Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) member nations—India, US, Japan and Australia— will be more regularly and frequently sharing information on the possible security concerns in the Indo-Pacific maritime sphere so as to coordinate efforts in much better way to try and maintain the rule based global order in the region in what is a clear-cut strong message to China. As reported by The Sunday Guardian on 4 September, Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) of the Quad countries discussed the shared concerns over “China’s activities aimed at increasing influence in both the Indian Ocean Region and the Indo-Pacific.” The meeting, which took place in Delhi on 5-6 September, focused on the issues such as Sri Lanka’s crisis, Ukraine situation, Covid vaccines, and China’s aggressive agenda, sources told The Daily Guardian.
Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) spokesperson Arindam Bagchi said in a tweet that the officials discussed regional and global developments, reaffirming their vision “for a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific”. The meeting of the top Quad countries’ officials assumes significance as it has taken place ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s presence at the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit to be held on 15-16 September in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. What is more important is that China’s President Xi Jinping will also be attending the SCO summit where the Chinese leader is likely to come face to face with PM Modi. However, there is no confirmation as yet on whether or not the two leaders will hold talks on the sidelines of the SCO summit. The Quad officers’ meeting has sent out a strong message to China before this upcoming summit which is a significant development, diplomats say.
The two-day interactions of the senior officials of the Quad countries stressed on the need for all the four member states to regularly exchange inputs and information on the security concerns in the Indo-Pacific, with Chinese belligerence in mind, sources said. Sources further said that a more robust system to coordinate efforts to ensure rule based, free and open Indo-Pacific will be worked out. The officials also discussed the Sri Lankan crisis resulting from financial distress. Chinese aggression in the island nation also figured when the meeting discussed the Colombo crisis. The issue of China docking of its research and satellite tracking ship, the Yuan Wang 5, at Sri Lanka’s Hambantota port cropped up in this context. Despite India and US’ appeal to the Sri Lankan government not to allow the Chinese “spy ship”, Colombo succumbed to Beijing’s pressure and allowed the vessel to dock. “Several examples like this highlighting China’s assertive agenda in the Indo-Pacific and Indian Ocean Region maritime spheres were discussed during the meeting,” sources said.
The meeting also reviewed the projects agreed to by the leaders of Australia, India, Japan and the US during the Quad summit in Tokyo this year. The SOM also set the course for a Ministerial level meeting of the four countries due to be held in India next year.
The SOM was hosted by the MEA Joint Secretary (Americas) Vani Rao. The meeting was attended by delegations led by the US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Donald Lu, Japan’s Deputy Minister for Foreign Policy Keiichi Ichikawa, and Australia’s Deputy Secretary of the geostrategic group, who oversees the Indo-Pacific strategy division in the Department of Foreign Affairs an Trade, Justin Hayhurst.
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India will lead world in digital economy: Rajeev Chandrasekhar
The Union Minister of State for Electronics and Information Technology and Union Minister of State for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Rajeev Chandrasekhar, on Thursday said India will be a significant player in the digital economy. “India has been advancing toward a new era of technology. The nation will become a major force in the digital economy within a year. All Indians share the vision of a developed India, which is reflected in the expanding digital economy of the nation.”
In an interactive session with Professor MD Nalapat and Priya Sahgal at the first Capital Dialouge, organised by The Sunday Guardian Foundation, the Union minister said, “India will play a vital role in entrepreneurship and the digital economy.
Post-Covid, we have reimagined our ambitions, and talking about a trillion-dollar economy is a critical discussion. There has been discussion about a five-trillion-dollar economy in the past, but over the last two and a half years, the acceleration of digitalisation around the world has led to a permanent change in the global value of all products and services. We have come to a point where we are confident that India will be a significant player in the digital world.”
The digital economy has constituted about 6% to 8% of the overall economy, and the goal of Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to achieve a minimum of 20% of the overall GDP by 2025–2026. Apart from the incentives and schemes of the government, the momentum, and determination of young entrepreneurs play a key role in enabling a strong digital economy.
Explaining the concept of ‘New India for Young India’, the minister, said, “The last few years have been a difficult time as the world had to deal with the pandemic. However, we have produced a very strong, surging digital economy, as well as strong innovation and startup ecosystem growth. Over 102 unicorns and 75000 startups have grown in India as a result of global-scale innovation and products and services. This gives us the confidence of a trillion-dollar digital economy.”
The journey, when 90% of mobile phones were imported to one where 97% are country-made-manufactured phones, demonstrates the success of India’s digital economy. Today, almost 55000 crores of mobile brands are exported from India. From 2014 to 2018, the digital economy has been slowly building, followed by the growth of investments.
Similarly, the launch of 5G is a big joy as it represents ‘transformation’. Speaking about the launching of 5G, the minister said, “Indian technology is finding its place in cutting-edge technology.” Reminiscent of the days when all services were imported, India has come a long way, establishing a strong presence in the world of future 5G wireless hi-tech Indian products.
With the growth of entrepreneurship, the unemployment rate has also come down, although, the aftereffects of the pandemic cannot be negated. Hospitality, one of the major employment generators, is left with a deep scar post-pandemic. However, the rebound is taking place slowly, and around 10 lakh net new jobs are being created in the technology sector, where 54% of women are, presently, employed. The revamping of the digital ecosystem along with local economic opportunities based on districts and migratory opportunities will soon provide more employment to Indian youth.
Highlighting upskilling and reskilling Indian youth, the minister said, “In the future, various institutions, trainers, students, and so on will come on one platform to assess and provide suggestions about local opportunities that will lead to empowerment.”
Nobel Prize in literature goes to French writer Annie Ernaux
The Royal Swedish Academy on Thursday awarded the 2022 Nobel Prize in literature to French writer Annie Ernaux for the courage and clinical acuity with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements and collective restraints of personal memory.
“BREAKING NEWS: The 2022 #NobelPrize in Literature is awarded to the French author Annie Ernaux for the courage and clinical acuity with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements and collective restraints of personal memory,” the official Twitter handle of The Nobel Prize said. “French writer Annie Ernaux – awarded the 2022 #NobelPrize in Literature – was born in 1940 and grew up in the small town of Yvetot in Normandy, where her parents had a combined grocery store and cafe. Her path to authorship was long and arduous,” the tweet added.
The Nobel Prize laureate, in her writing consistently and from different angles examines a life marked by strong disparities regarding gender, language and class. She has written over 30 literary works.
In ‘L’occupation’ (2002) Ernaux dissects the social mythology of romantic love. On the basis of notes in a diary recording her abandonment by a lover, she both confesses and attacks a self-image built on stereotypes. Writing becomes a sharp weapon for dissecting truth.
Ernaux has said that writing is a political act, opening our eyes to social inequality. For this purpose she uses language as “a knife”, as she calls it, to tear apart the veils of imagination.
With great courage and clinical acuity, Annie Ernaux reveals the agony of the experience of class, describing shame, humiliation, jealousy or inability to see who you are, she has achieved something admirable and enduring.
The Nobel Prize laureate Ernaux believes in the liberating force of writing. Her work is uncompromising and written in plain language, scraped clean.
And when she with great courage and clinical acuity reveals the agony of the experience of class, describing shame, humiliation, jealousy or inability to see who you are, she has achieved something admirable and enduring.
Last year, Tanzanian author Abdulrazak Gurnah won the 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in 1948 and growing up on the island of Zanzibar, Gurnah has published ten novels and a number of short stories. The theme of the refugee’s disruption runs throughout his work. He began writing as a 21-year-old in English exile, and although Swahili was his first language, English became his literary tool.
Minor allegedly gang-raped by seniors in school washroom
An 11-year-old student was allegedly gang-raped by two seniors inside the washroom of a Kendriya Vidyalaya school in Delhi. The alleged incident had taken place in July but the victim approached the police on Tuesday. The matter came to the fore when it was highlighted by the Delhi Commission for Women (DCW).
The Delhi Police has registered a case was against the two teenagers on Tuesday.
Confirming the incident, DCP (New Delhi) Amrutha Guguloth said they received a complaint and immediately registered a case under sections of sexual assault and the POCSO Act. Police said the matter is being investigated and nobody has been apprehended yet.
School officials said the incident was not reported to principal by the victim.
Permanent UN seat India’s top priority, says Jaishankar
External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Thursday said that a permanent seat, as well as reforms of the UN Security Council, remains India’s main priority. He asserted that India voices the interest and aspirations of a broad set of countries and added that the contemporary global issues cannot be solved by few countries only.
Jaishankar was addressing Auckland Community business. He said, “There is a widespread acceptance that the problems of today cannot be solved by one, two or even five of the countries in the United Nations Security Council. When we look at the reforms at the United Nations Security Council, we have an interest in becoming a permanent member of the security council.”
Currently, United Nations Security Council, also known as the Permanent Five or P5, are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States and India has been reiterating its bid for a permanent seat at the UN Security Council.
Over the multilateral Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) grouping, External Affairs Minister Jaishankar reiterated that not joining RCEP was the “right decision.”
During Jaishankar’s address to Auckland Community business, he noted, “When it came to the RCEP, we took a decision in 2019 not to proceed in joining the RCEP. We weigh the pros and cons. We did an evaluation and many of the critical issues were not addressed in the final outcome.”
He continued saying, “India went back to the other 15 countries and shared some of its anxieties with them but they collectively took the view that they had gone as far as they could. So we decided that it was not in our interest.”
India joined the 15-nation ‘Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations in 2012. In 2019, 15 nations, including China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand among others, signed the free trade agreement. However, India walked out of the negotiations, citing national interests.
Jaishankar also said that the entire world is suffering from the Russia-Ukraine war and mentioned the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan as also a big issue.
Govt begins probe after who links deaths in gambia to india-made syrup
The Union government has started an investigation into four cough syrups manufactured by a Haryana-based pharmaceutical firm after the World Health Organization (WHO) warned that they could be linked to the deaths of 66 children in Gambia.
At the same time, the government on Thursday activated National Regulatory Authority, CDSCO who requested the World Health Organization (WHO) to share the report on the establishment of “causal relation to death” with the syrups manufactured by a Haryana-based company, Maiden Pharmaceutical Limited.
This comes after the World Health Organization (WHO) issued an alert on four India-made cough and cold syrups used for paediatric groups. Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) took up an urgent investigation in this regard. WHO informed that the certificate of analysis will be made available to WHO in near future and it will be shared with the Indian Regulator which is yet to be done. The exact one-to-one causal relation of death has not yet been provided by WHO to CDSCO.
“As a robust National Regulatory Authority, CDSCO has requested WHO to share at the earliest with CDSCO the report on the establishment of causal relation to death with the medical products in question etc.,” it added.
CDSCO said that Maiden Pharmaceutical Limited holds manufacturing permission for the products Promethazine Oral Solution BP, Kofexnalin Baby Cough Syrup, MaKoff Baby Cough Syrup and MaGrip n Cold Syrup for “export only.”
“From the preliminary enquiry of CDSCO, it has been made out that Maiden Pharmaceutical Limited, Sonepat, Haryana is a manufacturer licensed by the State Drug Controller for the products Promethazine Oral Solution BP, Kofexnalin Baby Cough Syrup, MaKoff Baby Cough Syrup and MaGrip n Cold Syrup under reference, and holds manufacturing permission for these products for export only. The company has manufactured and exported these products only to The Gambia,” the press release said.
The State Drug Controller had given licenses to the said Company only for exporting these four drugs namely Promethazine Oral Solution BP, Kofexnalin Baby Cough Syrup, MaKoff Baby Cough Syrup and MaGrip n Cold Syrup.
Further, all these 4 drugs manufactured only for exports by Maiden Pharmaceuticals Limited are not licensed for manufacture and sale in India. In effect, none of these four drugs of Maiden Pharmaceuticals is sold domestically in India, it added.
WHO on September 29 informed DCGI, the National Drug Regulator of India, that WHO is currently providing technical assistance and advice to The Gambia, where children have died.
World Health Organization expressed that a contributing factor is suspected to be the use of medicines which may have been contaminated with Diethylene glycol or Ethylene glycol (in some of the samples it was claimed to have been confirmed by further analysis conducted by WHO), the press release added.
CDSCO took up the matter immediately with the Haryana State Regulatory Authority, under whose jurisdiction the drug manufacturing unit of Maiden Pharmaceutical Limited, Sonepat is located.
Further, a detailed investigation was also launched to ascertain the facts/ details in the matter in collaboration with State Drugs Controller, Haryana.
It is a usual practice that the importing country tests these imported products on quality parameters, and satisfies itself as to the quality of the products before the importing country decides to release such products for usage in the country. As per the tentative results received by WHO, out of the 23 samples of the products under reference which were tested, 4 samples have been found to contain Diethylene Glycol/ Ethylene Glycol.
The samples (controlled samples of the same batch manufactured by Maiden Pharmaceuticals Limited for all four drugs in question) have been taken and sent for testing to Regional Drug Testing Lab, Chandigarh by CDSCO, the results of which will guide a further course of action as well as bring clarity on the inputs received from WHO.
More reports on page 5
India abstains from voting in UN on rights issue in Xinjiang
India on Thursday abstained from voting on a United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) resolution on holding a debate on the human rights situation in China’s Xinjiang.
The draft resolution on “holding a debate on the situation of human rights in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China” was rejected in the 47-member Council after 17 members voted in favour, 19 members voted against, including China, and 11 abstentions, including India, Brazil, Mexico and Ukraine.
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