CHINA’S STRICT SECURITY LAWS FORCING HONG KONG CITIZENS TO FLEE TO OTHER COUNTRIES - The Daily Guardian
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CHINA’S STRICT SECURITY LAWS FORCING HONG KONG CITIZENS TO FLEE TO OTHER COUNTRIES

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CHINA’S STRICT SECURITY LAWS FORCING HONG KONG CITIZENS TO FLEE TO OTHER COUNTRIES

China’s sweeping national security laws are forcing the citizens of Hong Kong to flee to other nations, which has increased concerns within its government and its business sector, which tends to lean in favour of Beijing. 

As of the end of June, a total of 140,500 Hong Kongers had applied for a special British visa that paves the way for citizenship, as noted by Asia Nikkei. According to official data published in August, the population totalled 7.29 million as of the end of June, down roughly 120,000 from a year earlier, which is the biggest drop since tracking began in 1961. 

“The government does not have direct statistics on the emigration of Hong Kong residents,” a government spokesperson said when the latest population data was announced. “Being an international city, Hong Kong’s population has always been mobile.” The government here highlighted a “natural decrease” from deaths outpacing births. But a large portion of the decline stemmed from the net outflow abroad of 110,000 residents over the course of a year. Since Hong Kong’s population peaked at the end of 2019, the number of residents aged fewer than 20 has fallen by 97,000, with declines of 235,000 for those in their 20s to 30s and 84,000 for those in their 40s to 50s. As the Chinese government tightens control over Hong Kong schools, many families with children are relocating to countries such as the United Kingdom and Canada in search of greater educational freedom. 

Hong Kongers born before the UK returned the territory to China in 1997 qualify for British National (Overseas) status. Issuances of BNO passports between 2019—when large-scale pro-democracy protests flared anew—and 2021 reached 7.6 times the tally for the three years prior. In January 2021, the UK began accepting applications for a new visa for BNOs, which will eventually qualify them for British citizenship.

Many have taken advantage of this visa to leave permanently, Asia Nikkei reported. Meanwhile, those remaining are growing grayer. The number of residents 60 and older has increased by 187,000. Official data showed that the working population in Hong Kong has fallen nearly 6 per cent in three years to 3.76 million. In addition to the exodus, strict coronavirus restrictions have squeezed the flow of new professionals moving in.

Hong Kong approved 5,701 standard work visas in the first six months of this year, down 70 per cent from the pace of 2019. In an August report by the Hong Kong Investment Funds Association, 13 per cent of its members reduced their workforce in Hong Kong, while 35 per cent moved some or all of their Hong Kong operations elsewhere. Around 70 per cent said it was “extremely difficult” to hire and retain foreign workers in Hong Kong,Asia Nikkei reported. Japanese companies operating here also expressed concern over the talent drain in a July survey published by the Japan External Trade Organization. “We are having trouble replacing midlevel employees in their 30s and 40s with school-age children after they quit,” one said. In addition, Hong Kong still requires travellers to be quarantined in a hotel even as the US, Europe, and other parts of Asia ease COVID-19 restrictions. 

Although the Chinese government here is considering a shorter quarantine and other adjustments to its zero-COVID policy, continued travel curbs are likely to further undercut Hong Kong’s appeal as an international business hub.

 The Chinese government, while announcing the 2021 data, also said that “implying an emigration tide in Hong Kong solely from the increase in the net outflow of residents is a sweeping generalization”.

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Iran : 19 people including guard colonel killed in anti-govt protest

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Iranian women chop off hair to mark protest over death of Mahsa Amini

In one of the deadliest clashes between police and protesters since Iran’s anti-government demonstrations began, nineteen people were killed on Friday. This was in response to the death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Kurdish woman who died in police custody after being arrested for allegedly disobeying Iran’s strict dress codes for women by donning an “improper hijab.”

Iranian protesters and police had a violent confrontation in southeastern Iran. The confrontation happened as worshippers from Iran’s Sunni minority left Friday prayers at the Makki Grand Mosque in Zahedan, capital of Sistan and Balochistan province, reported Voice of America (VOA).

“Nineteen people were killed and 20 injured in the incident,” regional governor Hossein Khiabani told the state broadcaster.

“Provincial intelligence officer of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps Colonel Ali Mousavi was also killed,” state television added.

Iranian state media earlier on Friday stated that security personnel had retaliated after armed men attacked a police station in the provincial capital of Zahedan.

The protesters were labeled as terrorists and separatists by the Iranian state media, who also charged them with shooting guns at police.

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Auto & Tech

Using 5G technology, PM Modi test drives a car from Delhi in Europe

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5G

Using the newly launched 5G technology, Prime Minister Narendra Modi conducted a test drive of a car in Europe from Delhi’s Pragati Maidan on Saturday. Union minister Piyush Goyal tweeted the photo and wrote, “India driving the world’.PM Modi inaugurated the India Mobile Congress 2022 exhibition before he launched the 5G mobile telephony services in India. At the exhibition, he visited the pavilions of the different telecom operators to experience the first-hand experience of the 5G technology.PM Modi was briefed about the technology by Mukesh Ambani and Akash Ambani at Reliance Jio stalls.Then PM Modi went to the stalls of Airtel, Vodafone Idea, C-DOT and others.Union telecom minister Ashwini Vaishnaw said, “Telecom is the gateway, the foundation of Digital India. It is the mode to bring digital services to every person.”Reliance Industries chairman Mukesh Ambani promised to deliver 5G to every town, every taluka by December 2023. He said, “I can say we are ready to take leadership and Indian Mobile Congress should now become Asian Mobile Congress & Global Mobile Congress. India may have started a little late, but will finish first.”

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News

Some parts of Karnataka to witness rain in the month of October

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Heavy Rain

Fresh weather forecasts said that some parts of Karnataka can see some rainfall starting from October. The Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSNDMC) predicted widespread very light to moderate rains with isolated heavy rains likely over north interior Karnataka and coastal districts, while scattered to widespread very light to moderate rains are likely over south interior Karnataka and Malnad districts.A Twitter page called ‘Bengaluru Weather’, which monitors and posts Bengaluru’s weather updates wrote, “South interior Karnataka has recorded a positive departure of +49% (1010.3mm vs normal of 678.4mm) for the Southwest monsoon season. This is the second highest amongst subdivisions in terms of %age deviation after West Rajasthan (+57%) this season. Data from IMD.”It added, “Mostly cloudy skies with westerly winds and sporadic rainfall expected over the weekend in the city. Day temperatures to hover around 21-25C depending on cloud cover, wind and rain.”Yellow alert has been issued by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) over the following districts: Haveri, Koppala, Raichur, Ballari, Chikkamagaluru, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Belagavi, Dharwad, Gadag,Davanagere, Hassan, Shivamogga and Kodagu.The average minimum temperature of 18.2 degrees Celsius was recorded at Hassan district, while the average maximum temperature of 33.2 degrees Celsius was recorded at Kalaburagi district across Karnataka.

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Policy & Politics

Kharge resigns as Rajya Sabha Lop, following ‘one person, one post’ formula

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Senior Congress leader Mallikarjun Kharge submitted his resignation as Leader of the Opposition in the Upper House as he filed his nomination for the party’s chief post, after the Udaipur announcement of “one person, one post.”

“I hereby tender my resignation from the post of Leader of Opposition, Rajya Sabha, consequent upon my filing of nomination for the post of President, All India Congress Committee,” Kharge said in his letter to interim party president Sonia Gandhi.

In February 2021, Kharge took over as the Leader of the Opposition in the Upper House following Ghulam Nabi Azad’s retirement. If Kharge, who is considered to be the front-runner, is chosen as the party president, the Congress may need to find a new LoP in the Rajya Sabha.

Although the selection process for Kharge’s replacement won’t begin until the results are announced, party leaders said that Digivjaya Singh, Mukul Wasnik, or Ranjit Ranjan may be possible candidates.

According to party insiders, Singh, who opted out of the race to support Kharge, might emerge as a possible successor to Kharge. “He doesn’t hold any organisational position and a leader from the Hindi belt can also act like a balancing factor,” said a leader, adding that senior party leader Mukul Wasnik may also be considered. Among women leaders, Ranjit Ranjan, a fierce orator from Bihar, or Gujarat’s former leader of the Opposition Shakti Sinh Gohil could also be considered, said a Congress leader from Rajya Sabha.

In an April 2022 decision, the Udaipur Chintan Shivir demanded that the policy be put into effect at all party levels.

Ashok Gehlot, the chief minister of Rajasthan, decided not to run for president of the Congress after Rahul Gandhi’s strongly advocated “one person, one post” formula sparked an uprising inside the state party last week. A majority of Congress MLAs in Rajasthan staged a separate meeting and prevented the adoption of a one-line resolution authorising the party leader to propose Gehlot’s replacement.

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Nation

As ‘Bharat Jodo’ enters Karnataka, rattled BJP gives front-page ad that distorts history: Jairam Ramesh

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As Rahul Gandhi’s Bharat Jodo Yatra entered the BJP-ruled state, according to Congress leader Jairam Ramesh on Saturday, the BJP placed a front page advertisement in a Kannada newspaper. Ramesh said in a tweet, “The advertisement mischievously distorts history as usual. Savarkar propounded two-nation theory & Jinnah ensured it got done. Syama Prasad Mukherjee, founder of Jan Sangh championed partition of Bengal.” BJP is rattled by the yatra’s success, the Congress leader continued.

The Bharat Jodo Yatra of Rahul Gandhi entered the election-bound state of Karnataka on Friday. There, the yatra will travel 511 kilometres across seven districts in 21 days.

Rahul Gandhi remarked in a statement at the beginning of the march’s Kerala leg that the Bharat Jodo Yatra is the voice of the nation and that no one can stop it.

“Entire control is lying with the (Central) government. If we speak in Parliament, they shut our microphones,” Rahul Gandhi said.

A new Rahul Gandhi and a new Congress party have emerged from the Bharat Jodo Yatra which forced the BJP and the RSS on the backfoot, Jairam Ramesh said on Friday. “People asked who is ‘thodoing’ (breaking) Bharat for Congress to do Bharat Jodo, our answer is Mr Modi’s ideology, policies, personality is thodoing Bharat. Because economic inequality is increasing, social polarisation is increasing and political over-centralisation is increasing, the Congress is doing this yatra,” Jairam Ramesh said.

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Nation

Women unite in Lucknow to create non-violent economy

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To take part in a 12-day campaign for a violent-free economy, more than ten thousand women have assembled on the outskirts of Lucknow. October 2 will mark the end of the campaign, which got under way on September 21.

On Friday, a program was held in Madiaon for women to speak out for a non-violent life and economy as part of this campaign, which was organised by Red Brigade Lucknow (an organisation that aims to protect women).

Students, social workers from four states, as well as representatives from Lucknow’s villages, mohallas, and schools, were present in the program.

Renuka Tandon, founder of Amren Foundation, presided over the event, while the chief guest for the event was renowned social worker Jill Ben. Ben said that increasing violence in society deeply affects women, and therefore, it is their responsibility to raise a voice to further build a non-violent economy. Tandon appreciated the efforts made by the Red Brigade, saying that it is a good step in the direction of achieving a non-violent economy.

The founder of Red Brigade, Usha Vishwakarma, emphasised the significance of women working on and enhancing their self-defence and self-image when she said that a non-violent economy is only possible when there is a humane relationship between man, woman, and nature.

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