhatt, Ranbir yet again earned himself a Filmfare Award for his breakthrough performance in his last release ‘Sanju’. Said to be director’s favourite, this Kapoor lad has his own ways of charming us with his incredible talent and to die for looks.
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MUMBAI: It must be a productive Sunday for actor Kangana Ranaut as she started her day with horseback riding. Taking to Instagram, Kangana shared a video of her riding a horse in Mumbai. She can be seen sporting an orange polo shirt with black pants. “Today morning horseback riding,” she captioned the clip. Netizens are quite impressed to see Kangana’s horse-riding skills. “Very nice…you are so good at it,” a user commented. “Woah…awesome,” another one wrote. Kangana had learned horseback riding a few years ago. In fact, in the film ‘Manikarnika- The Queen of Jhansi’, she did her own stunts which involved horseback riding. Speaking of Kangana’s upcoming movie projects, she will be next seen in ‘Thalaivi’, which is based on Tamil Nadu’s former Chief Minister, Jayalalithaa. She also has ‘Tejas’ and ‘Dhaakad’ in her kitty. ‘Manikarnika Returns: The Legend Of Didda’ is also in pipeline.
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