BJP candidates win both Rajya Sabha seats from Gujarat - The Daily Guardian
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BJP candidates win both Rajya Sabha seats from Gujarat

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Gandhinagar (Gujarat) [India], February 22 (ANI): Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidates Dineshchamdra Jemalbhai Ananvadiya and Rambhai Harjibhai Mokariya won both Rajya Sabha seats from Gujarat on Monday.
The seats had fallen vacant following the demise of Congress MP Ahmed Patel and BJP MP Abhay Ganpatray Bhardwaj.
Two separate bypolls were held to fill two seats due to demise of Patel and Bhardwaj.
Last Thursday was the last date for filing nominations but Congress had not fielded any candidate. The two nominees of BJP were already expected to get elected unopposed from the state.
Patel had been elected to the Upper House five times from Gujarat, his native state, and served the Congress in various capacities including its treasurer. Patel had been elected to Rajya Sabha in 2017 in a hard-fought contest that evoked wide interest. He had suffered complications due to COVID-19 and died in November last year in a Gurgaon hospital.
Abhay Bhardwaj, a BJP MP and a practising lawyer from Rajkot who was elected to the upper house in June 2020, died in December while undergoing treatment for COVID-19.
Sources said Congress decided not to put a candidate as it did not have the numbers after the Election Commission’s decision to hold “two separate byelections” to fill the vacancies from the state.
In the 180-member Gujarat assembly, Congress has 65 MLAs while BJP has 111. (ANI)

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Fire breaks out at factory in Delhi’s Pratap Nagar

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New Delhi [India], February 27 (ANI): Fire broke out at a factory in the Pratap Nagar area of Delhi on Saturday morning.

Fire tenders reached the spot and fire fighting operations are underway.

More details are awaited. (ANI)

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PM Modi to inaugurate India Toy Fair today

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New Delhi [India], February 27 (ANI): Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the India Toy Fair 2021 on Saturday at 11 AM via video conferencing.
“Toys play a significant part in the development of a child’s mind and also help improve psychomotor and cognitive skills in children. In his Mann ki Baat address in August 2020, the Prime Minister had said that toys not only augment activity, but also give flight to aspirations,” read the press release by Prime Minister’s Office.
Noting the importance of toys in the holistic development of a child, the Prime Minister has earlier also emphasized boosting toy manufacturing in India. The India Toy Fair 2021 is being organized in line with this vision of the Prime Minister.
The Fair will be held from February 27 to March 2, 2021. It aims to bring together all stakeholders including buyers, sellers, students, teachers, designers etc. on a virtual platform to create sustainable linkages and encourage dialogue for the overall development of the industry.
Through this platform, the Government and the Industry shall come together to discuss how India can be made the next global hub for manufacturing and sourcing of toys by way of attracting investments in the sector and promoting exports.
Over 1000 exhibitors from across 30 States and Union Territories will display their products in e-commerce enabled virtual exhibition. It will showcase traditional Indian toys as well as modern toys including electronic toys, plush toys, puzzles and games.
The fair will also host numerous webinars and panel discussions with eminent Indian and international speakers with proven capabilities in toy design and manufacturing. For children, it is an opportunity to participate in a plethora of activities, including craft demonstrations on traditional toy-making and virtual visits to toy museums and factories. (ANI)

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Implementing one-way customer traffic at retail stores can dramatically reduce COVID transmission: Study

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New Delhi [India], February 27 (ANI): Researchers in a study suggests that implementing one-way customer traffic at retail stores can dramatically reduce COVID-19 transmission. The study was conducted by Robert A. Shumsky, Laurens Debo, Rebecca M. Lebeaux, Quang P. Nguyen and Anne G. Hoen.
The study was published by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
“To reduce the transmission of COVID-19, many retail stores use one-way aisles, while local governments enforce occupancy limits or require “safe shopping” times for vulnerable groups,” read the study.
To assess the value of these interventions, the study formulates and analyzes a mathematical model of customer flow and COVID-19 transmission. The study finds find that the value of specific operational changes depends on how the virus is transmitted, through close contact or suspended aerosols. If the transmission is primarily due to close contact, then restricting customers to one-way movement can dramatically reduce transmission. Other interventions, such as reductions in customer density, are effective at a distance but confront store operators with trade-offs between infection rates and customer flow.
The study examines how operational changes in customer flows in retail stores affect the rate of COVID-19 transmission. They combine a model of customer movement with two models of disease transmission: direct exposure when two customers are in close proximity and wake exposure when one customer is in the airflow behind another customer.
They find that the effectiveness of some operational interventions is sensitive to the primary mode of transmission. Restricting customer flow to one-way movement is highly effective if direct exposure is the dominant mode of transmission. In particular, the rate of direct transmission under full compliance with one-way movement is less than one-third of the rate under two-way movement.
Directing customers to follow the one-way flow, however, is not effective if wake exposure dominates. The study finds that two other interventions–reducing the speed variance of customers and throughput control–can be effective whether direct or wake transmission is dominant.
The study also examines the trade-off between customer throughput and the risk of infection to customers, and the study shows how the optimal throughput rate drops rapidly as the population prevalence rises.
By integrating knowledge about virology, epidemiology, and the physical flow of customers in retail stores, the study develops and analyze a model that connects the biology of COVID-19 with operational interventions to reduce the spread of the disease. The model calculates the disease transmission rate in a retail environment and determines how the rate depends on the customer flow policy (one-way versus two-way), the travel speed distribution, and store size. The study find that one-way restrictions are useful for reducing direct transmission but have no effect on wake transmission. Eliminating speed variability can reduce or even eliminate direct transmission when traffic is one-way but can only reduce (but not eliminate) transmission in two-way traffic. Finally, the study shows that the optimal admission rate to a store falls as the disease prevalence rises and the ratio of profit to infection cost falls.
The study also calibrates our model using published epidemiological data. For a medium-sized retailer in an area with a relatively high prevalence of COVID-19, our model predicts a total transmission rate (via direct and wake exposure) of 0.33 infections per day. Complete customer compliance with one-way flow reduces the direct transmission rate by 70%, while the partial compliance observed in one store reduces the transmission rate by 11 per cent. The study also compares the impact of direct and wake transmission by first defining a ratio between the wake and direct transmission probabilities for a single encounter between an infectious and a susceptible customer. Given two-way traffic, if this ratio is 200%200% or more, then wake exposure dominates direct exposure in its contribution to virus transmission. When retailers can control customer throughput, the optimal throughput drops significantly as COVID-19 prevalence increases up to 1%. Because estimates of some parameters vary substantially from region to region and will change over time, the study conduct sensitivity analysis to assess the robustness of our findings.
The study discusses some of our modeling assumptions and possible extensions. In the model of customer flow, the study ignores variation in both the speed and path of each customer, e.g., stopping to examine and pick products off shelves. Adding this additional variability would increase the number of customer interactions and direct exposure, although quantifying its impact and understanding the impact on wake exposure would require a more complex analytical model and/or simulation. The study also assumes Poisson arrivals, a reasonable assumption during short periods in many retail areas, but not a reasonable assumption in other contexts such as school hallways, where a fluid model may be more appropriate.
In addition, the study assumes that wake exposure ends as soon as an infectious customer leaves the area. This is a simplification, for infectious aerosols may remain in the air after customers depart (20). If the area is large, however, and if customers spend a significant amount of time on their journey, then the impact of edge effects when customers leave the area is small. For the numerical experiments described above, these edge effects are not significant.
Our model focuses on customer movement through store aisles and ignores interactions among customers and employees. Front-line workers for essential retailers, in particular, can face a high risk of exposure (47). Cashiers, for example, face both direct and wake exposure in checkout areas. Many stores now enforce social distancing standards around these areas and provide guidance such as floor stickers to indicate spacing between customers. While this can nearly eliminate direct exposure, wake exposure would be a concern around checkout areas. Incorporating a queuing model that includes customer movement and airflow may be a useful extension.
The specific infection rates predicted by our model depend upon many environmental variables, including ventilation systems and the proportion of customers who use masks. Given this uncertainty, the model highlights where gaps in the scientific knowledge of COVID-19 transmission need to be filled so that the study may redesign service operations to reduce spread. In particular, the effectiveness of these interventions is highly dependent on whether the virus is transmitted through heavy droplets or aerosols. In addition, the model may be adapted to analyze COVID-19 transmission in other service settings such as restaurants, airplanes (supplement to ref. 48), and hotels in which customer flow can be regulated. (ANI)

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Asian Games gold medalist Hima Das inducted to Assam Police

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Guwahati (Assam) [India], February 27 (ANI): Sprinter Hima Das who had won a gold medal in Asian Games in 2018 has officially been inducted into Assam Police on Friday. She will be posted in Guwahati.
On the occasion, Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal honoured her with a badge.
Briefly speaking to ANI, Das said, “This has come as a part of government’s policy. I will focus on sports for now. I will join the service after retiring from sports.”
“I feel honoured to be a part of Assam Police. I thank Union Minister Kiren Rijiju for showering his support on me,” Das said.

However, the decision that she will be inducted in Assam Police was decided two weeks ago.
Union Youth Affairs and Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju on February 11 said that sprinter Hima Das will continue running for the country even after the Assam government decided to appoint her as a Deputy Superintendent of Police in the state.
The 21-year-old is currently preparing for the upcoming Tokyo Olympics qualification at Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports, Patiala. (ANI)

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Police rescued businessman within 3 hours after kidnap in Hyderabad

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Hyderabad (Telangana) [India], February 26 (ANI): The Hyderabad police have rescued a businessman within three hours after he was kidnapped by unidentified assailants. The police also arrested four accused who were indulged in the incident.
The police informed about the incident on Friday according to which the victim, Amaranath Reddy was taken away by the assailants from his residence in Banjara Hills on Thursday and later the family alerted the police about his disappearance. The police swung into action and launched a search operation by forming teams.
Speaking to the media, Anjani Kumar, Hyderabad City Police Commissioner said, “The Hyderabad City Police on Thursday were able to arrest four kidnappers alongside rescuing the victim. The police were able to arrest the four accused — V Kumara Guru, Paluru Lokesh Kumar, S Jagadish and PK Ganesh Kumar.”
Two accused — Pradeep Natarajan and Keerthana are currently absconding, Kumar said.
Giving details of the incident, Commissioner said, “As per the complaint filed by the K Kalapana Reddy wife of K Amaranath Reddy, the kidnappers have demanded Rs 4 lakh for Amaranath Reddy to be released. The Kidnappers continuously called her and said that her husband has to give four lakhs rupees and demanded to immediately send to the bank account which they have given before 5 PM or else they will take her husband along with the car to Chennai and will kill him.”
During the course of the investigation, a police special team has been formed to trace out the victim K Amaranath Reddy and as well as the apprehension of the accused persons, he said.
“Due to non-availability of money, Police were able to arrange the Cash and sent the photos from the complainant cell phone to the kidnappers. On that kidnappers instructed the complainant to come to Srinagar Colony, Banjara Hills along with cash, at about 06:30 PM,” he said.
“The complainant along with the police special team proceeded to Srinagar Colony wherein police laid a trap where two kidnappers Pradeep Natarajan and Paluru Lokesh Kumar came to Srinagar Colony along with the victim car. While handing over the money, police apprehend Paluru Lokesh Kumar and interrogated him leading to the location of the rest of the gang members. The police have arrested three other accused while two others have absconded,” he added. (ANI)

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Odisha: Elephant tusks seized from Mayurbhanj, 2 held

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Mayurbhanj (Odisha) [India], February 27 (ANI): Two persons were arrested in Mayurbhanj for possessing elephant tusks, according to the police official on Friday.
“We have recovered 8 pieces of elephant tusk weighing 44.9 kgs from the possession of two persons. We have seized their bike,” said Santosh Joshi, District Forest Officer.
“Further investigations are underway,” he said. (ANI)

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