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CHINESE VIRUS: INDIAN SOLUTION

The year 2021 is going to be a year of controlled aggression—against the PLA and the Chinese virus. It will do well for all of us to remember that it is only India which has pushed PLA back and it is only India which will push the Chinese virus back.

LT GEN PR SHANKAR (Retd)

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India battled Australia to a draw in the recently concluded Test match at Sydney. It was one of the best matches I have seen in my life. I saw two ‘battered and bruised’ Indians take a determined stand. It was all about guts and glory. Though they drew the game, they won it for India. Day five pitch, Australia’s outstanding bowling attack, racial abuse, sledging and the captain gets out early. Everyone was looking at an early lunch! But Cheteshwar Pujara and Rishabh Pant played with controlled aggression. Put Australia on the back foot. Raised hopes of victory. When they fell, two injured guys Hanuma Vihari and Ravichandran Ashwin stepped in. Stood on the burning deck. Did not give up. They achieved a draw come hell or high water. Immense character displayed. The Test match reminded me of something else. Everyone, except diehards like me had given up on the Indian Army against the inexorably grinding PLA war machine. Col Santosh Babu and his team at Galwan stood their ground and turned the tide. Everyone has said that India has been ravaged by the Chinese virus. Once again, the battered Indian stood tall and is on the verge of collaring the virus. Why am I talking of all this? In 2021, the two most important things we have to contend with are the Chinese in nature: The PLA and the virus. Both need a Sydney-like approach.  

Infantry is like injured Vihari and Ashwin. Capable of fighting last man last round despite very limited reach. Never give up. Pujara and Pant showed offensive intent, took the battles to the Aussies and the scene changed. Similarly, when India took control of the Kailash Range it signalled offensive intent to China and the contours of the standoff changed. Prior to that, we did not signal offensive intent despite our tough stand at Doklam. China knew from the Doklam experience, that we will fight only at the LAC and that too hesitatingly. China sensed our limited reach, defensive outlook and took advantage to turn the screws. They went on the offensive, did a land grab, and then went on the defensive. That is why till date we have not been able to decipher China’s aims and objectives in this whole game. That is probably their character and they were simply exploiting a window of opportunity. In the larger context, they were on the ascendance till we surprised them with swift mobilisation, slap back at Galwan and outmanoeuvring at the Kailash Range. Since then, the bluster is gone. Lesson. Attack is the best form of defense. View it from any angle. The Pujara Pant form of controlled aggression will wrest the initiative. After that we can do the Vihari Ashwin act. Hence developing a deeper offensive capability is important. The rebalancing of 1 Corps to the North is part of the controlled aggression. However, its reach must be extended through Air Force, Missiles, Attack Helicopters, UAVS, some airborne capability and battlefield transparency to signal offensive intent. A mere Infantry heavy formation with just tube Artillery in support will not do. I am confident that we are in the process of getting into the controlled aggression mode. It will be difficult for China to be adventurous without suffering reverses. 

Speculation has started. What will China do when the thaw sets in eastern Ladakh? At present that is too far. Remember, China is now waging a multi-domain war for world domination. It has weaponised the ‘Chinese virus’ and is flexing its Comprehensive National Power through it. In this Viral domain, we have so far been in the Vihari Ashwin mode. Defensive. We were badly affected with the second highest cases in the world. Time to switch into the Pant-Pujara mode of controlled aggression. 

Initially, China had put into effect a full-fledged campaign to divert attention from its mishandling of the pandemic. It let the Virus out intentionally to flatten the field. Then it put out another campaign to prove that its autocratic government is far better than democracies in controlling and recovering from the Virus.  It shut out all forms of internal dissent or voices quite ruthlessly to project this falsehood. It hyped up nationalism to convince its masses about Maoist Communism. It has now embarked on a campaign to sell its half-baked vaccines all round the world without details to portray itself as a saviour angel. It is also blocking the WHO team from entering Wuhan. China will ensure that the virus trail is cold. The next few months will be dominated by the Chinese effort to dominate the virus war it has started. However, India should not let China dominate and steal the narrative. How the virus War goes will have a bearing on the battlefields of eastern Ladakh in future. There is a seminal connect in the Chinese mentality. There is no differentiation between the Virus and Eastern Ladakh. It is all a power game to get to the top. 

Let us take stock of the situation. Firstly. Way back in March 20, Michael Ryan, Executive Director, WHO said: ‘India, which led the world in eradicating two silent killers, smallpox and polio, in the past, has a tremendous capacity in eradication of  the coronavirus’. He prophetically spoke of ‘eradication’ and not ‘controlling’ it. We need to free the world from the grip of the Chinese virus. Eradication! Secondly. The number of infection cases have dropped dramatically in India when the opposite is true of everyone else including China (where fresh outbreaks are popping up). Despite the high number of infections, neither the number of deaths nor the case rate have been high. They are amongst the lowest in the world. Fundamentally, the people have not been affected. At no point of time did we get into a situation where our health system was overwhelmed. Thirdly. It is now coming out that our industry and companies were also not that affected as in other countries despite our massive glitches. The economy is in the spring back mode. Some more glitches will occur. That is par for the course. Fourthly. Most importantly, we have indigenously developed vaccines and have the largest production capacities. A sum total indicates that we not only have the highest capacities but the expertise of running the largest vaccination programme in the world. All put together, India has solutions to eradicate the Chinese virus. 

Time to get into the Pant-Pujara mode. Health is a major domain in which we must contend and better China. In fact, no other country has the wherewithal to do so. The fact that Indian vaccines will take care of Indians is a foregone conclusion. We need to emphasise that the Chinese virus and China are the international problem and India is the solution. As the PM put it aptly. India will spare no effort to save humanity. The Indian policy to attend to neighbours first is sacrosanct. Also, the policy of responding to everyone without differentiation is even better. On this score I do not have any doubt. We will accrue economic, diplomatic and political dividends. That is however incidental.  

This will also be the time to expose Chinese perfidy. Ideally the government should take on this mantle. However, for many reasons it might not be able to do so. Hence it is up to all Indians and our vaunted media to do it. Firstly. If the UK and South African strains of the virus can be called by country names, why not call it the Chinese or Wuhan virus? Let us restart doing that. Secondly, though China is acknowledged to have controlled the virus, it is untrue. Leaked documents reveal that from the initial stages, the number of cases were vastly under reported by China. Further all asymptomatic cases were not counted or reported. Beyond that there have been many instances where there have been large outbreaks and vast areas have gone into lockdowns and mass testing. Indicates that the Chinese virus is alive and well in its womb. The numbers are hugely hidden. Also, in a country of 1.3 billion where the mortality rate is about 7 in a thousand, hiding about a lakh or more deaths due to the Virus (which could have taken place) is nothing great. Overall, the Chinese Virus was controlled partially only.  It also shows that the Chinese are very susceptible to the Virus. The Chinese propaganda that their system is better than democratic systems is a fallacy. Our democratic recovery might have been chaotically slower. It is however surer. This needs widespread propagation. Thirdly. China has been promising everyone its vaccines as part of its ‘Health Silk Road’. However so far delivery has been zero. Fourthly. The efficacy of Chinese vaccines is hugely suspect since no data has been made public. The New York Times has come out with a poor and concerning report.  Four different data have been put out for the efficacy of its vaccines ranging from 50% to 91%. Also, China has been cutting deals with many countries even before Phase 1 and 2 trials are complete and that too without data.  Brazil has come out to say the Chinese vaccine it contracted has only 50% efficacy. More than 380 million doses are on order.

Countries that have ordered Chinese vaccines will question utility of the vaccines. More importantly if China is using ineffective vaccines there will be internal problems. Image problems galore! Fifthly. There are whistleblower reports from China that their vaccines are very unsafe with many side effects. They also do not have the production capacity to make the vaccines they are promising. There is huge mistrust in the Chinese vaccines. Overall, China remains untrustworthy. I will not put it past them to peddle the virus itself in the garb of vaccines. Who knows? The Chinese greed to grab power is an all-consuming insanity. All these issues should be made fully public through established media. The lack of trust in anything China must be exposed. Any comparison of our capacities, transparency, efficacy and expertise puts us in a far better position than China. This must be rubbed in. Get into the controlled aggression mode.

At the end, I will say that what was on display at Sydney was Indian character—unyeilding as the Indian armed forces are in eastern Ladakh and the Indian people are against the Chinese virus. The year 2021 is going to be a year of controlled aggression—against the PLA and the Chinese virus. It will do well for all of us to remember that it is only India which has pushed PLA back and it is only India which will push the Chinese virus back.

Lt Gen P.R. Shankar was India’s DG Artillery. He is highly decorated and qualified with vast operational experience. He contributed significantly to the modernisation and indigenisation of Artillery. He is now a Professor in the Aerospace Dept of IIT Madras and is involved in applied research for defence technology. His other articles can be read on www.gunnersshot.com.

Initially, China had put into effect a full-fledged campaign to divert attention from its mishandling of the pandemic. It let the virus out intentionally to flatten the field. Then it put out another campaign to prove that its autocratic government is far better than democracies in controlling and recovering from the virus.

Health is a major domain in which we must contend and better China. In fact, no other country has the wherewithal to do so. The fact that Indian vaccines will take care of Indians is a foregone conclusion. We need to emphasise that the Chinese virus and China are the international problem and India is the solution.

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Defence

INDIAN‌ ‌ARMY‌ ‌HANDS‌ ‌OVER‌ ‌MEDICAL‌ ‌EQUIPMENT‌ ‌TO‌ ‌NEPALI‌ ‌ARMY‌ ‌

Ashish Singh

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NEW DELHI: As part of its ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy, medical equipment and supplies worth Nepali Rupees 28.80 crore provided by the Indian Army were handed over to the Nepali Army on Friday. In a ceremony at Nepali Army Headquarters, Tundikhel today, the medical equipment was handed over by Ambassador Vinay Mohan Kwatra to General Purna Chandra Thapa, Chief of the Nepali Army. The ambassador reaffirmed India’s support to Nepali Army in its fight against the Covid-19 pandemic and lauded its contribution in this respect.

The medical equipment, including Ventilators, Ambulances, ICU beds, PPE Kits, PCR test Kits etc was delivered to Kathmandu on 10 June 2021. The Indian Army has been assisting the Nepali

Army to fight Covid-19 through various kinds of assistance since last year, including 1 Lakh doses of Covishield vaccines which were provided in March 2021.

The latest assistance is another testament to the close cooperation between the two armies and the two countries, particularly in times of need.

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Defence Minister inaugurates BRO centres

Ashish Singh

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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh dedicated to the nation two Centres of Excellence established by Border Roads Organisation (BRO) at Seema Sadak Bhawan in New Delhi on Friday. These Centres have been established to achieve excellence in road safety as well as foster growth in construction of roads, bridges, air fields and tunnels. The Centre of Excellence for Road Safety & Awareness (CoERSA) aims to create awareness about road safety through analysis sharing of road accidents and suggesting methods to save precious lives. The Centre of Excellence for Roads, Bridges, Air Fields and Tunnels (CoERBAT) focuses on institutionalising the knowledge gained over the years in development of almost 60,000 kilometres of roads, 56,000 metres of bridges, 19 airfields and four tunnels in the eastern and north-western part of the country.

Speaking on the occasion, Rajnath Singh appreciated the efforts of BRO in establishing the Centres of Excellence, expressing confidence that they will play a pivotal role in saving precious lives. Terming road accidents as a silent pandemic that claims approx. 1.5 lakh lives every year, the Raksha Mantri stated that the Government has taken a number of initiatives such as National Road Safety Policy, Motor Vehicle Act 2020 and identification of black spots on national highways to tackle the problem and the setting up of these Centres is another step in that direction. The Raksha Mantri lauded the crucial role played by BRO in the progress of the nation since its inception by building roads, tunnels and other infrastructure in remote areas. He praised the efforts of BRO for working tirelessly in tough weather conditions to increase connectivity in border areas, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Describing connectivity as an essential component of a nation’s progress, he said BRO is catering to the needs of the Armed Forces as well as working towards the socio-economic development of the border areas. He made special mention of the recent achievements of BRO, including state-of-the-art construction of ‘Atal Tunnel, Rohtang’, Kailash Mansarovar Road and Zojila pass. He also appreciated BRO for raising awareness about road safety through innovative slogans and signboards. Rajnath Singh also listed out various measures taken by the Government for the development of BRO. These include increase in the budget of BRO, approval of special high-altitude clothing for the personnel as well as cadre review to boost the morale of the organisation. He assured BRO of continued support of Ministry of Defence, saying that the Government remains committed to the progress of the far-flung areas of the country. He also remembered the BRO personnel who laid down their lives in the service of the nation.

During the event, the Raksha Mantri also launched four software developed to optimise the work efficiency of BRO personnel, their HR management, recruitment management, enrolment and works management. The BRO has created the software to reduce paperwork, with focus on minimising the carbon footprint. Rajnath Singh termed the development of the software as a great example of ‘Self-reliant India’ and ‘Digital India’ campaigns. He stated that the software will further improve the efficiency of the organisation, modernise it and save time. The first ever Solo Woman Motorcycle Expedition by Ms Kanchan Ugursandi to Umling La Pass, Ladakh and back was also flagged off on the occasion. The Raksha Mantri extended his best wishes to Ms Kanchan Ugursandi and expressed confidence that she will come out with flying colours and complete the task by setting new records.

Earlier, DG Border Roads Lt Gen Rajeev Chaudhry briefed Rajnath Singh on the initiatives and achievements of BRO in recent years. He informed the Raksha Mantri about the ongoing and future projects, with focus on AatmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan envisioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He also informed Raksha Mantri on the awareness campaigns being carried out by BRO related to COVID-19 and Azadi ka Amrut Mahotsav in far-flung areas. The DG Border Roads said BRO remains committed towards serving the nation and would bring all necessary changes to enhance the efficiency of the organisation. Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat and Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar were among the dignitaries present on the occasion.

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A LOOK AT DEFENCE MINISTRY’S 20 REFORMS IN 2020

Ashish Singh

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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh released an e-booklet titled ’20 Reforms in 2020’, highlighting the major reforms undertaken by Ministry of Defence (MoD) in 2020, in New Delhi earlier this week. The compilation provides a brief overview of defence reforms undertaken in the year 2020 by MoD to bring about greater cohesion and modernisation of the Armed Forces through policy changes, innovation and digital transformation. Reforms also focused on the ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ initiative of Prime Minister Narendra Modi; increased collaboration with the industry to boost defence exports; measures to accelerate defence acquisitions with greater transparency; digital transformation; strengthening of border infrastructure; increased participation of women in Armed Forces; transformation in R&D to boost innovation; expansion of NCC to remote locations and aid extended to the civil administration in fight against Covid-19. Raksha Rajya Mantri Shripad Y Naik, Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh, Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal RKS Bhadauria, Chief of Army Staff General MM Naravane, Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar, Secretary (Ex-Servicemen Welfare) Mr. Ravikant, Secretary Department of Defence R&D and Chairman, Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) Dr G Satheesh Reddy and Financial Advisor (Defence Services) Mr. Sanjiv Mittal were present on the occasion.

Addressing the gathering, Rajnath Singh termed the E-booklet as an important document on the bright future of the defence sector in the country. “The booklet is a reflection of the resolve of the Government, under the able leadership of Prime Minister Modi, to make the defence sector stronger and more efficient,” he said. The Raksha Mantri expressed confidence that the reforms undertaken by MoD will make India a global powerhouse in the defence sector in the times to come.

20 REFORMS IN 2020

Chief of Defence Staff & Department of Military Affairs

The appointment of India’s first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) and creation of Department of Military Affairs (DMA) were among the major decisions taken by the Government. The post of CDS was created to increase efficiency & coordination among the Armed Forces and reduce duplication, while DMA was established to ensure improved civil-military integration. General Bipin Rawat was appointed as the first CDS who also fulfils the responsibilities of Secretary, DMA.

AATMANIRBHARTA IN DEFENCE

To promote ‘Make in India’ in defence sector, a list of 101 defence items was notified in August 2020, while Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020 was unveiled in September 2020. Rs 52,000 crore budget was earmarked for indigenously made defence equipment in 2020-21. Corporatisation of Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) was approved in May 2020 for greater efficiency and productivity. There was an unprecedented push towards new technology developments within India. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) developed a ventilator in record time to meet Covid-19 requirements in May 2020.In November 2020, Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile, indigenously designed & developed DRDO, hit bullseye at medium range and medium height, while indigenously built Pinaka rocket system cleared test of 45-60 km range.

INCREASED DEFENCE EXPORTS

The increased partnership with the private sector has led to a substantial rise in defence exports. The value of total defence exports rose from Rs 1,941 crore in 2014-15 to Rs 9,116 crore in 2019-20. Also, for the first time, India figured in the list of defence equipment exporting nations, as the exports expanded to more than 84 countries.

MODERNISATION & INCREASED TRANSPARENCY IN DEFENCE ACQUISITION

In highest-ever thrust towards modernisation in last 10 years, there was 10 per cent budget increase in 2020-21 over the previous year. Policy reforms for increased transparency included launch of new Defence Acquisition Procedure in September 2020 and revision of DRDO Procurement Manual in October 2020. To encourage start-ups, a provision was introduced for procurement as Buy Indian-IDDM, while leasing for non-mission critical requirements was introduced for the first time.

DEFENCE ACQUISITIONS

First five Rafale fighter aircraft arrived in India in July 2020 and several more since then, adding firepower to the arsenal of the Indian Air Force. Despite the COVID-19 challenge, the aircraft were delivered timely and inducted into IAF.

REFORMING DEFENCE R&D

To promote innovation by young minds, five Young Scientists Laboratories of DRDO were launched in 2020 in Bengaluru, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Hyderabad. DRDO has joined hands with the private sector in design & development and identified 108 Systems & Subsystems for the industry to design, develop and manufacture.

DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION

For the first time, several organisations of Ministry of Defence went digital. Directorate General Quality Assurance (DGQA) started online Pre-Delivery inspection in May 2020 to address security threats, while Armed Forces Tribunal began digital hearing for the first time in August 2020. Defence Estates, Canteen Stores Department, services in Cantonment, MoD Pension and National Cadet Corps (NCC) also went online providing faster and transparent services.

STRENGTHENING BORDER INFRASTRUCTURE

Reforms of processes and workflows within Border Roads Organisation (BRO) enabled it to achieve targets ahead of schedule, in some instances. World’s longest Atal tunnel above 10,000 feet, at Rohtang on the Leh-Manali Highway was inaugurated by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in October 2020. It provides all weather connectivity to the northern borders. Zojila pass, situated on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh National Highway, was opened almost a month ahead of schedule in April 2020.

STREE SHAKTI IN ARMED FORCES

In 2020, Ministry of Defence took some historic decisions to increase participation of women in the Armed Forces. Ten streams of Indian Army were opened for giving Permanent Commission to Short Service Commission (SSC) Women officers, while women pilots of Indian Navy were operationalised for the first time. All Sainik Schools were thrown open for girl students from academic session 2020-21.

REFORMS IN NCC

Expanding the reach of NCC to remote locations was a major announcement made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi from the ramparts of Red Fort on Independence Day on August 15, 2020. More than 1,075 schools/colleges in border and coastal areas were identified and the enrolment began in November 2020. In another decision, it was decided to give preference to NCC cadets in employment in Central Armed Police Forces from May 2020. Youth Exchange Programme Allowance for NCC cadets was increased from Rs 100 per day to Rs 750 and the number of countries was increased from 10 to 15.

AID TO CIVIL ADMINISTRATION DURING COVID-19

Ministry of Defence and the Armed Forces have mobilised resources to aid the civil administration in fight against COVID-19. Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS) provided all emergency support to tide over the situation. They have mobilised doctors, health professionals and set up Quarantine facilities at several locations across the country. DRDO has set up several hospitals to treat COVID patients across the states, passed on technology expertise to manufacture ventilators, oxygen plants, medicines, test kits and PPE kits to private sector for mass production.

HELP BEYOND BOUNDARIES

The Armed Forces extended a helping hand to the countries in distress. Indian Navy mounted eight relief missions during 2020-21. Besides evacuating stranded Indians from Iran, Sri Lanka and Maldives under Vande Bharat Mission, Indian Naval ships provided Covid-19 medical relief, including medicines and doctors, to five countries. INS Airavat provided 270 MT food aid to Sudan, Djibouti and Eritrea struck by natural calamities. The Indian Coast Guard led the rescue operation to save Sri Lanka coast of its biggest oil spill. Indian Air Force carried out over 800 relief missions during 2020-21.

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Defence

INDIAN NAVY GETS NEW OPERATIONS CHIEF

Ashish Singh

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Vice Admiral Rajesh Pendharkar has assumed charge as Director General Naval Operations. An alumnus of the National Defense Academy, Khadakwasla, Pune, he was commissioned into the Indian Navy in Jan 1987. He is a graduate of the Defence Services Staff College, Wellington, Naval War College, Karanja, and Naval Command College, Newport, Rhode Island, USA. The Flag Officer is a specialist in Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and has served on frontline warships of the Navy as ASW Officer and later as the Executive Officer and Principal Warfare Officer of Guided Destroyer INS Mysore. He has commanded the missile corvette INS Kora, the missile frigate INS Shivalik and the aircraft carrier INS Viraat. He has held important staff appointments in IHQ MoD (Navy) in the Directorate of Staff Requirements, Directorate of Personnel, and the Directorate of Net-Centric Operations.

On promotion to the rank of Rear Admiral in Feb 2016, he was appointed as the Assistant Chief of Integrated Defence Staff (Int – A) at HQ IDS, New Delhi, and subsequently as the Chief Staff Officer (Operations) in Headquarters, Western Naval Command, Flag Officer Commanding Maharashtra Naval Area and Flag Officer Sea Training.Vice Admiral Rajesh Pendharkar is a recipient of the Ati Vishisht Seva Medal and Vishisht Seva Medal for distinguished service.

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ADVANCED LIGHT HELICOPTERS INDUCTED AT INS DEGA

Ashish Singh

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The induction ceremony of ‘322 Dega Flight’ was held in the presence of Vice Adm Ajendra Bahadur Singh, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command (ENC) with three indigenously built Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH) MK III helicopters flying into Naval Air Station, INS Dega earlier this week. With the induction of these Maritime Reconnaissance and Coastal Security (MRCS) helicopters, the ENC got a major boost towards enhancing the capabilities of the force, in pursuit of the maritime interests of the nation. These helicopters, built by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, are state-of-the-art flying machines and constitute a major step in our quest for “Atma Nirbhar Bharat”.

ALH MK III helicopters feature an array of systems previously seen only on heavier, multi-role helicopters of the Indian Navy. These helicopters are fitted with modern surveillance radar and electro-optical equipment, which enable them to undertake the role of maritime reconnaissance in addition to providing long-range Search and Rescue, both by day and night. In addition to special operations capabilities, ALH MK III is also fitted with a heavy machine gun to undertake constabulary missions. A removable Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) is also fitted on ALH MK III helicopters to airlift critically ill patients. The helicopter also has a host of advanced avionics, making it truly an all-weather aircraft. The flight is being led by Cdr SS Dash as the first flight commander who is an experienced ALH Qualified Flying Instructor (QFI) with extensive operational experience.

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Defence

INDIAN AND THAI NAVIES CARRYING OUT 31ST COORDINATED PATROL

Ashish Singh

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NEW DELHI: The 31st edition of India-Thailand Coordinated Patrol (Indo-Thai CORPAT) between the Indian Navy and the Royal Thai Navy is being conducted from 9th to 11th June. Indian Naval Ship (INS) Saryu, an indigenously built Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel and His Majesty’s Thailand Ship (HTMS) Krabi, an Offshore Patrol Vessel, along with Dornier Maritime Patrol Aircraft from both navies are participating in the CORPAT.

Towards reinforcing maritime links between the two countries and with an aim of keeping this vital part of the Indian Ocean safe and secure for international trade, the two navies have been undertaking CORPAT bi-annually along their International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) since 2005. CORPAT builds up understanding and interoperability between navies and facilitates institution of measures to prevent and suppress unlawful activities like Illegal Unreported Unregulated (IUU) fishing, drug trafficking, maritime terrorism, armed robbery and piracy. It further helps enhance the operational synergy by exchange of information for prevention of smuggling, illegal immigration and for conduct of SAR operations at sea.

As part of Government of India’s vision of SAGAR (Security And Growth for All in the Region), the Indian Navy has been proactively engaging with the countries in the Indian Ocean Region towards enhancing regional maritime security. This has been through bilateral and multilateral exercises, Coordinated Patrols, Joint EEZ Surveillance, and Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations. The Indian Navy and Royal Thai Navy have especially enjoyed a close and friendly relationship covering a wide spectrum of activities and interactions, which have strengthened over the years. The 31st Indo-Thai CORPAT will contribute towards Indian Navy’s efforts to consolidate inter-operability and forge strong bonds of friendship with Royal Thai Navy.

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