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A much-needed change to meet 21st-century challenges

Niranjan Kumar

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Embodying the great legacy of Indian tradition, inspired by the vision of Mahatma Gandhi, and committed to the Constitution, given by Dr B.R. Ambedkar, the new National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 seems well-prepared to meet the global challenges of the 21st century. This is a significant change in the Indian educational policy owing to the changing needs of the country and the world, after 34 long years.

NEP 2020 is a democratic policy, coming into play after wide consultations from stakeholders from every nook and corner of the country. Another important development and the need of the hour is the renaming of the Ministry of Human Resource Development to the Ministry of Education. With the term ‘human resource’, one conceives human beings as physical resources devoid of human sensibilities and ‘sanskars’ (values). However, the term ‘education’ retains all the qualities of a human being including physical, cultural and of course psychological.

Perhaps the most revolutionary feature of NEP in terms of formal school education is to have regional languages as a medium of instruction till at least 5th grade or preferably till 8th grade and beyond. English will now be taught only as a subject. Researches of educational psychology as well as UNESCO Report 2008 suggest that one can cognise and communicate better, faster and easier in the mother tongue. Besides, it will prove to be a boon in strengthening Indian languages and culture.

Additionally, there won’t be any special distinction between academic curriculum, extracurricular activities and vocational education in schools. Vocational instruction, rather, will be an integral part of the former. Also, from grade 6, children will be trained in coding which is an efficient means of futureproofing them. Vocational education will continue to be a part and parcel of university learning too, a useful move to prepare the youth for selfemployment and entrepreneurship.

 Inflexibility in stream separation at the higher secondary level has been done away with instead students will now have the luxury to choose two unrelated subjects. For instance, Majoring in Chemistry with a Minor in Performance Studies. A student of Science or Commerce will have the opportunity to study the Arts and Humanities as well. This system will continue at the undergraduate level too. Another major feature of NEP is the introduction of special incentives and provisions for meritorious SC, ST, OBC, women, ‘divyangs’, and EWS students. Efforts will be also made to provide larger numbers of fellowships and scholarships to these sections in private sector higher education institutions (HEIs), besides the public one.

At the higher education front, NEP opens doors for new possibilities. Apart from flexibility of streams, where students of Science, Commerce or Humanities would be allowed to study each other’s subjects, or inclusion of vocational education in college, a salient feature of the bachelor’s program is a multi-entry and multi-exit scheme. Currently, we have a three-year bachelor’s degree. In case a student is unable to complete said degree and has to leave mid-way, more often than not, money and hard work go in vain. Now even after completing one year or two years, if required, a certificate or diploma will be given. She or he can complete the remaining studies by coming back within a time limit. After three years of study, one will get a bachelor’s degree.

NEP however, has parlayed a four-year bachelor’s degree, a ‘Bachelor with Research’ degree, a necessity for those interested in pursuing post graduation and/or PhD. Such a four-year system has had positive effects in developed countries like America, Japan, and Korea etc. NEP also provides students the freedom to leave a course in between and take admission in other courses.

NEP also emphasises on holistic and multidisciplinary education. All single-disciplinary institutions such as Law, Agricultural studies, Rural Studies et al, will be converted into multi-disciplinary institutions. Premier engineering institutes like IITs will move towards a holistic and multidisciplinary direction with greater coordination of arts and humanities, an important step towards interdisciplinary research. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) of the USA, one of the best Global HEIs, is a good case in this context.

NEP targets to invest 6% of GDP in education, a longcherished goal since the Kothari Commission. Overall, NEP 2020 has lofty vision and goals and will prove to be capable of meeting the needs and challenges of India in the 21st century. The only challenge would be its implementation.

Niranjan Kumar is a Professor in the Department of Hindi, University of Delhi.

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A Complete Guide to Ethical Hacking Certification Course

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These days the cases of data breach have become extremely common. This is the biggest threat a company or an organisation faces in the course of its function and survival. The convenience of storing data on the computer or cloud attracts not only businesses but also digital thieves throughout the world. 

Increasing security concerns have created a huge demand for cyber security professionals in the IT industry. Therefore, if you are thinking about getting into this field, you must take an ethical hacking course to acquire the skills required for this highly demanding job position.

Who is an Ethical hacker?

As the name signifies, an ethical hacker is a professional who uses a similar technique as a typical hacker to increase the security aspect of a company. Since they use a similar approach as their opponent, the chances of finding the vulnerabilities increase tremendously. To polish their skills for efficient job performance, they take ethical hacking training and earn certification according to their expertise. They are also known to provide freelance services to help people and companies recover their stolen data, documents and email ids.

Ethical Hacking Training and Courses

There are a number of certification training programs that are designed to polish the skills and techniques of ethical hackers. The best hacking training courses are listed below:

  1. GIAC or Global Information Assurance Certification Penetration Tester

This certification for ethical hacking is offered by the SANS Institute. It is among the oldest and most renowned organisations for imparting digital security education. The most significant advantage of this ethical hacking course is the availability of numerous hands-on learning options for gaining practical knowledge. 

Moreover, SANS also provides free-of-cost white research papers to cybersecurity companies. The balanced theoretical and practical knowledge makes GIAC the highly sought-after course for the ethical hacking field.

  1. CEH or Certified Ethical Hacker

CEH is regarded as the best course for ethical hackers. It is designed to evaluate the foundational knowledge and digital security professionals. In this course, candidates learn to solve issues of security risks and threats. In addition, they also get detailed explanations of security principles and learn to apply them to real-life security problems. 

The EC Council provides this certification to professionals throughout the world. Apart from giving the certificates, the EU council also provides video lectures, self-study materials, and training from professional instructors. 

  1.  OSCP or offensive Security Certified Professional

This is the most technically advanced ethical hacking course. It is designed by Offensive Security, and it is known for offering thorough practical knowledge and understanding of lifecycle and penetration testing procedures. However, it requires cybersecurity professionals to have strong technical knowledge of software development, networking requirements, and internal systems like Kali Linux.

This course follows a real-life hacking procedure to train the candidates. Moreover, during the certification test, candidates get a task to research a given network, determine the vulnerabilities and hack the system by gaining access within a day.  

  1. CHFI 

A professional with a CHFI hacking training course certificate is termed the detective of the virtual world. This certification offers critical features like advanced hacking clues and cyber security investigation for effective operations. 

To take this certification exam, an individual must have advanced knowledge and understanding of the software and hardware of computers. In addition, candidates need to prepare for the test according to their skills and experience. After cracking the exam, a professional can apply for the post of forensic investigation expert at any organisation.

  1. CISSP

It is an advanced level ethical hacking course that tests a professional’s cyber security skills. This course invites professionals from three different fields, namely architecture, management, and engineering. To take this course, IT professionals must have the least experience of 5 years in two domains of ICS. A candidate who succeeds in getting this certificate is considered capable of managing the digital security of an organisation.

Benefits of Ethical Hacking Course

Today ethical hacking has become increasingly popular and necessary for organisations. Therefore, cyber security professionals must take the hacking training course; it offers the following benefits:

  • It teaches security professionals to think like hostile hackers and take effective measures before a data breach incident.
  • Professionals learn to develop efficient risk management policies, which is crucial for software upgradation.
  • Getting cyber security certifications to help professionals get better job opportunities with high salaries.
  • These training courses provide hands-on experience with real-life situations for better professional expertise.

Conclusion 

The cases of data breaches are increasing exponentially every day. This is creating a high demand for ethical hackers. However, to excel in this field, it is crucial to take certifications from the best course providers. The cyber security certifications listed in this article are known to enhance the skills required for this highly demanding sector. Therefore, you must opt for these certifications from the best training institutes to qualify with a good score.

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82,000 student visas issued by US to Indians in 2022

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Higher than in any previous years, US missions in India have issued 82,000 student visas so far in 2022. Indian students received more American student visas than students from any other country.

The embassy said that to ensure that as many qualified students as possible made it to their programmes of study on time for scheduled start dates, the processing of student visa applications from May to August was prioritized by the US embassy in New Delhi and the consulates in Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Mumbai.

The senior-most US diplomat in India, Patricia Lacina, said in charge d’affaires that, “We issued over 82,000 student visas this summer alone, more than in any previous year. This shows that the United States remains for most Indian families the most sought-after country for higher education. “

She also said, “We are happy to see so many students were able to receive visas and reach their universities after the delays caused in previous years by the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Lacina said, “This also highlights the important contributions Indian students make to both our countries as they build life-long connections with American peers to maintain and grow international partnerships.”

Don Heflin, the minister counsellor for consular affairs, said, “International student mobility is central to US diplomacy, and nowhere is the contribution of students bigger than in India.”

The “Open Doors” report in 2021 showed that there were 1,67,582 students from India during the 2020–21 academic year. Indian students comprise nearly 20% of all international students in the US. Students seeking assistance with studying in the US can download the EducationUSA India app, which provides the latest information about the college application process and helps plan for higher education in the US.

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Candidates can apply for JEECUP Round 1 here, which begins today

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The Joint Entrance Examination Council has started the registration process for UPJEE 2022 counselling. The 1st Round registration process for JEECUP begins today, i.e., on 7 September, 2022 and will end on 9 September, 2022. Candidates can apply online through the official site of JEECUP at jeecup.admissions.nic.in.

According to the schedule, the choice filling and locking system will take place from 7 September to 9 September, 2022, with the seat allotment results being released on 10 September, 2022. The online freeze/float option selection for all candidates and document verification at the district help centres will be done from 11 September to 13 September, 2022. The fee payment link will also remain active from 11 to 13 September, 2022.

Direct link to apply for JEECUP Round 1 registration

UPJEE 2022 Counselling: How to apply for JEECUP Round 1 registration

Candidates can apply online through the official site by following these simple steps given below.

  • Visit the official site of UPJEE on jeecup.admissions.nic.in.
  • Click on the UPJEE 2022 Counselling registration link available on the home page.
  • Enter the login details and click on submit.
  • Fill in the application form and make the payment of application fees.
  • Once done, click on submit.
  • Your registration is done and candidates can download the page.
  • Keep a hard copy of the same for further reference.

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CBSE 10th and 12th Compartment Results 2022: Dates for post-result activities announced

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CBSE conducted Class 10 compartment exams for those who did not clear the mains from 23 August, 2022 to 29 August, 2022. Class 12 compartment exams began on 23 August, 2022. Parents, teachers, and students are eagerly waiting for the results.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced that they are going to declare results 2022 soon and the results will be published on results.cbse.nic.in, results.gov.in, and cbse.gov.in.

Ahead of the results, CBSE has published a notification on cbse.gov.in with a tentative schedule for post-result activities – verification of marks, obtaining photocopies of answer sheets, and re-evaluation of answers.

Students can apply for marks verification from the 2nd day of publication of results till the 3rd day. To obtain a photocopy of the answer sheets, they will have to submit a request on the 8th day after the declaration of results.

Students can apply for re-evaluation of results on the 13th day.

The board said that a detailed schedule in this regard would be issued after the publication of the results.

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How Financial Help can help Women Entrepreneurs grow their business

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Business growth, these days, has come a long way from where it was. Earlier, the options were limited for one to grow their business. But now, as technology is evolving and times are changing, there are many ways in which business growth can be achieved. Such an evolution is a necessity, especially for women.  Women empowerment has gained momentum in recent years. And no doubt, it will only be gaining more and more popularity in the world. To keep it up, the Indian government is also focusing on it by supporting women. As the number of women entrepreneurs is increasing, there is also an increment in the number of schemes which ensure that these women are well equipped to run their businesses. There are many opportunities out there. One must know fully well how to grab those opportunities and do their homework. Here are a few tips that can help: 

  • Eligibility

One must, first, check their eligibility. After all, without being eligible for a scheme, they won’t be able to get the financial aid that they require. One can identify among suitable business loans for women and get all the specifications or eligibility criteria that they must keep in mind. If some of the documents are required, they can be ready for financial aid soon. 

  • Keep Track

One must be very much educated in terms of such schemes if they want to apply on time. Various schemes are coming up, and one must have the details of the ones that concern them. Apart from that, they should also keep track of their applications in case they have filled them. 

  • Punctuality for Application

Since there are many schemes, they are not always available. Almost all the schemes for a business loan for women have an expiry date. In other words, there is always a time limit on these until one can fill out their application and submit it. Post that, there is no use in filling out the application as it will not be valid. The best way to do this is by blocking a certain time to apply for such grants specifically.

  • Necessary Details

Most of the time, there are some other details, such as documents, that one might forgetto include. To prevent such mishaps, one must gather all the details about the documents, portals where they must be submitted, who they need to contact, etc., to stay on top of things from the beginning. Revision is also a thing that one must practice in their applications to enable smooth processing. Business Loan Schemes for WomenHere are some of the schemes for a business loan for women that turn out to be the most helpful for women in business: 

  • MUDRA Loan

MUDRA Loan or MUDRA Yojana was launched back in 2015 under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY). The scheme is offered in three categories: Shishu, Kishor, and Tarun. With concessional interest rates, the loan schemes enable women in business to get a loan of up to 10 Lakh rupees. The amount can be easily used for either expansion of one’s business or starting their own business. It has a tenure of repayment of up to 5 years. 

  • Stree Shakti Yojana

As one of the unique schemes, the Stree Shakti package bolsters women’s entrepreneurship. It provides various concessions that women can take advantage of. There is a concession of 0.05 % on loans exceeding the amount of about ₹ 2 lakh. One catch of this scheme is that it is only available for women who are in most ownership of their business. One can avail up to ₹ 20 lakhs of loans. 

  • Bhartiya Mahila Bank Business Loan

Bhartiya Mahila Bank Business Loan is available for women entrepreneurs with an amount that goes up to ₹ 20 Crores. There are three different types of Bharatiya Mahila Bank Business Loan schemes which include: Shringaar: This loan, the BMB Shringaar loan, applies to self-employed women or homemakers who are planning a startup or just want help meeting their daily business expenses. Parvarish: This loan can go for an amount up to ₹ 1 Crore. It provides loans to women who are self-employed women or homemakers for a specific purpose, that is, to set up day-care creches. One can avail of it without collateral security under the CGSTSM or Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises scheme. Annapurna: This one is especially for women who are within the age of 18 to 60 yearsand are in food entrepreneurship. IT helps them start or expand their small businesses and can avail of this loan. Unlike the schemes for business loans for women mentioned above, this one requires collateral. 

  • Dena Shakti

Under the Dena Shakti scheme, women entrepreneurs can get a variety of financial aids and services. This one empowers women in business in such a way that they can expect a concession rate of about 0.25% interest. It covers various sectors, including microcredits, retail stores, manufacturing sector, agriculture and related sectors, and small enterprises. 

  • Udyogini

The Punjab and Sind Bank launched the Udyogini program to offer business loans to women. In addition to that, it also offers low-interest rates, which are favourable to women entrepreneurs. One can use this scheme’s help to set themselves up and ensure a smooth establishment and running of the business. Small-scale self-employed women entrepreneurs are only examples of the categories the scheme covers. These schemes are empowering and highly effective in setting up a business. This information is also one that comes in handy for women who have no idea where they must start their journey. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Are the business loans for women available for housewives as well?

Yes, all women, whether they are housewives or not, can apply for a business loan under the various schemes specially designed for women. They are applicable if one plans to put the money into their business venture. 

  1. Are these business loan schemes only available for Indian women?

Yes, all the business loan schemes in India which are designed for women can be availed only by Indian women. 

  1. What is the first thing one must check before applying for a business loan for women?

One of the first things that one must keep in mind while applying for a business loan for women is eligibility and whether they meet the criteria or not. 

  1. Can business loans be applied for the expansion of business?

Yes, one can easily apply for a loan if they want to use the money to expand the said business. 

  1. Is there a minimum amount of loan that one must take out?

There is no minimum amount in most organizations. Although the amount also depends on the organization.  

  1. Can one get business loans for women in an amount above Rs. 1 crore?

Yes, some of the organizations do offer business loans for women in an amount above Rs. 1 crore. 

  1. Are there specific loans available for women who come under the category of SC & ST?

Yes, in India, specific loans are available for women who come under SC & ST. 

  1. Are there benefits available in all the schemes of business loans for women?

Yes, one may opt for one business loan scheme over the other due to its benefits, such as concessions or lower interest rates. 

  1. What is the minimum age for a woman in business to take out a loan for her business?

The minimum age for a woman in a business to take out a loan for her business is 18. However, this might change as per the institutions. For instance, some banks have 25 as the minimum age limit for business loans for women. 

  1. Does one need to have a good credit score to take out a loan?

Yes, one must have a good credit score to take out a loan. The credit score might depend on the institution that they are applying to.

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How do Government Websites help you to get information about your land?

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As of right now, we’re able to share details on Rajasthan Apna Khata 2022. We’ll show you how to view a map of Rajasthan Farm from the comfort of your own home using an online map service. The state of Rajasthan is rather large. Jamabandi measles have been made available online by the Rajasthan government so that residents of the state may see their land records from the comfort of their own homes. To learn more about your Bhulekh UP, Rajasthan, or Rajasthan if you’re from Rajasthan, just keep checking back with us.

Rajasthan’s government has launched its own Apna Khata website to see land information. From the convenience of their own homes, residents of the state can access this website to view their Khasra Khatuni, Jamabandi, and Bhoomi Maps. Online applications for examining land records, Khet Khatauni, Jamabandi Nakal and Violence Intkaal are now available to all residents of the state, at any time. In addition, the state’s whole population may access internet data on Khet Number, Khatauni Number, and Violence Number, among other things.

The ApnaKhata raj nic in site allows Rajasthan residents to look up information on their property online. There would be no need for residents of the state to visit the Tehsil or Patwari’s office for any land-related tasks in the future. You don’t need to leave your house to verify your Bhulekh Jamabandi details.

Information regarding the land will no longer have to be obtained by making rounds of eating Patwari. People in Rajasthan state may now access and print Khata Khatauni and other land information via an internet website.

Apna Khata Rajasthan’s Positive Effects

  • Those in Rajasthan state will no longer have to visit Patwari to see if Khatauni has been checked.
  • The use of this gateway will help to cut down on unethical forms of marketing.
  • People may now sit at home and look up information on their land thanks to the implementation of this program.
  • To view a map of their property in Rajasthan Apna Khata, simply input the Khasra number or Jamabandi number.
  • People in the state will save time as a result of the implementation of this portal..

What is the e Dharti Rajasthan Portal about?

Rajasthan’s state portal E-Dharti provides individuals with access to information on their land from the comfort of their own homes. This site may be used for a variety of tasks, such as generating a Khasra number, a Bhulekh, a land map, and a farm jamabandi. edharti.raj.nic.in is the portal’s official webpage.

A khata number is required for all citizens. Account numbers for families are known as Khata Numbers (also known as Khevat Numbers). Landowners and their total land holdings are listed in the database.

  • The Apna Khata web site allows people of Rajasthan state to view the comprehensive data oftheir land.
  • The official website of eDharti Apna Khata provides access to a variety of resources, including Khasra Map, Khatauni, and Jamabandi Nakal.
  • As an online gateway, the inhabitants of the state will save time and no longer have to visit the Patwari, saving them time and money.

What is e Sathi?

An online platform called eSathi UP, developed by the UP government, offers a variety of services, including income and caste certificates, birth and death certificates, and more.

This portal’s goal is to make it easier for the people of Uttar Pradesh who live there to access a wide variety of government services and programs. People in the state of Uttar Pradesh can use the eSathi UP portal to apply for and obtain various certifications. The Uttar Pradesh e-District Project is a mission-mode project that runs under the e-Governance Plans throughout the state of UP for the convenience of citizens. It is the state government’s goal to make the e Sathi UP site a success. The fundamental objective of e District UP is to computerize governmental services. The entire system will be automated as part of the E District UP plan.

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