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Health & Wellness

Covid cases magnify monsoon misery

By being conscious of our eating and drinking habits as well as clean surroundings, doctors say, more than 95% of the infection-related issues, especially in the rainy season, could be prevented.

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Is there a link between climatic changes and coronavirus spread? It is debatable. But as per a study by researchers at IIT-Bhubaneswar and AIIMS-Bhubaneswar, temperature and relative humidity have a significant impact on the disease growth rate and doubling time. An analysis on relative humidity revealed that more moisture leads to a higher growth rate of Covid-19 cases and reduced doubling time. The study titled “Covid-19 spread in India and its dependence on temperature and relative humidity” showed that seasonality in environmental factors does play a role in the dynamics of coronavirus spread. As rain is wreaking havoc in India, monsoonrelated illnesses like dengue, leptospirosis, malaria and gastric problems, coupled with the corona scare, are acting as a catalyst to the ongoing misery.

Temperature and humidity are inversely correlated with daily new cases and deaths of Covid-19, revealed findings of a research. For every 1°C increase in temperature, daily new cases of Covid-19 reduce by 3.08% and daily new deaths reduced by 1.1 % and for every 1% increase in humidity, daily new cases of Covid-19 reduced by 0.85% and daily new deaths reduced by 0.51%, according to analyses of 166 countries.

 “Most respiratory viruses exhibit a seasonal trend of infection, such as the influenza virus, SARS-CoV. In 2019, the study Association between viral seasonality and meteorological factors demonstrated that the respiratory syncytial virus and influenza A virus exhibited obvious seasonality, peaking in November-December and December-January, respectively. However, Covid-19 is in a stage of high infectivity and rapid transmission. Furthermore, the effect of temperature and humidity on Covid-19 transmission is not sufficient to fully inhibit the pandemic,” says Dr Rajiv Dang, senior director and HoD, Internal Medicine, Max Hospital, Gurgaon.

 Studies have reported that SARS-CoV-2 is sensitive to high temperature and humidity. Under experimental conditions, the stability of SARS-CoV-2 was similar to that of SARS-CoV, reporting that at temperatures of 22- 25°C and relative humidity of 40%-50%, dried SARSCoV could survive for over five days on smooth surfaces. The temperature and humidity are inversely correlated with daily new cases and deaths of Covid-19. The spread of any viral infection depends on factors such as seasonal changes, human behavioural patterns and even the characteristics of the virus.

 Dr Vikrant Shah, consulting physician, intensivist and infectious disease specialist, Zen Multispeciality Hospital, Chembur, opines: “Coronavirus can be termed as a respiratory illness with similar symptoms like flu and the cases of seasonal flu are said to increase during the monsoon months. And other monsoon-related illnesses would make the situation worse for patients and doctors as these would have similar presentations. Hence, one will have to adhere to the Covid-19 protocol.” The rainfall, those dropping temperatures and cooling of the atmosphere and the progression towards winter may environmentally favour the spread of coronavirus, adds Dr Harish Chafle, consultant intensivist, and chest physician, Global Hospital, Mumbai.

The pandemic has already put the entire healthcare system under insurmountable pressure, with frontline doctors and health workers putting their duty first to rescue the people from the deadly virus. In the meantime, the monsoon season also brings along with it scrub typhus, dengue, malaria, typhoid and cholera so our healthcare system is going through a dual crisis. Malaria, dengue and chikungunya, the vector-borne diseases are posing a challenge at a time when the medical staff is overworked and overwhelmed battling a pandemic.

Dr Aviral Roy, consultant Critical Care & Internal Medicine, Medica Superspecialty Hospital, says, “With the monsoon followed by flood and natural calamities in certain areas of the country, the social distancing measures implemented by the authorities will have a propensity to break down. It also raises the chances of cross-contamination. The doctors are now dealing with two different types of cases — Covid-19 and fever due to water and vectorborne diseases. There is no special precautionary measure that can be taken besides maintaining proper hygiene and social distancing, wearing masks and regular hand sanitising.”

With over one million cases of Covid-19 in India and with the monsoon, the country is witnessing increased viral and protozoal infections. Incidentally, these infections present with symptoms such as fever, body pain and joint pain among others, similar to Covid-19 symptoms. “The medical fraternity has to be extra careful so that they don’t miss the diagnosis of these infections. People are taking due measures to control coronavirus spread. But for the vector-borne diseases, mosquito breeding needs to be controlled,” says Dr Navneet Kaur, general physician, Apollo Spectra hospital Delhi.

Water-logging in slums is a common sight every year during monsoon, especially in Mumbai, Gujarat and other areas where monsoon fury creates havoc. But this time the crisis is more severe due to Corona. Evidently so, heavy rain has heightened the fears of the underprivileged of contracting Covid-19 and other monsoon-related illnesses. The monsoon season comes with its own set of problems which add to the fear around the pandemic. Most people who are destitute do not even understand what coronavirus is and worry that even having low-grade fever indicates Covid-19, there is still a lack of awareness on the ground level.

“Underprivileged families live in tents and open shelters that do not provide adequate protection from water-logging. The heavy rain adds to their woes and makes them exposed to water-borne diseases. Due to this lack of awareness, people tend to jump to conclusions. In one of the shelter homes supported by our NGO, a man complained of acute stomach pain and was running low-grade temperature. While he was rushed to the doctor, everyone at the centre was alarmed as they thought he had Covid-19. He was tested and the doctors ascertained that it was gastroenteritis,” says Dr Geetanjali Chopra, founder and president, Wishes and Blessings NGO. This just shows the complete lack of awareness on the ground level and the dangerous panic it can create.

Simple living holds relevance even in the times of corona. By adapting safe and preventive measures risks of seasonal diseases can be easily avoided. “By being conscious of your eating and drinking habits as well as clean surroundings over 95% of the infectionrelated issues could be prevented. Such individual efforts will help society in terms of reducing the burden on the country’s healthcare system. Even if one does get sick the system is there for the treatment which will be more effective if it is not overburdened with these infections,” says Dr Rajesh Kumar, Internal Medicines, Paras Hospital, Gurugram. In addition, to avoid catching these infections, avoid getting drenched in rain and wading through stagnant water or flooded areas. If you have any open wounds or cuts then clean it immediately, don’t eat fruits and vegetables that are kept cut for a longer period as they may carry bacteria.

Since many monsoon-related illnesses mimic symptoms of Covid-19 which is making people anxiously rushing to clinics/hospitals. Out-of-hospital care brands can share the burden of doctors battling Covid-19 cases. Dr Vishal Sehgal, medical director, Portea Medical, says, “While people have been cautious about visiting hospitals during the pandemic unless necessary, it is imperative to continue the same even during monsoons. Preventive measures are the key and people must ensure that they undertake teleconsultation services first. We have been making continuous efforts to lighten the burden on hospitals by providing teleconsultation and home-based healthcare services on demand. This ensures that hospital beds are reserved for those with critical illnesses or Covid-19 patients with complications.” He also adds that individuals and communities can opt for home isolation services in case they develop mild symptoms or are asymptomatic as well.

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Health & Wellness

Seven warning signs of brain tumour

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The signs and symptoms of brain tumour are diverse and may vary from mild to major red flag signs.

Change in the pattern of headaches, constant sensation of vomiting, blurred vision can be the warning sign of a brain tumor which cannot be ignored. Brain tumour is a cluster of abnormal cells that arises from the nervous tissues of the brain. It is the irregular proliferation of cells creating a tumour. Brain tumours can either be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly.

Common types of non-cancerous tumours are pituitary adenoma, meningioma, acoustic neuroma. The cancerous tumours are gliomas, ependymomas, medulloblastomas, metastasis from cancers of different body parts, etc.

The signs and symptoms of brain tumour are diverse and may vary from mild to major red flag signs. Not all the signs or symptoms are present in all patients. The symptoms mainly depend on the location of the tumour in the brain. The most common warning signs of brain tumours are as follows. Majority of the tumours presents with a mix of these signs & symptoms.

1. SEIZURES / CONVULSIONS

A brain tumour may cause the neurons to fire uncontrollably leading to abnormal body movements. The seizure may be focal, involving one area of the body or it may be generalized involving the whole body. This usually happens when the tumour involves parietal lobe of brain, which controls motor function of the body.

2. IMBALANCE / GIDDINESS

Loss of balance and clumsiness in fine movements are linked with tumours of the cerebellum. The cerebellum commonly known as small brain which is behind the head and just above the neck area controls the balance of the body. So, a tumour in this location leads to vertigo, giddiness, or imbalance. Sometimes a person tends to sway towards one side while walking and feels like falling.

3. VISUAL DISTURBANCES OR HEARING LOSS

Blurred vision, double vision, partial or complete loss of vision can be signs of a brain tumour if it is in occipital lobe, temporal lobe, brain stem or near pituitary gland. The tumours may lead to pressure on optic pathways leading to visual disturbances. Pituitary adenoma and optic nerve meningiomas are most common tumours leading to visual disturbances. Acoustic neuromas are tumours located in nerve of ear, which leads to hearing loss or some whistle like noise in ear (tinnitus).

4. MEMORY LOSS OR PERSONALITY CHANGES

Tumours in the frontal or temporal lobe may lead to forgetfulness, changes in behaviour, confusion, changes in judgement and changes in speech. People tend to become agitated without any reason or may tend to become inactive in some situations. Usually, the recent memory loss is a common symptom in such tumours.

5. NAUSEA/ VOMITING

Nausea and vomiting may be a symptom of simple gastric disturbance but if it is persistent in nature and associated with projectile vomiting, it may signal an underlying brain problem. This usually happens because of edema in surrounding brain due to tumour.

6. WEAKNESS IN ARMS AND LEGS (PARALYSIS)

Altered perception of touch, pressure, weakness, or decreased movements of limbs on one side are signs of a tumour located in frontal or parietal lobe. Many times, patients just feels that his or her handwriting has changed, or the signature has changed because of weakness in hands. Difficulty in swallowing and facial weakness is a sign of brain stem tumours.

7. HEADACHE

Headache may be experienced around the tumour area. Unlike the usual headache, it is persistent for more than few days and associated commonly with nausea, vomiting or other signs. The swelling near the tumour area leads to pressure on surrounding tissues and it leads to headache. It may be severe and experienced more in early morning. The headache usually happens in many other conditions also, so only headache may not be the symptom in many brain tumours.

The treatment depends on the type, size, location of the tumour and the general health of the patient. Malignant tumours are usually treated with a surgery. Some tumours multiply rapidly while some tumours grow very slowly. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. If you see any of the signs and symptoms mentioned immediately consult a doctor for further evaluation and treatment.

The authors are radiation oncologist, Department of Radiation Oncology, HCG Cancer Centre Ahmedabad.

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Health & Wellness

PRECAUTIONS AND AFTER-CARE POST COVID VACCINATION FOR 15-18 YEARS

Dr Chandrashekhar T

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WHO and regulatory authorities will continuously monitor the use of Covid -19 vaccines to identify and respond to any safety issues that might arise.

Covid vaccine in children is very safe. Approved by Govt of India for children between 15-18 years of age. There are strict precautions in place to ensure the safety of all Covid vaccines. Before receiving validation from WHO and national regulatory agencies for emergency use, Covid -19 vaccines must undergo rigorous testing in clinical trials to prove that they meet internationally agreed benchmark for safety and efficacy. As with all vaccines, WHO and regulatory authorities will continuously monitor the use of Covid -19 vaccines to identify and respond to any safety issues that might arise. Need few precautions before giving Covid vaccine. Covid -19 vaccine and other vaccines should be separated by an interval of at least 14 days. Second dose should also be of the same Covid -19 vaccines which was administered as the first dose. Interchangeability of Covid -19 vaccines is not allowed. Persons who developed allergic reactions to a previous dose of vaccine should not receive the second dose. Persons who have active Covid infection, vaccination should defer till 4-8 weeks after recovery. Vaccine should be administered with caution in persons with history of bleeding disorder. It is recommended that both doses of vaccine should be taken for full benefit of vaccination.

Like any vaccine, some people will experience mild to moderate pain on the injection site, muscle pain, headache. These are the signs that the body’s immune system is responding to vaccine and gearing up against the virus. Sometimes mild to moderate fever with or without chill. These symptoms disappear own its own in few days without any treatment.

Following are the reported side effect of Covid -19 vaccine

• Fever

• Fatigue

• Headache

• Muscle pain

• Chills

• Diarrhoea

• Pain at the injection site

If high temperature lasts longer than 2 days, a new continuous cough developed, should suspect to have Covid -19 infection. And infection not from the Covid -19 vaccine, may have caught it just before or after vaccination.

The Author is a Paediatrician

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Health & Wellness

CAN AIR POLLUTION CAUSE IRREGULAR HEARTBEATS?

Depleting air quality is a significant threat to our body, it may cause severe and potentially fatal symptoms and complications.

Dr Tapan Ghose

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Air pollution can cause harm to the cardiovascular and respiratory systems due to its effect on inflammation in the heart and throughout the body. For people with existing heart problems, exposure to high levels of air pollution can trigger irregular heartbeats that may lead to cardiac disease like irregular heartbeats, heart attacks, strokes, and heart failures. Incidences of heart diseases like arrhythmia are increasing among the general population across younger age groups. Also, for people with a medical condition called heart failure, air pollution can further reduce the ability of the heart to pump blood the way it should.

Air pollution can cause various diseasesPollutants released from industries are very harmfulAir pollution could increase risk of heart disease

Let us dive deeper to know more about heart rhythm disorders.

UNDERSTANDING HEART RHYTHM DISORDERS

Heart rhythm disorders can be termed arrhythmia or Atrial Fibrillation (irregular heartbeats), which occurs when there is a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. It mainly occurs when the electrical signals that coordinate heartbeats are not working correctly. An irregular heartbeat may feel like a racing heart or fluttering. A person’s heart can beat too fast, too slowly, or with an irregular rhythm during an arrhythmia. When a heart beats too fast, the condition is called tachycardia. When a heart beats too slowly, the situation is called bradycardia. However, many heart arrhythmias are harmless. You may feel faint or dizzy or have difficulty breathing. But, in case if they are highly irregular or result from a weak or damaged heart, then it may cause severe and potentially fatal symptoms and complications.

If an arrhythmia is left untreated, the heart may not pump enough blood to the body. This can damage the heart, the brain, or other organs.

Arrhythmia mainly occurs during old age as the heart gets weak, but cases have been rising among the younger population in recent years.

HOW DOES AIR POLLUTION AFFECT YOUR HEART RATE?

Depleting air quality is a significant threat to our body, PM 2.5, PM 10, and nitrogen-di-oxide released due to traffic pollution, burning of firewood, smoking, industrial pollution, etc. can cause heart palpitations (irregular heartbeats) as plaque can build up in the arteries through which nutrients, blood, and oxygen are supplied to various parts of the body. In addition, these pollutants can travel up the bloodstream, which can, in turn, narrow your arteries and weaken your muscles, making you prone to heart attacks.

Other parts of the body like your lungs, brain, and skin can also be affected in the long run.

SYMPTOMS CAUSED BY AIR POLLUTION ON YOUR HEART

When a person suffers from Arrhythmia caused by air pollution, they can experience a series of symptoms, including abnormal heartbeats (slower or faster than the regular BPM), breathlessness, fatigue, anxiety, sweating, dizziness, and chest pain.

Since air pollution can also affect your lungs, symptoms like shortness of breath, headaches, allergic fevers, and asthma also trigger pre-existing medical conditions. In addition, daily exposure to high levels of pollution can increase the aging of your lungs and heart, leading to death at an early stage.

HOW CAN YOU BEAT AIR POLLUTION AND WHEN TO SEEK A CARDIOLOGIST?

When the above symptoms worsen, for instance, increased breathlessness, sudden palpitations caused by irregular heart rhythm, raging chest pains, or a heart attack, it is advisable to visit a cardiologist for immediate consultation and ensure timely treatment.

Appropriate lifestyle style changes should be made to avoid suffering from heart conditions; it is essential to realize that one should avoid smoking, indulging in excess alcohol, having a heart-healthy diet that contributes to strengthening your heart, maintaining a physically active routine by exercising, and also managing your stress; these steps can help in effectively managing your heart health.

The author is the Director and Head of Cardiology at FHVK

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Skincare tips for new mothers and their babies

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Motherhood is a blissful period in the life of every woman, however, being a mother we are so focused on the child that our needs tend to take a backseat. While post-pregnancy looks and changes in skin texture is not a bad thing, however, not taking care of your skin may result in a variety of changes such as melasma, acne, stretch marks, and puffy eyes.

At the same time, it is also important to look after baby skincare needs as their skin is sensitive and gets exposed to harsh environments such as pollution, chemicals.

Here, we bring top skincare tips for new moms to get glowing skin post-pregnancy.

GET ORGANISED

It always pays to be organised, to begin with, keep all your skincare needs in one place as it helps to better take care of yourself rather than wasting time looking for essential things. Make optimum use of your ‘Me time’ and manage it properly to pamper your needs.

HAVE A ROUTINE

• Our skin undergoes a renewal cycle by dispensing toxins and debris as we sleep, so it is important to cleanse your skin thoroughly with a face wash suitable for your skin type before you hit the bed.

• Steaming is another important step of your skincare routine, take steam for two to three days a week as it will help to open up your clogged pores.

• Facial scrub removes the dead skin and helps make your skin softer and radiant. Scrub your face for five minutes and wash it with tap water.

• A toner forms a vital part of skincare for new moms. Look for toners that help to maintain the pH value of your skin.

• Moisturising your face is the last step to give hydration

BABY PRODUCTS

Baby products being mild in nature are ideal for new mothers as well. They are created in such a way as to lock moisture in the baby’s skin, so new moms can use them as well. Every time you use body oil, lotion or cream for your baby, you can apply some on your skin as well, this way you do not need to dedicate extra time every day for your skincare needs.

All said about skincare routine for new moms, we cannot ignore skincare needs of newborns as well. Their skin being sensitive needs to be protected from the harsh environment—pollution, high temperature etc. here we bring some simple and easy tips to help you with the skincare needs of your young one.

STAYING CLEAN

Babies need to bathe only two to three times a week with warm and not hot water to stay clean. Their skin being soft and sensitive may be ripped-off of essential oils and nourishment with a regular bath.

REGULAR BODY MASSAGE

Regular massage with coconut, olive or almond oil hydrates the skin and helps in a good blood flow which finally results in glowing skin. Moreover, slightly heating the oil before the massage has therapeutic benefits on the skin.

PROTECT FROM THE HARMFUL RAYS OF THE SUN

While early morning rays of the sun work wonders for your baby, direct exposure to sun rays in the later hours can irritate the skin. Therefore, if you happen to venture out with your young one during the day, make sure to cover the baby adequately to prevent the sun from directly hitting the skin.

DIAPER BASICS UNEARTHED

It is important to get the diaper basics right or else it may end up in diaper rashes and harm your baby’s sensitive skin around the area of use. Make sure to change the diaper at regular intervals and as and when it gets spoiled, cleaning tenderly however completely each time with child wipes. While several myths surround the use of diapers such as rashes and irritation of the skin, nevertheless, it is not due to the diaper itself but due to lack of attention and knowledge about proper usage of diapers.

PROPER AWARENESS OF BABY PRODUCTS

Do not forget to read the product label before you purchase your baby’s products. It is best to avoid chemical and alcohol-based products and instead use products made explicitly for infants. Baby’s skin is very delicate and needs optimum care, a single mistake here-and-there could make things worse.

While you work hard to take optimum care of your newborn, still you may come across rashes, skin-peeling, acne or flea-bite like marks on the baby’s skin. Some of these are quite normal and would fade away quickly as they come. If they take time to go away, consult your doctor as it might take a toll on a newborn’s sensitive skin.

The writer is a Plastic and Cosmetic Surgeon, Jupiter Hospital, Pune.

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Health & Wellness

WHY CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING IS MUST

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Cervical cancer is a disease that originates in the cells lining the cervix. It can expand to various parts of the body. Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women between 20 and 35 years old. It develops from the cells of the cervix, which is at the lower part of the uterus (womb). Many women do not have symptoms early on and may not know they are at risk for cervical cancer until it’s too late. Regular Pap tests can find changes to cells before a woman notices anything wrong. Most cases happen among women who have not been regularly screened for cervical cancer.

SYMPTOMS OF CERVICAL CANCER

Cervical cancer often doesn’t cause symptoms until it’s in the late stages, so knowing your body and being aware of your health is important. To help fight cervical cancer, we aim to keep you informed with the latest news and research on this disease.

Regular cervical cancer indications are:

• Unusual bleeding, such as within periods, after sex, or after menopause

• Vaginal discharge that seems or smells unusual than normal

• Discomfort in the pelvis

• Requiring to pee more often

• Burning during urination

Cervical cancer was once one of the most well-known reasons for cancer death for women. The cervical cancer death rate declined significantly with the increased screening. (This screening method can find changes in the cervix before cancer forms. It can also find cervical cancer at an early stage− when it’s tiny and easy to cure.)

SCREENING INFORMATION FOR CERVICAL CANCER

Cervical cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer. It is preceded by premalignant cervical changes, which are slow-growing and often asymptomatic. Screening tests can detect the presence of these changes before they develop into invasive cancers. Evidence supports that both HPV DNA testing and Pap cytology (with or without HPV DNA testing) decrease mortality rates from cervical cancer by 20% to 55%.

The comprehensive aim of cervical cancer screening is to:

• Lessen the number of people who die from cancer, or entirely exclude deaths from the cancer

• Lessen the number of people, developing the cervical cancer

A Pap test and an HPV test work together to help prevent cervical cancer. The Pap test checks for cell changes in the cervix, while the HPV test checks for a virus that can lead to these changes. HPV is a virus that develops through sexual contact and can spread throughout the entire body. It also leads to cancer. If your screening tests are not under control, your doctor may do more tests, such as biopsy.

IMPORTANCE OF REGULAR SCREENING FOR CERVICAL CANCER

This article is about the importance of regular screening for cervical cancer. Pap test screening has lowered the death rate from cervical cancer by more than 50%. But it misses cases that develop into cervical cancer. So, now we are using a newer HPV test to find infections that may lead to cervical cancer.

• Early detection of cervical cancer may save your life

• A Pap test is an important part of a woman’s regular healthcare

• Early screening can find changes in the cervix before they turn into cancer

• Having a test every year is as important to your health as brushing your teeth, eating healthy and exercising regularly

Women who get the recommended screening tests for cervical cancer are more likely to find out if they have any abnormal cells in their cervix before they turn into cervical cancers. If a woman finds out she has abnormal cells, she can take steps to get them removed so that she doesn’t develop cervical cancer.

The writer is Director, Lifeline Laboratory.

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Health & Wellness

5 LIFESTYLE CHANGES TO MANAGE YOUR WEIGHT

It is never too late to begin your journey towards good health and weight loss. But stop depending on any kinds of shortcut methods or fad diets, instead proceed in your weight loss journey in a scientific and planned way.

Dr Arbinder Singal

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Did you know one of the most searched queries on weight loss over the internet is—‘How to lose weight fast?’ There are numerous ways described to help one get the answer. But despite the knowledge and the widely available tips, India remains the third most obese country in the world (according to a 2014 report). So why do we fail to lose weight? Lack of motivation? Lack of knowledge? Or trying something that doesn’t really work?

The real reason is lack of proper knowledge and the wrong approach. You should take the right steps in reducing your weight and expanding waistline. Else the dangers could cost you your health and well-being.

WHY YOUR BODY WILL THANK YOU FOR LOSING WEIGHT

Obesity sets the stage for insulin resistance which happens prior to the onset of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Insulin basically works like a key to let the sugar get into cells where it is needed. If it doesn’t function properly, sugar levels increase in the blood leading to prediabetes and diabetes.

Incidentally, insulin resistance also leads to obesity. Controlling one factor can considerably lessen the risk of the other and reduce the chances of developing related consequences.

Weight gain is known to compromise one’s heart health. Over time, fatty deposits on the arteries can increase the chances of heart attack, cholesterol levels and triglycerides.

Obesity increases the risk of developing sleep problems like sleep apnea. The fat deposits around the neck can momentarily stop breathing at night. Snoring is a common symptom of sleep apnea.

Obesity can lead to fatty liver, scarring the organ and leading to other related complications. Obesity is also considered to be a significant risk factor for various kinds of cancers.

There is a strong correlation between obesity and major depressive disorders. Also, discrimination based on body size has a significant effect on one’s mental well-being.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

It is never too late to begin your journey towards good health and weight loss. But stop depending on any kinds of shortcuts methods or fad diets, instead proceed in your weight loss journey in a more scientific and planned way. Here are a few things that you can do:

1. Understand what’s causing you to put on weight or not letting you lose weight easily: Remember every body type is different. Each of our metabolism is different and responds differently to food and exercise. While people are now aware of body composition analysis where they know their percentage of fat, muscle, etc., they still do not understand what’s increasing their fat percentage, especially the visceral fat.

One needs in-depth assessments in terms of their diet, fitness levels, stressors and sleep. All of these are factors that affect metabolism, insulin resistance, blood sugar levels can cause increased obesity.

2. Opt for a personalised approach to diet: Did you know that all healthy foods might not be good for you? Sometimes you might be eating healthy, in moderation, but your blood sugar levels say a different story. This is because everyone has a unique glycemic response to foods, which means how your blood sugars respond after having a certain food. For instance, two people will have different blood sugar readings after having the same food. This is why a personalised approach to diet is necessary to know. Our programs come with a CGMS device that painlessly monitors blood sugars for 14 days in response to food, activity, sleep patterns, and mood swings. It takes around 1300 such readings which are mapped with the food and activity of a person through specialised software. This helps to track and tweak diet and behaviour for better blood sugar control and weight loss.

Also, one needs to be attentive towards including micronutrients in the diet. Essential nutrients like calcium, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium, iron, potassium, sodium iodine and vitamins like Vitamin A, B, C, D, E, and K help in proper muscle development, build immunity, improve metabolism and energy expenditure and help you to lose weight. So balancing these micronutrients in the diet is crucial.

3. Upgrade to personalised fitness plans: Probably walking 10,000 steps a day is not what is going to work for you or just doing 30 minutes of Zumba. Sometimes you need a combination of exercises or a personalised plan to fight the fat war. Look for an expert who can help you.

4. Don’t neglect other aspects that affect it: Lack of sleep and weight gain have a strong link. Fewer hours of sleep in the night can increase the secretion of the hunger hormones (ghrelin) that make one eat more or trigger mindless emotional eating. It also slows down metabolism and increases glucose levels in the bloodstream.

When the body and mind are deprived of rest and rejuvenation, it takes a toll on one’s mental health, which can significantly derail one’s efforts in the weight loss journey. So it is advisable to have your eight hours of shut-eye and pay attention to your mental well-being to fight the flab.

5. Focus on long-term behaviour change: Don’t aim for completing 10,000 steps on the first day of your fitness journey, try walking for 30 minutes every day and be consistent with your routine. Gradually upgrade yourself from walking to jogging to weight training. Make small changes that are sustainable.

We know weight loss isn’t easy. It is a lonely journey that needs some exceptional commitment and self-discipline. Probably having a buddy in the form of a digital therapeutics or a DTx program can help. We have come up with a unique DTx weight management program, Reset23, which focuses on helping reduce weight and attain a healthy BMI below 23 while shrinking your waist circumference to a healthy measure.

The program offers detailed macro and micronutrient analysis through our wellness app to help coaches draft a diet chart and work on your nutritional deficits for personalised weight loss meal plans. A team of physiotherapists’ guides on exercise regimens to help lose weight as well as ensure stamina building and muscle strength with minimal risk of injury.

Proper psychological counselling is offered to help one make small behaviour changes that help stay on track with weight loss goals and make sustainable changes to adapt to a healthy lifestyle and keep the flab at bay. Proper stress and sleep management tips also help to bring in these positive lifestyle changes. Weight loss needs a 360-degree approach and that is what Reset23 promises.

The writer is Co-founder and CEO, Fitterfly.

Why do we fail to lose weight? The real reason is lack of proper knowledge and the wrong approach. You should take the right steps in reducing your weight and expanding waistline. Else the dangers could cost you your health and well-being. 

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